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Hypertension Tips

High Blood Pressure - How To Manage It?

Multi Speciality, Guwahati
High Blood Pressure - How To Manage It?

High Blood Pressure, also known as Hypertension, is not a disease but a condition in which the force and amount of blood are high against artery walls for a long-term. This can cause several health issues as serious as heart attack and damage of blood vessels. Almost every individual experiences High Blood Pressure once in a while but when Blood Pressure remains mostly high, it becomes problematic. There are no major symptoms that can detect if a person has the problem of High Blood Pressure. There are some symptoms of Hypertension such as dizziness, headache, nosebleed, and shortening of breath. However, many other health problems also share these symptoms and one cannot be sure of High Blood Pressure by reviewing only these symptoms. Hence, it is always advisable to consult the doctor for the diagnosis. Although we see people around us taking medicines for High Blood Pressure, this can be a life-threatening problem as a drastic increase in the blood pressure can lead to heart stroke or damage to any other organ.

Causes

There are no specific reasons for High Blood Pressure, however, there are some elements that become the reason for Hypertension.

● Aging

Obesity

● Medication

● Consumption of drugs

● An unhealthy and unbalanced diet

Sleep apnea

● Family history

● Lack of physical work

● Thyroid problem

● Consumption of tobacco

● Consumption of alcohol

Diabetes

High cholesterol

● Kidney problem

● Mental stress

Pregnancy

● Adrenal gland tumor

Management of High Blood Pressure

The condition of High Blood Pressure can be managed by bringing some changes in one’s lifestyle and diet. Doctors advise a few simple changes to manage Hypertension that can be carried out by anyone, irrespective of their age and gender.

● Exercise: One does not need to go for intense physical work but a half an hour walk or light exercises can help one manage his/her High Blood Pressure.

● Diet: One can plan his/her diet by including and excluding certain food items. One should try to include food with low saturated fat, moderate calories, low sodium salt, and many more depending upon age and also if he/she has any other medical issue.

● Regular check: To control one’s Blood Pressure, an individual should check their Blood Pressure on a regular basis if they have the machine home. A regular check of Blood Pressure is important especially before taking the medication as having medicine in low or normal Blood Pressure can also lead to major health problems. Even if the person has the blood pressure monitor at home, he/she should visit a doctor once in a while for a proper, error-free checkup.

Take Away

Hypertension or High Blood Pressure is a medical condition where the amount and force of blood get higher than usual. This condition can be life-threatening as it can harm an individual’s organs and blood vessels. There are no particular symptoms that specify the problem of High Blood Pressure. There are a few ways in which one can try to control their Blood Pressure. Checking Blood Pressure is not a difficult task and hence one can do it on his/her own at home but should definitely consult a doctor if he/she finds an increase in the Blood Pressure than normal.

3747 people found this helpful

Blood Pressure - Know How To Check It!

Dr.Rajiv Agarwal 91% (74ratings)
MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
Blood Pressure - Know How To Check It!

Measurement of the blood pressure is considered to be an important step in the diagnostic protocol since the flow of blood in the body determines one’s health. Higher the blood pressure, more the risk of health problems.

Now what exactly blood pressure is? It is the pressure exerted by blood on the walls of the blood vessels, specifically on the large arteries of the systemic circulation. The normal resting blood pressure of the human body is 120/80 mm Hg, where 120 is the systolic pressure and 80 is diastolic pressure, measured by the auscultatory method.

Usually, for measuring blood pressure, a physician is consulted. However, nowadays, blood pressure can be measured at home itself, thus removing the necessity of visiting a clinic for the same. There is a possibility of the patient is suffering from the ‘White Coat” hypertension, where the blood pressure of the patient shoots up in the presence of the physician at the clinic. In such patients, it’s safer to suggest blood pressure measurement at home itself.

Certain factors like stress, smoking, heavy exercise, brisk walking, rapid movements, caffeine and certain medications can alter the pressure of blood. These factors should be avoided. There are two ways by which the blood pressure can be measured at home-

  1. Manual method using a sphygmomanometer
  2. Digital devices

A. Measurement of blood pressure using a sphygmomanometer

Steps:  

1- Sit comfortably at one place and open the kit.

2- Raise your arm to the heart level.

3- Wrap the cuff around your upper arm, preferably the left arm.

4- The cuff should be adjusted to snugly fit. It shouldn’t be too tight.

5- Place the diaphragm (head) of the stethoscope flat against the skin on the inside of your arm.

6- Tighten the valve of the rubber bulb and inflate the cuff.

7- Release the valve slowly and note down the first thumping sound. This is the systolic blood pressure.

