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Health Screening for Men Health Feed

Health Screening!

Dt.Archna Gupta 90% (884ratings)
PG Diploma in Nutrition & Dietetics, M.Sc.in Food & Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Ghaziabad
Health Screening!

HEALTH SCREENING 

ARE YOU UP TO DATE?     

REGULAR HEALTH CHECKS CAN KEEP YOU HEALTHY AND HEAD OFF MAJOR PROBLEMS. READER’S DIGEST HAS THE RUN-DOWN ON THE SCREENING TESTS THAT HELP YOU STAY IN TOP FROM     

AGE

TEST

DESCRIPTION

FREQUENCY

COMMENTS

FROM

2 YRS

DENTAL CHECK-UP

 REGULAR EXAMINATION  BY A DENTIST

EVERY 12 MONTHS

TIMINING VISITS SHOULD BE ASSESSED BY DENTIST ON A CASE –BY-CASE BASIS

FROM SCHOOL AGE

EYE CHECK

THOROUGH OF EYE HEALTH AND VISION BY AN OPHTHALMOLOGIST

EVERY 2 YEARS

CHECKS MAY NEED TO BE MORE OFTEN IF ADVISED BY OPHTHALMOLOGIST

FROM

18 YRS

BLOOD PRESSUR

BP CUFF APPLIED TO ARM BY GP

EVERY 12 MONTH

MORE FREQUENTLY IF YOU HAVE RISKY LIFESTYLE FACTORS OR ARE AT HIGH RISK DUE TO FAMILY HISTORY OF HIGH BP

FROM

 18 YRS

CHOLESTEROL AND LIPIDS

BLOOD TEST ORDERED BY GP

EVERY 12 MONTHS

MORE FREQUENTLY IF YOU HAVE RISK FACTOR AND FAMILY HISTORY OF PREMATURE CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE OR EXISTING DIAGNOSES

FROM ADVENT OF SEXUAL ACTIVITY

CHLAMYDIA

BLOOD TEST ORDERED BY GYNAECOLOGIST/UROLO-GIST

EVERY 1-2 YEARS

GYNAECOLOGIST/UROLOGIST MAY ASK ABOUT SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS

1 person found this helpful

Who Should Be Screened for Lung Cancer?

Dr.Kamal Gera 89% (24ratings)
MBBS, MD - Pulmonary Medicine
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Who Should Be Screened for Lung Cancer?

One of the major causes of death worldwide is lung cancer and it has been continuously affecting men and women accounting for about 150,000 deaths every year. Astonishingly, this figure is more than the combined death rate of the next three kinds of cancer, namely, colon, breast, and pancreatic cancer.

As with any type of cancer, lung cancer to has increased life expectancy when diagnosed in the earlier stages. Thus, being informed about the causes and signs of this deadly disease becomes critical to treat the condition.

The prevalent causes
The major risk factor for lung cancer is smoking and second-hand or passive smoking. The risks are increased when the smokers are exposed to other potential risk factors such as getting exposed radon and asbestos.

Who should be screened?

  • As said earlier, cancer when diagnosed early has an increased success rate for a cure.
  • Most people do not admit that they are vulnerable to lung cancer and this mindset has to be changed first and foremost.
  • There are many people who would benefit from an early diagnosis. This is because the modern medical procedures are highly beneficial in changing the lives of the affected, for better.
  • People, who are avid smokers or have a history of smoking, should always opt for lung cancer screening.
  • In this regard, it should be kept in mind that people, who have stopped smoking for the last 15 years, should also be tested.
  • People belonging to the age group of 55-80 and who have smoked in the past should also come under the screening procedure.

Who should not be tested and why?
Lung cancer is a ghastly disease, but still, it is advised that everyone should not be screened. These tests involve a lot of risks, which are indeed severe.

  • The first risk is the false-positive test result wherein the test confirms that the patient is suffering from the disease, but he is not.
  • The second risk is over-diagnosis where the cancer is at a benign stage, but there are unnecessary treatments considering it to be dangerous.

Lastly, there is the risk of exposure to radiation.

So, who is the right candidate?
Now the question arises, who should be asked to screen themselves for lung cancer? Or, when is the ideal time to for screening? Because of the risks associated with CT scanning and the chances of doing more harm than good to people who are not prone to having lung cancer, the doctors recommend screening to only those people who are at high risk. Unfortunately, the symptoms of this disease are almost nil in number. To be an ideal candidate for screening, the patient should be in good health and should have a smoking habit as mentioned above.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2539 people found this helpful

When is Lung Cancer Screening Recommended?

