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Heart Failure Health Feed

Top 10 Cardiologist in Delhi!

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 89% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri

Cardiac problems are very scary and what is more scary is choosing the top cardiologist in Delhi. There are so many cardiologist in Delhi and there are so many type of cardiologist depending on their area of specialization. Clinical cardiologists, adult cardiologist, paediatric cardiologist.

There are few cardiologist who specialize in procedures like electrophysiology, echocardiography, and interventional procedures such as stent placement and balloon angioplasty. Cardiologist are specialized in diagnosing any kind of disorder or dysfunctioning of heart and can perform minimally invasive surgeries like pacemaker implantation.

Here is the list of top 10 cardiologist in Delhi, who are specialized and experts at treating all kind of heart problems:

1. Dr. Anupam Goel

MBBS, MD (Gen. Medicine), DM (Cardiology)

Consultation fees: ₹1000

Dr. Anupam Goel is a senior Interventional Cardiologist. She is currently associated with Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket. She has an experience of 25 years in this field. She has done several fellowships in cardiology and is engaged in the academic training, CMEs and as principal clinical investigator at various national and international levels. Her areas of expertise are: Percutaneous Coronary Angioplasty and Stent Implantation, Primary Angioplasty in Acute Myocardial Infarction, Acute Coronary Care, Clinical Cardiology and Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty via Radial Artery Route.

2. Dr. Nitin Kumar

CCT - Cardiology (UK), MRCP (UK), FHEA (UK), MBBS

Consultation fees: ₹800

Dr Nitin Kumar is a consultant cardiologist with 16 years of national and international experience. He is currently affiliated with Express clinic, Delhi and CREDENCE Super specialty Clinic in Gurgaon. His area of specialisation are transradial interventions (angiography and angioplasty through the wrist), treating acute heart attacks by Primary Angioplasty, management of acute coronary syndromes, complex angioplasty including bifurcation lesions, Intravascular imaging including IVUS and OCT, Fractional Flow Reserve assessment (FFR study) and Rotablation.

3. Dr. Rajiv Agarwal

MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology

Consultation fees: ₹500

Dr Rajiv Agarwal is a Senior Interventional Cardiologist and currently works at Max Smart Super Speciality hospital as Senior Director and Unit Head, Department of Cardiology. He has 33 years of experience. His areas of interest are Coronary Interventions & Valvuloplasty, Electrophysiology Study, Device Implantation (including Combo device), Device closures and Peripheral Interventions and also including Bronchial and Renal Artery Embolization. He has been awarded several national and international awards for his contribution in the field of cardiology.

4. Dr. R. R. Mantri

DNB (Cardiology), DM - Cardiology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS

Consultation fees: ₹1000- 1500

Dr. RR Mantri is a very reputed name in his fraternity. He is currently working as Director Cath Lab & Cardiac Arrhythmia Services, Department of Cardiology, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi. He has experience of more than 35 years as Interventional Cardiologist, Diabetologist and Electrophysiologist. His areas of clinical interest are treating patients suffering from congenital heart diseases, cardiovascular diseases, cardiac valve diseases, hypertension, artery blockages, heart failure, high cholesterol, diabetes due to obesity. He is a pioneer in Transradial Angiography in India.

5. Dr. Anil Saxena

DNB Cardiology, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS

Consultation fees: ₹1000 

Dr. Anil is currently practicing as Director, Cardiac Pacing & Electrophysiology at Fortis Hospital, Okhla. His areas of clinical interest are Electrophysiologic Study, Catheter RF Ablation of complex arrhythmias, 3D Mapping of Cardiac Arrhythmias with CARTO and Ensite, Implantation of Permanent Pacemakers, Implantation of ICD, Implantation of Biventricular pacemakers (CRT). Implantation of CRT-D (Combo Device), Lead Extraction and Coronary Angiography. He is not only member of some reputed national and international organisations, but also recipetents of many awards. 

