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Spine Tumor Treatment Tips

Spine Degeneration - How Neurosurgery Can Help?

Dr. Shailesh Jain 85% (13 ratings)
MBBS, MCh, MS
Neurosurgeon, Delhi
Spine Degeneration - How Neurosurgery Can Help?

The spine is one of the most delicate bones of the body. It literally supports the entire body and helps us walk upright. Any damage or degeneration of the same can lead to dire consequences ranging from pain to paralysis. Spine degeneration is something that progresses over time and does not happen overnight. The normal structure of the disc will be gradually lost in such cases, and there may even be changes in the vertebrae.

The discs may start thinning slowly, which will lead to posture and other issues like pain and weakness. These problems may happen due to old age, arthritis, accidents which may have rendered some damage to the spine, as well as neurological problems where the nerves may get pressed due to an outgrowth or a bulging disc.

Here are the facts that you need to know about spine degeneration related to neurosurgery-

Spinal Stenosis: This is a condition where the spinal canal becomes progressively narrow which may further lead to many problems. In such cases, the spinal cord and the nerves around it tend to get pressed and pinched, which causes significant pain. This may happen due to several reasons including old age which changes the structure of the spinal cord, and other issues such as spinal herniation which causes the growth from the spine. It can also happen due to problems like osteoporosis or the existence of a tumor.

Symptoms: This congenital condition can affect the entire lunar area as well as the shoulders and the neck. It can also lead to painful sensations in the legs and lower regions. Many patients also complain of the loss of bowel control in extreme conditions.


Causes: The stiffening of the invertebral joint leads to the growth of a bony structure. This is known as an osteophyte formation which can lead to spondylitis. There are chances of people as young as 35 years of age, experiencing such a problem. These kinds of issues directly affect the nerves and cause pain in various areas of the body.

Treatment: In such cases, a laminectomy procedure or a de-roofing surgery will be required so that the bony outgrowth may be sliced off, for better recovery of the patient. This will also prevent the nerves from getting affected or pressed, which in turn helps in leading a more normal existence. The success rate is quite high for this kind of surgery, as per myriad medical reports and studies. Yet, it is not entirely suitable for older patients who have other complications.

Other Methods of Treatment: In many cases, the patient may be required to go through other forms of physiotherapy so as to deal with the issue. The patients may also be given epidural injections that have steroids so as to deal with the pain. This is also one of the most preferred methods of managing chronic lumbar area pain which is caused due to herniation and nerve pressing. Electronic stimulation methods such as a neuro modulation with the help of decompression and fusion may also be followed in such cases.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2729 people found this helpful

Everything You Need To Know About Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery!

Dr. Sanjib Kumar Behera 85% (10 ratings)
MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DNB - Orthopedics & Orthopedic Surgery
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
Everything You Need To Know About Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery!

When other treatments fail to provide relief, the last resort to treat spine problems is the spine surgery. Spine surgery is conventionally referred to as open surgery which indicates that the area that needs to be operated is opened with a long incision so that the surgeon is able to view and have access to the anatomy.

In the recent times, advances in the field of medical science have made it possible to treat back and neck conditions through minimally invasive surgical techniques that don’t involve an elaborate incision. Let us understand more about it.

How is minimally invasive spine surgery carried out?
Minimally invasive spine surgery fusions and decompression processes are performed by exploiting different approaches. The most commonly utilized technique involves the use of the tubular retractor. In this process, the surgeon makes a small incision and then inserts the retractor through the skin right into the spinal column. It leads to a tunnel to the accurate area where the problem persists in the spine. The functionality of tubular retractor lies in the fact that it helps in holding the muscle open throughout the procedure.

A number of particular processes have been designated for the minimally invasive spine surgery. Some of the most common options include spinal decompression, discectomy, and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion. Each of these processes is different and only an expert in this arena can determine what’s suitable for you.

Minimally invasive spine surgery is also called less invasive spine surgery where surgeons make use of special instruments. One of the most compelling drawbacks of open surgery is that the pulling of the muscle can lead to damage to both the muscle and the tissues in close vicinity. On the other hand, minimally invasive spine surgery allows the surgeon to see the precise location of the affected area. Besides, it also leads to smaller incisions, reduced bleeding and short stay in the healthcare facility.

Consulting an expert about the surgery:
It is very important on part of the patients to discuss the suitability of minimally invasive spine surgery with their doctors since it is not a good option for all patients. It is generally suggested for patients having spinal tumours, spinal instability, spinal infections, vertebral compression fractures, lumbar spinal stenosis and spinal deformities like scoliosis.

