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Hypercholesterolemia Tips

Cholesterol And Lipid Profile - All You Should Know!

Dr. Rajiv Bajaj 94% (1966 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Fellowship in EP
Cardiologist, Delhi
Cholesterol And Lipid Profile - All You Should Know!

Cholesterol

Cholesterol is a building block of animals. We have only one type of cholesterol, just as we have one type of water. Animals can walk, swim or fly because their cells have cholesterol. Plants have cellulose instead of cholesterol. It makes them immobile. Everything of every animal, including hair, nails, bone, blood, eggs, meat, skin, wing, milk, etc. always contains cholesterol; and everything obtained from plants is always ‘zero cholesterol’.

Most of our cholesterol is manufactured by our cells. We can get some from food. Our livers can easily excrete excess in bile. Food cholesterol does not raise the blood levels just as buying shirts does not lead to wearing two together.

Triglycerides

Cholesterol does not dissolve in water, so it is called a lipid or fat. Triglyceride is another important lipid. Oil, ghee and meat-fat are mostly triglycerides. Body uses them as fuel. Triglycerides from food enter blood directly as chylomicrons. Other foods go first to liver, and are converted to triglycerides for circulation.

Lipoproteins

Since lipids are insoluble in blood, they are transported with proteins as ‘lipo-proteins’. We have LDL, HDL, and chylomicrons. All lipoproteins contain a mixture of various proteins, fats, and other insoluble substances.

LDL and HDL are made in the liver. Fresh LDL and HDL keep entering the blood, and old lipoproteins are continuously removed. Lipoproteins trap all insoluble dirt, including broken cells and bacterial toxins, and keep our blood vessels clean and healthy. LDL and HDL work together, like mop and bucket. The liver has Kuppfer cells for safely disposing of the toxins they collect and bring.

Our blood has more toxins during illnesses, and more lipoproteins get consumed; blood levels, therefore, drop in every illness. High levels, therefore, predict good health and longer lifespan, but there are exceptions to this rule. Sometimes, there is accumulation of old toxin-filled lipoproteins in blood. Egs: In familial hypercholesterolemia clearance of old LDL by liver is slow. Similarly, alcohol slows removal of HDL; torcetrapib prevents HDL-LDL cooperation. In such situations, high levels of LDL or HDL increase blockages.

Statin medicines help by clearing old LDL from blood, but most lipid medicines just change the blood report without improving health.

Cholesterol and Blockages

Food cholesterol has virtually nothing to do with blockages. Blockages occur because of modern lifestyle. Unlike pre-modern hunter-gatherers who fed on forest foods, we eat a high glucose agricultural diet. Thankfully, our liver does not allow too much glucose into the blood, otherwise, our blood glucose would shoot up to over one thousand after every meal! The liver converts sugars into triglycerides and circulates them as VLDL.

Modern diets keep the liver busy manufacturing triglycerides from glucose; this predisposes us to diabetes and fatty liver. Fasting triglycerides should be less than 150. Higher values suggest that the diet contains too much glucose or alcohol.

Glucose damages artery endothelium, and also changes our LDL to small dense LDL. The cholesterol inside blockages comes from harmful, small dense LDL.

Lipid Profile

Lipid Profiles ‘tests’ are quite popular, but not very helpful. Lipid Profiles have poor predictive value.

The lipids we measure are mostly from liver, not food. Cholesterol, triglycerides and HDL are measured. All the other numbers are usually arithmetic. E.g.: VLDL is triglycerides divided by 5. Additional measurements like apo A, B, Lp(a) etc. do not help much.

Cholesterol levels below 300 are normal. Levels persistently above 300 (or LDL levels above 220) suggest familial hypercholesterolemia. Much lower levels of cholesterol and LDL are presently advocated. The dangerous cholesterol levels have been changed from 350 to 270, 250, 220, 200, 170, 150 etc.; and safe level of LDL is being continuously reduced. These recommendations are motivated. In 1945, a heart disease scare was started in the USA. Large research programs were rolled out to ‘find the cause’ of the ‘number 1 killer’, and they promoted the cholesterol theory the whole world now believes.

High Triglycerides and low HDL is called atherogenic dyslipidemia (blockage causing lipid abnormality). Focus on these for protecting health. They usually stay perfect with a diet low in sugar, starch and alcohol.