6. Dr. Viveka Kumar

DM - Cardiology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS

Consultation fees: ₹1000 

Dr. Viveka Kumar has 29 years of practice in the field of Cardiac interventions and Electrophysiology. In years of his practice he has done more than 7500 angioplasties and 2500 balloon valvotomy. He has also handled some complex cases of angioplasties. He is considered to be a pioneer of using advanced technologies like bifurcation and left main angioplasties with Rota Ablation. He has special interest in clinical research and has been associated with principal investigator or a sub-investigator in more than 14 national and international trials.

7. Dr. Ripen Gupta

MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Cardiology

Consultation fees: ₹1000 -1200

Dr. Gupta has 26 years of experience and is considered to be one of the most reputed cardiologists of Delhi. He was the first cardiologist to be awarded the Postdoctoral Fellowship of National Board in Interventional Cardiology instituted by National Board of Examinations. His areas of specializations are treatment of arrhythmia, coronary artery disease and dyslipidemia. He currently practices at Max super speciality, Saket and Dr Ripen Gupta's Clinic, Vasant Kunj, Delhi.

8. Dr. Rajneesh Jain

DM - Cardiology, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS

Consultation fees: ₹1500 -2000

Dr. Rajneesh Jain is amongst the most experienced and best cardiologist in Delhi. In 35 years of practice he has handled and treated some very complicated cases of adult cardiac catheterization, angiography, and acute coronary emergencies. Some of other specializations are peripheral angiograms and angioplasty, percutaneous balloon valvuloplasty of all valves, permanent pacemaker implantation. He is currently associated with Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Delhi.

9. Dr. Nishith Chandra

DM Cardiology

Consultation fees: ₹1000 -1500

Dr. Chandra, is currently working as a director interventional cardiology, at Fortis Escorts Heart Institute & Research Centre, New Delhi. In his 21 years of practice he is a famous and reputed name in the field. His areas of core interest and specialization are complex coronary interventions including Rotablation, Carotid Interventions, Balloon Valvotomies and Peripheral Vascular Interventions. One of his greatest accomplishment is setting up the Air Ambulance Unit of Escorts Heart Institute that has helped in treating more than 300 critically cases.

10. Dr. Rajiv Bajaj

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Cardiology

Consultation fees: ₹500

Dr. Rajiv Bajaj is currently associated with Batra Hospital, Delhi. He has experience of 38 years and is amongst the eminent doctors in the field of cardiology. He has performed numerous coronary angioplasties, more than 200 electrophysiology studies and 100 ablations including VT and flutter ablations in adults and pediatric population. His areas of interest are Coronary angioplasty, cardiac catheterization in permanent pacemaker implantations, electrophysiology, echocardiography.

Nuts Could Lower The Risk Of Irregular Heartbeat!

Dt. Thilaga B Manigandan 88% (14 ratings)
B.Sc. - Dietitics / Nutrition, M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Bangalore
Nuts Could Lower The Risk Of  Irregular Heartbeat!

Eating nuts regularly could prevent irregular heart rhythm and heart failure, says a study. 

The researchers showed that eating nuts can lower the risks of:

Heart attack

Heart failure

Atrial fibrillation (a. K. A. Heart flutter which causes a rapid increase in heart rate)

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (enlarged aorta, the main blood vessel that supplies blood to the body at the level of the abdomen)

Researchers say that they are high in healthy fats, minerals, and antioxidants which help boost your heart health. They also said that compared to those who do not eat nuts at all, those who actually eat them tend to have a better and healthier lifestyle: they are less likely to smoke or drink alcohol, they ate more fruits and vegetables and were leaner, as well as physically fit and active.

The key findings of the study on nuts for heart health were as follows:

Eating a handful of nuts per week: reduced the risk of atrial fibrillation by 3%

Eating nuts more than three times a week: reduced the risk of atrial fibrillation by 18%

Eating nuts moderately: reduced the risk of heart failure by 20%

Eating nuts moderately: may possibly reduce heart attack and abdominal aortic aneurysm

Eating nuts beyond moderate levels: no benefit was seen

Eating nuts moderately: doesn’t ensure reversal of health risks of an unhealthy lifestyle

Befriend nuts as they befriend your heart!