Dr.(Brig.) Ashok Rajput 90% (103ratings)
MBBS, MD - Pulmonary Medicine, DNB - Pulmonary Medicine, MD - Internal Medicine, Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD)
Pulmonologist, Delhi
When is Lung Cancer Screening Recommended?

One of the major causes of death worldwide is lung cancer and it has been continuously affecting men and women accounting for about 150,000 deaths every year. Astonishingly, this figure is more than the combined death rate of the next three kinds of cancer, namely, colon, breast, and pancreatic cancer.

As with any type of cancer, lung cancer to has increased life expectancy when diagnosed in the earlier stages. Thus, being informed about the causes and signs of this deadly disease becomes critical to treat the condition.

The prevalent causes
The major risk factor for lung cancer is smoking and second-hand or passive smoking. The risks are increased when the smokers are exposed to other potential risk factors such as getting exposed radon and asbestos.

Who should be screened?

  • As said earlier, cancer when diagnosed early has an increased success rate for a cure.
  • Most people do not admit that they are vulnerable to lung cancer and this mindset has to be changed first and foremost.
  • There are many people who would benefit from an early diagnosis. This is because the modern medical procedures are highly beneficial in changing the lives of the affected, for better.
  • People, who are avid smokers or have a history of smoking, should always opt for lung cancer screening.
  • In this regard, it should be kept in mind that people, who have stopped smoking for the last 15 years, should also be tested.
  • People belonging to the age group of 55-80 and who have smoked in the past should also come under the screening procedure.

Who should not be tested and why?
Lung cancer is a ghastly disease, but still, it is advised that everyone should not be screened. These tests involve a lot of risks, which are indeed severe.

  • The first risk is the false-positive test result wherein the test confirms that the patient is suffering from the disease, but he is not.
  • The second risk is over-diagnosis where the cancer is at a benign stage, but there are unnecessary treatments considering it to be dangerous.

Lastly, there is the risk of exposure to radiation.

So, who is the right candidate?
Now the question arises, who should be asked to screen themselves for lung cancer? Or, when is the ideal time to for screening? Because of the risks associated with CT scanning and the chances of doing more harm than good to people who are not prone to having lung cancer, the doctors recommend screening to only those people who are at high risk. Unfortunately, the symptoms of this disease are almost nil in number. To be an ideal candidate for screening, the patient should be in good health and should have a smoking habit as mentioned above.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2749 people found this helpful

Lung Cancer Screening - What's The Risk Of It?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DNB- Respiratory Disease, Diploma in Adult Respiratory Medicine
Pulmonologist, Mumbai
Lung Cancer Screening - What's The Risk Of It?

One of the major causes of death worldwide is lung cancer and it has been continuously affecting men and women accounting for about 150,000 deaths every year. Astonishingly, this figure is more than the combined death rate of the next three kinds of cancer, namely, colon, breast, and pancreatic cancer.

As with any type of cancer, lung cancer to has increased life expectancy when diagnosed in the earlier stages. Thus, being informed about the causes and signs of this deadly disease becomes critical to treat the condition.

The prevalent causes
The major risk factor for lung cancer is smoking and second-hand or passive smoking. The risks are increased when the smokers are exposed to other potential risk factors such as getting exposed radon and asbestos.

Who should be screened?

  • As said earlier, cancer when diagnosed early has an increased success rate for a cure.
  • Most people do not admit that they are vulnerable to lung cancer and this mindset has to be changed first and foremost.
  • There are many people who would benefit from an early diagnosis. This is because the modern medical procedures are highly beneficial in changing the lives of the affected, for better.
  • People, who are avid smokers or have a history of smoking, should always opt for lung cancer screening.
  • In this regard, it should be kept in mind that people, who have stopped smoking for the last 15 years, should also be tested.
  • People belonging to the age group of 55-80 and who have smoked in the past should also come under the screening procedure.

Who should not be tested and why?
Lung cancer is a ghastly disease, but still, it is advised that everyone should not be screened. These tests involve a lot of risks, which are indeed severe.

  • The first risk is the false-positive test result wherein the test confirms that the patient is suffering from the disease, but he is not.
  • The second risk is over-diagnosis where the cancer is at a benign stage, but there are unnecessary treatments considering it to be dangerous.