8- After the thumping sounds subside, there is a small whooshing sound, following which no sound is audible. Note down this pressure on the gauge, it is termed as diastolic blood pressure.

B. Digital devices

Steps:

1- Sit comfortably and relaxed with your back supported.

2- Support your arm on a tabletop at an even level with your heart.

3- Place the cuff on the left arm and keep tubing at the centre of your arm facing the front. Place the sensor correctly.

4- Press the “start” button. When the measurement is complete, readings of your systolic and diastolic blood pressures and your pulse rate will be displayed on the digital panel.

5- Record the reading of the first measurement and obtain another reading of blood pressure after resting.

6- Take the average value of the two readings.

By using these two simple methods and following the above mentioned easy steps, blood pressure can be measured and monitored at home itself. If there is a huge difference between consecutive readings, then it is best to consult the physician for accurate results.

1524 people found this helpful

Pregnancy - How To Handle Hypertension During It?

Dr.Shubha Saxena 92% (317ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Ghaziabad
Pregnancy - How To Handle Hypertension During It?

Hypertension or high blood pressure in itself is a problem where the patient may have the risk of getting a stroke or heart attack! When it combines with pregnancy, the situation may worsen. However, it is not always that hypertension during pregnancy is dangerous, but if care is not taken it may be fatal.

Is hypertension during pregnancy really dangerous?

When a woman has hypertension, either before conception or after it, she has risks of certain complications that may occur during pregnancy.

  1. With high blood pressure, the blood flow to the fetus is not normal; it decreases. Thus, the fetus does not get enough nutrients that it must get.

  2. Getting fewer nutrients may result in low birth weight as the baby will not receive enough nutrients.

  3. When the baby is not getting enough oxygen and nutrients through the body, your doctor may suggest getting pre-term delivery.

  4. Another emergency may occur if the placenta detaches itself from the uterus before maturing. Placental abruption sometimes can be very dangerous.

  5. For delivery of a pregnant woman with hypertension, doctors generally prefer a Cesarean delivery.

  6. Another tough situation is preeclampsia that can be life-threatening for both baby and mother. It may lead to cardio vascular problem for the lady in the future life.

There are different types of issues that occur due to high blood pressure that occurs either before pregnancy or during pregnancy.

Types of High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy.

  1. Chronic Hypertension: This type of hypertension occurs in a woman before she conceives. It may also develop during the first two trimesters of pregnancy.

  2. Gestational Hypertension: If the high blood pressure develops after 20 weeks of pregnancy, it is gestational hypertension and after birth, this problem goes away.

  3. Preeclampsia: Both chronic and gestational hypertension may lead to preeclampsia. This is much serious than other situations and the level of protein in urine increases. It is required to take quick action for this type of problem.

  4. Taking medication for hypertension during pregnancy: During pregnancy, it is important to keep a check on every medication that the mother takes because each and everything affects the baby. However, it is necessary to treat high blood pressure and keep it under control. There are certain medicines that are not dangerous during pregnancy, but certain medicines like angiotensin receptor blockers and others may be dangerous.

Thus, it is better to take advice from a Doctor before the mother takes any medication.

Finally, a pregnant woman should always consult her physician if she has chances of getting high blood pressure.

1395 people found this helpful

Salt Raises Blood Pressure!

Dr.Harshita Sethi 92% (215ratings)
MD - Ayurveda, CIY, Guru Shishya parampara, BAMS
Ayurvedic Doctor, Gurgaon
Salt Raises Blood Pressure!

The amount of salt you eat has a direct effect on your blood pressure. Salt makes your body hold onto water, this extra water stored in your body raises your blood pressure, the higher your blood pressure, the greater the strain on your heart, arteries, kidneys and brain which can lead to heart attacks, strokes, dementia & kidney disease.

2 people found this helpful

Hypertension - How To Control It?

Dr.Pankaj Kumar 92% (16ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine
Internal Medicine Specialist, Patna
Hypertension - How To Control It?

The number of people affected by hypertension is constantly on the rise. The most important concern with people developing hypertension is that it is not an isolated issue. It brings with it a host of problems, including higher chances of stroke, heart disease, diabetes, and kidney diseases. While there is no definite cure for hypertension, it is definitely possible to control it using the following measures.

