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Hypertension Tips

Angina Pectoris (Heart Pain)

Dr. Akanksha Tayal 95% (1632 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Delhi
Angina Pectoris (Heart Pain)

ANGINA PECTORIS [ANGINA] 

Pain in the region of heart on exertion is known as angina pectoris. 

CAUSES: 

• Inadequate supply of blood and oxygen to the heart is the main reason. 
• Atherosclerosis of the coronary artery. 
• Arteriosclerosis. 
• Increased triglycerides and cholesterol. 
• Sedentary life. 
• Obesity. 
• Lack of exercise. 
• Sudden emotional upsets. 
• Chronic consumption of alcohol. 
• Chronic smoking. 
• Drug abuse like – cocaine etc. 
• Hypertension. 
• Diabetes mellitus. 
• Family history. 

 
SIGN AND SYMPTOMS: 

• Pain in chest – crushing, constricting, sharp, burning pain with feeling of strangling and suffocating, 
• Pain may radiate to both arms or mostly along the left arm to the little finger and the jaw, teeth, neck throat, epigastric region and between the shoulder blades. 
• Pain is precipitated from exertion or on physical activity and subsides on rest. 
• Pains last for few seconds to few minutes. 
• May be associated with – short breath, anxiety, palpitation and nausea. 

 
DIETARY MANAGEMENT: 

Cut down salt (common table salt) intake in your diet to avoid hypertension. Intake should not exceed more then 2 to 2.5 gm a day. 
Avoid foods rich in cholesterol: ground nut oil, ghee, butter, whole milk, eggs, lard (fats derived from pig meat), tallow (fats derived from goat or sheep mutton), oily fish, meats and red meat – all non-vegetarian food contain cholesterol in varied amount. 
Avoid non-vegetarian food especially red meat. 
• Increase intake of foods that contain PUFA's (poly unsaturated fatty acids) flax / linseed oil is the richest source of PUFA's. Other oils that contain PUFA's are sesame oil, mustard oil and olive oil. As all oils are high in fats, its consumption should be limited. The intake of oils should not exceed 20gms a day. 
• Sesame oil and almond oil hinders the absorption of LDL (low-density lipoproteins), so it is advisable to use replace other cooking oils by sesame oil. 
Increase your intake of water
Consume whole grain cereals and whole pulses
Take high fiber diet - whole grains, bran, oat, green leafy vegetables, peas, beans, potatoes, raw vegetables, salads, dried fruits and fresh fruits. 
Eat fruits and vegetables with the skin. 
Cut down the intake of sugar and other sweeteners. 
Replace whole milk with semi-skimmed or skimmed milk
Avoid fat-rich portions of flesh foods. Instead have lean meat. 
• Avoid fat-rich desserts and fried snacks like cakes, pastries, puddings etc 
Instead of frying food boil, steam, grill or roast food. 
Avoid coffee and caffeinated drinks, junk food – pizza, burgers etc. 
• Consume food rich in magnesium 
Nuts and sea food, green leafy vegetables, sea plants like Japanese sea plants, whole grains, Peas, lotus stem, pulses, legumes and oil seeds 
Increase intake of vitamin C, it maintains the elasticity and integrity of the artery walls. 
– Citrus fruits, green leafy vegetables. 
– Eat vegetables- cabbage, broccoli, tubers- potatoes and sweet potatoes.
 
Reduce calcium intake (reduce but do not completely avoid calcium as it is needed for maintenance of our body):- 
– milk and sea food, nuts, green leafy vegetables, whole grains, peas, lotus stem, pulses, legumes and oil seeds 
– Should avoid custard apple and banana as they are high in calcium. 

 
NOTE: 

Reduce weight if obese. 
Stop smoking and alcohol consumption. 
Exercise regularly. 
• Take brisk walks for 40 minutes daily morning. 
Practicing yoga and breathing exercises plays a very important role in lowering the cholesterol levels. 
• Do some relaxation techniques like yoga, meditation etc to relieve the stress Change your lifestyle to reduce stress-physical or mental. 
 
 

2 people found this helpful

10 Facts That You May Not Know About Hypertension

Non Invasive Services
Cardiologist, Mohali
10 Facts That You May Not Know About Hypertension

Hypertension is indeed a growing issue in today’s world. Hypertension can adversely affect your body leading to grave health disorders. But with proper care, you can keep your blood pressure under control and thus save yourself from the harmful effects of it. Here are some facts about hypertension that you must know.

#1 Sleep apnea is common in patients with hypertension
Patients who suffer from hypertension are often seen to suffer from sleep apnea. In this condition, the person suddenly feels short of breath and stops breathing. They even feel drowsy throughout the day.