Lastly, there is the risk of exposure to radiation.

So, who is the right candidate?
Now the question arises, who should be asked to screen themselves for lung cancer? Or, when is the ideal time to for screening? Because of the risks associated with CT scanning and the chances of doing more harm than good to people who are not prone to having lung cancer, the doctors recommend screening to only those people who are at high risk. Unfortunately, the symptoms of this disease are almost nil in number. To be an ideal candidate for screening, the patient should be in good health and should have a smoking habit as mentioned above.

2715 people found this helpful

Undergoing Lung Cancer Screening - Know When Is This Recommended!

MBBS, MD - Respiratory Medicine, FNB - Critical Care, EDRM, IDCC
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Undergoing Lung Cancer Screening - Know When Is This Recommended!

One of the major causes of death worldwide is lung cancer and it has been continuously affecting men and women accounting for about 150,000 deaths every year. Astonishingly, this figure is more than the combined death rate of the next three kinds of cancer, namely, colon, breast, and pancreatic cancer.

As with any type of cancer, lung cancer too has increased life expectancy when diagnosed in the earlier stages. Thus, being informed about the causes and signs of this deadly disease becomes critical to treat the condition.

The prevalent causes-
The major risk factor for lung cancer is smoking and second-hand or passive smoking. The risks are increased when the smokers are exposed to other potential risk factors such as getting exposed radon and asbestos.

Who should be screened?

  • As said earlier, cancer when diagnosed early has an increased success rate for a cure.
  • Most people do not admit that they are vulnerable to lung cancer and this mindset has to be changed first and foremost.
  • There are many people who would benefit from early diagnosis. This is because modern medical procedures are highly beneficial in changing the lives of the affected, for better.
  • People, who are avid smokers or have a history of smoking, should always opt for lung cancer screening.
  • In this regard, it should be kept in mind that people, who have stopped smoking for the last 15 years, should also be tested.
  • People belonging to the age group of 55-80 and who have smoked in the past should also come under the screening procedure.

Who should not be tested and why?
Lung cancer is a ghastly disease, but still, it is advised that everyone should not be screened. These tests involve a lot of risks, which are indeed severe.

  • The first risk is the false-positive test result wherein the test confirms that the patient is suffering from the disease, but he is not.
  • The second risk is over-diagnosis where the cancer is at a benign stage, but there are unnecessary treatments considering it to be dangerous.

Lastly, there is a risk of exposure to radiation.

So, who is the right candidate?
Now the question arises, who should be asked to screen themselves for lung cancer? Or, when is the ideal time for screening? Because of the risks associated with CT scanning and the chances of doing more harm than good to people who are not prone to having lung cancer, the doctors recommend screening to only those people who are at high risk. Unfortunately, the symptoms of this disease are almost nil in number. To be an ideal candidate for screening, the patient should be in good health and should have a smoking habit as mentioned above.

2736 people found this helpful

Prevention and Screening for Breast Cancer: Information for women and their families

Dr.Priyanka Singh 94% (245ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obs and Gynae, MRCOG(London), DNB, Fellowship In Uro Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Prevention and Screening for Breast Cancer: Information for women and their families

Breast cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the breast. It occurs in both women and men, although breast cancer in men is rare.

Risk factors:

More importantly, you can lower your risk of having breast cancer by the following measures:

  •  Have regular physical activities, do at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic physical activities per week (e.g. climbing stairs or brisk walking)
  • Avoid alcohol drinking;
  • Maintain a healthy body weight and waist circumference - aim for a body mass index (BMI) between 18.5 and 22.9, and a waist circumference of not more than 80cm for women; and
  • Have childbirth at an earlier age and breastfeed each child for longer duration factors include:

What are the common symptoms of breast cancer?

The symptoms of breast cancer may not be easily noticed at an early stage. Any of the following changes in the breast can be a symptom of breast cancer:

• Breast lump;

• A change in the size or shape of the breast;

• A change in skin texture of the breast or nipple (e.g. red, scaly, thickened or “orange-skin” appearance);

• Rash around the nipple;

• In-drawing of the nipple;

• Discharge from one or both nipples;

• New and persistent discomfort or pain in the breast or armpit; and

• A new lump or thickening in the armpit

What is breast cancer screening? Should I screen for breast cancer if I do not have any symptom?