  1. Weight control: Greater the body mass index (BMI), higher is the chances of developing hypertension. Check with your doctor to know what the ideal weight is and try to maintain it. If overweight, losing even 10 pounds can make a big difference to your blood pressure.
  2. Diet management: Excessive salt, calories, fat, and sugar are to be avoided. Sodium is one of the main culprits for increasing blood pressure and should be avoided. Include fruits and vegetables that are rich in potassium and magnesium. Reducing salt is another major way to control blood pressure. Fish oils with omega-3 fatty acids are extremely good for the health of the heart and so consult your doctor to include the right amounts in your diet. 
  3. Exercise: A regular workout regimen can reduce the chances of developing blood pressure by up to 40% to 50%. This should not be misinterpreted as the need for vigorous workouts. Even small, regular physical activity daily goes a long way in controlling blood pressure.
  4. Alcohol: While quitting alcohol is the best thing to do, for those finding it difficult to do so, cutting down on it plays a big role in controlling blood pressure. No more than a drink per day for women and no more than two per day for men are recommended.
  5. Stress management: Stress is one of the major causes of increased blood pressure, and so managing stress is very important. Whether music or meditation, pick your stress buster and see your blood pressure lowered.
  6. Medications: If you are already on a medication regimen, strictly adhere to the schedule. Consult your doctor before adding herbal supplements or dietary supplements. Taken individually, they may be good for health, but there are good chances of them interacting with your regular medications.
  7. Monitor: Once you have been diagnosed with high blood pressure, have periodic check-ups with your doctor to ensure it is within the permissible limits. If beyond limits, immediately correct it.

As noted, hypertension is not an isolated issue and brings with it a whole lot of issues. Controlling it can help control the other issues that would follow and improve the quality of life.
 

4043 people found this helpful

Hypertension - How To Handle It In Pregnancy?

MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Guwahati
Hypertension - How To Handle It In Pregnancy?

Hypertension during pregnancy can be a problem for both baby and the mother. Thus it is of utmost importance that during pregnancy a good health should be maintained along with controlled blood pressure and cholesterol levels. With an increase in multiple births and women of older age the risk of hypertension during pregnancy has increased. But if proper care is taken it can be avoided.

Types of Pregnancy Hypertension:

There are three prominent forms of hypertension that can be seen during pregnancy. The pregnant ladies should be aware of the same. These are:

- Preeclampsia - This is the most common and serious hypertension during pregnancy. This hypertension can only be controlled by delivering the fetus which usually involves complications like death of the mother or child. This occurs 20 weeks after pregnancy.

- Gestational Hypertension - This form is only prevalent during pregnancy and is not a problem for the mother or baby after delivery. This usually occurs in the last leg of the pregnancy

- Chronic Hypertension - This form forms either prior to the pregnancy or before 20 weeks of the pregnancy.

Management of Pregnancy Hypertension:

Hypertension during pregnancy can be handled by the following:

- In case of severe hypertension, blood pressure medication should be continued during pregnancy

- If you are on ACE inhibitor-type medication, then the medication is changed to one that is even safe for the baby

- Your doctor might like to monitor you daily and can advise hospitalization for a few days

- If medication is missed, it might lead to uncontrolled life-threatening hypertension. Thus the medication should not be missed at any time

- In case of mild hypertension and absence of other diseases like diabetes and kidney disorders, the doctor might stop the medication or reduce the dose. Also, being off medicine does not cause any problem in mild hypertension.

-  Irrespective of the hypertension being mild or severe, the prenatal appointments should not be missed, so that the doctor can monitor you and the baby. If any problems, like rise in blood pressure, poor fetal growth, and signs of preeclampsia can be spotted and steps can be taken for the same.

-  In case there is some form of hypertension present the prenatal visits and lab tests will be more

- Apart from the usual second trimester ultrasound, there will be periodic ultrasounds in the third trimester to monitor the baby's growth and the amniotic fluid.

- Also regular fetal tests and Doppler ultrasounds will be done to track the baby's growth.

- Lifestyle changes should be made. Salt intake should be limited, fresh food instead of processed food should be consumed.

- If blood pressure is high then doctor might ask you to avoid exercise especially if you never did before pregnancy.

2970 people found this helpful

5 Easy Steps To Control Hypertension!

Dr.Puneet Aggarwal 88% (65ratings)
MBBS, MD - Medicine, Fellowship in Diabetes (Liverpool)
General Physician, Mohali
5 Easy Steps To Control Hypertension!
  • Maintain a healthy weight. Strive for a body mass index (BMI) between 18.5 and 24.9.
  • Eat healthier. Eat lots of fruit, veggies and low-fat dairy, and less saturated and total fat.
  • Reduce sodium. Ideally, stay under 1, 500 mg a day, but aim for at least a 1, 000 mg per day reduction. 
  • Get active. Aim for at least 90 to 150 minutes of aerobic and/or dynamic resistance exercise per week and/or three sessions of isometric resistance exercises per week. 
  • Limit alcohol. Drink no more than 1-2 drinks a day. (one for most women, two for most men.)

