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Heart Failure Health Feed

Sudden Cardiac Arrest - Emergency Tips For You!

Dr. Ripen Gupta 90% (183 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Fellowship In Interventional Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology & Cardiac Electrophysiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
Sudden Cardiac Arrest - Emergency Tips For You!

A sudden cardiac arrest is not same as a normal heart attack. While a heart attack refers to the blocking of blood flow to the heart, a sudden cardiac arrest refers to when the heart stops beating unexpectedly. Sudden cardiac arrests occur without warning and often this condition is triggered by electrical malfunctioning in the heart that causes arrhythmia. When the heart stops beating, blood cannot be pumped to the brain and other organs and the person loses consciousness. If a patient does not receive immediate treatment, this could be fatal. Hence it is important to know what first aid a person experiencing a sudden cardiac arrest requires.

Help

Do not wait for someone else to help a person experiencing a sudden cardiac arrest. The first few moments after such an experience are critical and hence your decision to help is what could save the person’s life.

Call a Doctor

The first thing to do when you see someone experiencing a cardiac arrest is to call emergency and request an ambulance. If you do not have a phone available, ask someone else to do it.

CPR

After a cardiac arrest, it is essential to get the heart to start beating again as soon as possible. CPR or Cardiopulmonary resuscitation can save lives in this situation. If you are trained in this procedure, start with 30 chest compressions before checking the patient’s airway and performing rescue breathing. If you are not trained in CPR, ask the people around if anyone else is.

If no one around can perform CPR, start hands-only CPR. Make the person lie flat on their back and kneel next to their shoulders. Place the heel of one palm in the centre of the person’s chest with the other hand over it. Keep your elbows straight and position your elbows such that they are directly over your hands. Use your upper body weight to push down straight on the person’s chest and release. Try and achieve a rate of 100 compressions a minute. Continue until the person starts breathing again or medical help arrives.

Use an Automated External Defibrillator (AED)

If an AED is available, place the electrode pads on the person’s chest as shown in the diagrams that come along with the AED. Follow the visual and voice prompts. Do not worry if the AED shocks the patient as this electrical therapy can help restart the heart.

188 people found this helpful

Sudden Cardiac Arrest: What Should You Do?

Dr. Mukur Khakhariyawala 86% (14 ratings)
Diploma In Cardiology, MBBS
Cardiologist, Vadodara
Sudden Cardiac Arrest: What Should You Do?

Cardiac arrest is reported to be the number one cause of sudden death for people over the age of 40. As it strikes fast and without prior warning, it usually leaves no time for getting help to the patient. Many lives can be saved if the necessary first aid is given immediately by people who know what to do in case of a cardiac arrest.

So first let us know about the signs of a cardiac arrest:

  1. Loss of consciousness: A person may feel dizzy, sweat, faint or collapse suddenly. You can tell if someone has just fainted and not had a cardiac arrest if they are still breathing or have a pulse.
  2. No breathing
  3. No pulse
  4. Muscle twitching.

Now that you have recognized the signs; here is what you can do:

  1. Call the ambulance and try getting an emergency medical professional to attend to the person.
  2. If professional help isn't available, emergency resuscitation measures must begin. An automated external defibrillator (AED) can rapidly determine whether the person has an abnormal heart rhythm that can be treated by an electric shock (called defibrillation). AEDs are available in many public gathering places, such as stadiums and concert halls. An AED is used before calling for help and before attempting cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) because an AED is more likely to save lives. If the AED detects ventricular fibrillation, it provides an electrical shock (defibrillation) that can restore normal heart rhythm and start the heart beating again. Emergency medical care should be obtained even if the heart has started beating again. If a person remains in cardiac arrest after an AED is used, CPR should be done.
  3. If a person remains in cardiac arrest after an AED is used, other measures are begun, such as opening the airway and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
  4. CPR combines artificial respiration (mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, or rescue breathing) to supply oxygen to the lungs with chest compressions, which circulate oxygen to the brain and other vital organs by forcing blood out of the heart.

To do CPR (artificial respiration), the rescuer's mouth covers the person's mouth and then rescuer slowly exhales air into the person's lungs (rescue breaths). The person's airway must remain opened during artificial respiration. To prevent air from escaping from the person's nose, the person's nose can be pinched shut as the rescuer exhales into the mouth.

