Physical deformities that occur due to birth defects can affect one both physically and psychologically, and thus giving them the right treatment is important. Typically, a physical deformity usually refers to musculoskeletal deformities and these can be treated using deformity correction.
Deformity correction refers to the process of adjusting or modifying such bone deformities. Although the process can be used for almost any part of the skeletal structure, it is usually implemented on the limbs at knee joints through surgery or orthotic devices.
Guided Growth For Deformity Correction
The deformities that can be corrected are stem from congenital or developmental deformities which occur at childbirth. Such deformities get worse with age, if not treated early before the age of four. One of the most effective procedures for correction of deformities is guided growth.
Hemi-epiphysiodesis for deformity correction has been performed for many years using staples. This procedure offered very little flexibility and caused several problems such as mal-placement, bending and breakage. As a result of this procedure drawback, the new eight-Plate technique had to be adopted .
The eight-Plate technique is a form of guided growth, which overcomes the obstacles faced by hemi-epiphyseal stapling. The eight-Plate gets its name from its figure eight shape, and it is a device that’s the size of a paper clip. It has two holes for screws, and one side of it is meant for holding the growth plate. The two screws diverge within the plate, as the opposite side of the physis gradually expands and grows. The hinge action prevents the growth plate from being compressed, thus allowing proper growth to take place when the plate is removed without causing any damage. Since the plate is manufactured with titanium, it ensures flexibility and the least chances of breakage.
Since growth occurs gradually, the correction can take place over a span of several months up to 2 years. During the recovery period, regular follow-ups with full-length x-rays of both legs shall be required to track every step of the recovery process by your surgeon. After the deformity has been corrected, the eight-Plate is surgically removed under general anesthesia.
A problem in the foot often results in rheumatoid forefoot deformity. The symptoms of this problem include pain and deformities in the foot and ankle. The forefoot gets symmetrically affected and the first rays give rise to hallux valgus, which drives the deformity of the toes.
Types of Deformities-
There are multiple foot deformities that can occur as a result of rheumatoid arthritis:
Deformities and pain are usually detected by a physical examination by the physician and at times an x-ray can be suggested for the same as well.
The primary goal of non-operative treatment is to make the deformed foot feel comfortable. The extent of the deformity is first diagnosed and then this treatment can be suggested based on it. It basically consists of pain control, shoe modification and medical management techniques:
Operative treatments are sought when the condition of the deformities is serious and the patient suffers from remarkable pain:
Each procedure has its own recovery period and in most cases, it can be limited to a range of 6 weeks to get back to normalcy. After 6 weeks, physical therapy may be suggested to increase activity gradually. To gain full mobility it might take around 3-6 months, depending on the patient’s age and condition. Relief is generally noticed by the 6th week, but to get back to full recovery it might take months.
Common surgical complications can be applicable to operative procedures. There can be a compromise to the blood supply to the tip of the toes, blood clots, pulmonary embolism, recurrence of deformity. Such complications are to be addressed by the physician to reconsider the right therapy
Treatments for forefoot deformities are to be performed after thorough diagnosis and investigation. Corrective measures are to be taken to prevent deformities. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Spine deformity is a medical condition that refers to any type of abnormality in the shape, alignment, or formation of the vertebral column. The human spine, in its normal state, has a gentle curvature but when these curves become extreme or move out of place, it leads to deformities. Some deformities are mild in nature while some are serious. The former are not recognizable but the latter mark the personality of the individual and also cause physical problems. Spine deformity is also known as a misshapen spine or curvy spine and can affect anyone – child, adolescent, adult or old.
The signs and symptoms of spine deformity include low back pain, weakness, pain in legs or thighs, muscle spasms, breathing difficulty, uneven shoulders or hips or both, misalignment of the head, protruding shoulder blade, and poor gait.
Treatment: Spinal deformity, in most of the cases, is treatable if it is detected on time. In cases of kyphosis or where the patient is experiencing symptoms such as pain or other tangible signs, physical examination by an orthopedist is necessary. Upon further screening through an X-ray or MRI scan, the degree of deformity is determined and then the doctor starts treatment. Some cases can be treated through braces or physical therapy or exercise. They correct the abnormal curvature of the spine and the individual can get a normal curvature after the treatment but in some cases, surgery is the only option left as only surgical intervention can rectify the deformed curvature. The surgical techniques include spinal fusion and insertion of implants.
