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Irregular Heartbeat Tips

Cardiological Disorders - How Homeopathy Can Help?

BHMS
Homeopath, Hubli-Dharwad
Cardiological Disorders - How Homeopathy Can Help?

Homeopathy is a method of treatment which is based on the fact that symptoms of a certain disease, if induced in small quantities, may help cure the same disease in a sick person. Cardiological disorders are complications of the heart; they can range from various disorders such as a heart attack to irregular heartbeats.

Homeopathic remedies based on naturally occurring substances are given to the affected person in diluted form. These substances induces symptoms of the disease in small quantities which triggers the body to heal.

The various homeopathic treatments for cardiological disorders are:

1. Lactrodectus

This treatment is used to treat symptoms of precordial pain in the body.

2. Aurum metallicum

Aurum metallicum is used in treating symptoms of weakness in the muscles of the heart.

3. Aconitum

This treatment is used when a person is having a heart attack.

4. Spigelia

Spigelia is used in the treatment of irregular heartbeats which may cause sharp pain in the chest.

5. Cactus grandiflorus

This treatment is used in treating angina pectoris which is characterized by symptoms of pain caused by decreased blood flow to the heart.

6. Craetaegusoxyacantha

This homeopathic treatment is used in treating coronary insufficiency in people. This disorder causes problems in heartbeats.

7. Digitalis

This homeopathic treatment is used in treating cardiac muscle failure. This disorder causes palpitation, tightness in the heart muscles and a suffocating sensation.

8. Kalmia latifolia

This treatment is effective in treating cardiac hypertrophy which causes the heart muscle to thicken, resulting in size reduction of the ventricles. This treatment is very effective in treating cardiac hypertrophy that results after rheumatism.

9. Glonoinum

This homeopathic treatment is prescribed to treat symptoms of plaque buildup in the artery and hypertension.

1 person found this helpful

Causes, Symptoms And Treatment Of Irregular Heartbeat!

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
Causes, Symptoms And Treatment Of Irregular Heartbeat!

Atrial fibrillation is a form of irregular heartbeat or arrhythmia, which you may experience due to a problem in the electrical system of the heart. Such a problem causes the upper parts of the heart or the atria to fibrillate. Due to this quivering, the normal rhythm between the lower parts of the heart and the atria gets disrupted. The ventricles are likely to beat faster in an irregular rhythm. This is a severe condition where the blood may get collected in the atria; this could lead to the formation of blood clots. These clots can block the blood flow and lead to a stroke.

Causes
Several conditions cause strain and damage to the heart. These include the following:

  1. High blood pressure or hypertension
  2. Heart attack
  3. Valvular diseases
  4. Coronary artery disease
  5. Medical problems like heart failure, lung diseases, high level of thyroid or pneumonia
  6. Heart surgeries
  7. Excess consumption of alcohol

Symptoms
The primary symptoms of atrial fibrillation include the following:

  1. Light-headedness and dizziness
  2. Shortness of breath
  3. Feeling weak and fatigued
  4. Feeling as if the heart is pounding, fluttering or racing (known as palpitations)
  5. Feeling that the beating of the heart is uneven
  6. Chest pain and fainting

In many cases of atrial fibrillation, the symptoms may be absent.

Diagnosis
Conducting several tests, physical examinations and an analysis of your health history is the first step towards diagnosing atrial fibrillation. An electrocardiogram (ECG) needs to be carried out for the detection of this condition. This test is performed for checking problems regarding the electrical activity of the heart. Other laboratory tests and an echocardiogram maybe required as well. An echocardiogram helps in observing the pumping function of the heart and to check whether the valves have been damaged.

Treatment
The treatment options for atrial fibrillation depend on the cause, symptoms and the risks of getting a stroke. Several medicines are used for treatment along with other methods. They are as follows:

  1. Blood thinning medicines for the prevention of a stroke.
  2. Heart rate control medicines which will prevent irregular beating of the heart.
  3. Rhythm control medicines for restoring the heart’s rhythm to normal.
  4. A process known as cardioversion may be used to bring the heartbeat to a normal rhythm. This can be carried out by medicines or an electric shock therapy known as electrical cardioversion.
  5. In case of severe symptoms, ablation may be carried out where the affected areas of the heart are destroyed by the creation of a scar tissue.

