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Dental Prevention Health Feed

Fluoride - Know How It Impacts Our Teeth!

Dentist, Mumbai
Fluoride - Know How It Impacts Our Teeth!

Fluoride is a chemical naturally present in water and in some foods and is essential for healthy bone growth.  A few decades ago, fluoride was discovered to have anti-cariogenic (against tooth decay) properties and slowly gained popularity. While most believe that fluoride can do wonders for your teeth and help you get rid of all problems, it is not true.  There is only so much that fluoride can do and there are also undesirable effects from it.

Read on to know some myths about fluoride versus the actual facts.

Myth: Drinking fluoridated water can lead to fluorosis, which produces brown, pitted teeth, which are weak and aesthetically unappealing.

Fact:  People develop fluorosis only when the water contains excessive amounts of fluorine.  The currently defined permissible level is about 0.7 parts per million. At this level, fluoride provides the maximum protection against caries, at the same time not leading to fluorosis.  In some cases, mild fluorosis can be seen, which only produces white speckles on the tooth and not brown pits.  These teeth have a higher resistance to decay than people drinking non-fluoridated water.

Myth: Fluoride is a forced medication

Fact: Fluoride is a chemical with special benefits to the bones and teeth.  In cases where the water does not contain sufficient quantities of fluoride or where the person is prone to decay, adding fluoride will provide the extra level of protection against caries.

Myth: Adding fluoride to the drinking water leads to various other medical conditions (heart disease, cancer, etc.)

Fact: Various studies have shown that this is not true. In fact, fluoride has been endorsed as safe to use and does not contribute to any diseases like heart disease, cancer, autism, or kidney problems.

Myth: Fluoride is not safe for children.

Fact: Children need a good amount of fluoride in their tooth forming years. This produces teeth that are more resistant to decay and are stronger generally. If the regular supply of water does not contain sufficient fluoride, then the child can be given supplements in the form of fluoridated toothpaste and gel applications at the clinic to provide the anti-cariogenic benefit.

Myth: If there is enough water in the fluoride, then there is no worry of tooth decay.

Fact: Fluoride only makes the teeth resistant to easy decay, it does not protect from decay completely.  Proper oral hygiene habits (brushing, flossing, rinsing, dental visits) are essential to ensure that there is no plaque accumulation and food deposits to prevent caries.  Fluoride is not a replacement for these practices.

Like with anything else, even excessive fluoride is not good for health, therefore the recommended level is 0.7 ppm.  Ensure fluoride supplements are used only after a discussion with your dentist.

5864 people found this helpful

Paraesthesia - Causes And Treatments Of The Problem!

Dr.Sayed Asif Saba 90% (277ratings)
MDS - Prosthodontics
Dentist, Ranchi
Paraesthesia - Causes And Treatments Of The Problem!

Often paraesthesia is caused due to the needle injury. When the dentist inserts the needle for a block, the patient might experience a sharp sensation on the tongue equivalent to that of an electric shock. This is known as paraesthesia and is defined as a change in the sensation or anesthesia that is persistent and the duration generally extends.

This condition cannot be prevented and is a complication in some patients who undergo a dental treatment. Though it is commonly seen in the implant therapy, paraesthesia is more of a dental malpractice.

The feeling of the electric shock is felt when the needle comes in close contact with a nearby nerve. This is enough to develop paraesthesia. Severing of the nerves with a local anesthesia and small gauge needle is uncommon. The exact cause of paresthesia has not been ruled out, but it is believed that the block happens because of using 4% solutions of local anesthesias.

In case a paresthesia occurs, then it usually gets resolved within some days, weeks or months, but if it lasts for more than 6-9 months, then it is considered to be permanent.

