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Cramping Tips

How To Avoid Deep Vein Thrombosis DVT

Dr.Harshawardhan Oak 95% (10ratings)
MBBS, DNB (General Surgery), DNB - Peripheral Vascular Surgery
Vascular Surgeon, Pune

In such lockdown time we are seeing more and more cases of leg pain and cramps later diagnosed to have clots in veins of leg which happens due to inactivity and sedentary lifestyle plus dehydration due to summer. We tend to not exercise during lockdown time. So be careful. Keep doing stretching exercises for legs and drink lots of water

1 person found this helpful

Painful Periods - Know Diet To Ease It!

Dr.Reena Kawatra 93% (4576ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Painful Periods - Know Diet To Ease It!

Menstrual cramps are not new to women after puberty, and generally, are manageable without specific care. However, when the abdominal cramps interfere with your regular activities, it is important to take some steps in relieving it. The pain is usually caused by chemicals known as prostaglandins that promote inflammation and aid in blood vessel constriction as well as the contraction of muscles. The chemical breaks down during menstruation while constricting blood vessels in the uterus which causes muscle contractions, referred to as cramps.

It is possible to manage the pain caused by these cramps by following a healthy diet that can include the following foods:

  1. Soy milk: Some women have reported that having soy milk can help in reducing menstrual cramps. It is rich in natural plant chemicals known as isoflavones that act like estrogen in the body. Fortified soy milk also offers around 300 milligrams of calcium which will fulfil 1/3rd of the daily recommended intake of calcium.
  2. Fatty fish: Fish is considered one of the prime sources of anti-inflammatory fats referred to as omega 3-fatty acids. Researchers have found that women who consume omega 3 fatty acids experience less intense pain. To get maximum benefits, you can consume mackerel, salmon or trout. You should also include ground flaxseeds in your daily smoothies and yoghurt.
  3. Legumes: Legumes such as lentils and beans offer a high amount of protein and fiber without the saturated fat that is found in animal-derived protein sources. Taking a high fiber diet that constricts intake of animal fats can improve the estrogen levels which, in turn, can help in reducing the menstrual pain.
  4. Fruits and vegetables: Eating foods rich in antioxidants and reducing the intake of processed ones can help in improving period cramps. You should opt for different colored fruits and vegetables, from broccoli to berries, from citrus fruits to bell peppers to tomatoes, and anything else that comes to your mind. Many fruits and vegetables such as apricots, raspberries, and brussels sprouts are also rich in fiber that can help in reducing muscle cramps during periods.
  5. Nuts: There is hardly any individual who doesn’t like eating nuts, particularly when they are roasted. It can help in alleviating the hunger for junk foods and the rich magnesium content is essential for reducing period pains.
  6. Dark chocolate: Research suggests that dark chocolate is known for satiating cravings for junk foods while boosting the serotonin levels. When you are on your periods, you should take one ounce of dark chocolate every day for reducing depression and fatigue and alleviating the physical discomfort.

Adding these food items can contribute a lot in sparing you from the undesired stomach cramps during periods.

1544 people found this helpful

Abdomen Pain - What Can Cause It?

Dr.Tarun Jhamb 88% (20ratings)
MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
General Physician, Gurgaon
Abdomen Pain - What Can Cause It?

Abdomen pain or abdominal pain is usually experienced in the area between the chest and the stomach. This kind of pain usually comes as a dull cramp that also produces shooting stabs of pains intermittently, or it may be a localised pain in one side of the stomach. This may also be accompanied by inflammation, and other diseases related to organs like intestines, kidneys, pancreas, liver, spleen and stomach.

So what are the causes of stomach or abdomen pain? Read on to find out:

1. Food Poisoning: Food poisoning can be caused due to dirty water or contaminated food. This can give rise to various infections as well as conditions like traveller's diarrhoea or loose motions.

2. Gastro Intestinal Conditions: GERD or gastroesophaegal reflux disease and gastroenteritis, among various others can also lead to abdomen pain as a symptom along with severe acidity and nausea. Irritable bowel syndrome is another major ailment which can leave you with persistent abdominal pain. 

3. Generalised Pain: This kind of pain occurs in the overall area all around the stomach and may point at the presence of conditions like Crohn's Disease, a traumatic injury, appendicitis, flu, or even a urinary tract infection. Further, when the gas settles and tightens the stomach due to the inability to pass a motion on a normal, regular basis, this may be termed as constipation. This also leads to abdomen pain. 

4. Localised Lower Abdomen Pain: Pain that is found specifically in the lower area of the abdomen can be caused due to appendicitis, obstruction or blockage in the intestine or colon, and other ailments. This pain can also be accompanied by nausea and vomiting

5. Localised Upper Abdomen Pain: This kind of pain may emanate due to the presence of gallstones, liver inflammation or hepatitis, pneumonia, or even in the middle of a heart attack.

