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Forgetfulness Tips

Deep Breathing!

Dr. Shrikant Meshram 88% (15 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Yavatmal
Deep Breathing!

Practice deep breathing. Concentrate on your breath and forget everything else. Resist the temptation to follow the different thoughts as they arise, and focus on the sensation of the breath.

1 person found this helpful

Attention Deficit Disorder - Know More About It!

Dr. Madhurima Ghosh 89% (12 ratings)
Certified Course In Child Psychiatry, MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Kolkata
Attention Deficit Disorder - Know More About It!

Attention deficit disorder is a behavioral disorder that comprises impulsive behavior, inattentiveness and hyperactivity. This disorder tends to affect children more commonly but the symptoms tend to disappear as one age. 

The various symptoms of this disorder are:
1. Concentration problems-

People affected by this disorder have problems in staying focused on routine tasks. You may have problems in listening to conversations, get distracted easily, overlook various important things and have trouble remembering various things.
2. Being disorganized and forgetting things-
You may exhibit symptoms such as having an extremely cluttered desk. You may also experience difficulties in completing projects and forgetting appointments. You may also lose track of time while doing important things.
3. Emotional problems-
Various emotional problems such as mood swings, hypersensitivity to criticism, problems in staying motivated and having low self-esteem are common signs of ADD. The disorder may also lead you to be extremely short tempered and be constantly frustrated.
4. Hyperactivity-
This symptom causes you to be constantly agitated, unable to focus due to a racing mind, fidgeting constantly and talking excessively. 
5. Impulsivity-
You will exhibit impulsive behavior such as not being able to exercise self-control, blurting out inappropriate comments and have certain addictive tendencies. 

Attention deficit disorder can cause various problems in your life. Most of these are related to the following domains:
1. Work-related problems-

You may constantly feel a sense of underachievement and be unable to meet your work responsibilities. You may be unable to meet deadlines, and face problems in filing paperwork.
2. Relationship problems-
This disorder takes a toll on your relationships such as it can create a rift between you and your family. They may feel that you are not sensitive to their concerns.
3. Mental health problems-
You may face various mental health problems such as drug abuse, anxiety, self-esteem issues and chronic stress.

The various remedies for this disorder are -
1. Get proper sleep-

You should always aim to sleep for at least 6 hours every day. If you are well rested, then you will be more energetic and stress-free.
2. Regular exercise-
You should exercise on a regular basis to keep yourself fit and healthy. It can also help you avoid problems such as obesity.
3. Improve your relationships-
You should schedule time for your loved ones and engage with them. It may contribute to your overall mental well-being.

4. Role of medicines-
Meedicines play a vital role in solving this problem. The psychiatrist will suggest medications as per the needs of the patient so that he/she can recover quickly.

1460 people found this helpful

Symptoms And Treatment Of Dissociative Amnesia!

Dr. Amit Garg 88% (564 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Symptoms And Treatment Of Dissociative Amnesia!

It is a common belief that newer memories are retained and older memories are lost gradually over time. However, when someone tends to forget things in a particular pattern, it is important to take note of it.
Dissociative amnesia is a condition when a person cannot recall important personal information from a specific period of his/her life. This is usually associated with a bad memory, including war or abuse, and the person wants to “dissociate” himself/herself from that particular episode, and so tends to forget events from that phase of life. The impact could affect their awareness, identity, perception, and memory. There could be adverse effects on work life, social life, and even relationships.

Causes: It is usually seen in people who have had traumatic experiences, such as war, sexual abuse, natural disasters, severe road accidents, etc. Given the severe effect on the patients’ emotional well-being, this part of their life is dissociated and so events associated with that event are forgotten.

Symptoms: The affected person usually has sudden memory loss with inability to recall specific events from a certain period. On further probing, there could be associated symptoms like depression and/or anxiety. The amnesia could be localised, selective, or generalised.

  1. Localised amnesia: This is very closely linked to stress or trauma associated with a specific event in life, which has had an unpleasant effect on the person. For instance, the person cannot recall the year or month of a war or natural disaster. Memory loss around the period happens long after the actual event during routine conversations.
  2. Selective amnesia: The person forgets not the entire event, but only specific incidents related to the event. It is likely that the portion which was most impactful emotionally is forgotten.
  3. Generalised amnesia: Strangely, some people just forget the complete life history, including identity, location, close family and friends, routine activities, etc. The onset is sudden and can leave the immediate family members impacted badly. They may even not recollect or remember close family people.