#2 Hypertension is very closely related to heart diseases
Cardiovascular diseases are quite attached to hypertension. People having hypertension are often found to have the problems of atherosclerosis, high cholesterol and even have the proximity to have a heart attack.

#3 Hypertension is one of the leading causes of death
One out of every five adults suffer from the problems of hypertension. According to various research works, it has been proven that most of the death cases above the age of 50 or 53 die due to hypertension or hypertension-related problems.

#4 Getting a pet can help in keeping blood pressure under control
Getting a pet has been proven to reduce the risk of hypertension. The humorous moments in life work together in reducing your risk towards reducing the risks of hypertension.

#5 Get adequate sleep
An adequate amount of sleep is vital not only for to manage hypertension but also to stay away from other health disorders, as well. Research has proven that if a person gets less than six hours of sleep each night, then he/she is bound to have higher risks towards hypertension.

#6 Avoid unnecessary stress
Don’t take too much stress in life. If you avoid stress, you will find most your health problems disappearing. You should never take any medications for reducing stress like amino acids or phenylalanine.

#7 Avoid taking unnecessary drugs
Some people start taking drugs to reduce their high blood pressure and bring it to a normal level. This is not good as it sometimes leads to another grave condition called hypotension. Hypotension, in turn, can lead to vomiting and nausea. Hence, regular follow-ups with your doctor are essential.

#8 Tendency to have stroke
People who suffer from hypertension also tend to have a stroke. Figuratively, around eight out of ten individuals who are having high blood pressure also suffer from a stroke.

#9 Living in a warm climate is recommended to people having hypertension
Research studies have proven that blood pressure also fluctuates with the weather. It stays on lower margins in the summer and at a higher range in winters. This is because, at a lower temperature, the blood vessels become constricted, and so they exert more pressure to normalize the flow of blood.

#10 Hypertension leads to kidney disease
One of the major risk factors for heart disease is the tendency to develop kidney disease.

These are some of the lesser known facts about hypertension.

How Is Pulmonary Hypertension Treated?

Dr. Hardik Thakker 86% (417 ratings)
MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
How Is Pulmonary Hypertension Treated?

Pulmonary hypertension is a medical condition that arises when the blood pressure remains consistently high in the vessels of the lungs. This condition can develop from a completely unrelated medical condition and is more prevalent among women. 

Pulmonary Hypertension can be a hard disease to diagnose. While it has no permanent cure, the medication depends on how far the disease has advanced. From group 1 PAH to group 5 PAH, pulmonary hypertension has 5 stages of advancement. 

Here is a list of 10 ways by which this disease can be kept under control along with the prescribed medication:

  1. Quit smoking: Smoking aggravates pulmonary hypertension. It has adverse effects on both the heart and the lung. It is therefore of utmost importance to quit smoking. If you fail to control your urge of smoking, contact your doctor who can suggest a quitting plan.
  2. Avoid high altitude: Patients suffering from pulmonary hypertension should avoid flying and living at high altitude. An altitude of 8000 feet and above can worsen the symptoms. It is therefore suggested that you do not take flights for travelling or come down below the altitude of 2428 meters if you are living in hilly areas.
  3. A healthy diet: A healthy diet consisting of fresh fruit and vegetables, lean meat and whole grains should be consumed on a daily basis. A nutritious diet goes a long way in keeping pulmonary hypertension in check.
  4. Adequate rest: A minimum of 8 hours of sleep is recommended for patients suffering from pulmonary hypertension. A good night’s sleep and frequent naps keeps fatigue at bay. 
  5. Pregnancy and birth control pills: Avoiding pregnancy is a must for patients suffering from this disease. Pregnancy can be life threatening for the both the baby and the mother. Birth control pills should be avoided as well. It greatly increases the chance of blood clots. 
  6. Maintain a steady blood pressure: Any activities that lower the blood pressure should be avoided by all means. Spending too much time in a bathtub or prolonged stress increases the chances fainting.
  7. Become more active: Patients of pulmonary hypertension often run out of breath with little to no activity. While activities such as weight lifting should be strictly avoided, some exercise or daily jogging can fetch good result in keeping a patient healthy.
  8. Get vaccine on time: Doctors often suggest vaccines if the patient suffers from pneumonia or influenza. It should be ensured that such vaccines are taken on time. For patients suffering from pulmonary hypertension, prolonged exposure to diseases such as pneumonia can wreak havoc.
  9. Regular checkup: Regular follow up with the doctor is of prime importance. Any possible side effects or deterioration can be arrested with constant supervision.
  10. On time medication: Patients of pulmonary hypertension should ensure that all the medicines suggested by the doctor are taken at regular intervals as per prescribed dosage.
3 people found this helpful

The Many Myths About Blood Pressure And Heart Rate!

