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Dehydration Tips

Soft Drinks And Kidney Disease!

Dr.Ganesh Srinivasa Prasad 88% (33ratings)
DNB
General Physician, Bangalore

In this summer many people want to drink soft drinks or packed fruit juices like real or tropicana to satisfy their thrist, but countries like india where the temperatures are high this behaviour may cause kidney damage. Hot and humid climate causes increased metabolic load on the kidney to excrete the high waste generated due to dehydration. If we take sugar based drinks which contain fructose it will further increase the load on the kidneys by increasing the uric acid production in body. So to protect your kidney better avoid soft drinks and consume more water or you can take traditional indian drinks like butter milk or lime water which provide more electrolytes to the body.

4 people found this helpful

Urine Colour - What's Normal & What's Not?

Dr.Nikhil Sharma 90% (25ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB (Urology)
Urologist, Ghaziabad
Urine Colour - What's Normal & What's Not?

Human urine is a useful tool for the diagnosis and detection of several health conditions. The colour, smell and density of your urine can reveal a lot about the state of your health. Colour, especially, is a strong determinant of many ailments or concerns.

Here is a list of the health conditions you might be suffering from, based on the colour of your urine:

  1. Straw colour to transparent yellow colour: This urine colour signifies that your body is healthy and perfectly hydrated. This should be the normal colour of urine, which shows you are in good health.
  2. Transparent or clear: Transparent and extra clear urine indicates that you have drunk too much water, which leads to the transparent appearance. It happens due to overhydration.
  3. Dark yellow colour: This shade of urine is considered normal, but it may indicate some amount of dehydration. You need to drink more water to eliminate the darker yellowish tinge from your urine.
  4. Honey colour: Urine of honey colour signifies dehydration and you must consume increased amounts of water.
  5. Pink or red colour: Your urine may have a pinkish red shade when you consume foods like carrots, beets, blackberries and rhubarb. This may also happen due to the effect of some antibiotics or a drug which treats urinary tract infections. The presence of blood in your urine is indicated by these colours too, and it can lead to kidney diseases, UTI, prostate problems or tumors.
  6. Orange colour: Your urine may have an orange colour which resembles the colour of orange soft drinks. This occurs as a result of a high dose of vitamins and several antibiotics. This colour may also indicate dehydration or problems related to the kidney or bile duct.
  7. Blue or green colour: Such shades may be present in your urine because of dyes present in food items and medications. Your urine may turn blue or green, signifying several other medical conditions which require immediate medical attention.
  8. Foamy: If your urine has a foamy appearance, irrespective of the colour and shade, you need to consult a doctor. The consistent foamy or frothy appearance of your urine may indicate the presence of protein in your urine, which further signifies problems in the kidneys.
  9. Maple syrup colour: Urine of this shade indicates a severe case of dehydration or liver diseases.

Your urine tells a lot about your health by its colour, odour and density. The colour is an essential determinant for detecting several health conditions, which may be simple or chronic in nature. In case of abnormal urine colour or appearance, you should consult a doctor without delay.

1074 people found this helpful

Dehydration - Know Signs You're Not Drinking Sufficient Water!

MD - Internal Medicine
General Physician, Ahmedabad
Dehydration - Know Signs You're Not Drinking Sufficient Water!

Water is the most important ingredient in the body. About 60% of the human body is water, and the heart and brain are almost 70% water, while the lungs have about 80% water. A healthy adult should be drinking about 2.5 to 3 L of water on a daily basis. That being the case, it is not surprising that someone who does not drink enough water faces multiple issues. The severity of the symptoms also depends on how much the dehydration has set in. It is easier to correct these in the initial stages by just increasing the water intake. When left to progress, in addition to forcefully drinking water, other symptoms may also need to be treated.

  1. Metabolism: The body’s overall metabolism is reduced with less water intake. This means that the body’s ability to remove wastes and flush out toxins is reduced. There is more toxin accumulation within the body, leading to chronic diseases.
  2. Digestion: Water is essential for the digestive process and motility of the colon, and lack of this can lead to motility disorders. Constipation is one of the first side effects of not drinking enough water.
  3. Temperature regulation: The water helps control body temperature, and lack of water leads to increased body temperature. The associated symptoms also follow with poor circulation, low blood pressure, increased heart rates, general lethargy, lack of focus, and low energy levels.
  4. Increased sugar levels: Sugar breakdown requires water, and lack of it can lead to greater levels of sugar in the bloodstream. 
  5. Poor skin: Skin requires water for optimal texture and tone, and lack of it can lead to dull, sagging skin which can be difficult to maintain, leading to cracks and even bleeding in severe cases.
  6. Mental effects: As noted, the brain is almost 70% water, and not drinking up enough water can lead to lack of focus, delirium, and even unconsciousness. In severe cases, it can lead to hypovolemic shock and seizures.
  7. Kidney stones: The kidneys are important excretory organs and help remove wastes and toxins from the body. For this to happen, water is an important medium. Not drinking enough water leads to stone formation, which is accumulated waste, which could not be flushed out due to lack of water.
  8. Continued shortage: If water shortage continues, there could be swelling of the brain, kidney failure, coma, and even death.