My father is diabetic patient, just their two fingers cut of left leg, he has heart problem (failed), both legs main veins r blocked, leg has gangrene. Vomiting also while eating anything. please guide.

Dr. G.R. Agrawal 95% (21962 ratings)
DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
My father is diabetic patient, just their two fingers cut of left leg, he has heart problem (failed), both legs main ...
Hi, Lybrate user, He might be suffering from gastric disorder, too. He should maintain all sorts of anti diabetics. Tk, homoeopathic medicine:@ Hypericum 1000-5 drops ,wkly. Avoid ,junkfood. Tk, care.
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Understanding The Usage Of Left Ventricular Assist Device!

Dr. Viveka Kumar 91% (110 ratings)
DM - Cardiology -, MD - General Medicine - , MBBS, FSCAI, MHRS, FACC, FESC , Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology & EP, Interventional Cardiology & EP and Devices, Senior Specialist( Interventional Cardiology), Fellow of southeast Asian Interventional Cardiology Society, International Award of Excellence in Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
Understanding The Usage Of Left Ventricular Assist Device!

A left ventricular assist device is an electromechanical device used in cases of advanced heart failure. In later stages of heart failure when the heart is weakened and no longer able to pump the necessary amount of blood, a left ventricular assist device can be surgically implanted to assist the heart’s functions.

A left ventricular assist device is often used as a short term solution and is different from a pacemaker, which is a long term cardiac assist device. The cases in which a left ventricular assist device is often used are:

  • As a temporary solution while a cardiac failure patient is on a transplant list or otherwise waiting for a heart transplant.
  • During recovery from cardiac surgery when the heart is not strong enough to function on its own. The device would soon be removed as the patient recovers.
  • During recovery from heart attacks

Having a left ventricular assist device implanted gives the heart time to rest and recover, leading you to the point where your heart can go back to functioning on its own. However, there are cases where a left ventricular assist device can be implanted as a long term solution. This treatment is called Destination Therapy and requires implanting a left ventricular assist device for several months or several years.

How a Left Ventricular Assist Device works?
A Left Ventricular Assist Device can only be surgically implanted. It has both internal and external components with a pump attached to your heart and a controller on the outside of the body. The pump is attached to the heart with a tube that directs blood into the aorta. The pump and the controller are connected through a cable called the driveline. Since the Left Ventricular Assist Device is powered by electricity or batteries, a power source is also worn outside the body and is attached to the controller, powering both the controller and the pump.

How a Left Ventricular Assist Device can affect your lifestyle?
Many people around the world have Left Ventricular Assist Devices implanted on both a temporary and permanent basis. While a person should be resting while recovering from a heart attack or cardiac surgery, it is possible to go about your normal daily life whilst having a Left Ventricular Assist Device implanted. While certain exercises and stress should be avoided when having a heart condition or when implanted with a Left Ventricular Assist Device, with carrying cases for power sources and controller that can operate from various different power sources, it is easy to live a normal productive life.

4 people found this helpful

What To Do When Your Kid Is Suffering From Congenital Heart Disease?

Dr. Vikas Chopra 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
What To Do When Your Kid Is Suffering From Congenital Heart Disease?

Most families refer to their newborn baby as their 'bundle of joy'. The news of a child being born brings immense joy to the entire family. However, due to various reasons, a child could be born with some medical abnormalities, which would be known as congenital abnormalities. There are several different types of heart defects that can be congenital. These usually manifest themselves either immediately after birth or in the early years of life. In some cases, the abnormality could be detected on prenatal ultrasounds. In others, it may not be and the family could be caught off guard about the condition. This causes a lot of stress, both for the child, who does not receive regular postnatal care and for the parents immediately after the delivery process.

If the baby has the following symptoms within the first few hours of life, there could be a serious underlying condition, which requires medical attention. The presence and severity of the symptoms would depend on the actual abnormality.

