A few days ago, Nick Jonas, Priyanka Chopra's fiance, took to Instagram to reveal that he was diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes 13 years ago. The famous singer went on to explain that since he has always been working out and eating right to manage the disease. It is a heart-warming message and is a timely reminder that Type 1 Diabetes should be diagnosed on time so that medication can manage its symptoms.
What is Type 1 Diabetes?
It is a chronic condition, which is also called juvenile diabetes because it manifests only in children when the pancreas produce little to no insulin. Without insulin (a hormone), sugar cannot enter the cells and energy cannot be produced.
It is estimated that around 97,700 children in India are diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes every year.
When should you consult a doctor for Type 1 Diabetes?
If your child shows the following symptoms, it could be Type 1 Diabetes:
Frequent urge to urinate
Rapid weight loss
Vaginal yeast infection in girls
The feeling of always being hungry
What are the risks associated with Type 1 Diabetes?
The complications arising out of Type 1 Diabetes can have a severe and debilitating effect on the body in the long run:
Heart Diseases: Type 1 Diabetes can make a person more susceptible to cardiovascular problems like coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, heart attack, stroke and atherosclerosis (constricting of the arteries).
Kidney damage (Nephropathy): Type 1 Diabetes attacks the kidney’s filtering system, which can lead to kidney failure or end-stage kidney disease.
Nerve damage (Neuropathy): Type 1 Diabetes damages the walls of the blood vessels of neurons especially in the legs. This results in tingling sensation in the toes. Eventually, a person might lose all feeling in the legs.
Eye damage: Type 1 Diabetes can damage the retina to cause blindness. It can also cause cataracts and glaucoma.
Pregnancy-related complications: Type 1 Diabetes is dangerous for both the mother and the baby. The risks of miscarriage, stillbirth and birth defects go up significantly if the mother has type 1 diabetes.
Management of Type 1 Diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes has no cure. Type 1 Diabetes can be life-threatening unless it is meticulously managed every day of your life. Consult a doctor and dietician to chalk out a course that will help keep the effects of diabetes under check.
Since the body does not produce sufficient insulin, insulin supplements in the form of injects are needed. You will have to undergo insulin therapy all throughout your life
You need to monitor your blood glucose level every day. You can buy a glucometer to check your blood sugar level at home.
The super food that you must include in your diet are - beans, leafy vegetables, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, fish with omega 3 fatty acid, whole grains and citrus fruits. Always avoid alcohol and cigarettes.
Regular exercising can help manage glucose levels and ward off diabetes-related complications. Some exercises that you should incorporate in your daily regime are- aerobic exercises like running, swimming, cycling. If you are not up to rigorous exercises, you should at least walk for 30 minutes every day.
Type 1 Diabetes can be fatal but with proper medication, diet and exercise, you can go on to live a long healthy life.
Diabetes is a gnawing problem that affects millions throughout the world. It is a disorder that if overlooked can lead to serious diseases; cardiovascular ailments, problems related to vision, kidney problems and many more. While medication tries to regulate your blood sugar levels, it is not always unfailing. Medication along with changes in your diet and lifestyle can still not improve your condition in certain cases. At times it is hard to increase the insulin production in a person's body even after administering medicines solely known for their efficacy. Such kind of diabetic patients can therefore benefit from a Bariatric surgery.
What is a Bariatric surgery?
Bariatric surgery doesn't refer to a single operative method. It involves a host of surgical procedures conducted on a person to rid him or her of obesity. Obesity in combination with diabetes can make a person's life miserable. The treatment of one can come in the way of curing the other. A diabetic patient who also suffers from obesity usually finds it hard to lose weight in spite of exercising or being on diet. Surgery comes to their rescue. This kind of surgery should be fallen back upon as the lender of last resort that is to say when other solutions have not helped. Bariatric surgery is always performed under skilled supervision. It might include reduction of the size of your stomach, removal of a portion of the stomach, or even gastric bypass surgery.
How does Bariatric surgery help reduce Diabetes?