Drink adequate amount of water, and see the life inside you come alive. It is a habit which is definitely hard to kick. Those who are used to regularly sipping water can feel their cells craving for water when they have not gulped down enough water for a while.

Cheers!

1756 people found this helpful

Dietary Fats - Are They Essential?

Dr.Tanju Khurana 91% (60ratings)
Diploma in Nutrition and Dietitics, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), Nutrition & Child Care
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Gurgaon
Dietary Fats - Are They Essential?

Below mentioned are the benefits of dietary fats:

1. Fats are considered to be the best source of energy that is derived from food for the body.

2. Fats which contain Medium Chain Fatty Acids, like coconut oil, help in weight loss. The good fats, increase the fat burning, reduce unhealthy cravings, and prevent unhealthy storage of fat in the body.

3. Fats from good sources are beneficial for weight gain in case of an underweight person.

4. Fats are known to maintain body temperature as they provide heat. Heat insulation is provided by the fat under the skin.

5. The calories from the fat are saved in the body as a fuel.

6. Fats which are healthy increase the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins like A, D, E and K along with mineral absorption.

7. Carotene is converted to vitamin A by the good fat and this is good for the eyesight.

8. Fats are considered to be good lubricants and prevent dehydration.

9. Protective padding is provided by fat around vital organs.

10. Healthy fats prevent the body from experiencing inflammation, thereby improving immunity.

11. Healthy building blocks are formed for hormones and cell membranes by fats. The good fats are used by the body to build the cell walls. The 10 trillion cells in the body require fats to metabolize insulin.

12. Fatty acids which are found in healthy fats such as caprylic acid are believed to act as anti-viral substances and antibacterial by lauric acid.

13. Butyric acid which is found in some fats like ghee help in reducing the risk of cancer.

14. Good and high-quality fats help in memory enhancement, mental functions, and happiness and learning abilities.

15. Fats like coconut oil, castor oil and ghee lubricate the colon and provide support in digestion and elimination process.

16. Ghee is considered to have some medicinal properties as it has the ability to absorb nutrients from the herbs. These fats also carry herbs to the desired tissue or organ.

17. Fat is believed to be a good source of food for pregnant women as it helps with the development of the child's brain.

18. Healthy fat rich foods are also dense in nutrients such as minerals, calcium and Vitamin E, A, D, K.

19. Flexibility and endurance are promoted by healthy fats which is very helpful in people who work for long shift hours that are physically demanding.

3222 people found this helpful

Salad - How Useful Is It?

Dt.Sumaiya Moin 90% (137ratings)
BSc Food & Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Hyderabad
Salad - How Useful Is It?

Salad is no longer considered a poor man's diet. Gone are the days when the sole purpose of having a salad was to lose the stubborn and unwanted body fats. Salads can be extremely healthy and nutritious. With salads around, the long and gruesome hours in the kitchen are a thing of the past. A bowl full of lip-smacking salad, well structured with fruits, vegetables and quality oils, will do your health a world of good. Say yes to salads and its benefits will leave you with a mouth open awe. Preparing salads is no rocket science. Get all the ingredients together, and savour in the palatable powerhouse of health and nourishment.

- A feeling of fullness like never before: Experiencing an irresistible craving for food? Salad is at your service. A bowl of salad will give you a feeling of fullness, keeping the hunger pangs and cravings at bay. With salads, you don't even need to be repetitive. A little modification; and your taste buds are in for a treat.

- Say no to dehydration: Most of the vegetables that go into your salad have high water content. Scorching summers or sweltering heat can leave a person dehydrated. Salads come as a great relief. It works amazingly to hydrate your body, thereby re-energizing you fully.

- Lettuce to fight insomnia: If a good sleep is all that you desire, salad is what you need. 'Lactucarium', a substance found in lettuce, work miraculously to treat insomnia. All the more reasons to include lettuce leaves in your salad.