  1. The skin is pale gray or blue in color due to excessive venous flow in the system
  2. Excessive sweating
  3. The child is exerting to breathe regularly
  4. Rapid breathing causes added load on the heart accompanied by a grunting noise
  5. Flared nostrils i.e. the baby attempts to take in more oxygen with each breath causes flared nostrils
  6. Swollen legs, eyes, and abdomen: Fluid retention in the legs and abdomen is quite common, and this could be characteristic of newborns with congenital heart disease
  7. Shortness of breath, even during feeding
  8. Clubbed fingernails
  9. Lethargy and low energy, even with feeding, therefore very poor feeding pattern
  10. Chest pain, which may cause the newborn to cry incessantly
  11. Low weight gain, as they feed less

In some children, symptoms manifest only during the teenage years or early adulthood. These conditions are not very severe and the symptoms include:

  1. Swelling of the hands, feet, and ankles due to fluid accumulation
  2. Lowered energy levels, leading to easy fatigue
  3. Shortness of breath with even minimal physical activity
  4. Inability to exercise
  5. Developmental delays and changes in growth milestones
  6. Recurrent respiratory tract infections including sinus infections, bronchitis, and pneumonia
  7. Endocarditis
  8. Pulmonary hypertension
  9. Heart failure, where the heart is not able to effectively function and pump blood to all parts of the body.

Some or more of these symptoms should trigger a warning to get the child tested for congenital heart disease. While some would just require a monitoring until severe symptoms develop, severe conditions like holes, abnormal valves, narrowed arteries, and blood vessel abnormalities might require immediate intervention.

1758 people found this helpful

Abnormal Heart Rhythms!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 85% (10 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Abnormal Heart Rhythms!

Treatment of Abnormal Heart Rhythms

Homeopathic Treatment of Abnormal Heart Rhythms
Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Abnormal Heart Rhythms
Psychotherapy Treatment of Abnormal Heart Rhythms
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Abnormal Heart Rhythms
Surgical Treatment of Abnormal Heart Rhythms
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Abnormal Heart Rhythms
Other Treatment of Abnormal Heart Rhythms
What is Abnormal Heart Rhythms
Symptoms of Abnormal Heart Rhythms
Causes of Abnormal Heart Rhythms
Risk factors of Abnormal Heart Rhythms
Complications of Abnormal Heart Rhythms
Lab Investigations and Diagnosis of Abnormal Heart Rhythms
Precautions & Prevention of Abnormal Heart Rhythms

Treatment of Abnormal Heart Rhythms 

Homeopathic Treatment of Abnormal Heart Rhythm

Homeopathy is safe and natural treatment to restore normal heart rhythm. It treats the person as a whole. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. It balances the energy system, improves immunity and body functions. It naturally cures the root cause of disorder. Some common homeopathic medicines used for abnormal heart rhythm are:


Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Abnormal Heart Rhythms

The pressure conducted with acupuncture helps relax the muscles and eliminate any built up stress that you may be experiencing. Acupressure allows you to treat yourself and relax different muscles and parts of your body.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Abnormal Heart Rhythms

Conventional medicine employs surgery and drugs to treat the symptoms of heart diseases.

Surgical Treatment of Abnormal Heart Rhythms

Electrical Cardioversion – an electrical shock is delivered to your chest wall that synchronizes the heart and allows the normal rhythm to restart.
Pacemaker – it is a device that sends small electrical impulses to the heart muscle to maintain a suitable heart rate. It prevents the heart from beating too slowly.
Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) – it delivers energy to the heart muscle to cause the heart to beat in a normal rhythm again
Catheter Ablation – Ablation may be combined with other procedures to achieve optimal treatment.
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Abnormal Heart Rhythms

Diet low in fat
Diet rich in vegetables and fruits
Vitamin C lowers blood pressure and cholesterol levels
Drinking green tea seems to have lowered levels of bad cholesterol and blood pressure

What is Abnormal Heart Rhythms?