Treatment: In addition to relieving symptoms (if any), the treatment is aimed at helping the person get rid of the memory by mourning it, process the pain, develop life skills, and improve relationships. There is no one-size-fits-all treatment, and the various components include the following:

  1. Encourage communication and help them understand problems
  2. Cognitive therapy to change feelings and behaviour and thinking patterns
  3. Medications like antidepressants and anti-anxiety drugs
  4. Family therapy where symptoms are taught, especially to identify an attack
  5. Creative therapy like art and music therapies to create happy memories

As a preventive measure, early intervention after a traumatic event or emotionally distressing experience (war, natural disaster, sexual abuse, etc.) can help prevent and manage symptoms of dissociative disorders.
 

1361 people found this helpful

Breast Cancer Is Curable In Early Stages!

General Surgeon, Bangalore

Though breast cancer is a deadly disease, breast cancer detected at an early stage is often curable. In our country, one of eight women is suffering from this breast cancer.

Breast cancer note often presents as a small lump in the breast which can be detected by various methods by increasing the awareness of methods of detection.

The most easiest and most important way of detection is self breast examination. Self breast examination is a simple and easy exam that one can do themselves. To make it simple, it's just looking for any changes in nipple or architecture of breast and axilla. If any lump or nipple discharge is present, then consulting an oncologist and get a mammography done to identify the lesion is one of the easiest and practical things in detecting breast cancer.

The detection of early breast cancer can provide an opportunity to improve the breast conservation rate and cure the disease.

Cyber Safety - How To Ensure It Among Children?

Dr. Kamal Kishore Verma 89% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD, DNB (PSYCHIATRY)
Psychiatrist, Agra
Cyber Safety  - How To Ensure It Among Children?

Easy access to electronic gadgets like mobiles, tablets, laptops, etc. with an all-time available internet has children glued to their screens. A part of parenting these days is to hand the child a mobile phone and keep them busy for a couple of hours.

However, parents often forget that young minds are quick learners and copy everything from adults. It is very important to keep an eye on what children are watching and for how long.

An internet safety law protects children younger than 13. According to this law, if they are online, they should not share their personal information with anyone on the internet without their parents’ permission.

To save children from cyber-crime, there are several precaution rules for both parents and children. Some of them are:

Tips for Parents:

There are a few rules, which can be followed by parents for better security of their children on the internet. The rules are as follows:

Limited Screen Time: Internet has the whole world in it, but there is a world outside internet. Playing games and watching videos is fun, but it is very time consuming. Rather than playing on the phone for hours straight, they should be playing on the ground. Allocating Limited time to mobiles and internet is the first step towards internet safety.

Social Media: Most of the popular social media sites have an age limit criterion like minimum age should be 13 to surf these sites. It is not appropriate for children below that age to join such social media platforms. It's a parent's job to make sure that kids are exposed to kid-friendly platforms only. Also, keep an eye on suspicious messages.

Online Activity: Keep the computer in a common area so that it is easier to monitor the child. Put a parental lock on the websites which should not be visited by them.

Tips for Children:

Parents should guide their children to follow these steps to stay safe on the internet:

Don’t Share Personal Information to the Strangers Online: Internet is filled with criminals looking for an easy target to prey on. Children are very vulnerable and gullible. Sharing personal information on the internet can give such people access to children at a personal level. Things like this can lead to any unfortunate incident. It's always better to be safe than sorry.

Use Strong Passwords: A strong password is that which has at least 8 to 10 characters including symbols and numbers. Make sure not to use the same password on every social media account. Do not hint the password in the username. It makes it easier for hackers to guess it.

What to Post: It is not necessary to post everything on social media. It makes easy to track someone. Being careful about what to post on the internet is important because everything stays on the internet, even when it is deleted.

Cyber Bullying: Cyber bullying is as harmful are real life bullying. It can be anything, a rumor spread across the internet, posting personal information about someone, or posting a private image of someone. Let the children know that they will get full support from their parents, if anything of this sort happens.

