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Exercise Therapy Health Feed

Remain Fit Through Exercise!

Remain Fit Through Exercise!

Remain Fit Through Exercise

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Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome!

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome!

Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is a term used to describe pain at the front of the knee and around the knee cap. 
Pfs arises from a combination of intrinsic and extrinsic factors, which include the presence of patella alta, increased q angle, femoral enteversion, itb tightness, latelar retinacular tightness, quadriceps and hamstring weakness and excessive pronation.

Clinical features:-

  • Age:-adolescent girls are more prone.
  • Aching pain typically diffuses and poorly localized over the anterior aspect of the knee. 
  • Click or cracking sound when bending the knee,
  • Wasting of the quadriceps muscles tight muscles around the knee joint. Instability


  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Compression elevation
  • Knee brace
  • Patellofemoral taping
  • Anti-inflammatory medication such as ibuprofen 
  • Electrotherapy:- ultrasound, tens & laser therapy

Strengthening exercises:- 

  • Static quadriceps
  • Heel drop
  • Clam
  • Lunges

Stretching exercises:- 

  • Quadricep stretch
  • Iliotibial band stretch long adductor stretch short adductor stretch. 

Knock Knee And Bow Legs Corrections Without Surgery!

Knock Knee And Bow Legs Corrections Without Surgery!

Knock knee or genu valgum is a misalignment of the legs that causes the knees to bend inward. The condition is apparent in kids but usually corrects itself, as they grow up. However, some adults may also develop the disorder due to an injured knee, obesity, lack of vitamin d and calciumarthritis in the knee.
Surgery is only required for the condition if other treatments do not work and the condition is severe. In other cases, the following treatments are used -

1. Weight loss
This is the most common and simplest remedy to manage and treat knock-knee. However, weight loss only works if the cause of the condition was your weight. Consult your physician to understand whether your knock-knee has been caused due to weight issues or due to other conditions.

2. Exercise
Physical therapy and exercise of the knee joint can also relieve some of the pain and may even rectify the disorder entirely. Stretching and simple leg exercises specifically designed to strengthen the knee can prove greatly effective against knock-knee.

3. Orthotics
If the disorder causes one leg to be shorter than the other, you can use a splint or brace inside your shoe to even out the difference. This will not only decrease pain and normalize your gait, but will also allow you to walk normally in the long run.
Bowlegs syndrome is a similar condition that causes the knees to be far apart, even when the ankles are together. The disorder is often an external manifestation of underlying conditions, such as rickets or Blount's disease. Furthermore, people suffering from the condition are also at risk of arthritis.

Here are some treatments for the condition that do not involve the use of surgical procedures.

1. Treating the underlying condition-

Generally, treatment for bowlegs is only necessary if a specific condition has been diagnosed, which may be causing the abnormality of the legs. For instance, if rickets or other nutritional deficiencies are leading to the disease, the doctor will treat the underlying condition and not the bowlegs.

2. Braces and casts-
Putting the legs inside a brace or a cast can be a great way to normalize the bone structure and in turn, treat the bowlegs. It will also improve the overall gait and eliminate the pain. Even though bowlegs and knock-knee can be painful and affects people very early on in life, they rarely manifest in adults.

Physical Therapy Exercises To Treat Runner's Knee!

Physical Therapy Exercises To Treat Runner's Knee!

Runner’s knee is a very common problem with athletes. It is definitely not something one needs to worry about. In fact, with certain exercises, it can be prevented and if you do develop a runner’s knee, it can be treated with some exercises as well.

There are special sports medical practitioners who prescribe not only regular physiotherapy, but also specific exercises to deal with specific sports injuries. To fight with runner’s knee pain, there are a few exercises.

But the four most important ones are described in detail below.