- The goodness of vitamins and minerals are retained: A lot of important vitamins, minerals and some enzymes (mostly digestive, that gets denatured) are lost to cooking. Taking in raw vegetables ensure that important vitamins and minerals are not lost. Some raw vegetables contain important enzymes (live) that can greatly aid in the digestion process.

- A salad rich in broccoli, avocados, bell peppers, berries are a rich source of antioxidants. Such salads work wonders and are an excellent boost for the immune system.

- Do not let wrinkles and saggy skin bother you. Some of the fruits and vegetables present in the salad help in collagen synthesis, thus giving your skin a natural glow. It is needless to say that spinach, lettuce and romaine, that form an integral part of your salads, are excellent for the eyesight.

- Walnut oil, sunflower oil (organic), olive oil and pumpkin seed oil are rich in omega fatty acids. Using these oils in salad dressings can be extremely beneficial.

- Some of the fibrous fruits and vegetables can effectively clean the intestine and colon.

The benefits of salads are immense. 

1366 people found this helpful

Water Deficiency - How To Identify It?

Dr.Mohammed Faisal 86% (31ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Tuberculosis & Respiratory Diseases / Pulmonary Medicine, Fellowship in Critical Care Medicine, Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine (IDCC (ISCCM))
General Physician, Hyderabad
Water Deficiency - How To Identify It?

Water is the most critical component for all organisms, and since 2/3rd of the human body is made of water, a person can hardly survive for about 72 hours without it. For understanding the impact of water in the body, it is essential to comprehend what it does. Right from helping in digestion to controlling calorie intake to regulating and maintaining body temperature to lubricating the eyes and joints, the functions of water are endless.

Dehydration can cast a negative impact on body function since it causes electrolyte dysfunction. And the bad news is that most people can go unaware of this condition. Therefore, it is crucial to know about all the warning signs of dehydration so that you can take quick action and prevent yourself from further complications.

  1. Poor concentration along with confusion - Since the human brain is 90 percent water, water deficiency can have a negative impact on a person’s thinking abilities and decision-making skills. Lack of water in the body manifests itself through forgetfulness, amnesia, difficulty in thinking and communicating. It has been found that dehydration can also pave the way for mood swings.
     
  2. Dizziness and headaches - These are some of the most common outcomes of dehydration since it leads to a reduced amount of fluids around the brain. This fluid is essential since it functions as a buffer that shields the brain from mild shocks. It can cause migraines and irritation headaches since it reduces the flow of oxygen and blood to the brain.
     
  3. Dry mouth and foul breath - When you are dehydrated, your body is not able to produce enough amount of saliva which has antibacterial properties. This causes foul breath since there is bacteria attack in the oral cavity. Dry mouth is another important symptom of dehydration since water functions as a lubricant that keeps the mucous membranes in the throat, hydrated which prevents dry mouth.
     
  4. Sudden cravings for food - People tend to mistake thirst with hunger, and they end up overeating. When you are not taking enough water, your body will send false signals to the brain that you are hungry while a glass of water is all you need.
     
  5. Constipation and other digestive problem - The work of water is to hydrate all the tissues in the body, and the digestive system is no exception to this. Water can keep the gastrointestinal tract clean and supple which helps in regulating the bowel movement and prevent constipation.
     
  6. The reduced urge of urination - If you feel that you don’t need to urinate after every few hours, your body may be in need of more water. Dehydration also contributes to change in urine color and in case you have dark amber-colored urine, it means you should drink up more water.

So, whenever you notice such signs, understand that you have to consume more water regularly.

5183 people found this helpful

8 Reasons To Say Yes To Salad!

M.SC Food and Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Noida
8 Reasons To Say Yes To Salad!

Salad is no longer considered a poor man's diet. Gone are the days when the sole purpose of having a salad was to lose the stubborn and unwanted body fats. Salads can be extremely healthy and nutritious. With salads around, the long and gruesome hours in the kitchen are a thing of the past.

A bowl full of lip-smacking salad, well structured with fruits, vegetables and quality oils, will do your health a world of good. Preparing salads is no rocket science. Get all the ingredients together, and savor in the palatable powerhouse of health and nourishment. Say yes to salads and its benefits will leave you with a mouth open awe.

The benefits of salad are - 

1. A feeling of fullness like never before - Experiencing an irresistible craving for food? Salad is at your service. A bowl of salad will give you a feeling of fullness, keeping the hunger pangs and cravings at bay. With salads, you don't even need to be repetitive. A little modification; and your taste buds are in for a treat.