Dr. Ripen Gupta 90% (171 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
The Many Myths About Blood Pressure And Heart Rate!

It is natural to consider whether your heart is beating right and your blood pressure is normal. Also, many tend to think that the blood pressure and heart rate are related to each other. Admit it or not, you must have heard a lot about your heart rate and blood pressure, some of which are outright false. This is the time to debunk them and know what actually the reality is.

Myth #1: Having an erratic heart rate indicates that you will have a heart attack soon
When the heart beats at an abnormal rate, it means you have a condition called palpitation. It may give you feeling as if you have skipped a beat or your heart is racing up. You may also experience a brief flutter or pounding feeling in the chest. The good news is that these sensations are not life-threatening and are generally caused by caffeine, alcohol, medication, stress or exercise.

Myth#2: When the pulse rate is fast, it means you are overstressed
Stress is a condition which may raise the pulse rate. But your heart rate can rise when you feel excited or feel anxious or exercise hard. Even high temperature and high humidity can raise your pulse.

Myth #3: Normal heart rate denotes normal blood pressure
At times, blood pressure and heart rate go hand in hand. For instance, when you feel angry or scared or exercise hard, both of them can go up. But you should note here that they are not always linked. Even if the heart rate is normal, your blood pressure may not be so. It could be too high or too low, but you wouldn’t be able to understand it.

Myth #4: Blood pressure and heart rate are same things
It is important to understand the difference between pulse rate and heart rate. Blood pressure is the term denoting the force of blood moving through the blood vessel. On the other hand, heart rate is the number of times the heart beats in a minute. They are two absolutely separate indicators of health. This means if you have high blood pressure or hypertension, there is no substitute for measuring blood pressure.

Myth #5: Heart rate and blood pressure rise and fall at the same rate
As indicated above, a rising heart rate may not be able to cause the blood pressure to surge at the same rate. Even though the heart is beating more than normal, the healthy blood vessels may dilate to allow easy blood flow. When we exercise, the heart speeds up in order to pump an adequate amount of the blood to the muscles. It could be that your heart rate is doubled, but it is safe since your blood pressure has increased only at a modest rate.
 

1 person found this helpful

Know About Different Types Of Hypertensions In Pregnancy!

Dr. Richa Gupta 84% (25 ratings)
MBBS, DGO, FICOG, Master of Population Studies (MPS)
Gynaecologist, Ghaziabad
Know About Different Types Of Hypertensions In Pregnancy!

Hypertension or high blood pressure is common in pregnant women, even in those who have no previous history of high blood pressure. This leads to complications in about 6% to 10% of all pregnancies around the world. High blood pressure may develop before or after conception and as such needs special medical attention.

Hypertension prevents sufficient flow of blood to the placenta and this inhibits the normal growth of the fetus. This could result in low birth weight of the child. However, if diagnosed in time and treated properly, hypertension does not affect the child's health too much. There are various types of hypertension during pregnancies, such as:

  1. Gestational hypertension: This type of hypertension is developed about 20 weeks after conception. There is no abnormality in urine or any signs of other organ damage (as is common with hypertension during pregnancy) but the condition can worsen and complicate very quickly. Pregnant women below the age of 20 and above the age of 40 are often diagnosed with high levels of blood pressure. Women who have heart or kidney conditions before pregnancy and women carrying more than one child are also likely to develop gestational hypertension.
  2. Chronic hypertension: Chronic hypertension is high blood pressure which develops around 20 weeks before conception and does not normalize within 12 weeks after childbirth. The patient may also have been suffering from high blood pressure for a long time but the complications appear only during pregnancy because high blood pressure rarely exhibits symptoms without an associated condition.
  3. Chronic hypertension superimposed with Preeclampsia: Women who have hypertension before pregnancy may develop even higher blood pressure levels during pregnancy. This leads to several health disorders like frequent headaches, fatigue and depression. Sometimes, protein is found in the urine.
  4. Preeclampsia: Preeclampsia is often a serious complication of gestational pregnancy and affects about 5% to 7% of all pregnancies globally. Gestational pregnancy does not always develop into preeclampsia but it needs to be diagnosed and treated in time to avoid the complication. Women who have conceived for the first time or have a history of hypertension in the family are at a greater risk of preeclampsia. The symptoms of the condition are throbbing headaches, blurred vision, nausea and vomiting, pain in the upper abdominal region and shortness of breath.

How Homeopathy Helps Manage Hypertension?

Dr. G.R. Agrawal 95% (17897 ratings)
DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
How Homeopathy Helps Manage Hypertension?