Diabetes can be of three basic kinds;
Type 1 diabetes in which the body produces no amount of insulin.
Type 2 diabetes in which the body produces an insufficient amount of insulin or Gestational diabetes that pregnant women tend to contract.
Bariatric surgery proves to be very advantageous for patients of Type 2 diabetes:
1. Surgery lowers blood sugar levels considerably. Research shows people with acute diabetes made huge improvements after having undergone a Bariatric surgery. Their blood sugar levels dropped by a noticeable percentage and they felt healthier. Reduced blood sugar is an almost immediate effect in some while for others it does take some time.
2. Bariatric surgery exercises a control over cholesterol, blood pressure and triglyceride levels.
3. The impressive benefits of this operation for a Type 2 diabetes patient are not superficial or temporary. If the patient adheres to the lifestyle prescribed by a doctor, takes medication regularly and follows the basics of post- operative care he or she is likely to remain beyond the ambit of this metabolic disorder.
4. It successfully takes care of ailments resulting from diabetes.
5. Bariatric surgery can eliminate the need for medication or it can reduce the dosage of medicines you take.
The word diabetes bothers us all; makes us worry about severe health conditions – from infections to amputations, and from sweet-consumption to stroke and heart attack. However, if we make the right lifestyle changes, that would not really hamper our cozy spectrum, we can easily sail through life.
To put the term in simple words: diabetes is nothing but a condition caused by elevated sugar levels due to deficiency in the insulin production or absorption in our body.
Many factors like lifestyle, the lack of exercise, diet, genetics, among others, may lead to either of the three types of diabetes; Type 1 or Type 2 or gestational diabetes. We must focus on managing diabetes in the best possible way.
You should check for a few simple signs and symptoms for early detection of diabetes. Thirst and dry mouth along with tiredness, fatigue and irritability are a few primary symptoms. You may feel an increased urge for urination, especially, more often during the night. The other symptoms are sudden changes in weight, increased urge to eat sweets, blurred vision, headache and nausea, and skin problems like itchiness and frequent boils.
Basis these symptoms if you investigate, and if you fasting blood sugar levels (BSL) are between 110mg/dL- 126mg/dL then you have impaired fasting glucose. But if it goes beyond 126mg/dL then you are considered to be diabetic. Post glucose intake of 75 gm, the BSL between 140mg/dL- 199mg/dL is considered to be signaling impaired glucose tolerance and above 200mg/dL is considered diabetic. The normal blood sugar levels in 12 hour fasting are 70 mg/dL to 110 mg/dL and for a post-meal blood glucose level the range is 100 mg/dL to 140 mg/dL In recent times, however, HbA1C levels are given more importance by the doctors, and HbA1C equal to or more than 6.5% are also considered as diagnostic for diabetes.
Homeopathic medicines are never generic. Depending upon your lifestyle a personalized medicine is prepared to control the blood sugar levels. Also, prior to the medicine preparation and selection, a detailed case study of the patient is conducted so that one can have a medicine that will suit his/her lifestyle along with controlled BSL. Use of specific remedies for immediate reduction of high BSL is done by medicines like Phosphoric acid, Natrum phos, Abroma, Syzigium.
Itchiness and eruptions are common among diabetic patients. A patient comes with a trouble dealing with itchiness and eruptions around groin area. After initial treatment, the eruptions reduced but were not completely cured. After more examination, It was realized that it was a case of Tibea cruris ( fungal infection of the groin area). The high BSL was the reason for these eruptions and itching. Medicine is prescribed to resolve skin complaints and high blood sugar levels. After three weeks the skin issues were cured. After a month the BSL was normal as well.
