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Last Updated: Sep 04, 2019
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All You Need to Know About Dehydration - Symptoms, Treatment And Causes

What is Dehydration? What is the First Sign of Dehydration? What Conditions Cause Dehydration? What is the Best Way to Prevent Dehydration? How to Diagnose Dehydration? What is the Fastest Way to Cure Dehydration? What is the Remedies or Treatment for Dehydration at Home? What is the Best thing to Drink When You are Dehydrated?

What is Dehydration?

The body of the humans is made up of nearly 75 percent water. The body cannot survive without water. Water is present within the blood vessels, cells and the inner portion of the cells. To keep our water levels balanced we need a sophisticated water management system. Our mechanism for thirst gives us an indication that we need to improve the intake of the fluid. The water gets lost throughout the day when defecate, urinate, sweat, and breathe.

We can make up for the lost fluid by drinking a lot of water. The bodies of the humans have this capacity of moving the water to the part of the body where it requires it the most if dehydration starts to occur. The majority of the cases for dehydration can be easily reversed through improving the intake of the fluid, but a chronic case of dehydration needs immediate medical attention.

What is the First Sign of Dehydration?

The body of the humans is made up of nearly 75 percent water. The body cannot survive without water. Water is present within the blood vessels, cells and the inner portion of the cells. To keep our water levels balanced we need a sophisticated water management system. Our mechanism for thirst gives us an indication that we need to improve the intake of the fluid. The water gets lost throughout the day when defecate, urinate, sweat, and breathe. We can make up for the lost fluid by drinking a lot of water.

The bodies of the humans have this capacity of moving the water to the part of the body where it requires it the most if dehydration starts to occur. The majority of the cases for dehydration can be easily reversed through improving the intake of the fluid, but a chronic case of dehydration needs immediate medical attention.

Thirst can never be considered as a first sign of dehydration. Majority of the people, specifically the older people do not feel thirsty unless they are hydrated. Thus, improving the water intake during the condition of hot weather is necessary. Some of the signs and the symptoms of dehydration are

Infant

  • No tears when crying
  • No wet diapers
  • Dry mouth and tongue

Adult

  • Feeling extremely thirsty
  • Dark colored urine
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion

What Conditions Cause Dehydration?

If the symptoms worsen for the person suffering from the problem of dehydration then hospitalization is necessary. During the hospitalization a doctor can replenish the fluid loss by giving fluids intravenously.

  • Fever: Usually if the temperature is high the dehydration level of the person also increases. The problems gets worse if a person has diarrhoea along with fever.
  • Increased Urination: A person may be suffering from uncontrolled diabetes. There are some medicines also which can cause excess amount of water to be released from the body like blood pressure medicines and diuretics. These medicines increase the urine output of a person.
  • Excessive sweating: If a person is sweating he/she will lose a lot of water. If someone is doing strenuous activity and does not drink water after it, a person can become dehydrated. The weather also plays a vital role in the development of dehydration in the body.
  • Diarrhoea and vomiting: If a person suffers from vomiting and diarrhoea then he/she can lose huge amount of water from the body. The electrolyte level of the body will also fall in a short duration. The condition of a person worsens if both vomiting and diarrhoea occur together.

What is the Best Way to Prevent Dehydration?

The most important treatment for dehydration is prevention of the condition from occurring. Drinking plenty of fluids and eating foods and fruits that have good water content can be very good way of preventing dehydration. During the conditions of extreme heat a person should be very cautious about doing activities which puts stress on the body. If a person is exercising during the hot summer weather then he/she must take fluids properly to make up for the water lost during the exercise in the form of sweat. As children and elderly people have an increased risk of suffering from the condition of dehydration a special attention is required to be given to them so that they take adequate amount of fluids.

How to Diagnose Dehydration?

For diagnosing the condition of dehydration a doctor will examine both the mental and physical level of a person. An individual who is showing symptoms of low blood pressure, rapid heart beat inelastic skin, lack of sweat, and disorientation is a classic case of dehydration. A doctor may order a kidney function test for checking the levels of the electrolyte in the body. It is through electrolytes that hydration in the body is regulated and they also play a vital role in the muscle and nerve function. A doctor may also order a urine analysis as it may provide some vital details for confirming the diagnosis of diarrhoea.

