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Dengue fever Tips

Know About Symptoms, Diagnosis & Prevention Of Dengue Fever!

Know About Symptoms, Diagnosis & Prevention Of Dengue Fever!

Dengue fever is a painful infection transmitted by the bite of one of the 4 closely related viruses that are carried by a type of mosquitoes known as Aedes mosquitoes. The infection is not directly from one person to another.

Symptoms: After the mosquito bite, symptoms set in about 4 to 6 days and can last up to 10 days (as noted below). Most are general symptoms which can be seen with any viral infection and therefore most dengue cases can go undetected.

  1. Sudden high temperatures
  2. Pain behind the eyes
  3. Severe headaches
  4. Swollen lymph nodes
  5. Severe bone and muscle pains (this can lead to suspicion of dengue)
  6. Fatigue
  7. Nausea and vomiting
  8. Skin rash that appears 3 to 5 days after the onset of fever
  9. There could be in some cases gum bleeding, easy bruising, or nose bleeding

The dengue triad of symptoms is fever, headache and skin rash. This could lead to suspicion and blood tests that can lead to a diagnosis.

The acute phase lasts for about 2 weeks in most cases, and there is no antibiotic (it is a viral infection) cure for it. The treatment is therefore symptomatic, aimed at reducing fever and pains.

If left untreated, especially in children, a severe case called Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) can occur which affects children under 10 years of age and can cause the failure of the circulatory system. This can also occur when a person is developing dengue for the second time. This is a serious form and can even lead to death; therefore the symptoms should be taken seriously and attended to immediately.

Diagnosis: Confirmation of dengue is through a blood test, where the virus is tested for.

Treatment: Being a viral infection, antibiotics are not effective against dengue. Pain killers with acetaminophen are preferred. Aspirin is avoided, as it can worsen bleeding. Complete bed rest, hydration, and good nutrition are essential parts of the treatment. Being under medical supervision also helps watch out for complications. There is a vaccine under development that could become available in the next couple of years.

Prevention:

  1. Always use mosquito repellents, even indoors
  2. While being outdoors, use clothes that cover the arms and legs fully
  3. Use a mosquito net if your area is highly infested with mosquitoes
  4. Ensure the windows and doors are closed during the evening
  5. If you are suspicious of having dengue, reach out to the doctor
  6. Reduce chances for mosquitoes breeding by keeping the house clean
  7. If there are family members with dengue, protect yourself and them from mosquitoes

Preventing dengue is the best way to manage it; however, if once infected, the person develops immunity to it. Reduced immunity can put the person at risk of developing the condition again.

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Dengue & Chikungunya - Have Homeopathy At Your Rescue!

Dengue & Chikungunya - Have Homeopathy At Your Rescue!

Many surveys have proved that homeopathic medicines are extremely effective in treating all these cases of viral fever related to Dengue and Chikungunya, thereby help in restoring the health of the patient. Let us see one by one how homeopathy can help in the prevention and cure of both:

Dengue:
Dengue is a mosquito-borne infectious disease, which causes flu-like symptoms. The disease is caused by 4 different viruses and is spread by the Aedes species of mosquitos. Dengue affects your blood cells, which in turn results in a sudden drop in the platelet count. Ideally, the platelet count ranges from 1.5-4 lacs, but in people affected by dengue virus, the platelet count goes down to as low as 20,000-40,000. This condition can be fatal. The onset on dengue is through fever. Dengue is one of the diseases that is transmitted through parasites like mosquitoes. Often it tends to occur in most of the tropical countries.

Symptoms of dengue can vary from mild to severe-

Dengue symptoms usually develop 4-7 days after the mosquito bite. So many times the person affected by the virus does not realize that he/she has already been infected. If the fever does not subside in 3-4 days, one should immediately consult a doctor and have himself diagnosed.

Prevention and Cure through Homeopathy:
The Homeopathic approach of prevention and cure include:

  1. It is an effective way through which immune-modulation of patients is done without having the risk of any side-effect.
  2. The choice of homeopathic drugs depends upon an individual’s response to infection and the severity of the virus.
  3. The symptoms of the patients affected are studied carefully to decide upon the curative as well as preventive homeopathic medicines.

Chikungunya:

Similar to dengue, the chikungunya virus is spread by an infected female mosquito- the Aedes genus mosquito. Mosquitoes become infected when they feed on any person affected with this virus. Unlike dengue, this viral disease is rarely fatal. However, the symptoms of chikungunya can be long-lasting, severe and debilitating.

The major symptoms of chikungunya include-

In 2006, Chikungunya affected approximately 40,000 people, out of which nearly 1316 cases turned out to be fatal.