  1. Quads: For performing proper quads, all you need is a back wall for additional support. You need to hold yourself against the wall and keep your legs apart from each other. The legs should be folded in the knees. In this position, you have to move up till the knee position with a minimum of one minute hold time in the knee position. You can repeat this exercise 10 times at a stretch before moving on to the next exercise.
  2. Hamstring: This is a fairly easier exercise than the previous one. You have to stand straight with your legs apart. Bend downwards from your hips. Relax your neck and back. Ease your head downwards as well. Keep your hands behind. Join both your hands and give it a stretch. If you think that this position is straining your neck or back a little too much, then you can simply stretch your hands without joining them.
  3. Calves: Calves is a standard exercise that is prescribed by medical practitioners and physiotherapists for easing out the pain caused by runner’s knee. You have to stand with your hand against the wall. Put your left leg forward and bend it at the knees. Stand on your right heel. Hold yourself in this position for 20 to 30 seconds before changing the legs and doing the same.
  4. Lateral: Lateral is also one of the easiest and common forms of exercises. You have to stand with your legs directly below your hips. Then stretch your right leg apart. Without bending your knees, try to touch the toes of your right leg with the fingers of your left hand. Hold this position for 20 to 30 seconds before changing the position and performing the lateral with your left leg.

Thus, these are some of the very fundamental exercises that one should follow in order to get quick relief from the pains of a runner’s knee. These exercises are very easy and help in reducing pain.

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Physical Therapy - How Does It Help Reduce Sciatica Pain?

Physical Therapy - How Does It Help Reduce Sciatica Pain?

Sciatica is a very common neuropathic pain that is caused by damage to the sciatic nerve, a large nerve that runs from the lower back region down the end of each leg. It is the largest single nerve in the body.
This condition affects around 4 out of 10 people at some point of their lives. The nature of the pain varies from a mild ache to a sharp stinging sensation and may cause feelings of numbness and extreme weakness.

The causes for the onset of sciatica are as below :

- Slipped lumbar disc
- Muscle inflammation
- Internal bleeding
- Pregnancy
- Obesity
- Awkward sleeping position
- Uncomfortable footwear
- Spinal injury

How can physical therapy help?

There are many ways of treating sciatica such as medication, acupuncture and surgery, which can provide relief. The most common and easy treatment method however is physical therapy. A progressive and controlled exercise routine that is specifically tailored to the nature of the condition in consultation with a physical therapist acts as an effective remedy in treating the problem. It alleviates pain and also eliminates the chances of relapse.

Physical therapy exercises used to treat sciatica are of many types. These are a combination of core strengthening, muscular stretching and aerobic conditioning routines, which aim at correcting the root of the problem.

The different types of exercises employed to treat sciatica include the following:

1. Strengthening exercises

These aim at strengthening the spinal column and the pelvic region, which includes the hips and buttocks. They help in making the muscles and ligaments in this region more robust and allow for improved flexibility and support. Lunges and squats are some of the examples.

2. Stretching exercises

These provide pain relief through improved agility and flexibility. The most important aspect of these routines is stretching and exercising the hamstring. Hamstring, stretches, calf stretches and tricep stretches are a part of stretching exercises.

3. Aerobic conditioning

These are cardiovascular exercises of low intensity, which provide pain relief through the release of endorphins and the facilitation of fluid and nutrient exchange. Examples of these are swimming and brisk walking.

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Physiotherapist Can Reduce Joint Stiffness!

Physiotherapist Can Reduce Joint Stiffness!

Joint stiffness is a feeling that the movement of a particular joint is getting restricted. The stiffness is generally accompanied by pain and occurs mainly due to arthritis or as a result of an injury to joint. Appropriate and regular exercises can help reduce stiffness and pain, increase flexibility, improve endurance, develop muscle strength and keep bone and cartilage in healthy condition.

What physiotherapy is all about? How it can be helpful in treating joint stiffness?
One of the allied health professions is physiotherapy, which by using mechanical force and movements, exercise therapy and electrotherapy, acts as a remedy for impairments and promotes a person’s mobility and joint function. The kind of physical therapy treatment which people receive for their joint stiffness mainly depends on the exact cause for the condition and other symptoms such as pain and inflammation.