According to statistics put forward by the world health organization, high blood pressure affects about 600 million people all over the world and causes about 5 million premature deaths every year.

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is many times called the silent killer as it doesn't reveal any visible damage. But it does cause significant damage to the heart, brain, eyes and kidneys.

What are the causes of hypertension?

Certain factors cause your arteries to have consistently high levels of blood pressure and based on these factors your hypertension gets classified into the following:

  • Primary hypertension: if the condition doesn't have an identifiable cause, it is known as primary hypertension. This form of high blood pressure develops slowly but surely over many years.

Secondary hypertension: this type of hypertension is characterized by identifiable causes that can be corrected with treatment. About 5-10% of cases in the world are secondary in nature. It is usually caused by an underlying problem and tends to appear all of a sudden.

Symptoms of very high blood pressure-

If your blood pressure is extremely high, there may be certain symptoms to look out for including:

  1. Severe headache
  2. Fatigue or confusion
  3. Vision problems
  4. Chest pain
  5. Difficulty breathing
  6. Irregular heartbeat
  7. Blood in the urine
  8. Pounding in your chest, neck or ears

Hypertension risk factors--

Although the exact cause of hypertension (high blood pressure) is unknown, there are several factors and conditions that may increase risk. These are:

  1. Overweight and obesity
  2. Smoking
  3. Little or no exercise
  4. Too much salt in the diet
  5. Raised cholesterol levels in blood
  6. Drinking too much alcohol
  7. Stress
  8. Ethnic background (black person of African or Caribbean descent or of South Asian descent)
  9. History of high blood pressure in the family

Role of homeopathy in treating high blood pressure

Apart from conventional forms of medicine, homeopathy is also considered to be an effective treatment of high blood pressure. The treatment is tailor-made to your needs as it takes into consideration your external and internal environments. This is because the experiences that you may have and the characteristics of the disease that you display are not the same as the other affected person. It works by viewing your disease as a disturbance that affects your entire body and not just a specific body part.

It not only cures blood pressure but also the reason for high blood pressure so that it does not increase again when your mind or body faces stress.

Conclusion: Apart from medication to reduce stress one should go for meditation to lower down BP.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3 people found this helpful

Relationship Between Hypertension And Erectile Dysfunction

Dr. Sharmila Majumdar 95% (1463 ratings)
MS Sexuality, M.Phil Clinical Psychology, PhD (Behaviour Modification), Certified In Treatment of Resistant Depression
Sexologist, Hyderabad
Relationship Between Hypertension And Erectile Dysfunction

Background

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is the most common male sexual disorder that affects all age groups and has a close association with essential hypertension.

Aim

To characterize the relation of blood pressure and ED in detail.

Methods

A cross-sectional population-based study of 45- to 70-year-old men without previously diagnosed hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, renal disease, or diabetes was conducted from 2005 to 2007 in southwestern Finland. A total of 665 men with at least one cardiovascular risk factor were studied. ED was defined by the five-item International Index of Erectile Function.

Outcomes

We found a U-shaped association between diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and prevalence of ED.

Results

The average age of the study subjects was 56 ± 6 years and 52% had ED. After adjustment for age, cohabitation status, education, fasting plasma glucose level, waist circumference, and prevalence of depressive symptoms, the curve relating DBP to the prevalence of ED was U-shaped with a nadir of DBP 90 mm Hg.

Clinical Implications

Our findings emphasize the importance of blood pressure measurement in the physical examination of men with ED.

Strengths and Limitations

This was a cross-sectional study, which prevents the evaluation of causality between ED and hypertension. However, this community-based study population is well defined and the anthropologic measurements were made by trained medical staff.

Conclusion

We found a U-shaped correlation between ED and DBP, which confirms the link between ED and hypertension.

9 people found this helpful

Hypertension - 6 Signs You Be Beware Of!

Dr. Hariom 90% (288 ratings)
MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
Hypertension - 6 Signs You Be Beware Of!

Commonly people believe that you can understand your blood pressure is high if you are feeling dizzy suddenly, or you are not able to sleep at night. Also sweating profusely is often related to having hypertension. But, to be honest, hypertension usually does not have any symptoms which might help you get alert and take action to control it. This actually imposes a great threat to your well being as you do not understand if you have hypertension. It is extremely important for you to keep checking your blood pressure level in order to avoid developing hypertension and hence developing a risk to your heart.

Although there aren't any major or very noticeable symptoms, here is a list of some rare symptoms which you can follow:

1. Headaches: If you are suffering from dull headaches almost regularly, it might be because you blood pressure has increased. The headaches can be a dull buzz or a severe migraine like ache. Keep monitoring your headaches and consult your doctor as soon as possible.