6. Localised Centre Abdomen Pain: Pain in the centre part of the stomach or abdomen may be caused due to gastroenteritis, an injury or even the accumulation of waste products in the body, otherwise known as uraemia.

7. Abdomen Pain and Women: For women, such localised pain may be caused due to pelvic inflammatory disease, urinary tract infection, endometriosis, ectopic pregnancy, menstrual cramps which are also called dysmenorrhoea, and fibroids. Miscarriages can also cause pain in this part of the abdomen, for women.

8. Renal Stones: Renal stones or stone in kidney is one of the most common cause of abdomen pain. The pain caused by kidney stone is such that it can make a patient roll in bed and this pain may radiate to toward the groin as well.

Persistent pain and nausea that come with vomiting and finally give rise to blood in the vomit or stool should be checked by the doctor immediately, so as to rule out any serious ailment. Imaging tests, ultrasound and an X-Ray can help in diagnosis.
 

2682 people found this helpful

Muscle Cramps In Pregnancy - What should You Know?

Dr.Neha Singh 92% (160ratings)
MBBS, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), fellowship in advance laparoscopy surgery, DGO
Gynaecologist, Kanpur
Muscle Cramps In Pregnancy - What should You Know?

Cramps in lower legs and calf muscles are common in the sixth month of your pregnancy. It might occur due to low levels of calcium and magnesium in your diet or very low salt levels. Consume an adequate amount of water and try doing stretching exercises before going to sleep at night and you can notice a drastic change.

2 people found this helpful

Muscle Cramps During Pregnancy!

Dr.Neha Singh 92% (160ratings)
MBBS, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), fellowship in advance laparoscopy surgery, DGO
Gynaecologist, Kanpur
Muscle Cramps During Pregnancy!

Cramps in lower legs and calf muscles are common in the sixth month of your pregnancy. It might occur due to low levels of calcium and magnesium in your diet or very low salt levels. Consume an adequate amount of water and try doing stretching exercises before going to sleep at night and you can notice a drastic change.

1 person found this helpful

Labor And Its Stages - In Detail About It!

Dr.Vandana Makkar 89% (332ratings)
MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Varanasi
Labor And Its Stages - In Detail About It!

What is Labour?
Labour and delivery are demarcated by the end of the pregnancy when a woman delivers the child or more than one child and it leaves the uterus. Normally, the gestation period for humans is somewhere around 37 weeks to 42 weeks. In most developed countries, the deliveries happen in hospitals, whereas in developing as well as underdeveloped countries, births happen at home under the supervision of traditional birth attendant, called the midwife.

Stages of Labour:
Vaginal delivery is the most common form of childbirth. Labour consists of three stages

  • The opening and shortening of the cervix: Lasts from 12 to 19 hours
  • Coming down of the baby and its birth: 20 minutes to 2 hours
  • Expulsion of the placenta: Varies from 5 to 30 minutes

In the first stage, your abdominal muscles will begin to cramp associated with back pain. These cramps can be of durations of half a minute, about 10 minutes apart. These contractions start coming closer and become more intense as the second stage starts closing in. During the second stage, you may have to push along with the contractions to help give birth to your baby. Most babies are born head-first, although there are cases when the baby is born buttocks first or legs first. This is commonly called “breaching”. In the third stage, it recommended to cut the umbilical cord and ensure that the placenta is entirely removed from the uterus or it may cause complications later.

The onset of labor is marked by the expulsion of the amniotic fluid and then the contractions begin to set in. Most women can walk around and eat food during labor, but when the contractions start to get too painful, it is suggested to get help and have someone around during that time. It is not recommended to push during the first phase, but then it becomes essential to push from the second stage onwards. Your gynecologist will be able to tell you which stage of labor you are in by looking at the dilation of your cervix. As soon as you start to feel your contractions kicking in, you must contact your gynecologist or your birthing attendant.

1469 people found this helpful

Pelvic Pain - What Can Cause It?

Dr.Shubha Saxena 90% (317ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Ghaziabad
Pelvic Pain - What Can Cause It?

Pelvic pain frequently leads to a lot of pain in the pelvis of females as well as males. Pelvic pain can be witnessed in men, as well, and can come from different causes. Pelvic pain might be a manifestation of infection or may emerge from pain in the pelvic bone or other organs, for example, the bladder or colon. In ladies, in any case, pelvic pain can in all likelihood be an indication that there might be an issue with one of the regenerative organs in the pelvic range (uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervix, or vagina).