Summary

Cholesterol is present in animal bodies for the same reason that wood is present in plants. LDL and HDL are two types of blood cleaning lipoproteins; they are not two types of cholesterol. Both these are good and essential for health. High triglycerides and low HDL are the commonest abnormalities in people prone to heart attacks. These improve with low glucose/fructose diet or exercise. Cholesterol found in blockages is not food cholesterol, it is small dense LDL. Blockages are caused by glucose-rich diets.

2070 people found this helpful

Cholesterol - Healthy Style That Help Combat it!

Dr. Indranil Dutta 84% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD
Internal Medicine Specialist, Kolkata
Cholesterol - Healthy Style That Help Combat it!

Cholesterol is one of those terminologies that need a clear and fresh understanding, right from scratch. It is nothing but obvious and common for you to primarily know about the ill effects of cholesterol and what it does to your body; from increasing the risks of cardio-vascular diseases to adding to your waistline. However, it is time we all got a fresh perspective on what cholesterol is.

So, to start off, what is actually cholesterol?
It is waxy substance produced by the liver which plays an important role in the proper functioning of the cells, digestive process and synthesis of Vitamin D in the body. As cholesterol is a fat based substance that does not dissolve in blood, it is transported, throughout the body, by a protein called the ‘lipoprotein’. The lipoproteins that carry cholesterol are of two types: Low-Density

Lipoprotein (LDL) and High Density Lipoprotein (HDL)

Why is LDL ‘bad’?
LDL is known as ‘bad’ cholesterol as it is responsible for plaque formation that reduces flexibility of the arteries and tends to clog them.

Why is HDL ‘good’?
HDL is known as the ‘good’ cholesterol because it gets rid of excessive LDL from the arteries and transports them to the liver where they can be broken down. Too much of bad cholesterol in the body can lead to clogged arteries that may result in stroke or a heart attack. Now that you know that too much LDL cholesterol is bad for you, you need to keep it under control while raising the good cholesterol (HDL) levels.

In order to do that, you need to make certain modifications in your lifestyle.

Some of them can be:

  1. Eat foods that are good for the heart: Avoid eating saturated fats and trans-fats as they raise LDL levels in the body. Instead, choose foods that are rich in the heart healthy monounsaturated fats such as almonds and olive oil. Also, include foods that are rich in Omega-3 fatty acids such as fish oil; these fatty acids increase HDL levels in the blood.
  2. Exercise regularly: Exercise not only helps you to lose calories but also increases the good cholesterol levels in the body. Aim for 20-30 minutes of cardiovascular exercises in the form of brisk walking, running or cycling to keep your heart muscles healthy.
  3. Stop smokingSmoking can cause the blood vessels to narrow down, thus increasing blood pressure, owing to the constriction of the blood vessels. Quit smoking right away and your ticker will thank you for it. Remember to limit alcohol consumption as well.
  4. Maintain optimal weight levels: It’s time to get rid of all the excess fat from the body, especially the visceral fat (abdominal fat). Obesity increases the risk of heart diseases and also has a negative effect on the cholesterol levels.
1 person found this helpful

Prevent Serious Heart Diseases - Checkups To Be Considered!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Faridabad
Prevent Serious Heart Diseases - Checkups To Be Considered!

Heart diseases are very common nowadays and can affect individuals of any age. Heart diseases can be fatal and even result in death if the affected person is not diagnosed at the right time. Below are some tests that one must conduct regularly to take care of one's heart.

  • Lipid Tests - Lipid tests are conducted to check if there are any kind of risks related to the lipids of a person's body. Lipid tests help to screen different problems related to cholesterol levels and triglycerides which are responsible for different cardiovascular problems. It can also help to detect any kind of genetic disorder which results in cardiovascular diseases that may affect the heart in a serious way.
  • Cardiac Risk Marker Profile Test: The cardiac risk marker profile test is known as a group of health tests that are required to be performed to ascertain if someone has a chance of suffering from cardiovascular diseases like heart attack or heart stroke.

  • Echocardiogram - This is an ultrasound test of heart which checks whether there is any problem with the heart valves and blood chambers. Through this process, the doctor will be also able to understand how strongly the heart is pumping blood to your body. It is conducted with the help of probe on the chest or can also be inserted through the oesophagus.

  • Electrocardiogram - This is a very common test, which a person with a weak heart can undergo. Small sticky dots and wires are attached to the person's chest, arms and legs which enables the doctor to check if there are any abnormalities in or around your heart.
  • Stress Echocardiogram - Significant stress levels can also be harmful to your heart. In this test, a radioactive substance is inserted into the bloodstream and in return, it echoes back an ultrasound which helps to detect how strongly the heart is beating or if there is any blockage in the valves.

