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Hymenoplasty - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Hymenoplasty is a surgery performed to restore a ruptured hymen. Hymen is a symbol of purity in many cultures whereas scientific evidences suggest that this thin membrane was meant to keep out infection in the vagina. Although a hymen is a sign of virginity, it can get ruptured due to non-sexual reasons such as running, jumping or any other form of athletic activities; some women are also born without a hymen!

Hymenoplasty can be done in two ways – if the remnants of the hymen are present, then it can be stitched back together. The second option is to reconstruct a new hymen using tissues from the patient’s body. Along with restoring the hymen, you can also get the vaginal walls tightened. This surgery will repair the hymen, but you will experience bleeding and discomfort the next time it ruptures.

Although a lot of conservative societies emphasize the need for a virgin bride, this procedure has gained immense popularity in the less conservative societies such as in the United States and Europe.

Hymenoplasty is a very safe procedure, but you need to be very careful when you pick a doctor. Since this is done in an intimate area of the body, you need to make sure that you are very comfortable with the doctor. Do your research and choose a doctor who has sufficient experience and expertise in performing the procedure.

How is the treatment done?

First of all, you will need to schedule a consultation with the doctor to discuss the procedure and make your expectations clear and concise. The doctor will give you an insight about the surgery along with instructions to prepare for hymenoplasty.

  • The basic technique - If there are remains of the hymen, it can be stitched back together. A local or sometimes a general anesthesia will be administered to prevent pain and discomfort. The surgeon will then sew the torn parts together – the stitches are dissolvable. The entire surgery takes around 30 to 40 minutes and it is usually done on an outpatient basis.
  • The Alloplant technique – This technique is followed when the remnants cannot be stitched back together. The surgeon will insert a biomaterial into the vagina and this tear-through material will function as the hymen. This procedure takes around two hours and you will be under local anesthesia.
  • Hymen reconstruction – In this procedure, the surgeon will create a new hymen using tissues from the lip of the vagina. However, this method will require you to abstain from sexual intercourse for a minimum of three months.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Usually, women seek hymenoplasty for cultural and religious reasons. In most cases, the person would have lost her virginity in an intercourse and wants to restore it before her marriage. In some cases, the girl would have lost her hymen due to non-sexual activities, but yet again due to the religious or social norms, they find it imperative to repair the hymen.

The suitable candidates are –

  • Those who have ruptured their hymen due to sex or other activities
  • Those who are above 18 years of age
  • Women who are healthy and don’t suffer from any serious illnesses

A gynecological exam is also necessary to determine if your hymen can be restored or not.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Women who suffer from any venereal diseases or have genital cancer are not eligible for this treatment.

Are there any side effects?

Some of the potential side-effects of hymenoplasty include –

However, these are minor side-effects and the medical team will make sure that it takes all the necessary precautions to avoid the issues and lessen the discomfort.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The patient will be observed for a few hours in the recovery room after the treatment and if there are no complications, she will be relieved. The individual can resume work after 3 to 4 days. However, it is advised to begin moderate activities only after 10 days.

Some of the other guidelines include:

  • You will need to keep the area clean and will be on antibiotics to prevent any infection.
  • You should use warm compresses and ice-packs to ease pain and swelling.
  • You can take a bath 2 – 3 days after the surgery.
  • You need to refrain from sex till 8 weeks after the surgery.

How long does it take to recover?

It takes around 4 to 6 weeks for complete healing.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost of hymenoplasty depends largely on the healthcare facility. At public hospitals, the treatment will cost you around INR 14,000 to INR 15,000 whereas, at a private hospital, the same will cost you INR 50,000 to INR 60,000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Medical technology has come a long way – today all kind of medical treatments have the best results that last for a long time. Hymenoplasty is also no different; with proper care, the result will last till the next sexual encounter.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are a couple of other alternatives to hymenoplasty such as –

  • Laser vaginal rejuvenation – In this procedure, laser beams are used for fix the torn hymen. This is also a non-invasive process, which is more comfortable and has a shorter recovery period.
  • Vaginoplasty – In this approach, the surgeon will tighten the vaginal tissue to create a healed hymen.