Hypertension - How To Administer It In Pregnancy?

Dr.Asha Niranjan Ghokhale 92% (203ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Gynaecologist, Pune
Hypertension - How To Administer It In Pregnancy?

Hypertension during pregnancy can be a problem for both the baby and the mother. Thus it is of utmost importance that during pregnancy good health should be maintained along with controlled blood pressure and cholesterol levels. With an increase in multiple births and women of older age, the risk of hypertension during pregnancy has increased. But if proper care is taken it can be avoided.

Types of Pregnancy Hypertension:

There are three prominent forms of hypertension that can be seen during pregnancy. Pregnant ladies should be aware of the same. These are:

-  Preeclampsia - This is the most common and serious hypertension during pregnancy. This hypertension can only be controlled by delivering the fetus which usually involves complications like the death of the mother or child. This occurs 20 weeks after pregnancy.

-  Gestational Hypertension - This form is only prevalent during pregnancy and is not a problem for the mother or baby after delivery. This usually occurs in the last leg of the pregnancy

-  Chronic Hypertension - This form forms either prior to the pregnancy or before 20 weeks of the pregnancy.

Management of Pregnancy Hypertension:

Hypertension during pregnancy can be handled by the following:

-   In case of severe hypertension, blood pressure medication should be continued during pregnancy

-   If you are on ACE inhibitor-type medication, then the medication is changed to one that is even safe for the baby

-   Your doctor might like to monitor you daily and can advise hospitalization for a few days

-   If medication is missed, it might lead to uncontrolled life-threatening hypertension. Thus the medication should not be missed at any time

-   In the case of mild hypertension and absence of other diseases like diabetes and kidney disorders, the doctor might stop the medication or reduce the dose. Also, being off medicine does not cause any problem in mild hypertension.

-   Irrespective of the hypertension is mild or severe, the prenatal appointments should not be missed so that the doctor can monitor you and the baby. If any problems, like rising blood pressure, poor fetal growth, and signs of preeclampsia can be spotted and steps can be taken for the same.

-   In case there is some form of hypertension present the prenatal visits and lab tests will be more

-   Apart from the usual second-trimester ultrasound, there will be periodic ultrasounds in the third trimester to monitor the baby's growth and the amniotic fluid.

-   Also, regular fetal tests and Doppler ultrasounds will be done to track the baby's growth.

-   Lifestyle changes should be made. Salt intake should be limited, fresh food instead of processed food should be consumed.

-   If blood pressure is high then the doctor might ask you to avoid exercise especially if you never did before pregnancy.

2096 people found this helpful

Hypertension - What Should You Be Aware About?

MBBS, MD - General Medicine
General Physician, Pune
Hypertension - What Should You Be Aware About?

High blood pressure or hypertension is a condition where the long term force induced by blood on the artery walls may lead to health complications. In some cases, high blood pressure can be a chronic condition without any visible symptoms. The normal value of blood pressure is 120/80 mm Hg. Even if high blood pressure doesn't have any obvious symptoms, it can cause significant damage to cardiovascular health and blood vessels. Uncontrolled hypertension exposes you to the risks of stroke and cardiac arrest. Following are the causes and complications of hypertension:

Causes of Hypertension:

The causes of hypertension vary depending on the two types of the condition namely primary hypertension and secondary hypertension. In the case of primary hypertension, there are hardly any identifiable causes. 

Recently diagnosed high blood pressure with following signs may be due to secondary hypertension: 

  1. High blood pressure not responding to blood pressure medications (resistant hypertension
  2. Very high BP — systolic blood pressure over 180 (mm Hg) or diastolic blood pressure over 120 
  3. Sudden-onset high blood pressure before age 30 or after age 55 Risk factors includes- 
  4. High blood pressure tends to run in families. 
  5. Being overweight or obesity, physically inactivity. 
  6. Using tobacco/ smoking or chewing tobacco, too much salt (sodium) in your diet, drinking too much alcohol. 
  7. Having more than two drinks a day for men and more than one drink a day for women may affect your blood pressure. 
  8. Stress. High levels of stress /family history of high BP

Certain medications like contraceptives, painkillers and some other drugs:

  1. Sleep disorders
  2. Problems related to the kidney
  3. Tumors in the adrenal gland
  4. Thyroid issues
  5. Congenital heart defects from birth
  6. Drug abuse
  7. Excessive consumption of alcohol
  8. Complications of hypertension

Persistent high blood pressure can result in atherosclerosis that is hardening of the arteries. This can severely wreck cardiovascular health and cause stroke, heart attack or other complications. Hypertension can also result in a disorder called aneurysm in which the blood vessels tend to swell and weaken. Rupture of an aneurysm can be fatal.