Talk to your doctor to find out if you are at risk of a cardiac arrest.

5 people found this helpful

Congenital Heart Disease - Symptoms To Trace It!

Dr. Nikhil Pendse 86% (10 ratings)
MCh - Cardio Thoracic & Vascular Surgery, MBBS, MS - General Surgery
Cardiologist, Bhopal
Congenital Heart Disease - Symptoms To Trace It!

Most families refer to their newborn baby as their 'bundle of joy'. The news of a child being born brings immense joy to the entire family. However, due to various reasons, a child could be born with some medical abnormalities, which would be known as congenital abnormalities. There are several different types of heart defects that can be congenital. These usually manifest themselves either immediately after birth or in the early years of life. In some cases, the abnormality could be detected on prenatal ultrasounds. In others, it may not be and the family could be caught off guard about the condition. This causes a lot of stress, both for the child, who does not receive regular postnatal care and for the parents immediately after the delivery process.

If the baby has the following symptoms within the first few hours of life, there could be a serious underlying condition, which requires medical attention. The presence and severity of the symptoms would depend on the actual abnormality.

  1. The skin is pale gray or blue in color due to excessive venous flow in the system
  2. Excessive sweating
  3. The child is exerting to breathe regularly
  4. Rapid breathing causes added load on the heart accompanied by a grunting noise
  5. Flared nostrils i.e. the baby attempts to take in more oxygen with each breath causes flared nostrils
  6. Swollen legs, eyes, and abdomen: Fluid retention in the legs and abdomen is quite common, and this could be characteristic of newborns with congenital heart disease
  7. Shortness of breath, even during feeding
  8. Clubbed fingernails
  9. Lethargy and low energy, even with feeding, therefore very poor feeding pattern
  10. Chest pain, which may cause the newborn to cry incessantly
  11. Low weight gain, as they feed less

In some children, symptoms manifest only during the teenage years or early adulthood. These conditions are not very severe and the symptoms include:

  1. Swelling of the hands, feet, and ankles due to fluid accumulation
  2. Lowered energy levels, leading to easy fatigue
  3. Shortness of breath with even minimal physical activity
  4. Inability to exercise
  5. Developmental delays and changes in growth milestones
  6. Recurrent respiratory tract infections including sinus infections, bronchitis, and pneumonia
  7. Endocarditis
  8. Pulmonary hypertension
  9. Heart failure, where the heart is not able to effectively function and pump blood to all parts of the body.

Some or more of these symptoms should trigger a warning to get the child tested for congenital heart disease. While some would just require a monitoring until severe symptoms develop, severe conditions like holes, abnormal valves, narrowed arteries, and blood vessel abnormalities might require immediate intervention.

743 people found this helpful

Sudden Cardiac Arrest - What Should You Do?

Dr. Aman Makhija 88% (10 ratings)
DM - Cardiology, MBBS, MD - Medicine, Training in Electrophysiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
Sudden Cardiac Arrest - What Should You Do?

A sudden cardiac arrest is not same as a normal heart attack. While a heart attack refers to the blocking of blood flow to the heart, a sudden cardiac arrest refers to when the heart stops beating unexpectedly. Sudden cardiac arrests occur without warning and often this condition is triggered by electrical malfunctioning in the heart that causes arrhythmia.

When the heart stops beating, blood cannot be pumped to the brain and other organs and the person loses consciousness. If a patient does not receive immediate treatment, this could be fatal. Hence it is important to know what first aid a person experiencing a sudden cardiac arrest requires.

Help

Do not wait for someone else to help a person experiencing a sudden cardiac arrest. The first few moments after such an experience are critical and hence your decision to help is what could save the person’s life.

Call a Doctor

The first thing to do when you see someone experiencing a cardiac arrest is to call emergency and request an ambulance. If you do not have a phone available, ask someone else to do it.

CPR

After a cardiac arrest, it is essential to get the heart to start beating again as soon as possible. CPR or Cardiopulmonary resuscitation can save lives in this situation. If you are trained in this procedure, start with 30 chest compressions before checking the patient’s airway and performing rescue breathing. If you are not trained in CPR, ask the people around if anyone else is.