Higher BSL during pregnancy is called gestational diabetes; the BSL is normal pre-pregnancy among these women. Pregnant at 34, patient was diagnosed with gestational diabetes along with hypothyroidism. Post delivery patient complained of urinary infection. Despite exercising regularly and following a diet regimen, and regular intake of medicines patient failed to reduce weight and could not resolve the issues of high BSL. She was then prescribed a medicine to resolve the infection. Considering her schedule, height, and weight I prepared a diet plan for her which led to a loss of 6 kg in three months along with stable BSL and thyroid levels after a span of four weeks. She still monitors her BSL and thyroid levels; all under control with the help of the prescribed homeopathic medicines.
Initially, diabetes may not have a profound effect on your health but as time passes, and especially if it is not managed well, diabetes can result in a range of health complications. You can still alter your present diabetic conditions to avoid complications, which are:
Diabetic retinopathy: A common cause of blindness in the age group 35-60. Can be avoided if you keep a constant check on BSL and go for fundoscopic screening for your eyes. Homeopathic remedies like Tarantula Cubensis and Aurum met are helpful to treat this.
Diabetic nephropathy: This is a diabetic complication wherein the patient suffers from an impaired kidney function along with loss of protein from the urine. The primary symptom is experiencing an increased urge for urination. This follows with nausea, vomiting, tiredness, facial puffiness and swelling on the feet. The homeopathic remedies are Urea Pura, Ampelopsis Quinfolia Apis Mel, Spongia and Lactic acid.
Diabetic neuropathy: High BSL causes injury to the blood vessels supplying nerves leading to tingling and numbness, pain, abnormal sensation to body part, erectile dysfunction and loss of bladder control. Homeopathic remedies like Pumbum met, Hypericum, Secale cor are helpful to aid diabetic nephropathy.
Diabetic foot: The peripheral arteries and nerves around the foot get affected leading to poor blood circulation along with impaired sensation. This would lead to a non healing wound which may further result into gangrene if proper and immediate care is not taken. The homeopathic remedies are Gun powder, Arsenicum Alb and Staphylococcicum.
If you decide to completely rely on medicines without taking extra efforts then you are heading towards the wrong direction. Medicines help in controlling blood sugar levels only if the intake is supported with a particular routine or minor changes in the daily habits and lifestyle. Some of those easy yet important things you must do to help in controlling the sugar levels are:
Regular exercise should include a combination of cardio exercises like a 45-minute brisk walk along with muscle strengthening exercises.
Weight loss helps to repair the metabolic disorder.
Follow a low carbohydrate diet and shift towards high protein and high fiber foods.
Performing yogasanas like mandukasana (frog pose) is beneficial in controlling BSL.
Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder that results in higher levels of blood sugars in the body. It is assuming epidemic proportions, and India has become the new diabetic capital with more than 50 million diabetic people. The main problem with diabetes is it does not completely go away, and there is a whole myriad of issues that it brings along with it. Heart attacks, strokes, eyesight problems, delayed wound healing, nerve damage and impotence. Therefore, diabetes and by that we mainly mean blood sugar levels have to be managed so that there is a delay in onset of the associated conditions and/or reduced in severity.
Ayurveda refers to diabetes as Prameha (excessive urination) and Madhumeha (sugary urine) and has identified close to 20 forms of the disease. According to Ayurvedic belief, each disease is caused due to imbalance in kapha, pitta, and vata doshas and diabetes is caused by all these, predominantly by kapha. With any stream of medicine, management of diabetes involves two tracks - one is lifestyle changes and the second is medications.
Lifestyle changes include the following:
Diabetes is a lifestyle disease that can easily be managed by controlling our diet. Along with being aware of your sugar intake, your diet should help you lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels. However, this does not mean you have to resign yourself to a lifetime of tasteless food.
Here are a few diet tips that can help manage diabetes:
Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body deals with glucose in the blood and the glucose absorbed from the food you ingest. Diabetes is generally of two basic types - Type 1 and Type 2. Apart from these two types, there are other kinds as well including gestational diabetes that some women suffer from during their pregnancy. Type 2 Diabetes is a condition where the cells of the body do not make proper use of the insulin being produced by the pancreas.