When you know that you will have to undergo the surgery, it pays to gather information about the surgery and what you may expect from the recovery process. The most commendable benefits of minimally invasive spine surgery include better cosmetic results owing to lesser skin incisions and reduced dependence on the medications. Moreover, it is performed as an outpatient procedure and it makes use of local anaesthesia only. Thus, there is also a reduced chance of suffering from an adverse reaction to general anaesthesia.

So, depending on the pros and cons and depending on the individual condition, your doctor will decide on the course of action. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4381 people found this helpful

Bone Tumor - Do You Know Limping Can Be A Sign?

Dr. Rajinder K. Sharma 91% (3335 ratings)
MBBS, D.O. Orthopedic Surgery
Orthopedist, Chandigarh
Bone Tumor - Do You Know Limping Can Be A Sign?

Uncontrollable division of cells present in the tissue leads to the formation of a lump or mass of tissue. This mass of tissue is known as a tumor and when this condition is diagnosed in the bones of a human body, it is known as bone tumor. Most bone tumors are non-cancerous (benign) and cannot grow. However, it is still possible that the bones could be weakened and the condition could result in fractures and other such problems. The tumor replaces the normal and healthy tissue.

It is observed that cases of malignant bone tumors are much less as compared to benign tumors. Some examples of benign bone tumours include:
1. Giant Cell tumor: In this condition, the tumor affects the legs
2. Osteochondroma: This form is most common among teenagers
3. Osteoblastoma: A tumor which develops in young adults and affects the spine
4. Osteoid osteoma: A tumor that affects long bones
5. Enchondroma: Usually found in hand and feet.

As stated earlier, metastatic cancer is a form of cancer that spreads to the bone from other spots in the body. Cancers from other parts that commonly spread to the bones include breast cancer, prostate cancer and lung cancer.


It is common for bone tumors to bear no symptoms and they can only be diagnosed using an x-ray. However, a typical symptom of bone tumor is pain which:
1. Starts in the region of the bone tumor
2. Often feels achy
3. Worsens with activity

Other symptoms that might be related to bone tumors are:
1. Abnormal swelling around the bone
2. Fever
3. Limping, in rare cases

Treatment
1. Benign bone tumors can be treated by just using medications. However, the tumours might relapse even after treatment.
2. Treatment of malignant tumor might require a number of specialists. The stage of cancer plays a vital role in the treatment.

Common treatments for bone tumor are:
1. Amputation: It is the surgical removal of all or a part of the limb and is conducted only if the tumor is large.
2. Radiation therapy: High intensity X-rays are used to kill cancer cells and treat the tumors.
3. Chemotherapy: Tumor cells which have infiltrated the bloodstream are eliminated using cancer drugs. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Orthopedist.

2567 people found this helpful

Causes Behind Fibroid Tumour And Its Treatment

Dr. Puneet K. Kochhar 90% (110 ratings)
MICOG, DRM, Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (MRCOG), DNB, MD, MBBS
IVF Specialist, Delhi
Causes Behind Fibroid Tumour And Its Treatment

A fibroid tumour is made up of muscle cells that have escaped and come together to create a knot or a mass in the uterus. These tumours can occur due to a family history and are usually known to occur for women patients nearing menopause. One of the most common symptoms is unusually heavy menstrual cycles. Let us walk you through the rest of the details.

  • Types: Fibroid tumours can be of three types, mainly depending on the location. While submucosal fibroids can be found just under the lining of the uterus, intramural fibroids can be found between the muscles that lie on the walls of the uterus. Finally, the third type - subserosal fibroids - go beyond the uterine wall to enter the pelvic cavity. 
  • Symptoms: Usually, there are no symptoms of these kinds of fibroids. There may be heavy bleeding during the monthly menstrual cycle, as well as swelling and pain in the abdomen. Also, prolonged bleeding is common when these kinds of tumours are present in the body. 
  • Cause: Fibroid tumours are mostly caused due to an overgrowth of the cells beyond the muscular walls that line the uterus. In such cases, the growth is further fuelled by hormones like estrogen and progesterone. These hormones are usually at their highest level in the body, during the childbearing years of a woman. During menopause, these tumours are known to shrink before they eventually vanish. It is very rare to find malignancy in such tumours. 
  • Risk: Are you at risk? Well, that depends on your age, family medical history, weight and in some cases, even the ethnicity. These tumours are mostly found in women who are between the age of 30 to 40 years and continues through menopause. Obesity is also a major reason that gives rise to this condition. Further, women of colour are known to develop this more easily while a family history can also increase your chances of the same.
  • Tests and Diagnosis: A pelvic exam and an ultrasound as well as a history of your menstrual cycle will help the doctor in determining whether or not you are suffering from this condition.
  • Treatment: Non steroid, anti-inflammatory drugs can help in bringing down the swelling and pain, especially in cases where there is heavy menstrual bleeding. Birth control pills and patches with hormones can also help in such cases. Further, progesterone shots and iron supplements may be prescribed. Very severe cases may require surgery for removal with a myomectomy.