Prevention and Cure through Homeopathy:

Prevention
In Homeopathy, there is a concept known as “Genus Epidemicus”, which helps as preventive remedy in an epidemic like this. This concept involves:

  1. Clinical picture of a group of patients in a specific locality gets studied and hence the most appropriate remedy is selected as the Genus Epidemicus for Chikungunya.
  2. Genus Epidemicus helps in increasing person’s immunity to such a level that even after mosquito bites; it is unable to produce any active disease in the person’s body.

Cure

  1. Homeopathic medicines get prescribed as per the clinical presentation of the patient, which become very effective in giving relief from the complaints during Chikungunya.
  2. Homeopathy is effective in all kinds of viral diseases.
  3. The pills given are simply chewed on tongue and tastes sweet.
  4. These medicines do not cause any kind of gastric irritation.

Why Homoeopathy?

Since there are no effective medications, vaccines or treatment options for Dengue and Chikungunya, the only way to steer clear of these diseases is to prevent their occurrence. Homoeopathy medicines and remedies are very effective in preventing and curing the mosquito-borne diseases, Dengue and Chikungunya. These medicines are prepared from natural substances, hence are extremely safe. Eupatorium perfoliatum is a perennial plant, the extracts of which are used in preparing homoeopathy drugs for dengue. This helps ease the pain in the joints and in the eyeballs. This wonder plant also helps you recover from a severe headache. Arsenic album, a solution made from diluted aqueous arsenic trioxide, can ease symptoms like nausea and vomiting. Belladonna can cure high fever; reduce skin rashes and swelling in the joints.

Apart from these, health awareness is mandatory for the prevention of these diseases. Clean surroundings, practising good hygiene play a major role in averting prevalence of mosquito-borne diseases.

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Tips For Prevention Of Dengue!

Tips For Prevention Of Dengue!

Clothing: reduce the amount of skin exposed by wearing long pants, long-sleeved shirts, and socks, tucking pant legs into shoes or socks, and wearing a hat.
Mosquito repellents: use a repellent with at least 10 percent concentration of diethyltoluamide (deet), or a higher concentration for longer lengths of exposure. Avoid using deet on young children.

Mosquito traps and nets: nets treated with insecticide are more effective, otherwise the mosquito can bite through the net if the person is standing next to it. The insecticide will kill mosquitoes and other insects, and it will repel insects from entering the room.

Door and window screens: structural barriers, such as screens or netting, can keep mosquitos out.

Avoid scents: heavily scented soaps and perfumes may attract mosquitos.

Camping gear: treat clothes, shoes, and camping gear with permethrin, or purchase clothes that have been pretreated.

Timing: try to avoid being outside at dawn, dusk, and early evening.

Stagnant water: the aedes mosquito breeds in clean, stagnant water. Checking for and removing stagnant water can help reduce the risk.

To reduce the risk of mosquitoes breeding in stagnant water:

  • Turn buckets and watering cans over and store them under shelter so that water cannot accumulate
  • Remove excess water from plant pot plates
  • Scrub containers to remove mosquito eggs
  • Loosen soil from potted plants, to prevent puddles forming on the surface
  • Make sure scupper drains are not blocked and do not place potted plants and other objects over them
  • Use non-perforated gully traps, install anti-mosquito valves, and cover any traps that are rarely used
  • Do not place receptacles under an air-conditioning unit
  • Change the water in flower vases every second day and scrub and rinse the inside of the vase
  • Prevent leaves from blocking anything that may result in the accumulation of puddles or stagnant water.
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Symptoms And Prevention of Dengue Fever

Symptoms And Prevention of Dengue Fever

Dengue fever is a painful infection transmitted by the bite of one of the 4 closely related viruses that are carried by a type of mosquitoes known as Aedes mosquitoes. The infection is not directly from one person to another.

Symptoms: After the mosquito bite, symptoms set in about 4 to 6 days and can last up to 10 days (as noted below). Most are general symptoms which can be seen with any viral infection and therefore most dengue cases can go undetected.

  1. Sudden high temperature
  2. Pain behind the eyes
  3. Severe headache
  4. Swollen lymph nodes
  5. Severe bone and muscle pains (this can lead to suspicion of dengue)
  6. Fatigue
  7. Nausea and vomiting
  8. Skin rash that appears 3 to 5 days after the onset of fever
  9. There could be in some cases gum bleeding, easy bruising, or nose bleeding

The dengue triad of symptoms is fever, headache and the skin rash. This could lead to suspicion and blood tests that can lead to diagnosis.

The acute phase lasts for about 2 weeks in most cases and there is no antibiotic (it is a viral infection) cure for it. The treatment is therefore symptomatic, aimed at reducing fever and pains.

If left untreated, especially in children, a severe case called as Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) can occur, which affects children under 10 years of age and can cause failure of the circulatory system. This can also occur when a person is developing dengue for the second time. This is a serious form and can even lead to death; therefore the symptoms should be taken seriously and attended to immediately.