If no one around can perform CPR, start hands-only CPR. Make the person lie flat on their back and kneel next to their shoulders. Place the heel of one palm in the centre of the person’s chest with the other hand over it. Keep your elbows straight and position your elbows such that they are directly over your hands. Use your upper body weight to push down straight on the person’s chest and release. Try and achieve a rate of 100 compressions a minute. Continue until the person starts breathing again or medical help arrives.

Use an Automated External Defibrillator (AED)

If an AED is available, place the electrode pads on the person’s chest as shown in the diagrams that come along with the AED. Follow the visual and voice prompts. Do not worry if the AED shocks the patient as this electrical therapy can help restart the heart.

2662 people found this helpful

Heart Failure - How To Avoid It?

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 84% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Heart Failure - How To Avoid It?

What is Heart Failure?

Heart failure, also known as congestive heart failure (CHF), means your heart can’t pump enough blood to meet your body’s needs. Heart failure develops over time as the heart’s pumping action grows weaker.

Symptoms of Heart Failure-

  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Swelling in your legs, ankles and feet
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat
  • Memory loss and feelings of disorientation
  • Reduced ability to exercise
  • Persistent cough or wheezing with white or pink blood-tinged phlegm
  • Swelling of your abdomen
  • Sudden weight gain from fluid retention
  • Lack of appetite and nausea
  • Difficulty concentrating or decreased alertness

Causes of Heart Failure-

Risk factors of Heart Failure-

  • High blood pressure
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Heart attack
  • Irregular heartbeats
  • Diabetes
  • Some diabetes medications
  • Sleep apnea
  • Congenital heart defects

Complications of Heart Failure-

  • Kidney damage or failure
  • Heart attack and stroke
  • Liver damage
  • Heart valve problems

 Diagnosis of Heart Failure-

Your doctor will take a careful medical history and perform a physical examination. The following tests are done to diagnose heart failure:

  • Blood tests
  • Chest X-ray
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Echocardiogram
  • Ejection fraction
  • Stress test
  • CT scan or MRI

Precautions & Prevention of Heart Failure

  • Controlling conditions, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes
  • Do not smoke
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Staying physically active
  • Avoid diet high in fat and cholesterol
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Reduce and manage stress

Treatment of Heart Failure

  • Homeopathic Treatment of Heart Failure
  • Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Heart Failure
  • Psychotherapy Treatment of Heart Failure
  • Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Heart Failure
  • Surgical Treatment of Heart Failure
  • Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Heart Failure
  • Other Treatment of Heart Failure

Homeopathic Treatment of Heart Failure-

Homeopathic treatment of heart failure reduces the pulse and increases the power of the heart. Irregular and tumultuous actions of the heart are well met by homeopathic remedies. It corresponds well to chronic affections of the heart, particularly valvular disease and hypertrophy. Some of the homeopathic remedies for heart failure are:

  • Cactus grandiflorus
  • Kalmia latifolia
  • Spigelia
  • Aconite
  • Rhus toxicodendron

Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Heart Failure-

Acupuncture can dramatically reduce the pressure on the heart. It can reduce activity in the sympathetic nervous system, which regulates involuntary movements such as heartbeat and blood pressure. Over-activation of sympathetic nerves is common in heart failure patients.

Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Heart Failure-

Psychotherapy and hypnotherapy treatment can calms mind and help the patient develop more positive thinking patterns. Brief supportive models of talk therapy appear to be the most appropriate for helping the depression that cardiac patients experience.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Heart Failure-

Allopathic medicines increase the strength of your heart muscle contractions. It also tends to slow the heartbeat. Medications used are Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, Beta blockers, Angiotensin II receptor blockers and Aldosterone antagonists.

Surgical Treatment of Heart Failure-

Some surgical treatments that are recommended for heart failure are:

  • Coronary bypass surgery
  • Heart valve repair or replacement
  • Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs)
  • Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) or biventricular pacing
  • Heart pumps (left ventricular assist devices, or LVADs)
  • Heart transplant           

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Heart Failure-

  • Eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables
  • Eat foods that are low in salt
  • Avoid fatty foods

 

What Is Heart Murmur?

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 84% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
What Is Heart Murmur?

What is Heart Murmur?