An abnormal heart rhythm is an irregular heartbeat. It can occur with the normal heart rate, slow heart rate or with the rapid heart rate.

Symptoms of Abnormal Heart Rhythms

Fluttering in the chest
Shortness of breath
Sensation of the heart racing
Weakness or feeling very tired

Causes of Abnormal Heart Rhythms

Heart failure
High blood pressure
Infection or fever
Emotional stress

Risk factors of Abnormal Heart Rhythms

Heart problems such as atherosclerosis
High blood pressure
High cholesterol 

Complications of Abnormal Heart Rhythms

Risk of death
Diagnosis of Abnormal Heart Rhythms

The following tests are done to diagnose Abnormal Heart Rhythms:

Holter monitor
Event monitor
Stress test
Cardiac catheterization
Electrophysiology study (EPS)
Head-up tilt table test

Precautions &Prevention of Abnormal Heart Rhythms

Do not smoke
Limit your intake of alcohol
Stop using caffeine
Take diet low in fat and rich in vegetables, fruits
Reduce stress

3 people found this helpful

How Can Exercise & Yoga Ensure A Healthy Heart?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Faridabad
How Can Exercise & Yoga Ensure A Healthy Heart?

Exercise is one of the best things one can do for themselves to stay fit and healthy. Regular exercise will always be a great idea for the normal functioning of the body. 

Exercises play a vital role in controlling or minimizing heart issues. They greatly help in maintaining good blood circulation. They are also helpful in maintaining blood pressure, cholesterol, weight, and increasing energy levels. 

Exercises do help to prevent heart disease, but it is important to do right exercises in right amount.

How Often and How Long Should One Exercise?

If the person is not active, 20 to 30 minutes of Aerobic session for at least four times a week is good enough. However, the more the person can do, the better the result will be. 

If a person is already physically active, more exercise time is recommended, to really tone the body.

The amount of exercise also depends upon stamina of the particular person.

What type of Exercise is Beneficial for Heart Disease?

For heart disease, one can always go for exercises that make fasten the heartbeat.

Exercises like Cardio, Weight Lifting and Aerobics are one of the best exercises for heart diseases. For those, who are looking for exercises for joint problems as well, swimming and walking are good options.

Some of the Best Exercises for Heart Diseases:

1. Cardio Exercises

The Cardio exercises fasten the heartbeat and also lower down the blood pressure level. Depending upon the prescription of the cardiologist, one can perform Cardio exercises like Walk, Jog, Jump rope, Bicycle, Skipping, Skate, Row, Dance, etc.

2. Aerobics

Aerobic exercise like biking, swimming, playing soccer and hiking uphill, can help in increasing heart rate, decreasing blood pressure and improving blood circulation. These may also be effective in lowering blood sugar.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, every adult should get at least two hours and 30 minutes of moderate-intensity Aerobic exercises per week.

3. Strength training

Resistance training or Strength training is another way to lower the risk of heart diseases. Performing strength training twice a week will help in decreasing the bad cholesterol and raising good cholesterol. 

Ideally, strength training is combined with Aerobics in sets with 8-12 repetitions. 

Some of the strength training exercises are lifting free weights, exercise with resistance bands, pushups, sit-ups, squats, lunges, crunches, etc. 

Why Yoga? A promising way to prevent Heart Disease

  • According to Cunningham, who has taught Yoga for 40 years, it can be used as a preventive measure for heart diseases. 
  • Yoga can help improve respiratory function, increase heart rate, boost circulation, lower blood pressure, increase lung capacity, and muscle tone.
  • Yoga can also be beneficial for those who have faced Heart attack or Cardiac arrest. Most patients go through depression after Bypass surgery; Yoga also helps to get rid of depression and anxiety. It also helps in reducing emotional stress. 
  • Some of the effective Yoga Postures are Boat Pose (Paripurna Navasana), Extended Triangle Pose (utthita trikona), Feathered Peacock Pose (pinca mayura), Handstand (adho mukha vrksasana), Hero Pose (veer-AHS-anna), Low Lunge, Supported Headstand (salamba alamba sirsa), and many more.
  • Yoga and other exercises help in maintaining a healthy lifestyle. However, one should always consult a trainer or doctor before doing these exercises. Also, these exercises should always be accompanied by a healthy diet, to really make these exercises effective. Eating a burger after a Yoga session is never going to be a good idea.
8 people found this helpful

Heart Blockage: What Are The Warning Signs?