Both these alternatives do not deliver an un-ruptured hymen, but you will get a tightened vaginal opening.

Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Low Recovery Time: Medium Price Range: RS. 50000

Popular Health Tips

How Hymenoplasty Can Help You Regain Your Virginity?

Dr. Richa Gupta 90% (39 ratings)
MBBS, DGO, FICOG, Master of Population Studies (MPS)
Gynaecologist, Ghaziabad
How Hymenoplasty Can Help You Regain Your Virginity?
Hymenoplasty, a medical term for hymen repair surgery, is a procedure of reconstructing the thin skin membrane made of elastic and fibrous tissue known as the hymen. Colloquially termed as revirgination, the purpose of hymenoplasty is to reconstruct the hymen, which often gets torn due to injury or extensive exercise. In some countries, the surgery is illegal due to social and cultural reasons. How is hymenoplasty performed? The hymen may be torn while cycling or performing gymnastics. In some cases, it is seen that a woman s hymen is torn even before the first intercourse. In this surgery, the edges of the torn hymen are stitched together to make it whole again. The tissues involved gradually grow back and take the appearance of a natural hymen. In some cases, the vaginal walls are also tightened for achieving a virgin-like form. The process typically takes around half an hour, and the area is coated with antibiotic ointment so that it heals within a short span of time. At times, there are no hymeneal remnants, or the available parts cannot be used. In such a situation, the surgeon reduces the opening of the vagina with the help of vaginal mucous tissue. When it becomes impossible to reconstruct the hymen, surgeons opt for hymen implantation, which functions in a similar way as that of a natural hymen. What are the benefits of hymenoplasty? For many women, hymenoplasty is nothing but a useless extravagance; but for some, this aesthetic surgery brings a host of benefits which may include making the first night of courtship special by regaining that symbol of virginity and possessing a sense of personal comfort and ownership. In some cultures as well as religious communities, a high value is imposed on virgins before marriage. In communities that consider hymen to be a proof of sexual status, rupture of the same can bring about a social disaster. In such situations, hymenoplasty can come to the rescue. Who is a good candidate for hymenoplasty? Women who are healthy enough and have realistic expectations about the surgery are the best candidates for hymenoplasty. Hymen reconstruction can help a woman to enjoy her virginity once again. In case the woman is suffering from any relationship crisis owing to rupture of the hymen, then experts suggest that she must consult with a family and a relationship counselor as well. How long does it take it recover from hymenoplasty? In most cases, patients can return to their usual routines the day following the surgery. But it is crucial to avoid strenuous work or exercise. If you have undergone dissolvable suture, then there is no need to remove it. Regardless of the type of stitch, it is critical to attend to the follow-up treatment to ensure a safe and effortless healing of the hymen. One must wait at least 3 to 4 weeks before indulging in sexual intercourse.
2529 people found this helpful

Hymenoplasty - Know The Procedures Involved In It?