For the best diagnosis and treatment of atrial fibrillation, you must consult a doctor as soon as you start experiencing the symptoms of the condition. A doctor will prescribe all that you need for an effective treatment.

1860 people found this helpful

Lyme Disease - Symptoms, Causes And Treatment!

MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Lyme Disease - Symptoms, Causes And Treatment!

Lyme Disease-
In some cases, you can get an infection due to bites from deer ticks and this is known as Lyme disease. This typically happens when you are moving around in open forest areas and the ticks can be stuck to the grass in that area. They are very small and you can almost miss them when you see them with the naked eye. The Borrelia Burgdorferi bacterium infects the ticks and they can pass on the infection to your body when they bite you during your outdoor activities. Some of the symptoms are rashes, etc. in the joints combined with flu-like symptoms. In many cases, the symptoms may not show up immediately and you may notice them after a few weeks. Timely treatment can effectively cure the problem and you will not get severe complications out of this infection.

Symptoms of Lyme Disease
- The symptoms of Lyme disease can occur even at a later stage after the initial bite and you have to carefully watch for rashes and other common symptoms.

- The rash slowly starts spreading from the affected area and it can grow a few inches around the affected area. Even though it is not painful and does not itch in usual cases, it is obviously visible with a red patch in the affected area.

- Some people also experience fever like symptoms that include chills and body ache when they are affected with Lyme disease.

- Arthritis and joint pain are common when you are suffering from this problem and it can also lead to shooting pains in some cases.

- It is also common to get tired and fatigue is easily the most visible symptom of this disease.

- When timely treatment is not provided, the disease can spread to other regions and you will notice similar rashes in other regions of the body.

- Some people also complain about pain in the joints and there can be swelling in the area for no reason. This can also shift from one particular region to another within a few days.

- In extreme cases, it can even lead to inflammation in the brain region and even lead to facial paralysis. However, this can be temporary and it often affects the muscular movements.

- Some people also develop irregular heartbeat and other problems related to the heart a few days after the infection. Others may even develop hepatitis and inflammation of the eyes in this period.

Causes of Lyme Disease
Getting a bite from an infected deer tick is the major cause of Lyme disease. In many areas, animals can carry such ticks on their bodies and this can move to different places and even reach your home through your pets or due to your exposure to such an environment. The Borrelia burgdorferi and the borrelia mayonii bacteria cause the most number of such cases in the United States. It can easily get into the bloodstream after the bite and you can get infected within a couple of days. Always watch out for the signs of Lyme disease so that you can easily get treatment at the right time.

Diagnosis of Lyme Disease
-Physical examination:
This is done immediately after a suspected bite or when some symptoms like rashes are observed in the body. If this coincides with exposure to outdoor areas, you will need to tell them specifically to your doctor so that it does not lead to confusion about being symptoms of other diseases. Once the rashes are identified, you may be given some antibiotics to treat them in the initial stages. At this stage, it may still not be confirmed that it is Lyme disease and general antibiotics are given to control the symptoms. When symptoms persist, further diagnosis with blood tests may be required to determine the infection.

- Blood Tests: Blood tests are usually done immediately after the bite or when symptoms begin to appear within one week after the infection. Apart from this, a blood test may again be conducted after a few weeks as the infection may show up after many weeks and the development of antibodies in the body will indicate the presence of Lyme infection. In many cases, the first blood test may show negative results and the second one may show positive for this infection.

- ELISA Test: This is the standard test adopted in the early stages and it helps determine the antibodies for burgdorferi. When antibodies are present in the body, it confirms the infection. In many cases, this test is repeated again after a few weeks when the first one shows negative results.