Heart failure is one of the most serious complications associated with hypertension. It becomes increasingly difficult for the heart to pump blood along with the high pressure. Consequently, the heart muscle thickens and leads to cardiac arrest. It can also lead to kidney problems. Narrowing and weakening of certain blood vessels present in the kidney can cause organ failure. It can also lead to eye problems and sometimes even loss of vision due to narrowing or thickening of blood vessels in the eye.

Metabolic syndrome, which refers to a cluster of deficiencies in the metabolism of your body including high triglycerides, low levels of good cholesterol (High-density lipoprotein) and high levels of insulin. These metabolic disorders increase the risk of developing diabetes and other complications. Uncontrolled high blood pressure and interference with your ability to remember and think. It can trigger memory loss and affect your understanding and deriving skills.

2453 people found this helpful

Hypertension - Know Complications Of It!

Dr.Pranjit Mushahary 87% (17ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine
General Physician, Tezpur
Hypertension - Know Complications Of It!

High blood pressure is a condition which occurs when the pressure of the blood flow through the arteries increases, resulting in intense pressure. Hypertension occurs when the systolic pressure (pressure at which the heart pumps blood) and the diastolic pressure (pressure at which the heart relaxes) is more than 140 and 90 respectively.

Symptoms of high blood pressure are

1. Shortness of breath
If you have high blood pressure, then you may experience regular shortness of breath.

2. Headaches
You may experience headaches on a regular basis.

3. Weakness of the heart muscles
Hypertension results in a weak heart which may not be able to pump blood properly.

4. Narrowing of blood vessels
Narrowing of blood vessels may lead to other complications such as failure of the kidneys, heart and brain.

5. Vision problems
It may lead to vision problems as blood vessels in the eye may be affected.

The various causes of blood pressure are

1. Tobacco
If you smoke on a regular basis, you put yourself at an increased risk of getting affected by blood pressure.

2. Lifestyle
Not exercising regularly, eating a sodium-rich diet are all factors which can increase the chances of hypertension.

3. Age
The chances of getting affected by hypertension increase as you age.

4.Weight
Being excessively obese also increases your risk of getting affected by hypertension.

5.Diabetes
Being diabetic makes you more prone to getting affected by diabetes.

6. Hyperthyroidism
If you have an overactive thyroid gland, then it may result in hypertension.

Hypertension may result in various health complications in the body such as:

1. Aneurysm
This is a disorder of the blood vessels which causes the blood vessels to bulge and weaken.

2. Heart attack
High blood pressure causes the arteries to harden and thicken which may lead to a heart attack.

3. Metabolic syndrome
This syndrome refers to a group of complications such as high bad cholesterol levels and insulin levels in the body.

4. Impaired brain functioning
It may also impair your ability to learn and impact your cognitive skills.

So, what types of exercises are best for treating hypertension?

1. Aerobics
Aerobic activities are activities that increase your heart and breathing rate. Simple household chores like mowing the lawn or swabbing the floor can also count as aerobic activities. Other such exercises include brisk walking, jogging and swimming. Alternatively you could join a group sport such as basketball or football to increase your aerobic activity. This will make your heart stronger and reduce stress, both of which will in turn lower your blood pressure.

2. Strength training
Lifting weights may cause a temporary spike in blood pressure at the time of exercising, but it has a number of long term benefits. It improves your overall cardiovascular health and helps build strong muscles. Instead of doing a few sets of lifting heavy weights, it is better for a hypertension patient to lift lighter weights more number of times. Light weights challenge the muscles by increasing the number of sets.

3. Yoga
Practicing yoga asanas and pranayam can help lower blood pressure and reduce stress induced hypertension. While asanas are yogic positions, pranayam refers to breathing techniques. Some asanas that are beneficial for hypertension are shavasana, sukhasan and shishuasan. Yoga benefits hypertension patients by relaxing the body and calming the nervous system.

Diet management for hypertension: 

Excessive salt, calories, fat, and sugar are to be avoided. Sodium is one of the main culprits for increasing blood pressure and should be avoided. Include fruits and vegetables that are rich in potassium and magnesium. Reducing salt is another major way to control blood pressure. Fish oils with omega-3 fatty acids are extremely good for the health of the heart and so consult your doctor to include the right amounts in your diet. 

Medications for hypertension: 

If you are already on a medication regimen, strictly adhere to the schedule. Consult your doctor before adding herbal supplements or dietary supplements. Taken individually, they may be good for health, but there are good chances of them interacting with your regular medications.

1650 people found this helpful
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