Dr. Amit Gupta 90% (13 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Plastic Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Gurgaon
Hymenoplasty - Know The Procedures Involved In It?
Not many people are aware of the term Hymenoplasty. For some people, an intact hymen has a great significance (often an indication of a female virginity). However, you don't always need an intercourse for the hymen sheath (a thin tissue membrane that surrounds the external opening of the vagina) to break. Activities such as horse riding, gymnastics, swimming, to name a few, can play a pivotal role bringing about the rupture of the hymen. For long, people believed that a hymen, once ruptured, can never be restored. With the advancement of technology, this fact is slowly getting transformed into a myth. With Hymenoplasty (also called as a Hymen reconstruction surgery) one can achieve the impossible i.e reconstruction of a ruptured hymen surgically. Hymenoplasty also comes as a blessing for women born without a hymen. In this case, a Hymenoplasty aids in creating a new hymen, making life a lot easier for the concerned person. Procedure involved in a Hymenoplasty Before opting for a Hymenoplasty, one should have a proper understanding of the surgical procedure, including the pros and the cons. Thus, a consultation with the surgeon (should be experienced with impressive credentials and success rate) is of prime importance. Once you are fully prepared (physically, mentally, emotionally, and financially), the surgeon will fix a date for the surgery. Hymenoplasty is a hassle-free procedure that involves the following steps. Before the surgery, a local anesthesia is given to the patient to make the procedure less painful. The ruptured edges of the hymen tissues are then carefully sutured together. The suturing of the hymen is done in such a way that the vaginal opening is not fully covered or concealed. In some cases, a new hymen may also be constructed using the flap of skin present in the vaginal lining. The entire procedure of Hymenoplasty seldom takes more than two hours. The patient, however, needs to be thoroughly observed and monitored for the next two-three hours (for signs of any complications or extreme side effects and discomfort). The complete healing and recovery may take between six-eight weeks. In most of the cases, the patient is discharged on the same day. The risks associated with Hymenoplasty There is seldom any extreme complications or risks associated with Hymenoplasty. However, mild pain, swelling, tightening of the vaginal wall, and bleeding are some of the side-effects that may persist for a few days following the surgery. Precautions one must take The following precautionary measures can work wonders, ensuring a better recovery sans any complications. Physical activities such as strenuous exercise, swimming, aerobics should be avoided for at least a few weeks or as recommended by the doctor. Do not indulge in sex immediately after Hymenoplasty. In most cases, doctors advise four weeks break from sexual intercourse following the hymen restoration surgery. Going for Epsom salt baths (sitting on it) at least twice or thrice a week can work wonders, speeding up the healing process.
1 person found this helpful


Dr. Abhishek Vijayakumar 91% (1435 ratings)
MCh Plastic Surgery, MS - General Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
What is Hymen? A hymen is a thin pinkish membrane that partially blocks the vaginal entrance. It is situated just inside the vagina about half an inch inside. It is in fact part of the vulva which is the gateway to vagina. The function of the hymen is unknown but has been proposed as a vaginal barrier against external sources of infection until puberty. What is Hymenoplasty? Hymenoplasty, which is also referred to as hymenorrhaphy, hymen reconstruction, hymen repair, hymen restoration, hymen surgery, and revirgination, is the most popular term describing surgery to reestablish the integrity of the hymen. Who Needs A Hymenoplasty? None. Repair has no direct medical benefit. Absence of the hymen or failure to bleed is not necessarily a sign of previous intercourse. Studies have shown that over 40% did not bleed at first intercourse and intact hymen has been reported in 52% with prior intercourse. Also the procedure of hymenoplasty does not guarantee bleeding on intercourse. There are many reasons why a woman might consider undergoing a hymenoplasty procedure. Some of the reasons for having hymenoplasty include: Cultural or religious reasons. In some cultures, having an intact hymen is very significant as it acts as a signifier of the chastity of a woman. Whether during sexual activity or otherwise, a woman s hymen can tear. Having cosmetic surgery to restore the hymen is a way of proving virginity and chastity. Psychological healing. If a woman has suffered rape or sexual abuse, it is very likely that her hymen will have torn. As a way to repair the psychological damage of this kind of abuse, some women choose to have hymen surgery to restore them both physically and mentally to the time before the abuse o Injury to the hymen. For some women, having an intact hymen that becomes broken during a first sexual experience is very important. In some instances, the hymen can tear before intercourse. Use of tampons and vigorous exercise can all tear the hymen, and in the case of a hymen being torn because of these activities, hymenoplasty offers a surgical solution. Revirgination. When a woman begins a relationship with a new partner but has already broken her hymen during sexual intercourse, she may wish to have her hymen surgically restructured. Timing of Hymenoplasty The timing of anticipated coitus may play a role in selecting a surgical approach. For patients who desire structural integrity and need the hymen to be intact on visual inspection, the repair should be performed 3 months before the consummation of marital vows. However, when the timing of coitus is known, and the patient desires bleeding but visual integrity is not needed, surgery is often best scheduled 3 weeks before the date. Surgical procedure The choice of procedure is decided by the surgeon based on desired outcome and time till marriage. The most common procedures are flap technique, Surgical adhesion, Luminal reduction and suture only techniques. It is performed as a day care procedure under local anesthesia with sedation or preferably under General anesthesia due to the anxiety of the procedure involved. All techniques achieve the same goal of forming adhesions between hymen remnants and narrowing the introitus. What is the Recovery After Hymenoplasty? Mild discomfort is treated with oral pain medication for a few days. Wound care consists of gentle irrigation after urination and patting after defecation. You can take shower the next day, and should not use public pools, hot tubs, and saunas for 4 weeks. If you start your menstrual cycle, it is recommended you avoid using tampons for your next 1-2 cycles to avoid irritation of the incisions while they are healing. At least couple of days should be taken off work or arrange to work from home during this time. Aggressive physical activity should be avoided for at least a week or two after surgery. Sexual intercourse should be avoided for approximately 4 weeks after a hymenoplasty. By week 6 to 8, the healing is complete, and no restrictions are needed. Risks and complications Hymenoplasty is a safe procedure and other than the usual anesthesia risks no major complications exist. Because of the use of small dissolving suture there may be mild bleeding from the surgical wound, possibly caused by walking or other activities. Failure to bleed on intercourse and repair breakdown are the only surgical complications. Do I need accompanying person? If you are major (> 18 years) there is no need of accompanying person. The secrecy and confidentiality is strictly maintained Is there scar or sign of operation? No, there are no signs visible after surgery. Initial few weeks till the sutures get absorbed there will be sutures seen on visual inspection. Once you have recovered full, you will see an intact hymen like natural one without any scar mark Can it be combined with other procedures? Hymenoplasty can be combined with labioplasty for vulval shaping or vaginoplasty when there is vaginal laxity.
2 people found this helpful