- Western Blot Test: This test further confirms the presence of antibodies for the burgdorferi and doctors are able to begin the treatment process after this step. It is usually done twice in many cases to confirm the results within a few weeks gap as the infection may show up later in such cases.

Prevention of Lyme Disease
It is important to prevent Lyme disease as it can create various complications with your health. You need to understand that by avoiding exposure to areas affected with deer ticks, you will be able to drastically reduce the chances of getting this infection.

- When you are moving in such areas, it makes sense to cover yourself completely and avoid exposing any part of your body to the open air. Remember that these ticks cannot fly and they usually stay attached to some bushes or grass and hop onto your dress or exposed body parts when you get in touch with them. If you are carrying animals like dogs or cats for outdoor activities, be extra cautious about them as they can easily catch such infection in quick time.

- The biggest problem with Lyme infection is that the ticks that cause the infection are very tiny and you will find it very difficult to identify them with the naked eye. For this reason, you should always use insect repellants as per the advice of your doctor and keep yourself safe during outdoor activities. You can even use some repellants on your clothing to completely avoid the ticks from getting close to you during outdoor camping events.

- If you have an open space in your backyard, you should take measures to tick-proof them so that they cannot get inside your home. When you clear the bushes and leaves in the backyard, you will be removing the ticks in a major way and they will not find a convenient place to stay in your backyard.

- After coming back from an outing in the forest area, you should immediately change your dress and wash them thoroughly so that any ticks that might have got attached to your dress will not survive in your home. In the same way, even you should have a good shower and clean yourself completely and this will kill any ticks that are attached to your body without your notice.

- If you notice any ticks attached to your body, be very careful about it and remove it carefully. If you are not able to do it yourself, you must approach a doctor who will do it for you and they will even apply some antiseptic on the affected area. Remember that when you are able to remove them within a few hours after the bite, you will be safe from infection. Following these guidelines will help in the prevention of Lyme disease in the future.

 

Treatment for Lyme Disease
- Oral antibiotics:
when the disease is still in the early stages, oral antibiotics are given to reduce the symptoms and this gives effective results in most of the cases. This should be taken for a couple of weeks to notice any significant results and many people get cured in this stage.

- Intravenous antibiotics: When the oral antibiotics are not effective, your doctor may suggest you use such methods and this will help you to overcome the infection in quick time. It can, however, cause some side effects in some people and this will go away after the treatment is completed.

Complications of Lyme Disease
- When treatment is not provided at the right time, you may face a lot of complications related to the functioning of the brain. This can be dangerous and you need to get proper treatment for the infection. Never neglect the symptoms and be careful about them as they may show up very late after getting a bite. For this reason, you should always use protective gear when venturing outside in the forest areas.

- In most cases, the neurological complications of this infection include impaired memory and this is common among elderly patients. Apart from that, some patients may also notice cognitive defects and this will be obvious when the infection has reached the advanced stage.

- In extreme cases, it can even lead to facial palsy and this condition can paralyze a part of the face and it usually gets tilted towards one side. However, the effect may be temporary in most cases and many patients eventually recover from this condition after a few months.

- Some patients also experience an irregular heartbeat and this can affect the functioning of other vital organs of the body. You should consult your doctor when you are suffering from such symptoms and get timely treatment to avoid further complications.

- The most common complication of Lyme disease is the joint inflammation and this affects the knees of the patients. It can cause extreme pain and this will last for a few weeks without any other reason. When you are facing this issue, your doctors will provide suitable medication to handle the symptoms and try to reduce the infection using antibiotics.

Myths about Lyme Disease
Myth #1.
Lyme disease always produces rashes: 

This is completely false and it may not produce a rash in every situation. However, other symptoms may persist and you need to visit your doctor to get a thorough examination before you can rule out the chances of infection.

Myth #2. Negative tests mean no disease:

 Just because you have got negative results in the first test does not mean that you are safe from infection. In most cases, the symptoms can show up very late a few weeks after the initial bite and you need to take a second blood test to confirm the results.