Conclusion:

Children may spend a lot of their time online for studies, gaming, or other stuff, but parents and children both need to understand that every benefit comes with a little flaw. Parents should teach and make aware their children about cyber-crimes and its safety.

1920 people found this helpful

Alzeimer's Disease And Its Symptoms!

Dr. Girjesh Rustagi 85% (15 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Medicine
General Physician, Ghaziabad
Alzeimer's Disease And Its Symptoms!

Are you experiencing memory loss? Your memory changes often as you grow, but memory loss which causes disruption of your daily life is not a part of ageing. It may be a symptom of Alzheimer’s disease, which is the most common type of dementia. Dementia refers to a slow decline in your memory, thinking, judgement and reasoning skills.

Alzheimer’s is a fatal disorder, which may result in the loss of brain function. It may be hard to differentiate between the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease and normal age-related changes. For proper identification of symptoms associated with Alzheimer’s disease, you should know about the warning signs. They are as follows:

  1. Memory loss which disrupts daily life: Forgetting of information learnt recently is a common sign of Alzheimer’ disease, especially in the early stage. Forgetting important events or dates and asking for something over and over are also likely signs.
  2. Difficulty in planning and solving problems: Some people may experience changes in their ability to develop and follow any plan or work associated with numbers. Trouble regarding keeping track of bills and following a particular recipe are common examples. A person may also face problems with concentration.
  3. Difficulty in completing familiar tasks: Another warning sign of Alzheimer’s disease is when a person cannot complete simple and familiar daily tasks. Problems like driving to a known location, remembering the rules of a game or managing budget are likely.
  4. Confusion regarding time or place: People with Alzheimer’s disease may lose track of seasons, dates and the passage of time. They may not understand situations when they do not happen immediately.
  5. Problems in understanding visual images: Vision problems may be an indication of Alzheimer’s in some people. Difficulty in reading, judgement of distance and the determination of color may occur which cause problems during driving.
  6. Problems in speaking or writing: Another sign of Alzheimer’s disease is when a person has problems in following or joining a conversation. They may pause while conversing and have no idea about how to continue with it. Problems with vocabulary, finding proper words and calling things by a wrong name are more warning symptoms.
  7. Misplacing stuff and being unable to retrace steps: A person with Alzheimer’s may develop a tendency of keeping things in unusual places. They end up losing the things as they cannot go back and retrace where they kept something. They may also accuse people of stealing their things.
  8. Decreased sense of judgement: Another important warning sign of Alzheimer’s disease is a decreased sense of judgement. Changes in decision making and judgement are likely to develop in a person.
1650 people found this helpful

Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) - All You Should Be Knowing!

Dr. Atul Aswani 88% (96 ratings)
DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) - All You Should Be Knowing!

Attention Deficit Disorder or ADD is a behavioral disorder that comprises impulsive behavior, inattentiveness and hyperactivity. This disorder tends to affect children more commonly, but the symptoms tend to disappear as one ages.

There are a number of symptoms for this disorder:

  1. Concentration problems: People affected by this disorder have problems in staying focused on routine tasks. You may have problems in listening to conversations, get distracted easily, overlook various important things and have trouble remembering various things.
  2. Being disorganized and forgetting things: You may exhibit symptoms such as having an extremely cluttered desk. You may also experience difficulties in completing projects and forgetting appointments. You may also lose track of time while doing important things.
  3. Emotional problems: Various emotional problems such as mood swings, hypersensitivity to criticism, problems in staying motivated and having low self-esteem are common signs of ADD. The disorder may also lead you to be extremely short tempered and be constantly frustrated.
  4. Hyperactivity: This symptom causes you to remain constantly agitated, unable to focus due to a racing mind, fidgeting constantly and talking excessively.
  5. Impulsivity: You will exhibit impulsive behavior such as not being able to exercise self-control, blurting out inappropriate comments and have certain addictive tendencies.