A heart murmur is an abnormal sound such as swishing or a whistling that the doctor hears when he listens to your heart. These sounds can be heard with a stethoscope. Heart murmurs can be present at birth (congenital) or develop later in life.

Symptoms of Heart Murmur-

  • Skin that appears blue, especially on your fingertips and lips
  • Swelling
  • Excessive sweating
  • Pain in the chest
  • Shortness of breath
  • Feeling very tired
  • Enlarged liver
  • Enlarged neck veins
  • Poor appetite
  • Weight gain
  • Failure to grow normally in infants
  • Dizziness
  • Fainting

Causes of Heart Murmur-

Risk factors of Heart Murmur-

  • Family history of a heart defect
  • Illnesses during pregnancy
  • Taking certain medications or illegal drugs during pregnancy

Diagnosis of Heart Murmur-

Heart murmurs are usually detected when your doctor listens to your heart using a stethoscope during a physical exam. The following tests will be done:

  • Chest X-ray
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Transthoracic or transesophageal echocardiogram
  • Cardiac catheterization
  • CT scan and MRI

Precautions & Prevention of Heart Murmur

There is not much you can do to prevent a heart murmur. Heart murmurs are not a disease and are often harmless. Your doctor or cardiologist can help you decide the best treatment.

Treatment of Heart Murmur-

  • Homeopathic Treatment of Heart Murmur
  • Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Heart Murmur
  • Psychotherapy Treatment of Heart Murmur
  • Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Heart Murmur
  • Surgical Treatment of Heart Murmur
  • Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Heart Murmur
  • Other Treatment of Heart Murmur

Homeopathic Treatment of Heart Murmur-

Homeopathy improves cardiac function. It treats the person as a whole. Treatment is constitutional. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. It balances the energy system, improves immunity and body functions. It naturally cures the root cause of disorder. Some of the homeopathic medicines for treatment of heart murmur are:

  • Cactus
  • Collin
  • Digitalis
  • Ferrum
  • Kalmia
  • Naja
  • Spigelia 

Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Heart Murmur-

Acupuncture dramatically reduces the pressure on the heart. It regulates involuntary movements such as heartbeat and blood pressure.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Heart Murmur-

In the allopathic treatment of heart murmur, medications that prevent blood clots are prescribed such as aspirin, warfarin (Coumadin) or clopidogrel. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors lower your blood pressure. Water pills are also taken which remove excess fluid from your body.

Surgical Treatment of Heart Murmur

The Surgical treatment for heart murmur is an open- heart surgery. But sometimes the cause of the heart murmur is treated by inserting a catheter to treat your condition (cardiac catheterization). Examples of procedures include:

  • Patching a hole in your heart
  • Fixing or replacing a valve
  • Rebuilding a blood vessel
  • Widening a blood vessel that’s too narrow by inserting a mesh tube called a stent

 

Heart Attack Like State!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 84% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Heart Attack Like State!

What is Heart Attack like state?

If the heart muscle does not have enough blood, it dies and a heart attack like state occurs.

Symptoms of Heart Attack like state-

Causes of Heart Attack like state-

  • The narrowing or blockage of arteries that flow blood to the heart
  • Risk factors of Heart Attack like state
  • Increasing age
  • Family history or race
  • High levels of blood cholesterol
  • Overweight
  • Diabetes
  • Smoking

Complications of Heart Attack like state-

  • Heart rupture
  • Heart valves damaged
  • Heart failure
  • Abnormal heart rhythms
  • Hypoxemia

 Diagnosis of Heart Attack like state-

The doctor will listen to your heart and lung sounds with a stethoscope. The following tests will be done:

  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Blood tests
  • Chest X-ray
  • Echocardiogram
  • Coronary catheterization

 Precautions & Prevention of Heart Attack like state

  • Exercise for 30 minutes on most days of the week
  • Do not smoke
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Control your blood pressure, cholesterol level and diabete
  • Reduce Stress

Treatment of Heart Attack like state

  • Homeopathic Treatment of Heart Attack like state
  • Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Heart Attack like state
  • Psychotherapy Treatment of Heart Attack like state
  • Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Heart Attack like state
  • Surgical Treatment of Heart Attack like state
  • Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Heart Attack like state
  • Other Treatment of Heart Attack like state