Myth# 3.No risk of Lyme disease in our area: 

Many people have the misconception that only certain areas are prone to Lyme infection and you may be safe when such infections are not found in your area. While this is true to a certain extent, you cannot be always sure about this and always go for proper treatment whenever you notice symptoms in your body. Remember that the ticks causing Lyme infection can travel through animals and other means and reach an area to cause infection.

Myth# 4.Lyme disease will not reappear: 

This is not entirely true and you can get Lyme disease again when you are infected with the bacteria. For this reason, you should always be careful when you venture into places that are prone to such attacks. Make sure that you wear proper gear and protect yourself from such exposure. You should also understand that every bite from a deer tick will not cause Lyme disease and only a bite from the infected tick will cause such problems. However, you should leave nothing to chance and always follow the precautionary measures to avoid the infection in the future.

Conclusion
If you are diagnosed with Lyme disease, you need not worry as treatment is readily available and most people get cured within a couple of months. Even the symptoms are usually not severe and it is usually not fatal even in advanced stages of infection. However, the best thing you can do is to prevent the infection by covering yourself completely when you are out in open areas which are prone to Lyme infection. In this way, you can easily avoid the infection in your family. You should also be careful about your pets as they can catch the infection easily and bring the ticks to your home. When you notice any symptoms, approach your doctor and get timely treatment to cure the infection. In most cases, they do not cause severe complications and you need not worry about fatal complications due to this infection.

Irregular Heartbeat - Are You Suffering From It?

MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Fellowship In Interventional Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology & Cardiac Electrophysiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
Irregular Heartbeat - Are You Suffering From It?

Atrial fibrillation is a form of irregular heartbeat or arrhythmia, which you may experience due to a problem in the electrical system of the heart. Such a problem causes the upper parts of the heart or the atria to fibrillate. Due to this quivering, the normal rhythm between the lower parts of the heart and the atria gets disrupted. The ventricles are likely to beat faster in an irregular rhythm. This is a severe condition where the blood may get collected in the atria; this could lead to the formation of blood clots. These clots can block the blood flow and lead to a stroke.

Causes
Several conditions cause strain and damage to the heart. These include the following:

  1. High blood pressure or hypertension
  2. Heart attack
  3. Valvular diseases
  4. Coronary artery disease
  5. Medical problems like heart failure, lung diseases, high level of thyroid or pneumonia
  6. Heart surgeries
  7. Excess consumption of alcohol

Symptoms
The primary symptoms of atrial fibrillation include the following:

  1. Light-headedness and dizziness
  2. Shortness of breath
  3. Feeling weak and fatigued
  4. Feeling as if the heart is pounding, fluttering or racing (known as palpitations)
  5. Feeling that the beating of the heart is uneven
  6. Chest pain and fainting

In many cases of atrial fibrillation, the symptoms may be absent.

Diagnosis
Conducting several tests, physical examinations and an analysis of your health history is the first step towards diagnosing atrial fibrillation. An electrocardiogram (ECG) needs to be carried out for the detection of this condition. This test is performed for checking problems regarding the electrical activity of the heart. Other laboratory tests and an echocardiogram maybe required as well. An echocardiogram helps in observing the pumping function of the heart and to check whether the valves have been damaged.

Treatment
The treatment options for atrial fibrillation depend on the cause, symptoms and the risks of getting a stroke. Several medicines are used for treatment along with other methods. They are as follows:

  1. Blood thinning medicines for the prevention of a stroke.
  2. Heart rate control medicines which will prevent irregular beating of the heart.
  3. Rhythm control medicines for restoring the heart’s rhythm to normal.
  4. A process known as cardioversion may be used to bring the heartbeat to a normal rhythm. This can be carried out by medicines or an electric shocktherapy known as electrical cardioversion.
  5. In case of severe symptoms, ablation may be carried out where the affected areas of the heart are destroyed by the creation of a scar tissue.

For the best diagnosis and treatment of atrial fibrillation, you must consult a doctor as soon as you start experiencing the symptoms of the condition. A doctor will prescribe all that you need for an effective treatment.