Diagnosis: Confirmation of dengue is through a blood test, where the virus is tested for.

Treatment: Being a viral infection, antibiotics are not effective against dengue. Pain killers with acetaminophen are preferred. Aspirin is avoided, as it can worsen bleeding. Complete bed rest, hydration and good nutrition are essential parts of the treatment. Being under medical supervision also helps watch out for complications. There is a vaccine under development that could become available in the next couple of years.

Prevention:

  1. Always use mosquito repellents, even indoors
  2. While being outdoors, use clothes that cover the arms and legs fully
  3. Use a mosquito net if your area is highly infested with mosquitoes
  4. Ensure the windows and doors are closed during the evening
  5. If you are suspicious of having dengue, reach out to the doctor
  6. Reduce chances for mosquitoes breeding by keeping the house clean
  7. If there are family members with dengue, protect yourself and them from mosquitoes

Preventing dengue is the best way to manage it; however, if once infected, the person develops immunity to it. Reduced immunity can put the person at risk of developing the condition again. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a general physician.

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Why Platelet Count Decreases in Dengue?

Why Platelet Count Decreases in Dengue?

One of the fearful diseases that is doing rounds in recent years in Dengue. If someone complains of fever and joint pain, the very first question that pops up in our mind, have they got tested for dengue? It is caused by a virus carried out by female infected mosquito Aedes aegypti.

Blood is made up of three types of cells. The liquid form is called plasma, RBCs are oxygen carrying cells and White Blood cells fight against infection and provide immunity. The third type is platelet which helps in blood clotting. In normal human body, the platelets count in dengue ranges from 1.5 lacs to 4 lacs, while platelet count in dengue decreases to as low as 20,000 to 40,000.

In dengue platelet count and white blood cells decreases in number which affect the immunity system. This happens because of the following:

  • Platelet count in dengue decreases as it suppresses bone marrow, which is the platelet-producing area.

  • Platelets count in dengue decreases because Blood cells affected by the disease virus damage platelets.

  • Antibodies that are produced during this period leads to massive destruction of platelets in dengue.

Symptoms of Dengue fever:

Symptoms develop 4 to 7 days after bite of mosquito which includes high fever, vomiting, pain behind the eyes, headache, nausea, and severe muscular and joint pain. Pain in eye and joint lead to the suspicion of the dengue fever. The fever lasts for about 5 to 7 days and is followed by a prolonged period of fatigue, joint pains, body pain, and rashes (learn more about Painful Rashes). For the sake of confirming the diagnosis, the doctor will run some lab tests.

These include testing for antibodies IgG and IgM, PCR testing to check the virus and a complete blood count. This will reveal the decrease in the white blood cells and the platelets in dengue. There isn't a particular level below which a person would require platelets in dengue. In aged people and with people who have other chronic diseases, platelet transfusion may be required even if the blood count is about 50,000. The doctor will decide this based on the patient’s health. The right thing to do is to go for a medical consultation and discuss your situation with the doctor and identify what needs to be done for your condition specifically.

About platelets:

Platelets also known as thrombocytes are small blood cells that are produced in bone marrow.  Decreased platelets in dengue fever means that blood has lost its clotting abilities and are not able to fight against infection.

Foods that increase platelets in dengue:

One should try foods rich in omega-3 fatty acid, vitamins, iron and other minerals. These foods fight against antibodies and also increases dengue platelet count. You can also consume fruits like papaya, kiwi, oranges, berries etc. It helps in increasing dengue platelet count.

Vitamin B-12

This vitamin helps in keeping blood cells healthy. Deficiency of B-12 has been associated with low platelets in dengue. Have these foods to increase platelets:

  • beef liver

  • clams

  • Eggs

  • Dairy products

Iron

Iron helps in producing healthy blood cells. You can consume these foods that contains iron which is important for health and well as platelet count in dengue:

Vitamin C

This plays a vital role in platelet to function efficiently. It also helps in absorbing iron which helps in increasing platelets count in dengue.

Good sources of vitamin C include:

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HOMOEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT OF DENGUE FEVER

HOMOEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT OF DENGUE FEVER
Introduction:

Mostly, this disease spreads because of the biting of dengue mosquito. Dengue mosquitoes take birth in dirty water and dirty areas. The patient feels great weakness when he gets rid of dengue.

Symptoms:

The patient of dengue suffers from intense pain in the body and fever occurs with slight chill. Headache starts soon. Sometimes, he suffers from vomiting, trembling in the body and hot body. Temperature rises even to 102 or 106 degree. Other symptoms are as swelling all over the body, appearance of watery pimples on the body, flushed face, anorexia, obstinate constipation and sometimes symptoms of jaundice. Duration of the illness is 3-4 weeks. The symptoms of this disease disappear when the patient recovers. Sometimes, the patient suffers from excessive laziness and blood comes from mucus membranes.

