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Diabetes Tips

Prediabetes - Know More About It!

Dt.Neha Suryawanshi 94% (20456ratings)
M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Prediabetes - Know More About It!

Prediabetes - Know More About It!

COVID - 19 And Ongoing DIabetes Care!

Diabetologist, Hyderabad
COVID - 19 And Ongoing DIabetes Care!

COVID - 19 And Ongoing DIabetes Care!

Changing Role Of Diabetologist In COVID-19!

Diabetologist, Hyderabad
Changing Role Of Diabetologist In COVID-19!

Changing Role Of Diabetologist In COVID-19!

1 person found this helpful

Diabetes Care In COVID-19!

Diabetologist, Hyderabad
Diabetes Care In COVID-19!

Diabetes Care In COVID-19!

Pancreatic Transplant - When Is It Required?

Dr.Siddharth Jain 95% (243ratings)
Liver Transplant, Surgical Gastroenterology, Fellowship in Abdominal Multi Organ Transplant Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
Pancreatic Transplant - When Is It Required?

Pancreas is a small organ that is located in the lower part of the stomach. It lies just behind the abdomen. It functions by producing the insulin hormone which is responsible for regulating blood sugar level in the body and breaking down food into glucagon which is stored in the body. This glucagon is converted into glucose which is used by the body for energy and other purposes. Therefore, pancreatic transplant is done in patients with a malfunctioning pancreas.

Why is pancreatic transplant required?
Patients suffering from type I diabetes usually undergo a pancreatic transplant. Type I diabetes is characterized by the inability of the pancreas to produce insulin, thereby leading to low blood sugar level. This type of diabetes occurs due to the malfunction of pancreatic beta cells whose primary role is to produce insulin. These beta cells make up around 65 to 80 percent of the cells found in the pancreatic islets. They typically malfunction when the body's immune system begins to attack and destroy the pancreatic beta cells. Therefore, type I diabetes is an autoimmune disorder. Patients with type I diabetes require insulin injections that might cause severe reactions. People dependent on insulin are prone to the development of diabetic retinopathy and diabetic nephropathy.

People with type II diabetes generally do not need pancreatic transplant because this type of diabetes occurs due to low production of insulin or lack of insulin resistance. Here is a list of the probable reasons why pancreatic transplant is required:

  1. People who have type I diabetes but are not cured by standard treatment
  2. Severe reactions to insulin injections
  3. Low blood sugar
  4. Kidney damage
  5. Hypoglycemia unawareness

A pancreatic transplant can be of three types. They are:

  1. Pancreas transplant only- People with type I diabetes and normally functioning kidneys require only a pancreatic transplant.
  2. Pancreas and kidney transplant- Type I diabetes, in rare cases, leads to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or end-stage kidney disease where one or both the kidneys are damaged. In such cases, pancreas and kidney are transplanted simultaneously to disable the dependence on insulin injection. This type of surgery may also be required when the pancreas and the kidneys come from the same donor.
  3. Pancreas-after-kidney transplant- In some cases of type I diabetes, your doctor will recommend kidney transplant first followed by pancreatic transplant. It must be remembered that pancreatic transplant should be done by taking into consideration the side-effects caused by the anti-rejection injections administered after the procedure is performed. It may cause bone thinning, high cholesterol and high blood pressure in a patient’s body. As the anti-rejection injections work by suppressing the immune system, the body’s defense mechanism against infections and other diseases becomes ineffective to a considerable extent.

A pancreatic transplant is a serious procedure that requires a lot of deliberations and consultations with your doctor and should only be opted for when the benefits outweigh the side effects from the anti-rejection medications.

1671 people found this helpful

Recurrent Pregnancy Loss - What Can Constitute It?

Dr.Asha Gavade 88% (797ratings)
DNB - Obstetrics & Gynecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Pune
Recurrent Pregnancy Loss - What Can Constitute It?

Recurrent miscarriage is a condition when there have been three or more successive pregnancy losses. It is different from infertility as infertility is the inability to conceive. For many cases, the cause of a recurrent miscarriage has not always been found. A number of factors can cause recurrent miscarriages of which some are treatable. It may not always be possible to identify a cause for recurrent miscarriage in a couple even after extensive research and treatment procedures. Some of the common causes of recurrent miscarriage are described below:

1. Chromosomal abnormalities
Incompatible chromosomes can result in pregnancy losses. When an egg and a sperm meet, of which one of them is faulty, they can't line up properly resulting in chromosomal abnormality. Such conditions lead to miscarriages.

2. Uterine abnormalities or Incompetent cervixes
Miscarriages occur if the uterus is abnormally shaped since the embryo is not properly implanted or even if it gets implanted, it may not get sufficient nourishment to survive. If the woman has a weak cervix, it cannot hold the developing embryo, leading to miscarriage.

3. Immunologic disorders
Under rare cases, the embryo itself is not accepted by the body. Antiphospholipid antibodies are antibodies which attack self-tissues such as embryos and prevent them from building up. This leads to miscarriages.

4. Untreated thyroid problems
Conditions such as thyroid or uncontrolled diabetes result in uterine conditions which make it tough for the embryos to survive.