2074 people found this helpful

What Is Heart Arrhythmias?

MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
What Is Heart Arrhythmias?

 What is Heart Arrhythmias?

An arrhythmia is a problem with the rate or rhythm of the heartbeat. Heart arrhythmias are often harmless. Most people have occasional, irregular heartbeats that may feel like a fluttering or racing heart.

Symptoms of Heart Arrhythmias-

 Causes of Heart Arrhythmias-


 Risk factors of Heart Arrhythmias-

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Previous heart surgery
  • High blood pressure
  • Thyroid problems
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Caffeine or nicotine use

 Complications of Heart Arrhythmias-

 Diagnosis of Heart Arrhythmias-

Diagnosis of Heart Arrhythmias involves the following tests:

  • Electrocardiogram
  • Holter monitor
  • Event monitor
  • Stress test
  • Echocardiogram
  • Cardiac catheterization
  • Electrophysiology study (EPS)
  • Head-up tilt table test

Precautions & Prevention of Heart Arrhythmias-

  • Eat vegetables and fruits, fish, and plant sources for protein
  • Avoid saturated and trans fats
  • Control your cholesterol and high blood pressure
  • Quit smoking
  • Maintain your weight
  • Get regular exercise

Treatment of Heart Arrhythmias-

  • Homeopathic Treatment of Heart Arrhythmias
  • Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Heart Arrhythmias
  • Psychotherapy Treatment of Heart Arrhythmias
  • Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Heart Arrhythmias
  • Surgical Treatment of Heart Arrhythmias
  • Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Heart Arrhythmias
  • Other Treatment of Heart Arrhythmias

Homeopathic Treatment of Heart Arrhythmias-

Homeopathy is very effective and safe option of treating heart arrhythmia. Homeopathy has role in prevention of heart disease and in the management of patients after heart attack. Homeopathic medicines can control and prevent various causes of heart arrhythmia. Some of the homeopathic medicines for treatment of heart arrhythmia are:

  • Ars alb
  • Nat M
  • Crataeg
  • Digitalis
  • Ox ac

Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Heart Arrhythmias-

Heart arrhythmias are either due to not enough Qi (energy) or too much Qi causing the heart to beat irregularly. There are many acupuncture points which can help either supplement the heart’s Qi or help reduce it to help balance your condition.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Heart Arrhythmias-

Many types of tachycardias respond well to anti-arrhythmic medications. Some medications can slow down your heart so much that you may need a pacemaker. It’s very important to take any anti-arrhythmic medication exactly as directed by your doctor, in order to avoid complications.

Surgical Treatment of Heart Arrhythmias-

Surgical Treatment of Heart Arrhythmias involves the following procedures:

  • Maze procedure
  • Ventricular aneurysm surgery
  • Coronary bypass surgery

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Heart Arrhythmias

  • Eat small, frequent meals
  • Limit cholesterol in diet
  • Avoid fad diets
  • Reduce salt in your diet
  • Eat enough dietary fiber
  • Eat plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables

 

1 person found this helpful

How Can We Treat Abnormal Heart Rhythm?

MD, DM - Cardiology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology
Cardiologist, Surat
How Can We Treat Abnormal Heart Rhythm?

Are you experiencing irregular and fluctuating heartbeats? Is your heartbeat too fast or too slow? If yes, then it signifies that you are suffering from arrhythmias or abnormal heart rhythms. This is a disorder which affects the heart rate or heart rhythm and the heartbeat becomes irregular.

Causes of abnormal heart rhythms
Arrhythmias occurs due to problems with the electrical conduction system of the heart. In this case, abnormal signals might occur; the electrical signals might get blocked or slowed down, or the electric signals may travel in different paths throughout the heart. Abnormal heartbeats are commonly caused by the following:

  1. Abnormal potassium levels in the body
  2. Heart attacks or due to a damaged heart muscle, owing to a previous heart attack
  3. Inborn heart diseases
  4. Cases of an enlarged heart and heart failure
  5. Overreaction of the thyroid gland
  6. Several other substances or medicines may lead to arrhythmias, such as alcohol, stimulant drugs, caffeine, nicotine, and antidepressant medicines or blood pressure medicines.