- Weight: Being overweight is one the foremost side effects and sometimes, even cause of Type 2 Diabetes. To make your life easier, you can lose weight so that the complications involved are that much less. Diet and exercise are key for appropriate weight loss. Watch your diet so that you can eliminate high cholesterol as well. This can ensure that unnecessary amount of fat does not stick to your muscles and organs, which in turn will fuel better functioning of the same.
- Health Care: Being fit with Type 2 Diabetes does not merely mean staying within your normal weight range. It also means taking care of your medication and insulin doses so that you can function in a more normal way. Make your family and friends your support system as you go about life so that people can help you and recognise symptoms when something goes wrong. Be in constant touch with your health care providers and the general physician you see so that they are in the loop and you know exactly what to do in case there is an emergency.
- Exercise: Being active is a great way to keep your blood sugar level low even as you ensure that you heart is in good condition. This will further eliminate the risk of heart disease, hypertension and high cholesterol. Sweating it out also helps the insulin work in a better manner within your body.
- Balance: While you may be asked to remove sugar from your diet, there is no need to stay away from proper meals. You can have a fibre rich diet that also has plenty of fruits and vegetables so that you get your due nutrition and maintain a fit body.
Watching your lifestyle is the main thing you need to do if you are suffering from Type 2 Diabetes.
Kidneys and Kidney Diseases
The kidneys are organs which aim to filter out huge amounts of blood to produce 1-2 quarts of urine. They also perform the task of filtering out the excessive waste materials from the blood stream.
Diabetes: What is it and how does it affect your kidneys?
Diabetes is a condition which is caused when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin (Type 1 Diabetes) or when your body doesn’t react to the insulin in a normal way (Type 2 Diabetes). The sugar in your food cannot be broken down effectively which can result in problems in your kidneys.
The glucose content in your blood causes considerable damage to the filters in your kidneys. The damage in the kidneys can affect the kidney function and obstruct the filtering out of wastes from the blood.
Thus, diabetes could be attributed as a major cause of kidney disease.
Managing Diabetes -
Managing diabetes is crucial to avoid kidney diseases. However, diabetes doesn’t have a proper cure which is why it is even more important to take care of your health in such cases.
Here are a few ways in which diabetic patients can aim to be healthy and prevent kidney diseases:
Quit Smoking - Smoking increases diabetic complications such as nerve damage and heart strokes which can in-turn affect your kidneys’ functions adversely. Hence, it is advisable to quit smoking to keep diabetes under control.
Healthy Meals - Opt for healthy meals which are balanced and packed with nutrients as they help in increasing the insulin function in your body. Foods such as green leafy vegetables, legumes, fruits and lean meat should be included in your meals.
Engage in Physical Exercise - A diabetic person needs to engage in physical exercise in order to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Obesity can increase your chances of complications and can be detrimental to your kidneys as well.
If your glucose level is more than the usual level, chances are that you have diabetes. The warning signals of diabetes are mild that in the preliminary stage it is challenging to detect. Diabetes can be of two types. Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes. The symptoms of which stand crucial for an individual’s knowledge to take preventive measures.
Type 1 diabetes
When your immune system damages pancreatic cells called beta cells, Type 1 diabetes occurs. They’re functional in making insulin. Symptoms of Type 1 diabetes typically begin promptly, within a few days to weeks. High blood sugar causes them. In the first few days, the symptoms might misguide you to believe that it is an ailment like the flu.
Common symptoms of Type 1 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes affects millions of people all over India. If you have Type 2 diabetes, your body is not able to use the insulin hormone properly. Check out for the below-listed symptoms.
Common symptoms of type 2 diabetes
To be aware of the symptoms of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes is important as you can seek medical help at the early onset of the condition.
On the occasion of world diabetes day, I want to convey that the complications of diabetes can only be prevented by sharing knowledge about the disease.
Symptoms of diabetes include Increased urination, Increased thirst, Generalized weakness, Loss of weight, etc. Early identification of symptoms and proper initiation of treatment can prevent many complications.
Please keep an eye on the above symptoms, if any get a blood sugar done and report to a physician.