Remember to visit your doctor in case you see any nagging symptoms of fibroid tumours.

3184 people found this helpful

Treatment Of Lipoma (Fatty Tumor)!

Dr. Hiral Kumar Rakholiya 88% (1658 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Ahmedabad

When anybody develops lipoma ----they usually consult a surgeon. Homeopathy is usually not thought as an option for lipomas as it is considered as a pure surgical disorder.

But do you know homeopathy can be effective for treatment of lipoma:

  • Homeopathic remedies can prevent formation of new lipoma formation.

  • Growth of existing lipomas can be arrested

  • The size of the existing lipomas can also be reduced (the lipoma is softened and flattened, so that it becomes less noticeable).

  • In relieving the pain and discomfort associated with a lipoma

The results with homeopathic treatment are better if treatment is started earlier - just after the diagnosis. The newly diagnosed lipoma treated with homeopathy in initial stages, can disappear completely. Treatment with homeopathic remedies is slow and continuous process.

According to homeopathy any illness is caused due to disharmony within your body. And the symptoms are just an expression of this disturbance. Hence the imbalance needs to be treated rather than the symptoms of the disease. Hence homeopathy, considers removal of lipoma by surgery as removal of the expression of the disease and not treatment of the cause or disease itself.  Hence recurrence of the lipoma can occur.

Homeopathy treatment aims to cure the cause of lipoma in you and not just treat the existing lipomas by improving the immune system. About 22 homoeopathic remedies are effective for treatment of lipomas. No one single homeopathic remedy is effective for everyone with lipoma. Correct choice of remedy is important to provide lasting relief. Understanding and correct judgment therefore becomes important on the part of the homeopathic doctor. The homeopathic doctor after taking a detailed history and examining you will prescribe any medication.

Some of the homeopathic remedies which are effective for treatment of lipoma include Calc ars, Calc carb, Calc flour, Lapis alb, Radium brom, Silicea, Spigelia and Thuja.

Homeopathic remedies are prescribed primarily with the intention to:

  • prevent formation of new lipoma.

  • Arrest the growth of existing lipomas

  • Reduce the size of the existing lipomas (the lipoma is softened and flattened, so that it becomes less noticeable).

  • Relieve the pain and discomfort associated with a lipoma

Surgery may be considered if homeopathic remedies are not effective in relieving the pain or discomfort associated with the lipoma or for cosmetic reasons. However, lipomas have a tendency to recur after excision.

Advantages of homeopathy for treatment of lipoma It is completely non-invasive

  • Homeopathic remedies are safe for all age groups

  • It is almost free of any side effects.

  • These remedies can be used even after surgical excision of a lesion

 

1 person found this helpful

Neuroendocrine Tumor - All You Need To Know About Its Treatment!

Dr. Ravindra Chhajed 92% (335 ratings)
MBBS, FCPS - Medicine, DNB - General Medicine (I)
Diabetologist, Pune
Neuroendocrine Tumor - All You Need To Know About Its Treatment!

There are several hormones that are secreted by our bodies and they can be defined as chemicals that control the different bodily functions. At times, the cells that secrete the hormones develop tumors. Some areas where these tumors are known to arise include lungs, stomach, pancreas, glands, or intestines.

If you are diagnosed with a neuroendocrine tumor, it is important to learn whether they are benign or cancerous. Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are neoplasms that may result from the cells of the nervous and the endocrine system. If the cells are cancerous, they can spread throughout the body. Also, they release their own hormones and you may experience the associated symptoms. On the other hand, the benign tumors do not shift from their place of origin.

However, you should note that the growth of a neuroendocrine tumor takes place at a sluggish rate; sometimes, they could take years to grow. Normally, the medical experts will advise their removal or administer varied treatments for their shrinkage. Also, some therapies to alleviate the symptoms can be practiced.

NETs are categorized into varied groups depending on their area of growth or the hormones they secrete. The different types of NETs include Carcinoid (intestinal), Pancreatic, Insulinomas, Glucagonomas, Somatostatinomas, VIPomas, Medullary, and Pheochromocytoma. The medical professionals have not been able to ascertain the exact cause for NETs as yet. However, they opine that certain illnesses that run in a family are responsible for these growths. For ascertaining whether a person has developed NETs, a medical diagnosis is required. Mostly, the patients do not display symptoms and the disorder is detected fortuitously.