Common symptoms of this condition apart from irregular heartbeat patterns include chest pain, fainting, dizziness and light-headedness, trouble in breathing and paleness.

Diagnosis of abnormal heart rhythms
For the diagnosis of arrhythmias, your doctor will use a stethoscope to listen to your heartbeat. Several health monitoring devices are used to detect abnormal heart rhythms. These include the Holter monitor and the event monitor, or a loop recorder.

Other diagnosis tests which are required to be carried out include coronary angiography, ECG or electrocardiogram, and an echocardiogram. A test known as an electrophysiology can be undertaken for getting a closer look at the electrical system of the heart.

Treatment for abnormal heart rhythms
When a case of arrhythmias is severe, urgent treatment is required for restoring the heart’s rhythm to normal. The different forms of treatment are as follows:

  1. Electrical shock therapy such as defibrillation or cardioversion
  2. Implanting of a heart pacemaker for a short term
  3. Certain medications which are given through the veins or orally
  4. A group of medicines known as anti-arrhythmic drugs is used for the prevention of recurrence of the condition and to keep the heart rate from fluctuating continually.
  5. Cardiac ablation may be carried out for destroying some areas in the heart from where the rhythm problems are caused.
  6. An implantable cardiac defibrillator is used in people who are at a risk of facing cardiac death.

In case you experience abnormal heart rhythm, you must consult a doctor immediately. You should only start taking medicines and follow a treatment after it has been recommended by a doctor.

Irregular Heart Rhythm - How To Diagnose It?

DM - Cardiology, MBBS, MD - General Medicine
Cardiologist, Noida
Irregular Heart Rhythm - How To Diagnose It?

Are you experiencing irregular and fluctuating heartbeats? Is your heartbeat too fast or too slow? If yes, then it signifies that you are suffering from arrhythmias or abnormal heart rhythms. This is a disorder which affects the heart rate or heart rhythm and the heartbeat becomes irregular.

Causes of abnormal heart rhythms
Arrhythmias occurs due to problems with the electrical conduction system of the heart. In this case, abnormal signals might occur; the electrical signals might get blocked or slowed down, or the electric signals may travel in different paths throughout the heart. Abnormal heartbeats are commonly caused by the following:

  1. Abnormal potassium levels in the body
  2. Heart attacks or due to a damaged heart muscle, owing to a previous heart attack
  3. Inborn heart diseases
  4. Cases of an enlarged heart and heart failure
  5. Overreaction of the thyroid gland
  6. Several other substances or medicines may lead to arrhythmias, such as alcohol, stimulant drugs, caffeine, nicotine, and antidepressant medicines or blood pressure medicines.

Common symptoms of this condition apart from irregular heartbeat patterns include chest pain, fainting, dizziness and light-headedness, trouble in breathing and paleness.

Diagnosis of abnormal heart rhythms

For the diagnosis of arrhythmias, your doctor will use a stethoscope to listen to your heartbeat. Several health monitoring devices are used to detect abnormal heart rhythms. These include the Holter monitor and the event monitor, or a loop recorder.

Other diagnosis tests which are required to be carried out include coronary angiography, ECG or electrocardiogram, and an echocardiogram. A test known as an electrophysiology can be undertaken for getting a closer look at the electrical system of the heart.

Treatment for abnormal heart rhythms

When a case of arrhythmias is severe, urgent treatment is required for restoring the heart’s rhythm to normal. The different forms of treatment are as follows:

  1. Electrical shock therapy such as defibrillation or cardioversion
  2. Implanting of a heart pacemaker for a short term
  3. Certain medications which are given through the veins or orally
  4. A group of medicines known as anti-arrhythmic drugs is used for the prevention of recurrence of the condition and to keep the heart rate from fluctuating continually.
  5. Cardiac ablation may be carried out for destroying some areas in the heart from where the rhythm problems are caused.
  6. An implantable cardiac defibrillator is used in people who are at a risk of facing cardiac death.

