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In Detail About Varicose Vein & Its Treatment!

Written and reviewed by
MBBS, MS- General Surgery, FIAGES-Advanced Laparoscopy, Assistant professor in surgery, consultant surgeon
General Surgeon, Bangalore  •  26 years experience
In Detail About Varicose Vein & Its Treatment!

What are varicose veins
Varicose veins are enlarged veins that typically develop in the legs and the feet. This condition is triggered when there is something wrong with the valves of the veins. When the valves do not function properly, blood flow to all parts of the body is disrupted. Since the legs are the farthest part of the body from the heart, gravity makes it difficult for blood to flow up to the heart. It is a common affliction and affects nearly 25% of the adult population all across the world and 10 million people in India are diagnosed with it every year. The raised veins just under the top layer of the skin appear to be purplish-blue.

Varicose veins are common in people who are -
• Above 50 years of age
• Long stretch sitting
Pregnant
• Menopausal
• Obese
If someone in your family has a history of varicose veins, you are quite likely to get it too.

What are the symptoms of varicose veins?
Varicose veins are characterized by the following symptoms -

• The most obvious symptom is the large twisty veins
Pain all down the length of your legs
• Discoloration of the skin of the legs and feet

Diagnosis of varicose veins -
The doctor usually diagnoses varicose veins by a physical examination. An ultrasound may determine if your flow of blood is affected. It is a non-invasive procedure and is done with the help of high-frequency sound waves.
You may even have to undergo a venogram. The doctor injects a colored dye into your veins and X-rays them. The dye gives an indication of how well your blood is flowing through the veins.

Treatment of varicose veins -
There are several treatment options for varicose veins-

  • Vascular surgery - When the other methods do not work, doctors prescribe vascular surgery.
  • Ligation and stripping - through this surgery, the surgeon ties up the vein to prevent pooling of blood in the veins and sometimes the vein itself is removed.
  • Sclerotherapy - the doctor injects a chemical right into the varicose vein which closes it.
  • Radiofrequency ablation - the doctor uses radiofrequency to heat the varicose vein up, which makes the walls collapse

Varicose veins are a painful condition that can be avoided if you implemented a few changes to how you live your life and even if you do get them, there are ways to cure them.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult a specialist & get answers to your questions!
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