Along with regular testing of the heart, it is important to conduct a full body health checkup at least once a year to get tested for liver function, kidney function and thyroid function.

1 person found this helpful

Understanding Cholesterol Levels: LDL V/S. HDL

Dr. Mitali Joshi 86% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Internal Medicine, C. Diabetology, Felloship In Clinical Metal Toxicology
General Physician, Mumbai
Understanding Cholesterol Levels: LDL V/S. HDL

For a long time cholesterol in totality was seen as a bad thing for your body although the truth was a little more complicated than that. Cholesterol primarily is divided into two types, one of which can be categorized as bad cholesterol and the other as good cholesterol. Let's have an in-depth look at both the categories.

LDL or Low Density Lipoprotein aka bad cholesterol - Cholesterol is a wax like chemical which is found all over the body and it has important functions to perform. Cholesterol is carried all over the body by Lipoproteins. The low density lipoproteins are denoted as bad cholesterol as they can accumulate on the walls of the blood vessels and cause blockages resulting in many ailments. LDL levels of 190 and above are considered dangerous. 

Some of the risks associated with it are:

  1. Heart disease
  2. Stroke
  3. Atherosclerosis
  4. Peripheral artery disease among many others

HDL or High Density Lipoprotein aka good cholesterol - This is a form of cholesterol which is usually desired in higher quantities as it removes LDL from the system by dislodging it from the arteries and then carrying it through the blood stream into the liver. The liver then breaks it down and removes it from the body. Thus, higher number of HDL cholesterol is always desirable. 

Some of the ideal numbers for HDL cholesterol within the body are:

 

Women - Ideal: 60 mg/dl, dangerous: 50 mg/dl or lower
Men - Ideal: 60 mg/dl, dangerous: 50 mg/dl lower

The Role of Triglycerides
Good and bad cholesterol levels also depend on the levels of triglycerides within the body and not just LDL or HDL cholesterol. Triglycerides are another type of fat which are used to store energy within the body but can also affect your health. It is most associated with atherosclerosis when the levels of triglycerides are high within the body. 

Some habits that contribute to high levels of it are

  1. Lack of physical activity
  2. Obesity or being overweight
  3. Excesses in alcohol consumption
  4. Smoking
  5. Bad diet and others

Thus the good cholesterol versus bad cholesterol war also includes other factors, most of which can be easily changed by making subtle changes in lifestyle and incorporating healthier habits. This will increase the good cholesterol and the other relevant elements and reduce the bad. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3770 people found this helpful

Cholesterol - What Should You Do To Control It?

Dr. Saurabh Juneja 88% (242 ratings)
MBBS, Master of Surgery - General Surgery, Magistrar Chirurgiae (Cardio-Thoracic Surgery)
Cardiologist, Faridabad
Cholesterol - What Should You Do To Control It?

Cholesterol is one of those terminologies that need a clear and fresh understanding, right from scratch. It is nothing but obvious and common for you to primarily know about the ill effects of cholesterol and what it does to your body; from increasing the risks of cardio-vascular diseases to adding to your waistline. However, it is time we all got a fresh perspective on what cholesterol is.

So, to start off, what is actually cholesterol?
It is waxy substance produced by the liver which plays an important role in the proper functioning of the cells, digestive process and synthesis of Vitamin D in the body. As cholesterol is a fat based substance that does not dissolve in blood, it is transported, throughout the body, by a protein called the ‘lipoprotein’. The lipoproteins that carry cholesterol are of two types: Low-Density

Lipoprotein (LDL) and High Density Lipoprotein (HDL)

Why is LDL ‘bad’?
LDL is known as ‘bad’ cholesterol as it is responsible for plaque formation that reduces flexibility of the arteries and tends to clog them.

Why is HDL ‘good’?
HDL is known as the ‘good’ cholesterol because it gets rid of excessive LDL from the arteries and transports them to the liver where they can be broken down. Too much of bad cholesterol in the body can lead to clogged arteries that may result in stroke or a heart attack. Now that you know that too much LDL cholesterol is bad for you, you need to keep it under control while raising the good cholesterol (HDL) levels.

In order to do that, you need to make certain modifications in your lifestyle.