2. Say no to dehydration - Most of the vegetables that go into your salad have high water content. Scorching summers or sweltering heat can leave a person dehydrated. Salads come as a great relief. It works amazingly to hydrate your body, thereby re-energizing you fully.

3. Lettuce to fight insomnia - If a good sleep is all that you desire, salad is what you need. 'Lactucarium', a substance found in lettuce, work miraculously (miracles) to treat insomnia. All the more reasons to include lettuce leaves in your salad.

4. The goodness of vitamins and minerals are retained - A lot of important vitamins, minerals and some enzymes (mostly digestive, that gets denatured) are lost to cooking. Taking in raw vegetables ensure that important vitamins and minerals are not lost. Some raw vegetables contain important enzymes (live) that can greatly aid in the digestion process.

5. A salad rich in broccoli, avocados, bell peppers, berries is a rich source of antioxidants. Such salads work wonders and are an excellent boost for the immune system.

6. Do not let wrinkles and saggy skin bother you. Some of the fruits and vegetables present in the salad help in collagen synthesis, thus giving your skin a natural glow. It is needless to say that spinach, lettuce and romaine, that form an integral part of your salads, are excellent for the eyesight.

7. Walnut oil, sunflower oil (organic), olive oil and pumpkin seed oil are rich in omega fatty acids. Using these oils in salad dressings can be extremely beneficial.

8. Some of the fibrous fruits and vegetables can effectively clean the intestine and colon.

This will help you know what should go into your salad as the benefits of salad are immense.

7203 people found this helpful

Lack Of Water In Body - 5 Signs Of It!

Dr.M Wali 86% (37ratings)
MBBS, MD - Medicine, FACC, FRCP
Internal Medicine Specialist, Delhi
Lack Of Water In Body - 5 Signs Of It!

Water is indispensable for the human body as 90% of the brain and almost 60% of an adult body is chiefly made up of water. Water is just as important as any of your meals. Each cell and organ depends on water for its proper functioning and for flushing out toxins and fats from the body. An average man must consume roughly 3 litres (10-12 glasses) of water per day, and a woman requires about 2.5 litres (8-10 glasses). If you're not meeting this requirement, you might be fall prey to dehydration.

The state of water deficiency or dehydration can be determined through various symptoms. Read on to know the 5 most common signs:

1. The colour of your urine is dark

The colour of your urine indicates your health. The lesser the water you drink, the darker is the colour of your pee. If your urine is pale yellow, you drink a sufficient amount of water. If it's dark yellow and concentrated, it's a sign for you to refill on water. Also, if you haven't urinated for more than two hours, you should immediately gulp 2 glasses of water.

2. You experience frequent headaches

Headaches are often caused by dehydration when the pressure from your blood vessels falls. Dehydration makes it tough for your heart to pump enough oxygen to the brain. Drinking sufficient amounts of water ensures the flow of oxygen in your body.

3. You feel dizzy and fatigued

Lack of water can often lead to laziness and restlessness. It may also cause a rapid change in your blood pressure. Low or high blood pressures are stimulants of fatigue. Water gives you instant energy that wakes up your whole system, thus making you feel revitalised.

4. You have constipated bowel movements

Water is one of the top natural remedies for constipation or troubled bowel movements. If your fluid intake is low, you're likely to have stomach, gastric and bowel problems. The digestive system depends on water to help food move through both the intestines. It checks the functions of the digestive tract, while also keeping it flexible and clean.

5. You experience brain fogs and blackouts

Your brain cells and nerves react severely to water loss. You may start feeling a lack of concentration along with temporary memory loss. Blackouts are common when you have a deficit of water. You might even experience difficulty in carrying out cognitive tasks.

If you're experiencing similar issues, you must enhance your daily water intake. You can try carrying a sipper around, which allows you to keep a tab on your water consumption. To relish water as a refreshing beverage, you can infuse freshly chopped fruits and herbs in a pitcher of chilled water. This flavoured water also cleanses your body of all toxins and chemicals, thus keeping you fresh.

6599 people found this helpful

Diarrhea - How To Handle It Naturally?

Dr.Vedant H Karvir 90% (27ratings)
MBBS, MD-Gastroentrology, Fellowship in Gastroenterology, FACG
Gastroenterologist, Mumbai
Diarrhea - How To Handle It Naturally?