Cause:

Biting of dengue mosquito is the main cause of this disease.

Treatment with different homoeopathic medicines:

1. Baptisia: baptisia 3 x should be taken for the treatment of this disease.

2. Gels: gels 3 x to mother tincture should be used for the treatment of dengue.

3 eupat perf: eupat perf 1x should be taken if the patient of dengue has been suffering from the pain in the bones.

4. Carbo veg: if the patient suffers from such symptoms as excessive laziness, excessive hot forehead but the whole body illness should take carbo veg 3.

5. Cimicifuga: cimicifuga 3 x should be used if the patient suffers from pain in the bones
.
6. Arse: the medicine arse 3x should be taken if the use of cimicifuga does not provide relief.

7. Acid phos: the patient should take acid phos 3 if he feels excessive laziness.

8. Belladonna: if the symptoms are as appearance of red colored pimples on the body and headache because of which the patient feels a lot of trouble, he should take belladonna 6 for the treatment.

9. Aconite: if the patient suffers from high fever in the preliminary stage of this disease and the temperature reaches to 104-105 degree, he should take belladonna 1x to get relief.

10. Bryonia: if the patient of dengue suffers from such symptoms as perspiration, headache which mostly affects to the backside, constipation and pain all over the body, the use of bryonia 3-6 provides a lot of relief.

11. Lachesis: if blood comes from the mucus membranes along with this disease, the patient should take lachesis 6 to get relief.

12. Crotolus: if blood comes with the mucus membranes, the patient should take crotolus 3 to get rid of this problem.

13. Gelsimium: if the temperature is low, gelsimium 1x should be taken to get relief by the patient of dengue.

14. Rhus tox: if the patient suffers from such symptoms as sensation of excessive chillness, fever along with boils and pimples, convulsion in the hands and feet and rheumatism, he should take rhus tox 3 to get relief.

15. Arsenic: the patient suffers from diarrhea along with dengue, he should take arsenic 6. The disease disappears after taking this medicine.
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Dengue fever – prevention, treatment and homeopathic medicines

Dengue fever – prevention, treatment and homeopathic medicines
What is Dengue Fever?

Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease caused by any one of four closely related dengue viruses (DENV-1, -2, -3, and -4). Infection with one serotype of DENV provides immunity to that serotype for life, but provides no long-term immunity to other serotypes. Thus, a person can be infected as many as four times, once with each serotype.

Dengue viruses are transmitted from person to person by Aedes mosquitoes (most often Aedes aegypti) in the domestic environment.= What are the symptoms of Dengue Fever?

Classic dengue fever, or “break bone fever,” is characterized by acute onset of high fever 3–14 days after the bite of an infected mosquito.

Symptoms include

frontal headache,
retro-orbital pain,
myalgias,
arthralgias,
hemorrhagic manifestations,
rash, and
low white blood cell count

The patient also may complain of anorexia and nausea.

Acute symptoms, when present, usually last about 1 week, but weakness, malaise, and anorexia may persist for several weeks.

Some patients with dengue fever go on to develop dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), a severe and sometimes fatal form of the disease.

= Diagnosis of Dengue Fever

The diagnosis of dengue is usually made clinically.

The classic picture is high fever with no localising source of infection, a petechial rash with thrombocytopenia and relative leukopenia – low platelet and white blood cell count.

= Laboratory Diagnosis of dengue infection

One can get DENGUE FEVER ANTIBODY, IgM & IgG. This is a costly test. From Dr Lal Path Lab, it is costing nearly Rs. 1200.

= Aim of treatment of dengue fever:

• Relieving symptoms of pain.
• Controlling fever.
• Telling patients to avoid aspirin and other nonsteroidal, anti-inflammatory medications because they may increase the risk for hemorrhage.
• Reminding patients to drink more fluids, especially when they have a high fever.

= How to Treat Dengue Fever

• Drink plenty of fluids and get plenty of rest.
• Antipyretics to control temperature. Children with dengue are at risk for febrile seizures during the febrile phase of illness.
• Avoid aspirin and other nonsteroidal, anti-inflammatory medications because they increase the risk of hemorrhage. People generally take Brufen or Combiflam tablets in such fever conditions, these are to be avoided.
• Get platelet counts.

= Prevention of Dengue Fever

– There is no tested and approved vaccine for the dengue.
– Primary prevention of dengue is mosquito control.

= Dengue fever and Homeopathy medicines

In Homoeopathy, we have more than 20 medicines which can be taken based on different symptoms of fever in different stages. I would suggest you to please consult your homeopathic physician or homeopathic consultant for appropriate selection of the homeopathic drug for dengue fever.
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