Dr. Mukur Khakhariyawala 90% (13 ratings)
Diploma In Cardiology, MBBS
Cardiologist, Vadodara
Heart Blockage: What Are The Warning Signs?

Heart Blocks are a result of plaque buildup in your arteries, which blocks blood flow and circulation to the heart, causing heart muscle damage and heightens the risk for heart attack and stroke.

Arteries which have smooth and elastic walls become thick and restrict blood flow from the cholesterol deposits over the years. Blood clots can also block the arteries that supply oxygen rich blood to the heart. These can eventually lead to strokes and heart attacks.

Some warning signs that you may be at risk of heart blockage:

  1. Have you had a mild stroke: Plaque that accumulates in the carotid artery supplying oxygen rich blood to the brain can cause a stroke. People who have had strokes are more prone to heart attacks.
  2. Do you often feel fatigue and dizziness: Reduced oxygen from poor circulation and blood flow can result in fatigue and tiredness as well as dizziness.
  3. Experiencing shortness of breath: Poor blood flow can lead to shortness of breath from even mild forms of exercise or even from carrying out daily chores or walking.
  4. Sudden chest pain: Chest pain or angina result from reduced supply of blood to the heart. It can be felt as pressure, tightness in the chest, squeezing in the chest, numbness or burning.
  5. Unexplained lower back pain: This can result from pressure in the spine as a result of pinched nerves due to compressed vertebrae discs as a result of poor blood flow.
  6. Erectile dysfunction in men: If an erection becomes difficult or impossible, it could be a warning sign of clogged arteries. These arteries supply blood to the pelvis area and help achieve an erection.
  7. Calf pain: Blocked leg arteries can cause calf pain, especially in smokers . THis is an early sign of possible heart blocks.
  8. Painful, numb and cold hands and feet: Plaque build up in the arteries of the extremities can cause numbness and coldness in the hands and feet.

Remember early detection is the key to prevent or delay heart attacks.

1841 people found this helpful

Know How Diabetes Can Lead To Heart Problems!

Dr. Sandeep Rai 86% (58 ratings)
MBBS, DNB - General Medicine, Post Graduate Diploma in Diabetology (PGDD)(Madras Medical College), F.R.C.P Edin (UK)
Diabetologist, Navi Mumbai
Know How Diabetes Can Lead To Heart Problems!

Since blood is part of the cardiovascular system, and diabetes is a condition in which the level of glucose in the blood is higher than normal, then is certainly some relationship between the two.

Diabetes and cardiovascular system diseases has been recognized to be closely related to each other due to the so-called insulin resistance syndrome or metabolic syndrome. Some examples of the commonly diagnosed cardiovascular disease are coronary heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure and other heart conditions.

Diabetes is considered a major risk factor in cardiovascular diseases. Other factors that contribute to the possibility of acquiring cardiovascular diseases in diabetic patients include hypertension, smoking, and dyslipidemia.

How Diabetes Causes Cardiovascular Problems?

1. Hypertension: Hypertension in diabetes is considered a major contributor to the increase in mortality from cardiovascular diseases. Diabetic patients, especially those with Type 2, need to always have their blood pressure checked every visit to the doctor. Self-monitoring at home is also a must to maintain and control the rise of blood pressure. The American Diabetes Association recommends a target blood pressure of not more than 130/85 mm Hg to maintain a good level of blood pressure.

