In easy words it is a X-ray of breast which is to detect and diagnose breast cancer by screening use of this screening tool known as mammogram also called mammography. It is a key element in early detection of breast cancer. In case of lump or any other symptoms, doctor will recommend diagnostic mammograms, which is more extensive than screening mammograms. This procedure requires more x-rays to get breast view from multiple positions.
People who gone through mammograms have different experiences. During the procedure some may feel pain while others may not at all. Most number of women feel discomfort during x-ray. Pressure that comes on breast from the process causes pain and discomfort for few minutes. Apart from that, pain vary from one woman to another, which depends upon breast size, timing of test (relation to menstrual cycle), x-ray technician skills.
At the beginning of the process, a technician will give you a gown to wear. Depending upon test facility, you may either stand or sit during mammogram. In that procedure, the technician fits each breast onto a flat X-ray plate.
Then a compressor will push the breast down to flatten the tissue. This provides a clearer picture of the breast. You might have to hold your breath for each picture. You may feel a small amount of pressure or discomfort, but it’s usually brief.
Since mammograms are an important procedure in the prevention of breast cancer by helping to detect them at an early stage, it is important for the patient to adhere to the given rules so that no problem is encountered and the process can be done without interruptions. Since mammograms detect lumps and microcalcifications in the breasts, it is important the patient does not apply anything that might look like a blocking mass of calcium during the x-ray screening. Deodorants, powders, perfumes, ointment and/or any cream should be neglected during the day of the screening so that the results are clear and valid, and if necessary, the situation can be handled with utmost care.
In the case of pregnancy and/or breastfeeding stages, the physician generally recommends an ultrasound for the detection of early breast cancer.
In easy words, Mammogram is a process to diagnose problems in the breast. In this process, X-ray pictures of the breast are taken. The doctor used to analyze these x-ray pictures to detect the problems. Whenever you go for this test, the technician will ask you to stand or sit (depends upon the facility) facing mammography, which had a flat surface to place one breast at a time. That flat surface is known as compression paddle.
Mammography is done to diagnose the early stage of breast cancer or any kind of cysts in the breast. These are low energy x -rays which help to detect tiny lump or clusters in the breasts even before a human can feel it.
Two x-rays of each breast are usually done in it.
The first one, screening mammography, is done to detect early stage of breast cancer or complication in a human body which a human can take up to 2 years to feel. It is advisable to do yearly screening mammography for all the women above 40 years of age.
Diagnostic mammography is done after an abnormal health behavior is detected in a human breast. It can be any kind of lump, cyst, tumor or any other discomfort which needs to treated further. It is done after the advice of a doctor or can also be done if some complication is found in a particular area of the breast after the screening x-ray.
Here are few things which should not be done before going for a mammogram are -