When the paraesthesia is due to a surgical trauma, then getting help from an oral and maxillofacial surgeon is recommended. They assess that if a surgical intervention can be used to fix the problem. In case the paraesthesia is due to the anesthesia given locally by the dentist, then he/she does the following:

  1. Patient Management: Reassurance of the patient is must as they get jittery about the situation. The dentist often speaks about the condition with the patient personally. The patient is made to understand how a paraesthesia might have occurred and how much time it would take to resolve. This is also recorded in the patient book so as to avoid any such incidents in the future.
  2. Examination of the patient: The dentist should discuss the whole phenomenon and procedure of how paraesthesia can take place. It is important to let the patient know that the condition subsides, but it might take some time. The extent and the degree of paraesthesia should be assessed and the findings should be noted in the examination records.
  3. Follow up with patient: It is the dentist's duty to keep a tab on the follow up with the patient. The patient should go for a re-checkup within 1 month of developing a paraesthesia and then again in 1-2 month intervals. The visits could be more and can last until the paraesthesia completely resolves. Improving signs and symptoms usually promise that the paraesthesia is getting better. If paraesthesia is still persistent, then help from an oral and maxillofacial surgeon should be taken for a surgical approach.
3652 people found this helpful

Dental Check-ups!

Dr.Puneet Kansal 90% (1940ratings)
MDS - Orthodontics, BDS
Dentist, Meerut
Dental Check-ups!

When did you last go for a dental checkup? 

It is the fact that so many patients think dental decay is some mysterious occurrence rather than driven primarily by what you eat.

That and the fact that people use pain as the signal to seek care.

Regular dental care means you get regular examinations that can identify oral health problems well in advance of pain and where preventive care and far simpler treatment can be provided to improve your oral health and lower the costs versus the cost of treatment that is required once you have pain.

1 person found this helpful

Pregnancy & Dental Health - How Are They Related?

BDS
Dentist, Mumbai
Pregnancy & Dental Health - How Are They Related?

Pregnancy may bring a glow to your face, but can affect your dental health quite adversely. Thus it is important to pay attention to your dental care routine and visit your dentist regularly for checkups. Most of the changes in your dental health are due to hormonal surges that occur during pregnancy.

  1. Pregnancy and plaque buildup: Pregnancy can aggravate gum diseases like gingivitis. This is caused by the buildup of plaque on the teeth and is characterized by red, swollen and bleeding gums. Pregnancy gingivitis affects of majority of pregnant women. If left untreated, it can lead to a more serious condition known as periodontitis. The swelling of gums can also trigger the development of pregnancy tumours and non-cancerous growths. These tumours will usually subside on their own after delivery. However, if they interfere with eating or your dental care routine, your dentist may advise you to get it removed. A link has also been suggested between gingivitis and the delivery of premature babies by triggering the production of prostaglandins that induce an early delivery.
  2. What to keep in mind while visiting the dentist: Regular dental checkups are as important as your gynecological checkups. Be open with your dentist and let him know the status of your pregnancy. Dental visits are recommended in the first, second and third trimester of pregnancy. At your visit, the dentist will assess the condition of your teeth and suggest an oral care routine. Getting your teeth regularly cleaned can prevent the buildup of plaque and lower your chances of suffering from gingivitis. Regular fillings and non emergency procedures can be performed during pregnancy. However, the best time to undergo any dental procedure if you are pregnant is between the 4th and 6th month. Avoid X-rays unless in cases of emergencies when pregnant. If you need to take any form of medication or need to put under anesthesia, consult your gynecologist about the procedure. Wherever possible, try and postpone dental treatment till after delivery.
  3. Brushing while pregnant: Along with brushing your teeth regularly, it is also important to use the right toothpaste when pregnant. Choose fluoridetoothpastes and mouthwashes for your daily routine. Rinsing your mouth with mouthwash can also help curb morning sickness and erase its distaste from your mouth. Flossing can also help keep your teeth healthy. Along with this, include plenty of vitamin C and B12 in your diet to prevent dental problems.
4464 people found this helpful

Oral Care For Children!

Dr.Puneet Kansal 90% (1940ratings)
MDS - Orthodontics, BDS
Dentist, Meerut
Oral Care For Children!

Dental sealants: protection shield for children oral health

10% of children are prone to dental cavities, as it is one of the most common problems worldwide. Children need specialized pediatric care & their parents have to play an important role to take care of their children's dental health.

Cavities occur when children takes more sugar in their diet which forms plaque or translucent bacterial on the tooth surface. It destroys the tooth enamel. Once you lose tooth enamel, it can't be recovered.

Many studies showed that from childhood to adulthood, children have many dental problems and the most common is cavities. As we can do, many cure through dental visits, good oral hygiene, fluoridated tooth paste which have minimum quantity of fluoride, flossing, mouth rinse.