Screening means examining people without symptoms in order to detect disease or fi nd people at increased risk of disease. It is often the fi rst step in making a defi nitive diagnosis. For breast cancer screening, its purpose is to fi nd women who have breast cancer, before they have any symptom, in order to offer them earlier treatment.

Mammography is widely used as a screening tool. It is an X-ray examination of the breasts. During mammography, the breast is pressed between 2 plates to flatten and spread the breast tissue, in order to obtain a clear image. Some women may find it uncomfortable or painful but the discomfort is usually short lasting. Mammography screening is safe in general and only a very small dose of radiation is used in the procedure. One in 5 female breast cancer patients may be missed by mammography.

5646 people found this helpful

Cervical Cancer Screening And Vaccine!

Dr.Vibha Bansal 88% (49ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, Certification in IVF & Infertility, Fellowship in Advanced Laparoscopy
Gynaecologist, Mohali
Cervical Cancer Screening And Vaccine!

Cervical cancer is one of the major health concern in India. To curb this up, cervical cancer screening is done in reproduction age group patients to diagnose it. It is a one-minute painless opd procedure in which secretion around the cervix is taken for testing. It is called a pap smear test. Another more specific test is liquid-based cytology (LBC) which is also done in a similar way. The report comes within 2 days. Cervical cancer vaccine comes in the form of injections. Total 3 doses of injections are to be taken over 6 month period. I request all women to undergo cervical cancer screening and vaccination and stay healthy always.

1 person found this helpful

First Trimester Screening - Why Is It Necessary?

Dr.Sumati Saxena 88% (21ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Allahabad
First Trimester Screening - Why Is It Necessary?

A healthy pregnancy is one where the mother and the child both enjoys good physical and mental health. While all parents wish their child to be in the pink of health, incidences of birth-defects are on the rise. This makes the screening tests, especially during the first trimester, very important. These tests play a significant role in determining the well-being of a pregnant woman and also in the diagnosis of any abnormalities, especially chromosomal or genetic aberrations that can give rise to a host of problems including Trisomy 18 or Down Syndrome in the baby. In this article, we will discuss some of the first-trimester screening tests and their significance.

The screening tests involve a series of blood tests (maternal blood) and ultrasound scans to monitor the movement and development of the fetus.

  1. Maternal blood tests: The proteins PAPP-A (pregnancy-associated plasma protein A) and Free ß-HCG (free-beta human chorionic gonadotropin protein) are produced during the early stages of pregnancy by the placenta. These proteins play a pivotal role in ensuring the well being of the fetus and should ideally be present in a slightly elevated level. A maternal blood test showing a low concentration of PAPP-A and free ß-HCG is often indicative of chromosomal abnormalities or genetic defects in the baby.
  2. Nuchal translucency screening test: A characteristic symptom of Down Syndrome is an increased thickness, especially at the back of the neck. In Nuchal translucency screening (during the first trimester), an ultrasound of the back of the fetal neck is done to check its thickness and also to look for any unwanted accumulation of fluids, both of which contributes significantly in the diagnosis of Down Syndrome.
  3. In some incidences, there may be a combined first-trimester screening (an amalgamation of Nuchal translucency screening and maternal blood tests). The probability of the baby suffering from the chromosomal aberrations such as Down Syndrome, Trisomy 13, can be more precisely determined by the combined screening.

In case the individual or the combined screening tests indicate some abnormalities, few other tests may be carried out such as

  1. Amniocentesis: The test involves collecting a sample of the amniotic fluid (the fluid present inside the amniotic sac and acts as a protective shield for the fetus ensuring healthy fetal development) and examining the cells present in it for chromosomal defects (number as well as structure). Amniocentesis is normally carried out between the 15th-20th week of pregnancy.
  2. Chorionic Villus Sampling: Like Amniocentesis, Chorionic Villus Sampling is also a prenatal diagnostic test that plays an instrumental role in the evaluation of the fetal karyotype that goes a long way in the diagnosis of chromosomal and genetic disorders.

Benefits of First-trimester Screening
The screening tests during the first-trimester comes as a blessing, especially under the following situations

  1. Either of the partners is a carrier of the Down-syndrome (or similar genetic disorder) gene.
  2. You already have a child with a genetic or chromosomal disorder.
  3. Women having a late pregnancy (35 years or more).
2660 people found this helpful

Cancer Screening - Why, In Whom, When? And How?

