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Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Health Feed

Cardiomyopathy - Know Reasons Behind It!

Dr. Vivek Baliga B 92% (50 ratings)
MBBS, MRCP (UK), PG Diploma In Lipid Management, MBA (Healthcare)
Cardiologist, Bangalore
Cardiomyopathy - Know Reasons Behind It!

Cardiomyopathy is a heart muscle disease that makes it difficult for your heart to supply blood to the rest of the body. This disease affects the heart’s size, shape and structure, hence resulting in heart failure. Some of the common types of cardiomyopathies are

The disease is generally inherited and some family members might get more affected than others, while others may not suffer at all or come across any symptoms.

Symptoms

Early stages of the disease may not see any symptom but with the advancement of the condition, certain signs and symptoms tend to appear, which are mentioned below as follows:

  • There might be breathlessness due to exertion or even when your body is at rest.
  • You might notice symptoms as in swelling of the legs, ankles and feet.
  • Excess fluid gets accumulated which leads to bloating of the abdomen.
  • You might start to cough while lying down.
  • Rapid, fluttering heartbeats.
  • You might face discomfort in the chest.
  • A tinge of dizziness might be felt or you might also faint from time to time.
  • These signs and symptoms worsen over time, if left untreated.

Causes of Cardiomyopathy

The actual cause behind cardiomyopathy is not known. People might acquire this disease from another condition or some may inherit from one of his or her parents. Factors which lead to the acquiring of cardiomyopathy are:

  • Suffering from high blood pressure for a long time.
  • Heart attack which leads to damaging of the heart tissue.
  • Rapid heartbeat rate.
  • Certain metabolic disorders like obesity, diabetes or thyroid problem.
  • Deficiency of essential nutrients like vitamins and minerals, like thiamine.
  • Complications while conceiving a baby.
  • Consuming too much alcohol for a long period of time.
  • Use of cocaine or anabolic steroids also results in causing cardiomyopathy.
  • Drugs while undergoing chemotherapy and radiation therapy to treat cancer could also lead to the problem of cardiomyopathy.
  • Certain kinds of infections, especially the ones which lead to inflammation of the heart can also this problem.
  • Any disorder which might allow the abnormal proteins to build up.
  • Sarcoidosis, which is a condition that causes inflammation and can lead to the growth of lumps of cells in the heart and other organs.

Treatment for Cardiomyopathy

The treatment for this particular disease mainly aims to manage the signs and symptoms, acts as a preventive measure from letting the condition go from bad to worse and also reduce the risk of complications. Treatment procedures vary as per the type of cardiomyopathy:

  • Medications: Medications prescribed by doctors generally aim to improve the heart’s ability to pump, which in turn would improve blood flow, lower down the level of blood pressure, remove excess fluid from the body and also prevent blood clots from forming.
  • Surgically Implanted Devices: Doctors might look to place in the heart several types of devices and help the heart to improve it’s working condition, thus relieving symptoms. The devices generally implanted are, Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (ICD), Ventricular Assist Device (VAD) and Pacemaker.
1510 people found this helpful

Cardiomyopathy - Know Reasons Behind It!

Dr. Shilanjan Roy 87% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Cardiology
Cardiologist, Kolkata
Cardiomyopathy - Know Reasons Behind It!

Cardiomyopathy is a heart muscle disease that makes it difficult for your heart to supply blood to the rest of the body. This disease affects the heart’s size, shape and structure, hence resulting in heart failure. Some of the common types of cardiomyopathies are -

The disease is generally inherited and some family members might get more affected than others, while others may not suffer at all or come across any symptoms.

Symptoms -

Early stages of the disease may not see any symptom but with the advancement of the condition, certain signs and symptoms tend to appear, which are mentioned below as follows:

  • There might be breathlessness due to exertion or even when your body is at rest.
  • You might notice symptoms as in swelling of the legs, ankles and feet.
  • Excess fluid gets accumulated which leads to bloating of the abdomen.
  • You might start to cough while lying down.
  • Rapid, fluttering heartbeats.
  • You might face discomfort in the chest.
  • A tinge of dizziness might be felt or you might also faint from time to time.
  • These signs and symptoms worsen over time, if left untreated.