Procedure for treating joint stiffness through physiotherapy-

  1. When you go for physiotherapy, the first thing a physical therapist would do is to ask you about the exact condition with respect to the symptoms, which you might be experiencing along with the joint stiffness. You should clearly state to the physiotherapist since when have you been experiencing stiffness. The very next thing which a therapist would ask is, your medical history if you have been suffering from arthritis.
  2. After all the preliminary diagnosis through the question-answer session, the physiotherapist would conduct a thorough physical examination and look to evaluate the joint and other structures associated with it to find out what exactly is causing joint stiffness and other symptoms like, pain, inflammation etc.

Now, after the completion of his questioning and physical examination, the comprehensive physical therapy treatment plan would be prepared as per the exact of your stiffness, symptoms and your needs.

Treatment options-
First, by determining the exact cause of joint pain and then treating it with highly effective therapies, physiotherapy acts as a preventive mechanism for reducing joint stiffness and the pain associated with it.
The treatment options which physiotherapists generally go for are as follows:

  • Manual therapy: this manual therapy generally involves soft tissue and joint mobilization to provide relief from joint restriction and muscle tension.
  • Soft tissue massage: soft tissue massage involves therapists only using their hands o reduce back muscle tension and restore mobility to stiff joints, as an effort to allow the patient more flexibility.
  • Acupuncture: the physical therapy of acupuncture helps in restoring the balance of energy in the body and thus provides relief from pain, inflammation and proceeds with the healing process. This is done through single-use fine needles, which are used at different ‘trigger’ points on the body, as per your symptoms, thus helping to stimulate the flow of energy.
  • Ultrasoundwhile conducting an ultrasound, physiotherapist uses a transducer to send a stream of high-frequency sound waves into one’s body. These waves bounce off one’s organs, muscles, and tissues.
  • Exercises: physiotherapist would instruct you to do some stretching exercises where you would require moving your limbs without support and muscle strengthening exercises which would make you kneel, stand and sit to maintain your own balance.
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Treatment of Cystic fibrosis!

Treatment of Cystic fibrosis!

Treatment of Cystic fibrosis
Homeopathic Treatment of Cystic fibrosis
Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Cystic fibrosis
Psychotherapy Treatment of Cystic fibrosis
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Cystic fibrosis
Surgical Treatment of Cystic fibrosis
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Cystic fibrosis
Other Treatment of Cystic fibrosis
What is Cystic fibrosis
Symptoms of Cystic fibrosis
Causes of Cystic fibrosis
Risk factors of Cystic fibrosis
Complications of Cystic fibrosis
Lab Investigations and Diagnosis of Cystic fibrosis
Precautions & Prevention of Cystic fibrosis

Treatment of Cystic fibrosis

Homeopathic Treatment of Cystic fibrosis

Homeopathy helps in getting healthy lung tissue and improvement in complaints like breathing difficulty, cough etc. Homeopathic treatment for cystic fibrosis helps the individual to feel better. It helps in reducing pain. Some of the homeopathic remedies for cystic fibrosis are:


Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Cystic fibrosis

Acupuncture may help stimulate respiratory function, and improve immunity against infections in cystic fibrosis suffers. It involves inserting fine needles into specific points on the body.

Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Cystic fibrosis

Some children with cystic fibrosis experience severe anxiety and depression. Different forms of psychotherapy and hypnotherapy are used to help children, including psychodynamic therapy, cognitive behaviour therapy and play therapy.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Cystic fibrosis

Allopathic Treatment of Cystic fibrosis involves the following medications:

Mucus-thinning drugs

Surgical Treatment of Cystic fibrosis

Surgical Treatment of Cystic fibrosis involves the following surgeries:

Lung transplant
Bowel surgery
Feeding tube

 Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Cystic fibrosis

Drink lots of fluids
Take high-calorie nutrition
Add seaweed and nutritional yeast to your diet
Avoid refined sugar
Avoid animal origin products
Other Treatment of Cystic fibrosis

Regular exercise helps loosen mucus in your airways and strengthens your heart and lungs.

What is Cystic fibrosis?

Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disorder that causes severe lung damage and nutritional deficiencies. It causes your mucus to be thick and sticky.