Attention Deficit Disorder can cause various problems in your life. Most of these are related to the following domains:

  1. Work related problems: You may constantly feel a sense of underachievement and will unable to meet your work responsibilities. You may be unable to meet deadlines, and face problems in filing paperwork.
  2. Relationship problems: This disorder takes a toll on your relationships such as it can create a rift between you and your family. They may feel that you are not sensitive to their concerns.
  3. Mental health problems: You may face various mental health problems such as drug abuseanxiety, self-esteem issues and chronic stress.

Remedies for this disorder are:

  1. Get proper sleep: You should always aim to sleep for at least 6 hours every day. If you are well rested, then you will be more energetic and stress free.
  2. Regular exercise: You should exercise on a regular basis to keep yourself fit and healthy. It can also help you avoid problems such as obesity.
  3. Improve your relationships: You should schedule time for your loved ones and engage with them. It may contribute to your overall mental well-being.
4971 people found this helpful

Can Breastfeeding Reduce The Risk Of Its Cancer?

Dr. Neha Patel 87% (40 ratings)
MBBS, MD Radiation Oncology
Oncologist, Surat
Can Breastfeeding Reduce The Risk Of Its Cancer?

Women love the fact that breastfeeding can safeguard them from general illnesses such as cold and fever. However, there is a bigger pie to cheer about. Apparently, it has been found that breastfeeding can lower the risk of breast cancer as well. Not to forget, breastfeeding is extremely crucial for a baby. It can help him/her to increase immunity and stay away from major diseases.

Facts from major studies:

  1. A study published in the Lancet, 2002 showed that women who breastfeed for 12 months at a stretch can reduce the chances of breast cancer by a good 4.3 percent compared to the ones who did not breastfeed. The study was performed on over 1,50,000 women and brought enough substance to the theory.
  2. A study conducted on 60,000 women and published in the Archives of Internal Medicine reported that a woman who has a family history of breast cancer can mitigate the risk of breast cancer if she breastfed before her menopause.
  3. A study published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute reported that women from African ancestry often develop an acute form of cancer known as the estrogen receptor-negative and triple-negative. Breastfeeding can significantly hedge the risk of developing this form of breast cancer.
  4. A collaborative study published in Annals of Oncology, a famous journal, reported that the chances of developing hormone-receptor-negative breast cancer can be negated by 20 percent if a woman breastfed before her menopause.

How does breastfeeding reduce the risk of cancer?
Some researches suggest that women who breastfeed get fewer menstrual cycle compared to the ones who do not. This means low exposure to estrogen for breastfeeding women. It is common knowledge that estrogen can fuel breast cancer. There is a second theory that suggests that breastfeeding makes the cells of the breasts more resistive to mutation. Therefore, the breast can block cancer.
There is the other factor of lifestyle changes. Women tend to do away with drinking, smoking, eating junk food, and leading an undisciplined life. Once these are given up and replaced with healthy lifestyle practices, the chances of breast cancer automatically come down.

How long should one breastfeed to refrain from breast cancer?
There is no concrete answer to this question. Most studies show that longer the duration of breastfeeding, lower the chances of breast cancer. But, in general, a year of breastfeeding is a safe number and can reduce the chance of breast cancer by almost 20 percent, as revealed by many studies. If, however, a woman fails to breastfeed, there is no need to stress. A healthy lifestyle can go a long way in surviving breast cancer.

1033 people found this helpful

Attention Deficit Disorder - How To Treat It?

Mumbai Psychiatry Clinics 88% (20 ratings)
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Attention Deficit Disorder - How To Treat It?

Attention deficit disorder is a behavioural disorder that comprises impulsive behaviour, inattentiveness and hyperactivity. This disorder tends to affect children more commonly but the symptoms tend to disappear as one age. 

The various symptoms of this disorder are:

1. Concentration problems 
People affected by this disorder have problems staying focused on routine tasks. You may have problems in listening to conversations, get distracted easily, overlook various important things and have trouble remembering various things.

2. Being disorganized and forgetting things
You may exhibit symptoms such as having an extremely cluttered desk. You may also experience difficulties in completing projects and forgetting appointments. You may also lose track of time while doing important things.

3. Emotional problems
Various emotional problems such as mood swings, hypersensitivity to criticism, problems in staying motivated and having low self-esteem are common signs of ADD. The disorder may also lead you to be extremely short tempered and be constantly frustrated.