Diarrhea is not usually a serious condition but can be very uncomfortable and embarrassing. This can be caused by a number of factors including bacterial or viral infections, food poisoning, contaminated water etc. Thankfully, it is easy to treat and does not require medication unless it is very severe. Let us take a look at some of the most effective ways to treat diarrhoea:

  1. Drink Plenty of Water: Keeping your body hydrated when dealing with diarrhoea is very important. This is because your body loses a lot of water while passing stool. To hydrate your body, drink lots of water. You could also add oral rehydration salts to the water. Avoid drinking sodas, packaged juices and caffeinated drinks such as coffee as they can further dehydrate the body.
  2. Probiotics: To function optimally, your digestion system requires good bacteria. Diarrhea is usually a sign that the bad bacteria levels have overtaken the good bacteria levels. Thus, you need to balance this equation. Probiotics are a source of good bacteria and are available in powder or pill form. It is also available naturally in foods like yoghurt, pickles and kimchi.
  3. Eat the Right Food: When suffering from an upset stomach, eat food that is easy to digest. Food items such as bananas, rice, apples and dry toast are easy to digest and can help bulk up your stool. This is also known as the BRAT diet. You could also include a simple chicken soup, baked skinless chicken and oatmeal in your diet.
  4. Drink a Little Tea: Tannins in black tea are good for the digestive system. They help calm inflammation in the intestines and help the body absorb fluids. Raspberry and blackberry leaf tea are ideal for diarrhoea. You could also try sipping caraway tea. Other tea such as chamomile tea help reduce spasms and calm the stomach. When looking for such teas, ensure that they are made from the leaf and not powdered. Also, do not drink any form of caffeinated tea.
  5. Avoid Spicy Foods: Do not eat anything that is spicy or fried when you have an upset stomach. Also, avoid eating foods rich in fibre as they can make you feel bloated. Alcohol and milk are best left aside until your stomach has healed. Other foods you should avoid include chewing gums with artificial sweeteners, berries, beans, peas, prunes, peppers and ice cream.

If your diarrhoea does not improve, consult a doctor. If it lasts for more than 2 weeks, it could be a symptom of another underlying condition.

2542 people found this helpful

Care To Be Taken By Dengue Fever Patients!

Dr.Pratik Savaj 89% (17ratings)
MBBS, DNB - Medicine, Fellowship In Infectious Disease, FNB - Infectious Diseases
General Physician, Surat
Care To Be Taken By Dengue Fever Patients!

Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease that causes severe body pain, fever, rash, dehydration, and weakness in the body. The major cause of dengue is Flaviviridae. It is generally called DENV (Dengue Virus). It generally occurs in tropical parts of the world.

Dengue is a fairly new disease in the world, and not many people understand how to care for a patient going through dengue fever. This article will present the steps that should be taken by someone who is suffering from Dengue.

Initial Steps One Should Take

The first step of caring when contacted with this disease is to go to a doctor and get checked. Doctor will get some tests done to verify that the condition is indeed Dengue. After the doctor prescribes medication, self-care begins. Here are some.

Do’s and Don’ts one should follow which help to cure from Dengue Fever.

Do’s

● The rise of Hematocrit (PCV) should be checked every day and informed by the physician.
● A thermometer should be present at all times to check the temperature of the patient.
● If the patient has a high fever, then dip a sponge in cool water and slowly wash the body with it.
● Upon high fever, one should only take Paracetamol and Acetaminophen. Doctor should be consulted before taking any medication.
● The patient should also check the number of trips taken to the bathroom, in order to keep a track of the urination cycle.
● Check if the patient has a dry mouth and lips. Dehydration is very common with people contacted with dengue and needs to have water and electrolytes supplements every now and then.
● It is very important to check the CBC (complete blood count) of the patient daily as directed by physician. Call a pathology technician evenryday to get a blood test as recommended by the doctor to keep the platelet and the haematocrits in check.

Don’ts

● Do not take antibiotics, Ibuprofen or Aspirin.
● Do not take artificial fruit juice for hydration purposes.
● Do not agitate.
● Do not take unsupervised supplements to increase platelet counts.
● Do not use alternative medications like herbs as they can cause an allergic reaction.
● Do not stay without food for too long.
● Do not take any kind of sleeping pills if the patient is having difficulty sleeping.

Conclusion:

Dengue is a troublesome disease which can be disastrous if not taken care of properly. That is why it is very important to know the do’s and don’ts for caring about this disease. However, consulting a doctor or getting hospitalised in the worst cases will always be a good idea.

5509 people found this helpful
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