After all the precautions, children still have cavities because some have low immunity so response to bacteria is more prone on their oral cavity. When your child eats and drinks, these bacteria create acids, which can dissolve the protective layer beneath the retained plaque. It removes minerals from the enamel, which if left untreated causing a cavity. Parents often have questions about how to take care of their children's teeth.

For good oral hygiene of children, using dental sealants as protection shield to keep the teeth healthy. Dental sealant is a plastic material that is applied to the teeth, hardens them, and provides a barrier against plaque and other harmful substances. They are usually placed on the chewing (occlusal) surface of the permanent back teeth, the molars and premolars & protect them from cavities. It works like rain coat for tooth against cavities.

Dental sealant procedure:

First, polishing the surface of the tooth to remove plaque and food debris from the pit and fissure surfaces.
Next, isolate and dry the tooth. Then, etch will apply on the surface of the tooth, rinse off the etching material and dry the tooth.
Applying the sealant on the surface of the tooth with a brush; a self-curing light will be used for about 30 seconds to bond the sealant to the tooth surface.
Then, evaluating the dental sealant and check the occlusion. Once the sealant as hardened it becomes a hard plastic coating, and child can chew on the tooth again.

Many studies have shown that dental sealant are effective in helping to prevent decay on chewing (occlusal) surfaces for last many years. If necessary, it is also possible to place a new dental sealant on the tooth. Dental sealant is a painless treatment without drilling or numbing medications. Sealants are more common in children because of the new growth of permanent teeth.

 

3 people found this helpful

Yellowing of Teeth - 4 Tips to Avoid it!

BDS
Dentist, Delhi
Yellowing of Teeth - 4 Tips to Avoid it!

You look your best when you wear a smile on your face. Everyone prefers a smiling face over a frowned one. Since we are talking about smiles, one can never underestimate the role that teeth play in the beauty of a smile. Dental hygiene and care is mandatory if you wish to secure your beautiful smile for years to come.

However, the global statistics for dental care suggests that we do not care enough for our teeth. 60-90% of children who are in school and almost every adult suffer from dental cavities. Dental cavities are pretty common nowadays. And yellowing of teeth can now be seen in almost every other person. It spoils the smile and makes people conscious. By ensuring a few dental care habits in your daily routine lives, you can avoid yellow teeth.

Let us discuss the tips and tricks to avoid yellowing of teeth: 

  1. Say no to specific foods: Yellowing of teeth is caused by food choices including coffee, red wine, sodas, juices, sports drinks, white wine, coloured candies and other artificially coloured foods. It will help if these foods are consumed in less quantity and frequency as they are the major contributors towards discoloration of teeth.
  2. Water after every coloured drink: Here is a habit that you must inculcate in your routine, whenever you consume any of the above mentioned food items. Post every drink or food intake which can cause tooth-staining, top it up with a glass of water. When you swirl or gargle the water in your mouth, you remove the acids that get accumulated in your mouth. It is one of the simplest preventive measures one can implement to avoid tooth stains.
  3. Dental hygiene: Our parents and dentists kept reminding us all the time to brush twice a day and gargle with water post every food intake but did we listen to them as kids? No we did not. Proper brushing, flossing and going for dental checkups at regular intervals are sure shot ways to keep your teeth healthy for majority of your lifetime. One must develop these habits quite early in life to gain benefits from it.
  4. Whiten those yellow teeth:  You might be at that stage of your life where inculcating the above mentioned habits won't do much good. The damage might already have been done. Your teeth are probably yellowish already and you have a history of dental cavities. In this 21st century, there are ways to whiten your teeth artificially with the many alternatives available in the market. One can opt for a solution, which can be done at home itself or go for a laser whitening which is now possible at a dentist clinic. 

So there is still hope for those who are unable to share that smile with the world due to the yellowing of teeth. Nothing is irreparable here and the health of your teeth lies in your hand. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dentist.

3442 people found this helpful

Taking Care of Teeth and Mouth

Dr.Pankaj Dhawan 87% (40ratings)
MDS
Dentist, Delhi
Taking Care of Teeth and Mouth
Brush your teeth immediately after a meal to prevent dental damage. True or False? Take the quiz to know now.
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