5. Polycystic ovary syndrome
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome tend to have high levels of male hormones which result in irregular menstruation and ovulation. This can prevent the lining of the endometrium from maturing that is required for holding the embryo.

6. Bacterial infections
There may be a presence of a number of micro-organisms inside the reproductive tract that may be harmless for the person. But there may be certain bacteria lined up in the reproductive tract which can prevent the development of an embryo, thus leading to miscarriages.

7. Lifestyle
Smoking and drinking are harmful lifestyle habits which may increase the chances of miscarriages to a great extent. It is always advised to avoid smoking or drinking when you wish to conceive. Other lifestyle conditions, such as working in certain environments like hospital environments, farms, laboratories, etc, may lead to miscarriages; however, the exact reason has not been identified yet.
 

8614 people found this helpful

Cure Your Diabetes With Homoeopathy!

Dr.Shikhar Tripathi 95% (13261ratings)
BSc, BHMS-Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine &Surgery , Clinical Training & Case Management
Homeopathy Doctor, Lucknow
Cure Your Diabetes With Homoeopathy!

Homoeopathy can be used very effectively in the treatment of diabetes. Here we mainly concentrate on functioning of the pancreas in efficient insulin production. Medicines such as helonias, iodum, syzygium jambolanum, cephalandra indica acidum phos, gymnema sylvestrium, bc, patents, along with constitutional approach to bring out the cure are used by us effectively in the treatment of all the stages of the diseases.

8 people found this helpful

Cure Your Type1 Diabetes With Homoeopathy!

Dr.Shikhar Tripathi 95% (13261ratings)
BSc, BHMS-Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine &Surgery , Clinical Training & Case Management
Homeopathy Doctor, Lucknow
Cure Your Type1 Diabetes With Homoeopathy!

The type 1 diabetes also known as juvenile diabetes is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin.
Homoeopathy is effectively used in the treatment of type 1 diabetes. Here we mainly concentrate on functioning of the pancreas in efficient insulin production. Various medicines are used by us effectively in the treatment of all the stages of the diseases.

6 people found this helpful

Fatty Liver Disease!

DM - Hepatology, MD - General Medicine, M. B. B. S.
Hepatologist, Bangalore
Fatty Liver Disease!
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Have less of refined carbohydrates.
  • Go low on salt.
  • Diabetics must keep their blood glucose levels under control.
  • Add green leafy vegetables to your diet.
  • Seek professional help when in doubt.
1 person found this helpful

Gestational Diabetes - Who Is At Risk?

Dr.Abhay Ahluwalia 87% (100ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DNB, DM - Endocrinology
Endocrinologist, Gurgaon
Gestational Diabetes - Who Is At Risk?

Gestational diabetes is diabetes that arises during the pregnancy and disappears after giving birth. It is usually diagnosed in the second stage by screening or blood test. It mostly occurs in the women who previously have some traits of diabetes. Gestational diabetes affects your pregnancy and your newborn baby health, but risk can be reduced if detected before and manage well.

Gestational diabetes is caused due to an excessive amount of blood sugar level, as at the time of pregnancy placenta excrete the glucose building hormones. The pancreas excretes enough insulin to manage if not this lead to the excessive amount of blood sugar. This can be prevented by adopting healthy habits before pregnancy. The mentioned below are the symptoms, causes and prevention of Gestational diabetes.

Symptoms
In most of the cases, Gestational diabetes does not show any sign and symptoms, but it can be diagnosed through the blood test or screening. Some women may develop symptoms if they are suffering from hyperglycemia. The common symptoms are:

Tiredness

  1. Dry mouth
  2. More pee than the daily routine
  3. Increase thirst

These are some symptoms shown by the diabetic patient if you are experiencing any of them then consult your doctor. Regular checkup, test and screening should be preferred to avoid this serious problem. The problem can be well managed if detected at the time.

Who is at risk?
Any women can suffer from Gestational diabetes, but you are a great risk if:

  1. Your body mass index is above 30, use a body mass calculator to workout and reduce the risk of Gestational diabetes.
  2. Your previous baby is weighted more than 4kg or above at the time of birth, then you are more prone to Gestational diabetes.
  3. If One of your parents has diabetes.
  4. You have Gestational diabetes in previous pregnancy.

Causes
During pregnancy, the placenta excretes the hormones that lead to building up of glucose in the body. The pancreas makes enough insulin to manage them if not, then sugar level rise and cause Gestational diabetes. Usually, the hormones build up during the pregnancy work against insulin and raise the blood sugar level in the body.

Precaution
There is no guarantee t prevent Gestational diabetes, but by adopting some healthy habits, reduce the risk of future pregnancy. The mentioned below are a habit that helps to prevent or reduce the risk of Gestational diabetes.

  1. Eat healthy food, focus on food rich in nutrients and fibre that will help you're to achieve your goal
  2. Always go for 30 min moderate exercise before and during pregnancy, this will protect you from the risk of Gestational diabetes.
  3. If you are planning for pregnancy go for excessive weight loss this will help to attain the healthiest pregnancy ahead.

Conclusion
Gestational diabetes is not a major issue, it can be managed well if diagnosed on time. One can prevent this disease by just adopting healthy habits of balanced diet and exercise. Some women may require medical care so regular checkup and screening is important during pregnancy.

1614 people found this helpful
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