What Are The Benefits and Procedure of Hymenoplasty?

Dr. Anubhav Gupta 89% (28 ratings)
DNB, MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, MS - Plastic Surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Delhi
What Are The Benefits and Procedure of Hymenoplasty?
These days everything is available, including a new body. You can get a new nose, jaw, perky breasts and yes, a brand new hymen as well, all through plastic surgery. The procedure of hymen restoration or reconstruction is called hymenoplasty, hymenorrhaphy, virginity surgery or just hymen reconstruction surgery. The hymen, as you know is a ring-like membrane in a woman s vagina. It usually ruptures due to vigorous exercise or sexual penetration. This is also usually the reason many women, egged on by families, decide to go for the reconstruction of their hymen because certain cultures value female virginity and losing one s virginity before marriage is a taboo. Benefits: The benefits of hymenoplasty , if any, are that it allows women to take control of their futures in conservative societies. If she has been sexually active pre-marriage, she can still decide to go for a traditional marriage without the fear of ostracization. Hymenoplasty surgery restores the ability of the hymen to bleed at intercourse on the wedding night. Victims of sexual assault can also use the procedure to get over the traumatic event and its memories. Some women like to get a hymen rejuvenation to feel young again. Procedure: Hymenorrhaphy can be done months or years after a woman loses her virginity. It must be performed only by a plastic surgeon. In this procedure, the torn edges of the hymen are sutured back together. If done correctly, the touched-up hymen appears as good as new and bleeds on sexual penetration. Sutures dissolve by themselves after a few days. Hospital stay is only 5-6 hours post hymenorrhaphy. The procedure is done under anesthesia and it usually takes less than an hour to finish. Patients are discharged from hospital the same day and are advised not to do any vigorous activity like playing games, climbing stairs, and of course sex. Risk involved: There are no documented risks of hymenoplasty and there are no complications either, if the surgeon is good. If an adverse reaction occurs, it s temporary. Usually any discomfort in the private parts and swelling in the outer parts of the vagina usually subsides within days. Recovery: The recovery time is minimal and the patient can return to work next day, if she wants. Complete healing, though, takes approximately 4 weeks. Good hygiene is important to avoid infection. Patients are advised to contact their doctor immediately after a hymenorrhaphy if there is fever, abdominal pain, bleeding from vagina or the reconstructed hymen.
3122 people found this helpful

Facts About Hymen!