Prevention: Spinal deformity is painful as well as personality diminishing condition and hence, needs timely treatment but it can be prevented as well. For it to happen, causes such as poor posture, arthritis, and slip disc need to be addressed in time. One should be extra careful about pain in the back or legs and take immediate help from the doctor. Also, one should try to maintain a healthy weight and do regular exercise.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Have you ever come across a person with usual toes, toes that are mysteriously curled or bend upwards, downwards or inwards? As strange and intriguing as it may appear, the condition can be quite painful and is known as toe deformity. In toe deformity, the foot bone is unusually and abnormally positioned, resulting in pain and discomfort.
Toe deformity in a person can be of different types. It can be:
What causes Toe Deformity?
There can be many factors responsible for toe deformities.
Signs and symptoms:
The symptoms for Toe Deformity (hammer toe, claw toe, and mallet toe) include
Initially, toe deformity appears flexible, where movement around the affected joint is possible. However, if left unattended, the condition can become severe and rigid, thereby restricting the movement (in the affected area). Treatment for toe deformity depends on how severe the condition is.
If severe cases or extreme rigidity, doctors may opt for surgical treatments like arthrodesis, tendon transfer, arthroplasty, to name a few. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Orthopedist.
As babies develop in the mother's womb, there can be many factors, which could hamper normal growth in the embryo. These can result in deformities within the physiology of the baby. One area is bone tissue growth, which in early stages is still cartilage, and can manifest within the baby as deformed feet.
The incidence of deformed feet in infants, although not very common, is still prevalent enough to warrant certain fields of study as to why they happen and their remedies.
Reasons for foot deformities in infants
Some of the reasons for foot deformities within infants are mentioned below:
1. Genetic or hereditary problems - Some problems are passed from one generation to the other, although it may not manifest in the older generations.
2. Infections to the mother during pregnancy - If the mother contracted a disease during pregnancy or had an infection, it can have adverse effects on the developments of the baby and cause deformities.
3. Side effects of medications - If the mother was under medication, side effects of certain medications can cause hormonal imbalances resulting in deformities.
4. Hormonal imbalances - Certain hormonal imbalances present in the mother's body due to overlooked problems may cause issues with the baby's development and result in foot or other physical deformities.
Correction of Foot Deformities
Most corrective measures for foot deformities entail surgery as severe problems can be only corrected through that. These measures may also include other methods such as physiotherapy, massages, and training.
Related Tip: Early Childhood Trauma - Reasons and Diagnosis
Knock knee and bow legs is a condition in which your legs appear bowed out that means that your knees stay wide apart and your ankles are together and knock-knee is the condition in which the knees angle touch to one another, commonly called valgus and varus deformities.
Causes of bow legs and knock-knee genetic are due to rickets and arthritis deficiency of vit D and other nutritions, abnormalities, muscle imbalances, which can cause these deformities which results in excessive hip-knee-ankles. These deformities can affect various joints of the body including the knee, ankle, hip and spine. We take different treatments to prevent this, like painkillers, knee brace, exercise splint and finally surgery. If you want to correct this deformity without any surgery with laser treatment and other specific exercises then you can contact us.
Knock knee and bow legs is a condition in which your legs appear bowed out that means that your knees stay wide apart and your ankles are together and knock-knee is the condition in which the knees angle touch to one another, commonly called valgus and varus deformities. Causes of bow legs and knock-knee genetic are due to rickets and arthritis deficiency of vit d and other nutritions, abnormalities, muscle imbalances, which can cause these deformities which results in excessive hip-knee-ankles. These deformities can affect various joints of the body including the knee, ankle, hip and spine. We take different treatments to prevent this, like painkillers, knee brace, exercise splint and finally surgery.
Knock knee and bow legs is a condition in which your legs appear bowed out meaning your knees stay wide apart and your ankles are together. And knock knee in this condition in which the knees angle touch to one another commomly called valgus and varus deformities.
Causes of bow legs and knock knee genetic due to rickets and arthrities defficency of vitamin-D and other nutritions, abnormalities, muscle imbalances can causes these deformities which result in excessive hip-knee-ankles. These deformities can affect various joint of the body including the knee, ankle, hip, spine.
We are taking different treatment to prevent this like painkillers, knee brace, exercise splint and finally surgery.