What is the Fastest Way to Cure Dehydration?

For diagnosing the condition of dehydration a doctor will examine both the mental and physical level of a person. An individual who is showing symptoms of low blood pressure, rapid heart beat inelastic skin, lack of sweat, and disorientation is a classic case of dehydration. A doctor may order a kidney function test for checking the levels of the electrolyte in the body. It is through electrolytes that hydration in the body is regulated and they also play a vital role in the muscle and nerve function. A doctor may also order a urine analysis as it may provide some vital details for confirming the diagnosis of diarrhea.

What is the Remedies or Treatment for Dehydration at Home?

  • Drinking buttermilk is a very good option as it not only restores the electrolyte imbalance but it is also probiotic.

  • If a person is suffering from dehydration then he/she should consume bland foods like rice, banana, potatoes, and gelatin as they are easy to digest.
  • Eating fruits which are rich in water content like watermelons, strawberries, and cantaloupe can be very good for a person suffering from dehydration. Incorporating cucumbers in the diet can also be a good option.
  • Drinking barley water can be a very healthy option as it restores the body with various minerals, vitamins and antioxidants but it also helps in restoring the lost fluid.
  • The coconut water is a rich source of sodium and potassium which are often depleted if a person is suffering from dehydration.

What is the Best thing to Drink When You are Dehydrated?

  • Drinking buttermilk is a very good option as it not only restores the electrolyte imbalance but it is also probiotic.

  • Drinking barley water can be a very healthy option as it restores the body with various minerals, vitamins and antioxidants but it also helps in restoring the lost fluid.
  • The coconut water is a rich source of sodium and potassium which are often depleted if a person is suffering from dehydration.
  • Drinking barley water can be a very healthy option as it restores the body with various minerals, vitamins and antioxidants but it also helps in restoring the lost fluid.
  • The coconut water is a rich source of sodium and potassium which are often depleted if a person is suffering from dehydration.

Popular Questions & Answers

Sir I feel dehydrated after urination and again I feel thirsty. And sir once I was addicted of masturbation but noe I am not and sir I had a nightfall last night .sir I am thinking that I may have problem in urinary system or I am suffer from diabetes I am 20 years old. Sir please help me.

MD - Bio-Chemistry
General Physician, Tirupati
Dear Lybrate reader get the following investigations done. 1.complete urine examination 2.fasting& 2 hour post prandial blood glucose estimation. After seeing reports we can decide treatment.
1 person found this helpful

I am 30 years old I am feeling tired, frequently urination before sleep or when I am in meeting, feeling thirsty feel dehydration, blur vision, back pain all the time, some time back pain, feeling heart beat fast, insomnia due to urine problem unable to sleep after nasal operation using nasal drop otrivin my working driver and daily I work on laptop.

MBBS, C. Diab
Diabetologist, Surat
Dear lybrate-user, the symptoms you have presently are suggestive of high blood sugar. Please get your fasting sugar and pp sugar along with simple urine routine test. If blood sugar is high, then with appropriate treatment with good blood sugar c...

I'm 13 years old boy i'm getting excess release of urine from past 3 days and feeling thirsty all the time what's the problem I have?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Jamshedpur
Get urine routine & culture sensitivity done. If they are normal then get your fasting & post prandial blood sugar & serum adh level done.

After consuming one small pack of alcohol yesterday, now I am feeling thirsty and getting upper back pain on right side, is there any home remedies available for this problem?

MBBS, Basic Life Support (B.L.S), Advanced Cardiac Life Support, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE)
General Physician, Delhi
Dehydration can cause back pain when the gelatinous material inside your discs lose water and are unable to hold the weight of your body, this causes the disc to collapse which can put pressure on the sensitive nerves exiting the spinal column. Le...

I feel thirsty most of the time. So after eating meals, after how long duration should I drink the water?

MBBS, Basic Life Support (B.L.S), Advanced Cardiac Life Support, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE)
General Physician, Delhi
Drinking water after eating something is also a wrong habit as it can hinder the absorption of nutrients. He suggests, 'you can have water one hour before you eat or one and a half hours after eating. Let's have a detailed discussion for better ad...

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