Dr. Sharath Kumar C 94% (1314 ratings)
Ph.D (Male Infertility), M.S (Infertility), D.G.L.S, D.R.C.O.G, C.Sc., D.M.R.D, M.B.B.S
Sexologist, Bangalore
Facts About Hymen!
Contrary to what most girls have been led to believe about the hymen being a flat tissue that covers the vagina and is ripped during penetrative intercourse, the truth is that hymen is a fringe of tissue around the vaginal opening. It is not an intact tissue draping across the vaginal wall because without any outlet for the menstrual blood, girls would get periods only after they lose their virginity. (Know more about Irregular Periods) Here are a few mind-boggling facts about the hymen. Just like labia, every woman's hymen varies in color, size and shapes. It is elastic and stretchy in most cases. Vaginal delivery makes the hymen less visible by smoothening and stretching it. Despite popular belief, the pain women experience when they have sex for the first time is not due to your hymen breaking, but because your vaginal muscles are too tense and/or you're going at it too rough and fast without adequate lubrication. Simple exercises such as walking, riding bicycles, doing splits as well as horseback riding may rip your hymen long before you have had intercourse. Hymens should not be perceived as the indicator of sexual activity because they are extremely stretchy and stay with you your entire life. Even sexually active people have hymens. If you do not resort to any sexual activity (including penetration during masturbation), the hymen returns to its default position in your vulva. Very few women have an imperforate hymen in which the opening is too small for penetration whether by tampons, fingers, sex toys or an erect penis. A simple surgery needs to be conducted in such a case where parts of the hymen are snipped away. There is a growth in hymenoplasty, also known as hymen reconstruction surgery, in the past few years because hymen is viewed as an indicator of virginity and there have been cases of annulment, public humiliation, torture and even death because they believe that the hymen is not intact due to sexual activity; therefore making hymenoplasty an effective solution. Although, not an indicator of the amount of sexual activities performed, one must seek immediate medical attention after being sexually assaulted because it can be examined to prove sexual abuse. (Learn more about Sexual Activity Affects Vaginal Health)
6085 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi, I am 25 year old, meri delivery ko 2 year ho gye h normal delivery hui h, kya surgery se vagina tight ho jati h.Mere or mere husband ke bich tension hoti rhti h.kehte h vegino loosr ho gyi hai please btaiye sir.

Dr. Pragnesh Shah 88% (44 ratings)
Gynaecologist, Ahmedabad
It's important to do perform Kejal's exercise I. E.pelvic floor exercises 4 weekd after normal delivery to regain the pelvic floor muscle tone. So start learning and doing post'natal pelvic floor exercises to tighten up her loose vagina by daily doing 30 minutes exercises.
1 person found this helpful

Please tell me cost and side effects of hymenoplasty. Please suggest me Time period before marriage.

Dr. Girish Dani 90% (3277 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Cost changes from center to center Side effects routine because of any surgery like bleeding-infection-reaction to drugs-risk of anaesthesia

Doctor. I am a dancer. I have been dancing since 5 yrs. I feel that my hymen has been torn and I do not have it anymore. My marriage has been fixed. Im tensed whether my fiance would think that I am not a virgin.

Dr. Jatin Soni 94% (33007 ratings)
General Physician, Mumbai
Have faith in your self and GOD and if you are telling the truth than even your husband will understand it and love you
1 person found this helpful

My friend wants do hymen surgery because she lost virginity is that is safe and how much it's cost in Bangalore and after we did it will bleed while wedding night.

Dr. Salil Patil 89% (52 ratings)
MBBS, MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, MS - General Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Pune
Good evening. Yes, the hymen will bleed after repair. The cost varies from hospital to hospital from Rs. 25000-50000 Thank you.

I want to know about hymenoplasty please suggest some good doctors for this surgery.

Dr. Pavan Murdeshwar 91% (1073 ratings)
MCh - Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
Hello. The surgery is done under day care, infact a maximum of 2-3 hours of stay in the hospital is enough, as the procedure is done under local anesthesia. Cost varies at places. We do such procedures regularly in case you wanna contact. Do text me online for more details.

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