Homeopathic Treatment of Heart Attack like state-

Homeopathy can offer good support. Homeopathic remedies are used for congestive heart conditions. It is also used in palpitation with distress on exertion. These remedies are used to tone heart muscle and remove oedema. Some of the homeopathic remedies to support treatment of heart attack like state are:

  • Adonis V
  • Cactus G
  • Iberis amara
  • Kalmia
  • Aconite
  • Naja
  • Crot H

Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Heart Attack like state-

Acupuncture help to energize the body, maximize the absorption of nutrients, regulate elimination, control overeating, suppress the appetite, and reduce anxiety. By applying acupuncture needles at specific sites along the wrist, inside the forearm or in the leg, decreases the heart’s activity and thus its need for oxygen. All of these will help alleviate unnecessary stress on the heart, and help to strengthen it as well.

Psychotherapy Treatment of Heart Attack like state-

Psychotherapy treatment of heart attack like state involves Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). It reduces the feeling of helplessness that often accompanies anxiety disorders. CBT aims to help a client to become aware of thought distortions which cause psychological distress, and of behavioural patterns which are reinforcing it, and to correct them. It teaches people a new way of reacting to events. CBT sessions help people to learn skills on coping with stress and reducing feelings of anger and hostility.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Heart Attack like state-

Allopathic treatment of heart attack like state includes vasodilators, blood thinning drugs and anti- cholesterol drugs. The doctor will first give the drugs called Nitrates, which are sorbitrate, monotrate, aspirin, angispan, isordil and ismo. These drugs dilate the vessels & thereby supply more oxygen to heart.

Surgical Treatment of Heart Attack like state-

  • Angioplasty – Angioplasty opens up the coronary artery. A small wire goes up the artery from the patient’s groin or arm and is pushed until it reaches where the clot is in the coronary artery. There is a small balloon, shaped like a sausage, at the end of the wire. The balloon is placed at the narrowest part of the artery and is then inflated, squashing the clot away. A flexible metal mesh, called a stent, is then placed there to keep that part of the artery open.
  • Coronary artery bypass graft – The damaged blood vessel is by-passed with grafts taken from blood vessels elsewhere in the body. The bypass effectively goes around the blocked area of the artery, allowing blood to pass through into the heart muscle.

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Heart Attack like state-

  • Apples and processed apple like apple butter is very beneficial for patients with weak heart.
  • Intake of foods rich in vitamin E
  • Vitamin C is prevents the increase in blood cholesterol

Other Treatment of Heart Attack like state-

  • Garlic lowers cholesterol levels and blood pressure

 

2 people found this helpful

Congestive Heart Failure - How Does It Become Fatal?

Dr. Aman Makhija 88% (10 ratings)
DM - Cardiology, MBBS, MD - Medicine, Training in Electrophysiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
Congestive Heart Failure - How Does It Become Fatal?

Our survival is solely reliant on the working of the heart. It is this that makes the prospect of a heart failure so fatal and so terrifying. Notwithstanding what the heart evokes, a heart failure is not indicative of a defunct heart; but only a situation when the heart pumps weaker than what is generally deemed as natural. Consequently, the blood flows at a slower rate to the heart and the body that in turn increases pressure in the heart. The oxygen that is produced by the heart in such a scenario is scanty and insufficient for the body.

body responds with its own defense mechanism, as the heart, in an attempt to hold more blood, stretches its chambers. Though this strenuous effort may keep the blood moving, it would gradually and inevitably weary the heart with all the effort. Subsequently, the kidney responds by retaining more salt and fluid in the body. These fluids may accumulate in different parts of the body, mainly in the legs, feet, ankles leading to congestion in the body. This very condition in medical terminology is referred to as congestive heart failure

Different causes can contribute to the onset of such a fatal condition. Some of them are

  1. Coronary artery disease: In such a condition, the arteries supply insufficient amount of oxygen and blood to the heart. Subsequently, the heart receives scanty amount of nutrients and oxygen.
  2. Heart attackThe sudden, unanticipated blockage of the coronary artery and the ensuing stoppage of the flow of the blood lead to a heart attack. The heart muscles are damaged in such a case and prevent the proper functioning.
  3. Diseases: Though the term may be generic and over expansive, most of the ailments which people suffer from tend to manifest themselves by posing a potential threat to the functioning of the heart. A high blood pressurekidney disease, even a thyroid disease can cause congestive heart failure.