2. Arteriosclerosis and Atherosclerosis: Arteriosclerosis is the stiffening or hardening of the artery walls while Atherosclerosis is the narrowing of the artery because of plaque build-up. Atherosclerosis is a form of hardening of the blood vessels/arteries, caused by fatty deposits and local tissue reaction in the walls of the arteries. Diabetes is a documented high risk factor for the development of both Atherosclerosis & Arteriosclerosis . Heart disease and stroke, arising mainly from the effects of atherosclerosis, account for 65 percent of deaths among diabetics.

3. Hyperglycemia: Hyperglycemia means high (hyper) glucose (gly) in the blood (emia). Your body needs glucose to properly function. Your cells rely on glucose for energy. Hyperglycemia is a defining characteristic of diabetes, when the blood glucose level is too high because the body isn't properly using or doesn't make the hormone insulin.

There is a growing recognition that diabetes belongs to a special category of risk factors because it markedly increases risk of CVD. This increase is partly the result of the pernicious effects of persistent hyperglycemia on the vasculature and partly due to the coexistence of other metabolic risk factors.

5. Smoking: Smoking has been determined dangerous to our health. Studies show that smoking indeed increase risk of premature death and cardiovascular disease in diabetic patients.

6. Atrial Fibrillation: Atrial Fibrillation means an irregular and rapid heart rate which can increase the risk of stroke, heart failure and other cardiac issues. Individuals with diabetes are at an increased risk of developing atrial fibrillation. This risk is higher among patients with a longer duration of treated diabetes and poorer glycemic control.

Individuals with insulin resistance or diabetes in combination with one or more of these risk factors are at even greater risk of heart disease or stroke. However, by managing their risk factors, patients with diabetes may avoid or delay the development of heart and blood vessel disease. Your health care provider will do periodic testing to assess whether you have developed any of these risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease.

7 Symptoms You Must Know About Heart Attack!

Dr. Rajiv Agarwal 86% (73 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
7 Symptoms You Must Know About Heart Attack!

Heart attacks often show some visible signs for concern. While many may not face the chest-clutching moment, there are other symptoms that are hard to miss. In fact, some heart attack symptoms are not even related to the chest. People suffering from cholesterol, diabetes, high blood pressure or above the age of 60 should especially be more careful about these symptoms.

Here is a list of few alarming signs and symptoms of a heart attack:

  1. Discomfort in the chest: This is the most visible and common signs of a heart attack. A blocked artery can lead to a heart attack with symptoms such as tightness, pressure and intense pain in the chest. The discomfort typically last for a minute or longer. It must be kept in mind that a heart attack is entirely possible without feeling any pain whatsoever.
  2. Heartburn, nausea, stomach pain and indigestion: Many people reportedly face these symptoms before a heart attack. It is more likely for a woman to face these symptoms compared to a man. These conditions can happen in isolation as well. But a combination of these symptoms to a person suffering from blood pressure, high cholesterol should be taken seriously.
  3. The pain slowly shifts to the arm: This is another classic example of a heart attack. A symptom that starts from the left side of the body and radiates down. Even a constant and dull pain in the arm has resulted in heart attacks for many patients.
  4. Feeling of light-headedness: A sudden feeling of lightheadedness along with an acute chest pain is a very good sign of a heart attack. This symptom necessarily indicates that the blood pressure of the person has suddenly decreased and the heart is not able to pump enough blood.
  5. Jaw or throat pain: Jaw or throat pain by itself is nowhere related to the heart. Going by common beliefs, it can arise from sinus, muscular issue or simply a cold. Medical science states otherwise. If an ongoing chest pain spreads towards jaw or throat, it can well be an ensuing heart attack. Seeking immediate medical attention is necessary in such cases.
  6. Snoring: Loud snoring that sounds like choking or grasping can be a sign of sleep apnea. This is a condition when an individual stop breathing for few seconds making the heart pump more blood. If the condition persists, a doctor might suggest doing a sleep pattern analysis using a CPAP machine to identify if there is any possible threat of a heart attack.
  7. A persistent cough: A long lasting cough that produces pink mucus can be a very visible sign of a heart failure. This is the condition when the heart can’t keep pace with the demands of the body. This should be immediately reported to a doctor.
445 people found this helpful

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