In case you experience abnormal heart rhythm, you must consult a doctor immediately. You should only start taking medicines and follow a treatment after it has been recommended by a doctor.

2490 people found this helpful

Cardiac Arrhythmia - Factors That Can Lead To It!

FDNB, MD, MBBS
Cardiologist, Delhi
Cardiac Arrhythmia - Factors That Can Lead To It!

Cardiac or Heart Arrhythmia is a condition which results in disruption of heart’s normal rhythm. Due to this, the heart may beat too quickly, too slowly or have an irregular rhythm. Though most of the arrhythmias are not harmful but at times they can have serious consequences, which might turn to be fatal. Differences in heart beats can lead to the restriction of blood, that gets pumped around the body, hence causing damage to the brain, heart and other organs of an individual.

Now we would take into account the causes behind the occurrence of this heart condition.

Causes

Interruption to the electrical impulses in any form that lets the heart to contract can result in arrhythmia. A person with a healthy heart should have a heart rate of anywhere between 60-100 beats per minute while the body is at rest. There are a number of factors which can cause the heart to work inefficiently, which include:

  • Alcohol Consumption: If you are used to drinking alcohol varying from light to moderate, the chance of irregular heartbeat increases. A recent study has shown that with every drink consumed per day, the risk of atrial fibrillation increased by 8 percent. Men and women both are at equal risk for irregular heartbeat. Irregular heartbeat is caused because drinking leads to damage of the cells, which in turn leads to causing damage in small areas of fibrous tissue within the heart.

  • Anxiety: Arrhythmia from anxiety is when the heart feels like something happened due to which it tries to overcompensate and beat quickly. This leads to heart skipping a beat, getting squeezed or undergoing heartbeats at a rapid pace.

  • Excessive Cosumption of Coffee: Caffeine is a stimulant and tends to speed up heart rate, so consuming too much coffee can lead to the problem of arrhythmia.

  • Deficiency of Magnesium and Potassium: Magnesium and Potassium deficiencies in one’s body can cause Arrhythmia. The deficiencies can be caused due to less intake of citrus fruits and vegetables like potatoes, kiwi, papaya etc.

Symptoms

Arrhythmia can produce a broad range of symptoms which affect the proper functioning of heart. Some of the most serious symptoms are:

  • Fatigue: If you feel that you are getting fatigued quite easily, then it’s a clear symptom of arrhythmia.

  • Dizziness: A sense of dizziness creeps in when you are having the problem of irregular heartbeat.

  • Lightheadedness: Feeling light on the head is another symptom of Cardiac Arrhythmia, as there is fluctuation in the amount of blood that reaches the brain through the heart.

Treatment Options

  • Problem of irregular heartbeats, especially if it’s on the slower side, can be solved through the placement of certain devices like pacemaker, which can speed up one’s heart rate.
  • Faster heartbeats can be treated through blood-thinning medications, which would help keep threatening blood clots from getting formed.
  • Doctors can even go for Catheter ablation, wherein they would thread one or more catheters through the blood vessels of one’s heart. Electrodes at the catheter tips can make use of extreme heat, cold or radiofrequency energy to damage a small sport of heart tissue and create an electrical block along the path, that’s causing one’s arrhythmia.

What Is Arrhythmia And How Can It be Treated?

Dr. Vijaysinh Patil 94% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DNB - General Medicine, DNB Cardiology, FNB Intervention Cardiology
Cardiologist, Nashik
What Is Arrhythmia And How Can It be Treated?

Arrhythmia is a disorder which is characterized by improper and irregular heartbeats; be it too slow or too fast. This problem occurs when the electrical impulses that are used to regulate your heartbeat don’t work in the correct manner. Your heart may beat irregularly, too slow or too fast.