Causes of Cardiomyopathy

The actual cause behind cardiomyopathy is not known. People might acquire this disease from another condition or some may inherit from one of his or her parents. Factors which lead to the acquiring of cardiomyopathy are:

  • Suffering from high blood pressure for a long time.
  • Heart attack which leads to damaging of the heart tissue.
  • Rapid heartbeat rate.
  • Certain metabolic disorders like obesity, diabetes or thyroid problem.
  • Deficiency of essential nutrients like vitamins and minerals, like thiamine.
  • Complications while conceiving a baby.
  • Consuming too much alcohol for a long period of time.
  • Use of cocaine or anabolic steroids also results in causing cardiomyopathy.
  • Drugs while undergoing chemotherapy and radiation therapy to treat cancer could also lead to the problem of cardiomyopathy.
  • Certain kinds of infections, especially the ones which lead to inflammation of the heart can also this problem.
  • Any disorder which might allow the abnormal proteins to build up.
  • Sarcoidosis, which is a condition that causes inflammation and can lead to the growth of lumps of cells in the heart and other organs.

Treatment for Cardiomyopathy

The treatment for this particular disease mainly aims to manage the signs and symptoms, acts as a preventive measure from letting the condition go from bad to worse and also reduce the risk of complications. Treatment procedures vary as per the type of cardiomyopathy:

  • Medications: Medications prescribed by doctors generally aim to improve the heart’s ability to pump, which in turn would improve blood flow, lower down the level of blood pressure, remove excess fluid from the body and also prevent blood clots from forming.
  • Surgically Implanted Devices: Doctors might look to place in the heart several types of devices and help the heart to improve it’s working condition, thus relieving symptoms. The devices generally implanted are, Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (ICD), Ventricular Assist Device (VAD) and Pacemaker.
1495 people found this helpful

Cardiomyopathy - How To Take Care Of It?

Dr. Gaurav Tripathi 89% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Cardiology
Cardiologist, Raipur
Cardiomyopathy - How To Take Care Of It?

Cardiomyopathy is serious heart disease. It is a disease associated with heart muscle or myocardium. In this disease, the heart muscles get weak and fail to pump blood to the organs of the body. It has several categories. The categorization depends upon the range of factors. In this disease, irregular heartbeat is observed. These irregularities can lead to heart failure or attack or can trigger problems in the valves. It is important to take care of your heart to avoid such a condition. It is also advisable to see a doctor as soon as the symptoms are noticed to avoid greater damage.

Types of Cardiomyopathy
This disease can be divided into four categories. These are as follows:

  1. Dilated CardiomyopathyIt is the most common type. It occurs at a time when the heart muscle gets too weak to pump blood properly. The muscles of the heart get thinner and weak. In fact, this also leads to the expansion of the heart chambers. In common terms, it is also referred to as enlarged heart. In most cases, this is inherited or caused by some coronary artery disease.
  2. Hypertrophic CardiomyopathyThis is genetically transferred to the patient. In this condition, the heart walls get thicker and this hinders the smooth flow of blood. It is one of the most common types of Cardiomyopathy.
  3. Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia (ARVD): This is a very rare form. It can cause sudden death, especially in young athletes. In this disease, fat and fibrous tissues are responsible for replacing the muscles in the right ventricle. This leads to an abnormal rhythm.
  4. Restrictive CardiomyopathyIt occurs as the ventricles of the heart get stiff and are unable to relax. This prevents them from getting filled up with blood. Under this situation, you might have to go for a heart transplant.
  5. Other Types: Some of the other types include Peripartum Cardiomyopathy (the one which occurs after pregnancy), Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy (happens due to excessive intake of alcohol) and Ischemic Cardiomyopathy.

Treatment of Cardiomyopathy

The treatment of Cardiomyopathy depends upon the extent of damage caused. It might not require treatment if symptoms are not very troublesome or prominent. It may be dealt with certain lifestyle changes, adjustments and medications, in cases those needs to be addressed.

Tips to deal with Cardiomyopathy
1. Maintain a healthy lifestyle by getting an adequate amount of night sleep. Go to bed early and wake up early too.
2. Don’t spend long hours watching television or work till late at night
3. Eat a lot of fresh and green-leafy vegetables daily.
4. Avoid the intake of spicy, oily and fast foods.
5. Consume home-cooked food only. Avoid eating out at restaurants or street-side joints.
6. Don’t drink excess coffee, tea or aerated drinks.
7. Don’t consume alcohol or smoke up cigarettes.
8. Don’t live a sedentary life and be a couch potato. Workout and exercise on a regular basis.
9. Avoid emotional outburst and try to keep control over your reactions.