Some of them can be:

  1. Eat foods that are good for the heart: Avoid eating saturated fats and trans-fats as they raise LDL levels in the body. Instead, choose foods that are rich in the heart healthy monounsaturated fats such as almonds and olive oil. Also, include foods that are rich in Omega-3 fatty acids such as fish oil; these fatty acids increase HDL levels in the blood.
  2. Exercise regularly: Exercise not only helps you to lose calories but also increases the good cholesterol levels in the body. Aim for 20-30 minutes of cardiovascular exercises in the form of brisk walking, running or cycling to keep your heart muscles healthy.
  3. Stop smokingSmoking can cause the blood vessels to narrow down, thus increasing blood pressure, owing to the constriction of the blood vessels. Quit smoking right away and your ticker will thank you for it. Remember to limit alcohol consumption as well.
  4. Maintain optimal weight levels: It’s time to get rid of all the excess fat from the body, especially the visceral fat (abdominal fat). Obesity increases the risk of heart diseases and also has a negative effect on the cholesterol levels.
2967 people found this helpful

Foods That Can Help Lower Cholesterol Levels!

Dt. Homesh Mandawliya 89% (190 ratings)
Ditetics & Food Service Management, Bsc Human Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Indore
Foods That Can Help Lower Cholesterol Levels!

Food plays a vital role in lowering the cholesterol apart from timely medication. Here is a list of 10 foods that contribute to a great extent in lowering the cholesterol level:

  1. OatsChanging the morning meal is the first action you should take. Oatmeal can bring down the LDL level to a staggering 5.3 percent in a matter of 6 weeks. It contains beta-glucan, which is capable of absorbing the LDL present in the blood.
  2. Red wineYou can cheer to reduced cholesterol with a glass of red wine in hand. A study conducted by the Universidad Complutense de Madrid in Spain found that red wine can reduce the cholesterol level up to 9 percent owing to a vital component known as Rioja present in it.
  3. Salmon Fish: Fatty and salmon fish contains Omega-3 fatty acids. They are known to be extremely effective for diseases such as dementia, cardiovascular diseases and much more. A study conducted by the Loma Linda University found that Omega-3 can increase the HDL by up to 4 percent. 
  4. Nuts: Nuts can reduce the cholesterol by up to 9.3 percent, a study by the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition revealed. 1.5 oz of regular consumption of nuts greatly helps in bringing down cholesterol. Since nuts are very rich in protein, portion control is necessary to refrain putting on weight.
  5. BeansA research conducted by the Arizona State Polytechnic University revealed that adding beans to soup can bring down the LDL up to 8 percent. Owing to their rich fibre content, they effectively absorb cholesterol. Some of the beans that can be tried include kidney, black and pinto beans.
  6. Cocoa: A study conducted by the AJCN reported that the daily intake of cocoa increases the HDL by over 20 percent in 3 months. Due to its high antioxidant content, it streamlines the blood flow and doesn’t let platelets stick together.
  7. Garlic2-3 cloves of garlic per day can dramatically reduce cholesterol-limiting LDL into the artery. It can prevent other conditions such as blood pressure, infections and blood clotting. Garlic can be consumed with any regular dish. 
  8. Olive oilOlive oil has multiple health benefits. It contains a compound known as MUFAs that lowers cholesterol and helps to get rid of abdomen fats. You can use it with salads, roast vegetables and marinate chicken.
  9. AvocadoAvocado contains monounsaturated fat that helps to raise the level of HDL and lower the LDL in the body. It contains Beta-sitosterol that absorbs cholesterol and brings down the count of it in the body. Owing to its high-calorie content, portion size should be looked into.
  10. Margarine: Two margarine can lower the LDL level up to 14 %. They are capable of absorbing cholesterol from the bile. It can be consumed with toast in the morning or as a snack in the evening.

10 Foods That Lower Cholesterol!

Dr. Priya Chelani 87% (286 ratings)
Diploma In Diet & Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Nagpur
10 Foods That Lower Cholesterol!

Food plays a vital role in lowering the cholesterol apart from timely medication. Here is a list of 10 foods that contribute to a great extent in lowering the cholesterol level:

  1. OatsChanging the morning meal is the first action you should take. Oatmeal can bring down the LDL level to a staggering 5.3 percent in a matter of 6 weeks. It contains beta-glucan, which is capable of absorbing the LDL present in the blood.
  2. Red wineYou can cheer to reduced cholesterol with a glass of red wine in hand. A study conducted by the Universidad Complutense de Madrid in Spain found that red wine can reduce the cholesterol level up to 9 percent owing to a vital component known as Rioja present in it.
  3. Salmon Fish: Fatty and salmon fish contains Omega-3 fatty acids. They are known to be extremely effective for diseases such as dementia, cardiovascular diseases and much more. A study conducted by the Loma Linda University found that Omega-3 can increase the HDL by up to 4 percent. 
  4. Nuts: Nuts can reduce the cholesterol by up to 9.3 percent, a study by the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition revealed. 1.5 oz of regular consumption of nuts greatly helps in bringing down cholesterol. Since nuts are very rich in protein, portion control is necessary to refrain putting on weight.
  5. BeansA research conducted by the Arizona State Polytechnic University revealed that adding beans to soup can bring down the LDL up to 8 percent. Owing to their rich fibre content, they effectively absorb cholesterol. Some of the beans that can be tried include kidney, black and pinto beans.
  6. Power of Seeds: Flaxseeds , sunflower seeds are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, selenium, and magnesium content. One tablespoon per day is helpful.
  7. Garlic2-3 cloves of garlic per day can dramatically reduce cholesterol-limiting LDL into the artery. It can prevent other conditions such as blood pressure, infections and blood clotting. Garlic can be consumed with any regular dish. 
  8. Olive oilOlive oil has multiple health benefits. It contains a compound known as MUFAs that lowers cholesterol and helps to get rid of abdomen fats. You can use it with salads, roast vegetables and marinate chicken.
  9. AvocadoAvocado contains monounsaturated fat that helps to raise the level of HDL and lower the LDL in the body. It contains Beta-sitosterol that absorbs cholesterol and brings down the count of it in the body. Owing to its high-calorie content, portion size should be looked into.
  10. Margarine: Two margarine can lower the LDL level up to 14 %. They are capable of absorbing cholesterol from the bile. It can be consumed with toast in the morning or as a snack in the evening.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2093 people found this helpful

Cholesterol - 6 Things You Need To Know About It!

Dr. Maqul Gupta 91% (107 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma In Family Medicine, Fellowship Diabetology
General Physician, Firozpur
Cholesterol - 6 Things You Need To Know About It!

Do you know that cholesterol is found in baby formula and has got some surprising facts about them? Cholesterol is a waxy, fat like substance which is present in all your cells, and your body’s cholesterol level says a lot about the health of your heart in the future. Having high cholesterol increases your risk of acquiring heart diseases and hence, you should try to maintain a normal cholesterol level.

Here are some surprising facts about cholesterol, which you should know about:

  1. You cannot live without cholesterol: We are born with cholesterol in our bodies and infants get more cholesterol from mother’s milk. This is why cholesterol is added to baby formula. All the hormones and cells of your body need cholesterol for proper functioning. It also builds the cells and helps the liver to prepare fat processing acids.
  2. One out of three adults have high cholesterol: It is important for all people above the age of 20 to get a cholesterol checkup every five years. According to studies, around 32% of adults in the USA have got high cholesterol levels. Your cholesterol levels may also be affected by factors such as your diet and stress.
  3. High cholesterol can be genetic: Genetics is a major influencing factor in high cholesterol levels. Research has proven that almost 75% of high cholesterol cases are genetic in nature while 25% occur because of diet.
  4. Children can have high cholesterol as well: There is a common misconception that high cholesterol is an issue involving adults only. However, children may also have high cholesterol and it is recommended for you to get your child tested at an early age. For children who are obese and have a family history of heart attacks and high cholesterol, a selective screening is important.
  5. Sweating raises the levels of good cholesterol: Sweating is good for increasing the levels of good cholesterol in your body. You should follow a healthy diet including food items like avocado and salmon. Working out is also important for raising your HDL levels, which prevent heart disease.
  6. Supplements may help in lowering cholesterol levels: The first option for controlling your cholesterol levels is to work out regularly. If you are at a risk of heart attack or have hypercholesterolemia, you have to bank on supplements such as plant stanols and sterols. You can also take cholesterol reducing medications such as statins.

Earlier, the medical community was reserved about prescribing cholesterol lowering medicines and they were given only to critical heart patients. In modern day, statin treatment is recommended to people who have even little chances of heart attacks or stroke. One need to get his/her levels checked regularly and its importance. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3215 people found this helpful

Cholesterol - 9 Amazing Foods That Can Control It!

Dt. Rajat Jain 86% (19 ratings)
Diploma In Diet & Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Jaipur
Cholesterol - 9 Amazing Foods That Can Control It!