Symptoms
Although this disorder does not yield many symptoms, a few noticeable symptoms of arrhythmia are slow heartbeat, or a racing heartbeat, chest pain, breathing difficulties and dizziness. Arrhythmia can lead to inefficient pumping by the heart, leading to bouts of fainting. A severe symptom of this disorder is ventricular fibrillation, wherein the ventricles tend to quiver instead of transporting blood. This symptom can cut off blood supply to the vital organs, which may lead to death.

Causes

  1. Coronary artery disease: In this disease, arteries of the heart can get blocked, leading to irregular heart beat and impaired heart functioning.
  2. A heart attackAn ongoing heart attack usually leads to irregular heartbeats.
  3. High blood pressureHigh blood pressure problems make you more vulnerable to this condition.
  4. Impaired functioning of the thyroid glands: An overactive or underactive thyroid gland can lead to heart arrhythmia.
  5. Excessive smoking and alcohol consumption: These habits can cause problems with the blood vessels in the body, thus increasing risks of this particular condition as well as other cardio-vascular diseases.
  6. StressToo much stress can lead to high blood pressure; that is again linked to heart arrhythmia.

Treatment
Mild symptoms of arrhythmia do not require treatment. However, complications resulting from it warrant treatment. The various treatment options for this condition are:

  1. PacemakerA pacemaker is a device that is used to regulate your heart rhythms. It is placed in the body by a surgical procedure and an insulated wire is put, connecting the heart to the pacemaker. In case of an irregular heartbeat, the pacemaker sends out impulses to correct the improper heartbeat.
  2. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator: This device is used to prevent a dangerous symptom of heart arrhythmia, a symptom wherein the ventricle quivers. It is similar to a pacemaker as it is also placed near the collarbone. In case it detects an abnormal rhythm, it sends out shocks to reset the heart rhythm.
  3. Maze procedure: This is a surgical procedure wherein incisions are made on the upper heart tissue to create a scar tissue. Scar tissues act as insulators to prevent stray impulses.
  4. Alternative therapies: Alternative procedures such as yoga and meditation can help remedy the disorder.

What Causes Fluctuations In The Heart's Electrical Activity?

M.Ch - Cardio Thoracic Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Cardiologist, Jalandhar
What Causes Fluctuations In The Heart's Electrical Activity?

The heart's electrical conduction system plays a very important role in cardiovascular functioning. Also known as the atrioventricular (AV) conduction system, it regulates and controls the timing of the heartbeat.

How does the heart's electrical conduction system work?

There is a collection of electrical cells in the upper right atrium of the heart known as the sinoatrial (SA) node which acts as a natural pacemaker and generates electrical signals. These signals travel through specialized electrical pathways and stimulate the muscular walls of the heart to contract in a rhythmic manner. This gives rise to the heartbeat that pulses at a specific frequency every minute.

What is the effect of fluctuations in electrical activity on the heart?

The standard heart rate in human being ranges from 60 to 100 beats per minute. It slows down when a person sleeps and speeds up when one experiences physical or emotional heightening. These fluctuations are triggered by the brain or other systems of the body and signal the SA node to generate charges more rapidly or slowly. This leads to spikes and drops in the heart rate, depending on the nature of the situation.

What happens when there is dysfunction in the heart's electrical activity?


When the heart's electrical conduction system does not function properly, it leads to the occurrence of a condition known as arrhythmia or abnormal heart rhythm. This happens when electrical impulses are generated in an irregular manner and causes tachycardia (rapid heartbeats) or bradycardia (slow heartbeats) which takes place in jarring infrequent tempos.

What causes fluctuations in the heart's electrical activity?

There are various kinds of triggers that cause the heart rate to fluctuate. The exact nature of fluctuation also depends on the type of trigger. A few everyday examples of these causes are as follows:

  • Exercise and strenuous physical activity increases electrical activity as the heart is required to beat faster so as to increase the supply of blood and oxygen to the muscles.
  • Sleep and rest reduce heart rate as the body is not needed to exert itself.
  • Release of adrenaline into the bloodstream causes the heart rate to spike up.

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Related Tip: How Does Ayurveda Help Heart Patients?

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