There are various treatments available for NETs, including drugs, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery. The patients are treated depending on the type of NETs they are affected by. Also, the doctors will try to establish whether the growths are cancerous, and have spread to other parts of the body prior to treating the patients.

Treatment Methods:

The following are some of the treatment options available for NETs:

  1. Surgery: Surgical methods are employed by the doctors for removing the tumors; predominantly, if the tumors are not cancerous or have not spread to the different parts of the body. Some surgeries that are performed by the doctors as a part of the treatment of NETs include cryosurgery and radiofrequency ablation.
  2. Hormonal therapy: If the doctors find it suitable, they will treat you with hormone therapy when NETs are detected in your body. In this case, they will inject hormonal drugs for preventing the cells from producing hormones or to shrink the tumor.
  3. Radiation: As a part of radiation therapy, the doctors will subject the tumor site to high radiation X-rays for eliminating the cancerous cells. If cancer has spread or the specialists are not able to reach the tumors, then this treatment method is known to be effective.
  4. Chemotherapy: You may be prescribed chemotherapy drugs for killing the cancerous cells, at times, after being diagnosed with NETs. However, they give birth to certain ill-effects and it is always better to adhere to your doctor’s suggestions to be on the safer side.
  5. Embolization Procedures: In specific cases where the NETs have spread to the liver, the doctors will aim to obstruct the blood flow that provides nourishment to the cells. Embolization therapy is performed in such cases.

When recovering from NETs, you must make sure to consume a balanced diet to keep the body nourished and heightening the body’s ability to counter the illnesses. Eating protein-rich foods such as beans, eggs, cheese, and fish are recommended. Also, avoid the intake of fatty foods, sugar-filled beverages, and sweets.

5598 people found this helpful

Tumors And Cancer

Dr. Swarup Kumar Ghosh 89% (82 ratings)
MD - Bio-Chemistry, MF Homeo (London), DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery), BHMS
Homeopath, Kolkata
Tumors And Cancer

Tumors vary in their composition, but they all arise primarily, from deficiency in kali mur, which cause an excess of fibrin in the system. Occsionally this fibrin collects in masses, a tumor results. Sometimes these tumors contain only fibrin, their cure is very diffcult, as there are no blood vessels in them, consequenty no method of introducing kali mur (bio), into them to unite with the fibrin. In other case they are filled with fat, still others with water and other liquids. In all case, however, kali mur. Is the chief remedy, with such other cell- salts as suppuration, other complications may call for. The cause of cancer has so far not been discovered, but all present evidence point to the fact that the cancer cannot begin to grow until the vitality of the tissues surrounding in is lowered. It is therefore evident that the logical method of preventing cancer is to maintain the normal vitality of the tissues by watching for any symptoms of lacking cell - salts, replacing them as soon as possible. This same rule also holds goods after a cancer has become established the administration of whatever cell - salts the symptoms show to be lacking should be continued even where surgical, electrical, or other forms.

Bio treatment
Kali sulp, calc fluor, kali phos, natr. Mur, ferrum phos, calc phos, silicea, natr phosh.
 

1 person found this helpful

Brain Tumor

Dr. Swarup Kumar Ghosh 89% (82 ratings)
MD - Bio-Chemistry, MF Homeo (London), DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery), BHMS
Homeopath, Kolkata
Brain Tumor

An organ which regulates all the functions essential for an active life. General symptoms of brain tumor are headache vomiting without nausea. The vision is also affected. Neuroblastoma is the rare lethal cancer of the nervous ststem. It originates in the embryonic neural cells in the neck, chest, abodomen or pelvis. It may be present at birth but may not produce any symptom. Mental changes, dullness, epileptic convulsios & giddiness are other signs. Such tumors do not contain any blood vessls but may produce pain and other sensations.

 Exact cause is not known uptill now. It may be hereditary.
 X - ray pictures:-
air is injecyed into the ventricles prior to the x - ray examinatiion. The examination is known as pneumo - uentriculograpy.

 Nuclear magnetic resonance eeg.

 Biopsy.
 The operation performed on the brain is called craniotomy. During this procedure, a piece of the tumor is growing. Afger the tumor is removed. The piece of bone is usually replaced, except when the brain tissue is very swollen. Most types of brain tumors have a tendency to swell surgical intervention sometimes increases the amount of fiuid in tissues.

Treatment the homeopathicy symptoms/sgis base medicin set.
Cal carb 2c, calc flu 200c, plumbum met 30, 200, scirrhinum 1m, sulp 2c, thuja 2c. And other.
 

