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Hair Loss - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Hair Loss? What are the types of Hair Loss :

What is Hair Loss?

Hair loss, also known as alopecia or baldness, refers to a loss of hair from part of the head or body. Typically at least the head is involved. The severity of hair loss can vary from a small area to the entire body. Typically inflammation or scarring is not present. Hair loss in some people causes psychological distress.

What are the types of Hair Loss :

The hair growth rate slows down as people age and is called alopecia. There are lot many hair loss types

:
  • Involutional Alopecia- It is the natural gradual thinning of hair with age. There is an increase in the number of hair follicles which enter resting phase and the other hairs become fewer and shorter.
  • Androgenic Alopecia- Both women and men can be affected by this genetic condition. Men who have this condition may start losing hair even in their teenage years. This is known as male-pattern baldness. It is marked by gradual hair loss from the frontal scalp and the crown and the hairline receding. Women affected by this have hair thinning after their forties. It is known as female-pattern baldness and maximum hair loss happens near the crown.
  • Alopecia Areata- It usually has a sudden onset and leads to hair loss in patches in young adults and children. It may lead to total balding (alopecia totalis). In over 90% people having this condition, the hair grows back within few years.
  • Trichotillomania- It is observed most commonly in children. A person tears out their own hair because of this psychological disorder.
  • Telogen Effluvium- Hair growth cycle changes lead to a temporary thinning of hair on the scalp. It happens due to a lot of hair entering resting phase which leads to shedding of hair and consequent thinning.
  • Scarring Alopecia- It leads to irreversible hair loss. Inflammatory conditions of the skin like folliculitis, acne and cellulitis, results in scarring that destroys the hair’s ability to regenerate. Tightly woven hair and hot combs may result in irreversible hair loss as well.
  • Hormones- Abnormal androgen levels may cause hair loss as well.
  • Genes – Genes from either parents can increase the likelihood of a person having female or male pattern baldness.
  • Drugs- Blood thinners, cancer treatment drugs, birth-control medication and beta blockers may lead to hair loss as well.
  • Medical Predispositions- Diabetes, lupus, iron deficiency, thyroid disease, anemia and eating disorders may lead to hair loss. Usually when the root cause of the hair loss is treated, hair grows back again.
  • Cosmetic- Procedures like perming, hair dyes, bleaching and over use of shampoo can all lead to thinning of hair, making it brittle and weak. Braiding hair tightly, using hot curlers or rollers also causes hair breakage and damage. These however don’t lead to baldness.

The hair regrows normally if the causative factor is stopped.

Popular Questions & Answers

I'm losing hair quickly. I've been diagnosed with pcod. I've a very sedentary life style because im preparing for competitive exams. I visited a dermatologist and took folifast lotion for a month. My hair fall reduced. As I stopped taking it, it has started again. The hair fall is severe from the past 6 months and i've lost 50% of my hair. I've done many home remedies but nothing works. I do oiling before hair wash also. Kindly help.

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist,
Most probably you have both female pattern hair loss with telogen effluvium. You should do hormonal profile and consult gynaecologist. Take low calorie diet. I know you have exam but exercise is most important. 30 min slow run on trade meal will i...
1 person found this helpful

I discovered hormonal imbalances and took medications for 1-1.15 month. I was having aldactone and microdox but no effect. I am having extreme hair fall, help me!

Post Graduate Degree in Trichology
Trichologist, Amritsar
Yes. Hormonal imbalance in a body can trigger hair loss. But now before starting any medication for hair loss must go for some blood tests after consultation with some trichologist.

Me and my sister are having hair fall since 1 year but since 4 months we are having serious hair fall and it seems like in 4 next months we both will become bald. We both have given up hope. We both have dry scalp and my sister have frizzy, dry and brittle hair type and I have frizzy and dry hair type. We use wow hair oil and shampoo. Hair oil of wow is onion oil and shampoo is onion oil shampoo. What to do with our hair. We are eating supplements for hair growth which is rich vitamins. The name of the medicine is purayati. I'll explain fully what is the quantity of the this medicine. We eat 1 tablet just before our meal i.e. Breakfast amount per serving is % of rda (recommended dietary allowances) vitamin a (retinol acetate) 1000 iu - 50% vitamin c (ascorbic acid) 60 mg - 150% vitamin d3 (cholecalciferol) 200 iu - 50% vitamin e -15 mg - 100% vitamin b1 - 10 mg - 714% vitamin b1 - 10 mg - 625% vitamin b3 - 20 mg - 111% vitamin b5 - 10 mg - 200% vitamin b5 - 10 mg - 500% vitamin b12 - 10 mcg - 1000% folic acid - 200 mcg - 100% biotin - 1000 mcg - 3333% magnesium - 30 mg - 8.7% zinc - 15 mg - 125% selenium - 25 mcg - 62.5% iron - 21 mg - 124% inositol - 10 mg - daily value not established nutritional information per tablet energy - 1.24 kcal carbohydrates - 310 mg protein - 0 mg fat - 0 mg 90 tables (vegetarian tablets) now after reading my question please tell me where and what is going wrong with my hair. Me andy sister both are eating this before meal in breakfast only and using a mild shampoo which is wow shampoo and red onion oil seed hair oil by wow.

Post Graduate Degree in Trichology
Trichologist, Amritsar
Oral supplements you are having won't give any results as amount of multivitamins is quite less what we require to stop hair loss. Plus you need some good medicated oil and shampoo as well. For frizzy hair must go in for hair conditioner. U r just...

I'm 22 years old. I'm suffering from massive hair loss and acne problem. Consulted several doctors nothing seems to work. Blood report is normal. I use dermadew shampoo and vb7 hair tablets. Deriva cms for acne problem and ahaglow face wash.

DVDL, MBBS, Gold Medalist
Dermatologist, Ranchi
Hi. As there are various causes of hair fall (genetic / neutritional etc) so the causes of such hair fall need to find out first and treatment can be given accordingly. Continue using dermadew shampo and tab vb7 hair as these are helpful regardles...
1 person found this helpful

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