4. Hyperactivity
This symptom causes you to be constantly agitated, unable to focus due to a racing mind, fidgeting constantly and talking excessively. 

5. Impulsivity
You will exhibit impulsive behaviour such as not being able to exercise self-control, blurting out inappropriate comments and have certain addictive tendencies. 

Attention deficit disorder can cause various problems in your life. Most of these are related to the following domains:

1. Work-related problems 
You may constantly feel a sense of underachievement and be unable to meet your work responsibilities. You may be unable to meet deadlines, and face problems in filing paperwork.

2. Relationship problems
This disorder takes a toll on your relationships such as it can create a rift between you and your family. They may feel that you are not sensitive to their concerns.

3. Mental health problems
You may face various mental health problems such as drug abuse, anxiety, self-esteem issues and chronic stress.

The various remedies for this disorder are -

1. Get proper sleep
You should always aim to sleep for at least 6 hours every day. If you are well rested, then you will be more energetic and stress-free.

2. Regular exercise 
You should exercise on a regular basis to keep yourself fit and healthy. It can also help you avoid problems such as obesity.

3. Improve your relationships
You should schedule time for your loved ones and engage with them. It may contribute to your overall mental well-being.

4380 people found this helpful

Obsessive-Compulsive Behaviour - How To Stop It?

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry, Senior Resident Psychiatrist
Psychiatrist, Indore
Obsessive-Compulsive Behaviour - How To Stop It?

Obsessive compulsive behaviour is form of anxiety disorder in which unreasonable thoughts and fears, which are obsessions that lead one to do repetitive compulsive behaviour. Root causes of obsessive compulsiveness are complex and often deep seated. The underlying emotional states may include the fear of unknown, not being in control, negative outcomes, failure, rejection, shame, annihilation or embarrassment

You can eliminate mild obsessive compulsion easily, whereas, severe obsessive compulsiveness, require support of medical and mental health professionals.

When you start pondering or obsessing over an activity, you must try to stop the negative pattern, and provide control and security. A good anchor code stops an obsessive thought pattern and provides fact-based security for new action. One can get it under control and recover from it, however at the present, there is no cure. It is a potential that will always be there in the background, even when one's life is no longer affected by it.

The treatment for obsessive compulsive behaviour depends on the how much the condition is affecting the daily life of the person. There are two main treatments, firstly cognitive behavioural therapy, which involves graded exposure and response prevention and the second being medication. The cognitive behaviour therapy emboldens one to face one's fear and let the obsessive thoughts occur without neutralising them with compulsions. In second case, treatment is by medication to control one's symptoms by altering the balance of chemicals in brain.

Cognitive behavioural therapy -  Cognitive behavioural therapy can help you manage your problems by changing the way you think and behave in your life. It is the most commonly used method to treat anxiety and depression. It can also be useful for other mental and physical health problems.

Obsessive compulsive behaviour that has a relatively minor impact on one's daily life is usually treated with a short course of cognitive behavioural therapy. Cognitive behavioural therapy involves exposure and response prevention that is used to help people with all severities. People with mild to moderate behaviour usually need about 10 hours of therapist treatment, combined with exercises to be done at home between sessions. Those with moderate to severe symptoms may need a more intensive course of therapy that lasts longer than 10 hours.

During the sessions, one works with therapist to break down the problems into their separate parts like physical feelings, thoughts and actions. The therapist encourages you to face your fear and let the obsessive thoughts occur without putting them right. It requires motivation and one should start with situations that cause the least anxiety first. These exposure exercises need to take place many times a day, and need to be done for one to two hours without engaging in compulsions to undo them. People with Obsessive compulsive behaviour find that when they confront their anxiety without carrying the compulsion, the anxiety goes away. Each time, the chances of anxiety reduces and last for a shorter period of time. 

Once you have one exposure task, you can move on to a more difficult task, until you have overcome all of the situations that make you anxious.  It is important to remember it can take several months before a treatment has a noticeable effect. It is extremely vital to remember that no one is perfect, nor can anyone recover perfectly.  Even in well maintained recoveries, people can occasionally mess up and forget what they are supposed to be doing.

2805 people found this helpful
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