2 people found this helpful

Fibroid Tumours: All You Should Know

Dr. K.S Jeyarani Kamaraj 91% (961 ratings)
MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Chennai
Fibroid Tumours: All You Should Know

A fibroid tumour is made up of muscle cells that have escaped and come together to create a knot or a mass in the uterus. These tumours can occur due to a family history and are usually known to occur for women patients nearing menopause. One of the most common symptoms is unusually heavy menstrual cycles. Let us walk you through the rest of the details.

  • Types: Fibroid tumours can be of three types, mainly depending on the location. While submucosal fibroids can be found just under the lining of the uterus, intramural fibroids can be found between the muscles that lie on the walls of the uterus. Finally, the third type - subserol fibroids - go beyond the uterine wall to enter the pelvic cavity. 
  • Symptoms: Usually, there are no symptoms of these kinds of fibroids. There may be heavy bleeding during the monthly menstrual cycle, as well as swelling and pain in the abdomen. Also, prolonged bleeding is common when these kinds of tumours are present in the body. 
  • Cause: Fibroid tumours are mostly caused due to an overgrowth of the cells beyond the muscular walls that line the uterus. In such cases, the growth is further fuelled by hormones like estrogen and progesterone. These hormones are usually at their highest level in the body, during the childbearing years of a woman. During menopause, these tumours are known to shrink before they eventually vanish. It is very rare to find malignancy in such tumours. 
  • Risk: Are you at risk? Well, that depends on your age, family medical history, weight and in some cases, even the ethnicity. These tumours are mostly found in women who are between the age of 30 to 40 years and continues through menopause. Obesity is also a major reason that gives rise to this condition. Further, women of colour are known to develop this more easily while a family history can also increase your chances of the same.
  • Tests and Diagnosis: A pelvic exam and an ultrasound as well as a history of your menstrual cycle will help the doctor in determining whether or not you are suffering from this condition.
  • Treatment: Non steroid, anti-inflammatory drugs can help in bringing down the swelling and pain, especially in cases where there is heavy menstrual bleeding. Birth control pills and patches with hormones can also help in such cases. Further, progesterone shots and iron supplements may be prescribed. Very severe cases may require surgery for removal with a myomectomy.

Remember to visit your doctor in case you see any nagging symptoms of fibroid tumours.

4214 people found this helpful

Fibroid Tumours: Know Everything About It!!

Dr. Isha Bhalla 86% (102 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Delhi
Fibroid Tumours: Know Everything About It!!

A fibroid tumour is made up of muscle cells that have escaped and come together to create a knot or a mass in the uterus. These tumours can occur due to a family history, and are usually known to occur for women patients nearing menopause. One of the most common symptoms is unusually heavy menstrual cycles. Let us walk you through the rest of the details.

Types: Fibroid tumours can be of three types, mainly depending on the location. While submucosal fibroids can be found just under the lining of the uterus, intramural fibroids can be found between the muscles that lie on the walls of the uterus. Finally, the third type - subserol fibroids - go beyond the uterine wall to enter the pelvic cavity. 

Symptoms: Usually, there are no symptoms of these kinds of fibroids. There may be heavy bleeding during the monthly menstrual cycle, as well as swelling and pain in the abdomen. Also, prolonged bleeding is common when these kinds of tumours are present in the body. 

Cause: Fibroid tumours are mostly caused due to an overgrowth of the cells beyond the muscular walls that line the uterus. In such cases, the growth is further fuelled by hormones like estrogen and progesterone. These hormones are usually at their highest level in the body, during the child bearing years of a woman. During menopause, these tumours are known to shrink before they eventually vanish. It is very rare to find malignancy in such tumours. 

Risk: Are you at risk? Well, that depends on your age, family medical history, weight and in some cases, even the ethnicity. These tumours are mostly found in women who are between the age of 30 to 40 years and continues through menopause. Obesity is also a major reason that gives rise to this condition. Further, women of colour are known to develop this more easily while a family history can also increase your chances of the same.

Tests and Diagnosis: A pelvic exam and an ultrasound as well as a history of your menstrual cycle will help the doctor in determining whether or not you are suffering from this condition.

Treatment: Non steroid anti inflammatory drugs can help in bringing down the swelling and pain, especially in cases where there is heavy menstrual bleeding. Birth control pills and patches with hormones can also help in such cases. Further, progesterone shots and iron supplements may be prescribed. Very severe cases may require surgery for removal with a myomectomy.

Remember to visit your doctor in case you see any nagging symptoms of fibroid tumours. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ayurveda.

5181 people found this helpful
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