3128 people found this helpful

Are You In The List Of Being Affected By Heart Disease Due To Heredity?

Dr. Gaurav Tripathi 89% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Cardiology
Cardiologist, Raipur
Are You In The List Of Being Affected By Heart Disease Due To Heredity?

Heart disease is definitely something, which is serious. In most cases, it is the result of a person’s lack of prudence when it comes to staying fit and moderating what food items feature in the diet. But is this always the case? Well, not at all. Genetic or hereditary heart diseases, such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, long QT syndrome, very high cholesterol levels running in the family and many others, provide enough reason as to why not.

This is because a person cannot be blamed for hereditary heart disease as the reason why this occurs is on account of the genetic makeup. So, the best way for one to know if there is a risk of this sort of disease is to take a look at the family history with respect to the disease.

  1. Keep a record: One of the ways by which a person can get to know if there is a risk of hereditary heart disease is by finding out if a condition known as arrhythmia is prevalent in the family. This is a condition in which the heart has an irregular heartbeat and can be potentially lethal. Other things which are to be watched out for include, but are not limited to, a track record of members in the family who have faced a heart failure at a young age, especially prior to them reaching the age of 50.
     
  2. Watch out for signs: It is not always true that the signs of hereditary heart diseases pertain to the heart. If a person has fainted or has had seizures, and effective treatment could not be performed by making use of the normal medicines, which would generally be used in these circumstances, it could be taken as a sign of the presence of hereditary heart disease.
     
  3. Get tested: To know if there is a risk of hereditary heart disease, it is important that a person gets genetically tested. This is to be done so that the gene analysis can provide details as to which hereditary heart diseases a person has, along with the other members of the family. There are various tests for things such as HCM, ARVD and Marfan syndrome.

Apart from this, undergoing genetic counseling is also considered important. This is to keep a check on the worries of having a sudden heart attack as well as the concerns one may have about passing the genes relating to the heart disease to one’s offspring. This is one of the most necessary, but underrated things when it comes to dealing with hereditary heart disease.

2985 people found this helpful

Cardiomyopathy - Know Forms Of It!

Dr. Punish Sadana 88% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM- Cardiology
Cardiologist, Dehradun
Cardiomyopathy - Know Forms Of It!

Our heart is one of the most important organs that must be kept healthy and fit so that we can lead a good lifestyle, however, unfortunately, many people still suffer from heart problems. And, one such heart problem is Cardiomyopathy.

What is Cardiomyopathy?

Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscles that makes it very difficult for the heart muscles to pump blood to the rest of the body. Since the muscles are unable to pump blood effectively, it can lead to heart failure. It is a very serious condition and may require extensive treatment to fully recover from the disorder. 

Different types of Cardiomyopathy

Now we will be discussing the different types of Cardiomyopathy that can affect an individual.

  1. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy - In this case, the heart muscles become abnormally thickened, particularly affecting the muscle of your heart's main pumping chamber (left ventricle). The thickened heart muscle can make it harder for the heart to work properly. Most affected people have a family history of the disease.
  2. Dilated Cardiomyopathy - In this case, the muscles enlarge and become weak, therefore they cannot pump the blood. These weak muscles over a period of time become absolutely ineffective and can cause heart failure.
  3. Restrictive Cardiomyopathy -   In this type, the heart muscle becomes rigid and less elastic, so it is unable to relax and can't expand and fill with blood between heartbeats.Which eventually does not allow the blood to flow properly.
  4. Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia - In this rare type of cardiomyopathy, the muscle in the lower right heart chamber (right ventricle) is replaced by scar tissue, which can lead to heart rhythm problems. It's often caused by genetic mutations. This condition can cause a sudden cardiac arrest or heart failure as well.

Symptoms 

Patient may be asymptomatic in the early stages of cardiomyopathy. But as the condition advances, signs and symptoms usually appear, including:

  • Breathlessness with exertion or even at rest
  • Swelling of the legs, ankles and feet
  • Bloating of the abdomen due to fluid buildup
  • Cough while lying down
  • Fatigue
  • Heartbeats that feel rapid, pounding or fluttering
  • Chest discomfort or pressure-treated
  • Dizziness, lightheadedness and fainting

Signs and symptoms tend to get worse unless treated.