2. Dizziness: You might suddenly feel dizzy or you might feel you are about to pass out if your blood pressure increases. Make sure you refer to a doctor as soon as something like this happens.

3. Nosebleeds: A sudden occurrence of nosebleed might also be a symptom of a sudden increase in your blood pressure.

4. Severe anxiety: Severe anxiety or a panic attack is often referred to as a symptom of hypertension. If you have a sudden panic attack with no apparent reason, it may be because your blood pressure has suddenly risen.

5. Shortness of breath: High blood pressure may often cause a shortness of breath. You might experience it during various every day activity like walking, climbing stairs, etc.

6. Nausea: A sudden increase in blood pressure might make you feel nauseous. You might even vomit when this happens. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3168 people found this helpful

8 Home Remedies for Managing High Blood Pressure!

Dr. Sunil Beniwal 89% (48 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Cardiology
Cardiologist, Jaipur
8 Home Remedies for Managing High Blood Pressure!

Blood pressure readings above 140/90 are classified as hypertension or high blood pressure. There are no specific symptoms, but prolonged hypertension can lead to a heart stroke.

Listed below are a few ways to reduce high blood pressure:

  1. Limit your salt intake: The sodium content in salt disrupts the balance of fluids in your body, leading to high blood pressure. To avert hypertension, cut down on your daily salt intake to a maximum of one tablespoon.
  2. Indulge in physical exercise: If you are suffering from pre-hypertension (mild hypertension), it can be avoided or controlled by engaging in physical exercise such as brisk walk, swimming or playing a sport. Exercising regularly can lower blood pressure levels by 5 mmHg (millimetres of mercury).
  3. Bask in the sun: Exposure to sunlight alters the nitric oxide levels in your blood which leads to the reduction in blood pressure. Thus, soaking up the sun can prove to be a great way to avoid a stroke in future.
  4. Add ginger and cardamom to your dietThe two spices, ginger and cardamom, provide required warmth to your body and help in stabilising the circulation of blood in your body and help in bringing down blood pressure levels.
  5. Add more green vegetables to your diet: Green vegetables, preferably the leafy ones, are rich in nutrients such as magnesium, iron and folate which help in maintaining the blood circulation that is essential for combating high blood pressure.
  6. Switch to decaf coffee: If you can’t give up coffee entirely, switch to decaf beverages as caffeine is responsible for tightening your blood vessels which leads to increased stress and blood pressure levels.
  7. Start drinking tea: Herbals teas such as chamomile, ginger, green tea and hibiscus tea contain herbal properties which soothe your blood vessels and nourish the blood flow. Herbal teas also help in hydration and rejuvenation of fluids in your body.
  8. Update your playlist: Music is proven to be therapeutic and updating your playlist with soothing Sufi, Celtic or Instrumental tunes can help you relax your mind and combat stress related blood pressure spikes.
24 people found this helpful

Causes Of Hypertension And Its Homeopathic Treatment!

Dr. Imtiyaz Jaliwala 89% (168 ratings)
DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Vadodara
Causes Of Hypertension And Its Homeopathic Treatment!

According to statistics put forward by the world health organization, high blood pressure affects about 600 million people all over the world and causes about 5 million premature deaths every year.

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is many times called the silent killer as it doesn't reveal any visible damage. But it does cause significant damage to the heart, brain, eyes and kidneys.

What are the causes of hypertension?

Certain factors cause your arteries to have consistently high levels of blood pressure and based on these factors your hypertension gets classified into the following:

  • Primary hypertension: if the condition doesn't have an identifiable cause, it is known as primary hypertension. This form of high blood pressure develops slowly but surely over many years.
  • Secondary hypertension: this type of hypertension is characterized by identifiable causes that can be corrected with treatment. About 5-10% of cases in the world are secondary in nature. It is usually caused by an underlying problem and tends to appear all of a sudden.

Factors that fall under it are:

  •   Kidney problems
  •   Sleep apnea
  •   Thyroid problems
  •   Adrenal gland problems
  •   Alcohol abuse

 

Role of homeopathy in treating high blood pressure

Apart from conventional forms of medicine, homeopathy is also considered to be an effective treatment of high blood pressure. The treatment is tailor-made to your needs as it takes into consideration your external and internal environments. This is because the experiences that you may have and the characteristics of the disease that you display are not the same as the other affected person. It works by viewing your disease as a disturbance that affects your entire body and not just a specific body part.

It not only cures blood pressure but also the reason for high blood pressure so that it does not increase again when your mind or body faces stress.

2 people found this helpful