Oncologist, Panchkula
Cancer Screening - Why, In Whom, When? And How?

WHY ? CANCER SCREENING- Checking for cancer in people who have no symptoms is cancer screening .Can help doctors find and treat several type of cancers early, before they cause symptoms. Early detection is important because when abnormal tissue or cancer is found early, it may be easier to treat .By the time symptoms appear, cancer may have begun to spread and be harder to treat.

In Whom? - In Diseases where following principles can be followed like Disease should be important health problem in terms of frequency .Natural history of disease presents window of opportunity for early detection. Effective treatment should be available that favorably alters natural  history of disease. Treatment should be more effective if  initiated earlier than during the  symptomatic  stage .Suitable screening test - Cheap/Easily Available/Reproducible/Socially Acceptable

Caution!! Easier Said than Done due to False positive results  - anxiety /unwanted additional tests False negative results - false reassurance, leading to delays in diagnosis

Over-diagnosis - cancer detected was slow growing and would not have harmed that person in his or her lifetime

Some screening tests may cause bleeding or other health problems – Sigmoidoscopy/Colonoscopy Cost burden on healthcare/ Radiation Exposure  of  some tests / Incidental Lesions

When? & How? - In cancers like Breast,Prostate,Colon and Cervix 

 

1 person found this helpful

First Trimester Screening - Know Utility Of It!

Dr.Anand Bhatt 88% (54ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ultrasonography Basic Traning Course, Diploma in Minimal Access Surgery, Advanced Infertility & ART training, Advanced training in ultrasonography, PG Diploma in IVF & Reproductive Medicine
Gynaecologist, Ahmedabad
First Trimester Screening - Know Utility Of It!

A healthy pregnancy is one where the mother and the child both enjoys good physical and mental health. While all parents wish their child to be in the pink of health, incidences of birth-defects are on the rise. This makes the screening tests, especially during the first trimester, very important. These tests play a significant role in determining the well-being of a pregnant woman and also in the diagnosis of any abnormalities, especially chromosomal or genetic aberrations that can give rise to a host of problems including Trisomy 18 or Down Syndrome in the baby. In this article, we will discuss some of the first-trimester screening tests and their significance.

The screening tests involve a series of blood tests (maternal blood) and ultrasound scans to monitor the movement and development of the fetus.

  1. Maternal blood tests: The proteins PAPP-A (pregnancy-associated plasma protein A) and Free ß-HCG (free-beta human chorionic gonadotropin protein) are produced during the early stages of pregnancy by the placenta. These proteins play a pivotal role in ensuring the well being of the fetus and should ideally be present at a slightly elevated level. A maternal blood test showing a low concentration of PAPP-A and free ß-HCG is often indicative of chromosomal abnormalities or genetic defects in the baby.
  2. Nuchal translucency screening test: A characteristic symptom of Down Syndrome is an increased thickness, especially at the back of the neck. In Nuchal translucency screening (during the first trimester), an ultrasound of the back of the fetal neck is done to check its thickness and also to look for any unwanted accumulation of fluids, both of which contributes significantly in the diagnosis of Down Syndrome.
  3. In some incidences, there may be a combined first-trimester screening (an amalgamation of Nuchal translucency screening and maternal blood tests). The probability of the baby suffering from the chromosomal aberrations such as Down Syndrome, Trisomy 13, can be more precisely determined by the combined screening.

In case the individual or the combined screening tests indicate some abnormalities, few other tests may be carried out such as

  1. Amniocentesis: The test involves collecting a sample of the amniotic fluid (the fluid present inside the amniotic sac and acts as a protective shield for the fetus ensuring healthy fetal development) and examining the cells present in it for chromosomal defects (number as well as structure). Amniocentesis is normally carried out between the 15th-20th week of pregnancy.
  2. Chorionic Villus Sampling: Like Amniocentesis, Chorionic Villus Sampling is also a prenatal diagnostic test that plays an instrumental role in the evaluation of the fetal karyotype that goes a long way in the diagnosis of chromosomal and genetic disorders.

Benefits of First-trimester Screening
The screening tests during the first-trimester comes as a blessing, especially under the following situations

  1. Either of the partners is a carrier of the Down-syndrome (or similar genetic disorder) gene.
  2. You already have a child with a genetic or chromosomal disorder.
  3. Women having a late pregnancy (35 years or more).
3603 people found this helpful
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