Every disorder is preceded by certain symptoms, and congestive heart failure is no different. Some of them are

  1. FatigueThis is one of the most perceptible symptoms of congestive heart failure. One of the earliest premonitions of an impending heart failure is a nagging sense of weariness and lethargy.
  2. SwellingAs the condition is characterized by accumulation and build-up of fluids in various part of the body, swelling is an inevitable symptom of this condition and a clear indication of the ailment.
2823 people found this helpful

What Is Cardiomyopathy?

Dr. Atul Abhyankar 87% (10 ratings)
MD, DM - Cardiology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology
Cardiologist, Surat
What Is Cardiomyopathy?

Our heart is basically a muscle. So when this muscle weakens the heart is unable to do its function i.e., to pump blood throughout our body and keep us alive.

The heart muscle gets progressively weak due to a disease called cardiomyopathy.

There are different types of cardiomyopathy caused by different causes. Untreated cardiomyopathy can lead to heart failure or early death. Treatment can’t cure the condition but can give you extra healthy years of life and prevent serious complications.

Cardiomyopathy has 4 main types, they are:

  1. Dilated Cardiomyopathy: This is the most common form and its principal cause is that your heart muscle becomes too weak to pump blood. The heart muscles stretch and become thinner in this case leading to the four chambers of the heart to expand causing a pathology called an enlarged heart.

  2. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: This happens due to genetics. It occurs when the walls of your heart thicken and prevent the flow of blood through this natural pump.

  3. Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia: This is a rare form of cardiomyopathy. It causes sudden deaths of athletes and is caused when fat and fibrous tissues replace muscle in the right ventricle of the heart.

  4. Restrictive Cardiomyopathy: This is the least common form of the disease. The cause is the stiffening of the ventricles, the part of the blood which receives blood. When these stiffen, the heart doesn’t get enough blood to oxygenate. Scarring of the heart due to heart disease and a heart transplant operation can be a cause of this stiffening.

  5. Ischemic Cardiomyopathy: Ischemic cardiomyopathy is caused due to coronary artery disease which causes blood vessels supplying blood to the heart to become narrow. The heart doesn’t get enough oxygen and a person can die due to a heart attack.

  6. Other types of cardiomyopathy are grouped into this category and can include:

    • Left ventricular noncompaction happens when the left ventricle has trabeculations, projections of muscle inside the ventricle.

    • Peripartum cardiomyopathy, another form of the disease can occur during or after pregnancy. This is a form of dilated cardiomyopathy and can be fatal. There’s no documented cause.

    • Alcoholic cardiomyopathy is caused due to alcoholism causing an enlargement of the heart.

    • Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, or broken heart syndrome, happens when extreme stress leads to heart muscle failure. Though rare, this condition is more common in post-menopausal women.

Treatment

Doctors will decide the treatment after finding out the extent of damage due to cardiomyopathy.

Few people will not require treatment till symptoms like chest pain, dizziness, shortness of breath and edema appear.

Others whose life is affected due to symptoms are treated with lifestyle changes and medicines. The bad news is that cardiomyopathy can’t be cured but can only be managed and controlled by doing the following:

  1. Heart-healthy lifestyle changes are key. You will be advised to maintain a healthy weight, eat a modified diet, get enough sleep, manage stress, and quit smoking.

  2. Exercise is also crucial to keep the heart healthy and maintain a healthy weight through regular bouts of low-intensity exercise.

  3. Medications for high blood pressure will be prescribed to prevent water retention, keep the heart beating normally, prevent blood clots and reduce inflammation.

  4. Pacemakers and defibrillators can be implanted.

  5. Surgery like heart transplant can be done as a last resort.

1984 people found this helpful

I am 35 years old & taking OlMIN20 mg since 4 years, now pressure is under control, my doctor suggest me to stop the medicine. Now what to do. Please answer me.

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 92% (29080 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
I am 35 years old & taking OlMIN20 mg since 4 years, now pressure is under control, my doctor suggest me to stop the ...
Olmin 20 MG Tablet is used in the treatment of high blood pressure and other heart complications. if you have no problems now you can stop but usually all BP medication is given for lifelong
1 person found this helpful
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