Symptoms of Cystic fibrosis

Persistent cough
Repeated lung infections
Repeated sinus infections
Belly pain from severe constipation
Foul-smelling, greasy stools
Delayed growth
Loss of appetite
Shortness of breath
Causes of Cystic fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by a defective gene which causes the body to produce abnormally thick and sticky fluid, called mucus. This collection of sticky mucus results in life-threatening lung infections and serious digestion problems. The disease may also affect the sweat glands and a man’s reproductive system.

Risk factors of Cystic fibrosis

Family history
Common in white people of northern European ancestry

Complications of Cystic fibrosis

Chronic infections
Collapsed lung
Respiratory failure
Nasal polyps
Nutritional deficiencies
Electrolyte imbalances
Rectal prolapsed
Blocked bile duct

Diagnosis of Cystic fibrosis

Diagnosis of Cystic fibrosis involves the following tests:

Newborn screening test
Sweat test
Sputum tests
Genetic testing
Organ function tests
CT scans and MRI
Lung function tests

Precautions & Prevention of Cystic fibrosis

There is no prevention for cystic fibrosis, but treatments can ease symptoms and reduce complications.

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Facial Paralysis - How Can Physiotherapy Help You Get Better?

Facial Paralysis - How Can Physiotherapy Help You Get Better?

Facial paralysis can happen due to many factors. Sometimes inflammation develops around the facial nerve as it passes through the skull from the brain. This presses on the nerve and makes it stop functioning. As the nerve stops functioning, so does the muscle it controls. This is what happens in Bell’s palsy, the most common cause of facial paralysis.

Bell’s palsy can happen to anyone and its cause is, hold your breath, a viral infection. Herpes zoster, Varicella zoster and HIV viruses can cause Bell’s palsy. Bell's palsy is a common cause of a facial paralysis but there are many others too that affect or damage facial nerve. These include head injury, sarcoidosis, lyme disease, growths in the ear, tumours in the parotid gland, brain tumours and stroke.

The weakness of the face usually one-sided is a symptom of Bell’s palsy. The face may droop to one side, chewing food is also tough, drooling, dry eyes and difficulty wrinkling forehead and speech are other symptoms of Bell’s palsy, the most common reason for facial paralysis.


The type of therapy you receive for facial paralysis will depend on its cause. It will also develop on how long you’ve suffered from facial paralysis and the extent of damage to the facial nerve.

Your physiotherapist can help and so can speech and language therapists to deal with the issue.

In physiotherapy, a treatment called 'facial retraining' with facial exercises helps with facial palsy. It is important that you seek help from a therapist who specialises in facial rehabilitation only.

This is what you can expect from facial rehabilitation therapy-

  1. Exercises for eye care

  2. Exercises for dry mouth management

  3. Exercises to make drinking and eating easier

  4. Speech therapy

Your physiotherapist will educate you on how the facial nerve works and how it recovers. This is important to make you recover. A home therapy programme plays an important role too. It includes massages to keep face muscles mobile and healthy, stretches to lengthen muscles, exercises to help re-learn balanced facial movements and relaxation of your facial nerve and muscles.

The physiotherapist will work on your facial movement to make muscles fit. The basic idea is to slowly rewire the brain-to-nerve-to-muscle pathway. The physiotherapist’s first step is to retrain you to do correct movements voluntarily, while mentally focusing on the movement.

Physiotherapy may take months but keep at it to recover completely, especially the home exercises. Injections of botulinum toxin or Botox also help especially if you suffer from spasms in facial muscles. Surgery is also an option for chronic cases. Remember that exercises should be done gently as well as daily to reap benefits. Always do these exercises with the help of a therapist only. Doing exercises by yourself can be counter- productive. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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Yes, Exercising Can Help You Grow Taller!!

Yes, Exercising Can Help You Grow Taller!!
Maintaining correct posture can help you increase height.. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
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Exercising Can Make Your Legs and Body Grow Taller Naturally!!

Exercising Can Make Your Legs and Body Grow Taller Naturally!!
Regular exercising is good for your height. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
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