Food plays a vital role in lowering the cholesterol apart from timely medication. Here is a list of 10 foods that contribute to a great extent in lowering the cholesterol level:

  1. OatsChanging the morning meal is the first action you should take. Oatmeal can bring down the LDL level to a staggering 5.3 percent in a matter of 6 weeks. It contains beta-glucan, which is capable of absorbing the LDL present in the blood.
  2. Red wineYou can cheer to reduced cholesterol with a glass of red wine in hand. A study conducted by the Universidad Complutense de Madrid in Spain found that red wine can reduce the cholesterol level up to 9 percent owing to a vital component known as Rioja present in it.
  3. Salmon Fish: Fatty and salmon fish contains Omega-3 fatty acids. They are known to be extremely effective for diseases such as dementia, cardiovascular diseases and much more. A study conducted by the Loma Linda University found that Omega-3 can increase the HDL by up to 4 percent. 
  4. Nuts: Nuts can reduce the cholesterol by up to 9.3 percent, a study by the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition revealed. 1.5 oz of regular consumption of nuts greatly helps in bringing down cholesterol. Since nuts are very rich in protein, portion control is necessary to refrain putting on weight.
  5. BeansA research conducted by the Arizona State Polytechnic University revealed that adding beans to soup can bring down the LDL up to 8 percent. Owing to their rich fibre content, they effectively absorb cholesterol. Some of the beans that can be tried include kidney, black and pinto beans.
  6. Cocoa: A study conducted by the AJCN reported that the daily intake of cocoa increases the HDL by over 20 percent in 3 months. Due to its high antioxidant content, it streamlines the blood flow and doesn’t let platelets stick together.
  7. Garlic2-3 cloves of garlic per day can dramatically reduce cholesterol-limiting LDL into the artery. It can prevent other conditions such as blood pressure, infections and blood clotting. Garlic can be consumed with any regular dish. 
  8. Olive oilOlive oil has multiple health benefits. It contains a compound known as MUFAs that lowers cholesterol and helps to get rid of abdomen fats. You can use it with salads, roast vegetables and marinate chicken.
  9. AvocadoAvocado contains monounsaturated fat that helps to raise the level of HDL and lower the LDL in the body. It contains Beta-sitosterol that absorbs cholesterol and brings down the count of it in the body. Owing to its high-calorie content, portion size should be looked into. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3337 people found this helpful

Cholesterol - Are You Sure You Know These Facts?

Dr. Mitali Joshi 86% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Internal Medicine, C. Diabetology, Felloship In Clinical Metal Toxicology
General Physician, Mumbai
Cholesterol - Are You Sure You Know These Facts?

Do you know that cholesterol is found in baby formula and has got some surprising facts about them? Cholesterol is a waxy, fat like substance which is present in all your cells, and your body’s cholesterol level says a lot about the health of your heart in the future. Having high cholesterol increases your risk of acquiring heart diseases and hence, you should try to maintain a normal cholesterol level.

Here are some surprising facts about cholesterol, which you should know about:

  1. You cannot live without cholesterol: We are born with cholesterol in our bodies and infants get more cholesterol from mother’s milk. This is why cholesterol is added to baby formula. All the hormones and cells of your body need cholesterol for proper functioning. It also builds the cells and helps the liver to prepare fat processing acids.
  2. One out of three adults have high cholesterol: It is important for all people above the age of 20 to get a cholesterol checkup every five years. According to studies, around 32% of adults in the USA have got high cholesterol levels. Your cholesterol levels may also be affected by factors such as your diet and stress.
  3. High cholesterol can be genetic: Genetics is a major influencing factor in high cholesterol levels. Research has proven that almost 75% of high cholesterol cases are genetic in nature while 25% occur because of diet.
  4. Children can have high cholesterol as well: There is a common misconception that high cholesterol is an issue involving adults only. However, children may also have high cholesterol and it is recommended for you to get your child tested at an early age. For children who are obese and have a family history of heart attacks and high cholesterol, a selective screening is important.
  5. Sweating raises the levels of good cholesterol: Sweating is good for increasing the levels of good cholesterol in your body. You should follow a healthy diet including food items like avocado and salmon. Working out is also important for raising your HDL levels, which prevent heart disease.
  6. Supplements may help in lowering cholesterol levels: The first option for controlling your cholesterol levels is to work out regularly. If you are at a risk of heart attack or have hypercholesterolemia, you have to bank on supplements such as plant stanols and sterols. You can also take cholesterol reducing medications such as statins.

Earlier, the medical community was reserved about prescribing cholesterol lowering medicines and they were given only to critical heart patients. In modern day, statin treatment is recommended to people who have even little chances of heart attacks or stroke. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3962 people found this helpful
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