Complications 

Cardiomyopathy can lead to other heart conditions, including:

  • Heart failure. Untreated, heart failure can be life-threatening.
  • Blood clots.  Blood clots might form in your heart and may enter your bloodstream, then they can block the blood flow to other organs, including your heart and brain.
  • Valve problems. The heart valves might not close properly. This can lead to a backward flow of blood.
  • Cardiac arrest and sudden death. Cardiomyopathy can lead to abnormal heart rhythms which can result in fainting or, in some cases, sudden death.

Treatment 

It can include medications, surgically implanted devices or, in severe cases, a heart transplant, depends on which type of cardiomyopathy you have and how serious it is.

Prevention

You can help reduce your chance of cardiomyopathy and other types of heart disease by living a heart-healthy lifestyle and making lifestyle choices such as:

So here are some of the most common types of Cardiomyopathy. These types can affect people of any age group if they lead an unhealthy lifestyle. Cardiomyopathy is a very serious condition and any person suffering from it should be diagnosed early and given medical treatment as soon as possible.

2641 people found this helpful

HI, There is hypertrophic cervix in ultrasound report. so what is the process to cure and is it any risk indication please reply.

Dr. Sameer Kumar 93% (5811 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS, Fellowship in Assisted Reproductive technology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gynaecologist, Noida
HI, There is hypertrophic cervix in ultrasound report. so what is the process to cure and is it any risk indication p...
Hello, Hypertrophic cervix can be carcinoma cervix. Please get a pap smear and a local per vaginal examination done and review with reports.
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Doctor, I am 45 years old female ,i was feeling tiredness even if do small work and shortness of breath. Then I went to doctor he said to do cardiac mri ,after seeing report he said that I have HOCM and septum measures 18 mm, then he told its heredity and he gave medicine named as dilzem 30 and dytor plus 10. And I have thyroid so I need some opinion from the doctors.

Dr. Krish Vaidya 92% (4321 ratings)
MD-Physician, Fellow. Cardiology, Fellow. Diabetology
Cardiologist, Vadodara
Doctor, I am 45 years old female ,i was feeling tiredness even if do small work and shortness of breath. Then I went ...
Hello, HOCM is a condition when your heart muscles get thickened abnormally and creates issues. Dilzem is not the proper medicine for that, Better to take some other more effective medicines. Need to see your reports to give you exact guidence. Don't worry at all, you will be fine. Feel free to take my consultation on Lybrate.
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I’m totally confused because of my mild concentric lvh can this go away? What I have to do please can you give me the best answer?

Dr. Abhishek Singh 92% (20 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Medicine, DNB - Cardiology
Cardiologist, Ghaziabad
I’m totally confused because of my mild concentric lvh can this go away? What I have to do please can you give me the...
You must be hypertensive as this is one of the most common cause of LVH. If the thickness is not very high and you don't have a high diastolic dysfunction you don't have to worry. In case if you are hypertensive then ace inhibitors or arb are the best suited medicine for you (if KFT and electrolytes are normal).
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For mild concentric lvh in 2decho. Whom should I consult? Please suggest me a doctor. thanking you.

Dr. Rajiv Bajaj 93% (2754 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Fellowship in EP
Cardiologist, Delhi
For mild concentric lvh in 2decho. Whom should I consult? Please suggest me a doctor. thanking you.
If you have hypertension, or take treatment for hypertension, meet a physician and keep BP under control. If mild hypertrophy is without hypertension, meet a mild cardiologist. Avoid meeting a severe cardiologist for mild hypertrophy.
3 people found this helpful
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58 years of age. Having problem of hocm. Taking calaptin sr 120 twice daily. Ecosprin 75 once.& jalra m 50.500. In the morning when I get up I am energyless for almost 2-3 hrs after that things become normal. What to do?

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
58 years of age. Having problem of hocm. Taking calaptin sr 120 twice daily. Ecosprin 75 once.& jalra m 50.500. In th...
Get your vital parameters of the body checked from a nearby doctor and follow up with findings and I will suggest you to eat nutritious home made food with adequate fluid intake and take physical rest
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