To determine what is causing pelvic pain, your doctor will first ask you several questions about your symptoms and past medical problems. He or she will also perform a physical exam and may offer you tests to determine what is causing your pain. Other tests that may be given include:

  1. Blood and urine tests
  2. Pregnancy tests in females of reproductive age
  3. Vaginal or penile cultures to check for sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea and/or chlamydia
  4. Abdominal and pelvic X-rays
  5. Bone density screening (special type of X-ray to determine the strength of bone)
  6. Diagnostic laparoscopy (procedure allowing a direct look at the structures in the pelvis and abdomen)
  7. Hysteroscopy (procedure to examine the uterus)
  8. Stool test (checking a stool sample for microscopic blood)
  9. Lower endoscopy (insertion of a lighted tube to examine the inside of the rectum and part or all of the colon)
  10. Ultrasound (test that uses sound waves to provide images of internal organs)
  11. CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis (scan that uses X-rays and computers to produce an image of a cross-section of the body)

Few possible reasons for pelvic pain in both men and women may include:

  1. An infected appendix is an irritation of the informative supplement, a three and a half inch long container of tissue that reaches out from the digestive organ.
  2. A few people blame a little bladder for regular breaks, however, your body's ordinary "limit" is once in a while the genuine reason for such an issue. In healthy individuals, that limit ranges from one to two mugs.
  3. Sexual conditions, or STDs, incorporate chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, and trichomoniasis. Vaginal or reformatory release and pain or torment during urination can also demonstrate an STD.
  4. Kidney disease or kidney stones
  5. Intestinal pain
  6. Nerve conditions
  7. A hernia occurs when an organ or greasy tissue crushes through a frail spot in a surrounding muscle or connective tissue called the belt.
  8. Broken pelvis could occur due to a prior injury.
  9. Psychogenic pain is a pain issue connected with mental variables. A few sorts of mental or passionate issues can bring about, increment or drag out the pain.

The possible reasons for pelvic pain in only women just may include:

  1. Ectopic pregnancyIn case that the prepared egg embeds in your fallopian tube or elsewhere in your stomach area, you wind up with what is called an ectopic pregnancy.
  2. Unsuccessful labor: An unsuccessful labor is the departure of an embryo before the twentieth week of pregnancy.
  3. Pelvic inflammatory disease: Pelvic inflammatory disease, generally called PID, is a disease of the female regenerative organs.
  4. Ovulation: The primary stage begins with the main day of your period. Your body discharges hormones that make the eggs inside your ovaries develop. If your ovulation cycle is interrupted due to any means, it can cause pelvic pain as well. It can generally, also cause pelvic pain.
  5. Fibroids: Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous lumps that develop on the uterus. Symptoms may include substantial periods, cramping, excruciating sex and an urge to urinate frequently.
  6. EndometriosisEndometriosis is the growth of uterine-coating tissue outside the uterus. Side effects may include stomach pain, painful periods, and infertility.
  7. Uterine cancerCancerous growth inside the uterus
  8. Cervical cancer: Cervical cancer is for the most part brought on by the human papillomavirus, or HPV. A HPV vaccine may decrease the danger of cervical cancer.
2660 people found this helpful

How Homeopathy Can Help Treat Leg Cramps?

BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Ernakulam
How Homeopathy Can Help Treat Leg Cramps?

Leg cramps is a very common condition which is characterized by tight and painful leg muscles. The calf muscles are the most commonly affected; it can spread further down to your thighs and feet. Once the cramping gets better, you might experience a tender leg coupled with a numbing feeling for a few minutes.

The causes of leg cramps are varied. If it is caused due to an underlying condition, it is known as secondary leg cramps. The causes of secondary leg cramps include vigorous exercises, pregnancy and usage of certain medications. The cramps cause the muscles of the leg to shorten and contract, thus making you lose control of the affected muscle.

How can homeopathy help?

Homeopathy is a system of medicine which is very holistic in nature. The goal of homeopathy is to focus on the causes of a disorder rather than just curing the symptoms. Homeopathic remedies do not yield any side effect unlike the conventional treatments. Apart from treating the symptoms, homeopathic remedies also help improve your overall wellbeing.

There are many homeopathic remedies that can be used to treat leg cramps. The remedies are focused on treating any underlying condition that may be causing these leg cramps, apart from relieving the symptoms. The first step of the treatment is to diagnose the condition, which is done by a trained practitioner. You will be asked questions pertaining to the cramps and your diet. Once the diagnosis is complete, the medications are prescribed based on the diagnosis.

There may be certain dietary restrictions that you may have to follow for the medicines to work at their optimum best. This system of medicine might also require you to not carry out any form of heavy work that involves the legs as rest is required to boost the process of recovery.

The various Homeopathic offerings are:

  1. Causticum

  2. Calcarea carbonica

  3. Arsenicum album

  4. Colocynthis

  5. Pulsatilla Nigricans

  6. Arnica montana
6926 people found this helpful

What To Do If You Are Suffering From Dysmenorrhea?

Dr.Anjuli Dixit 89% (765ratings)
DGO, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Faridabad
What To Do If You Are Suffering From Dysmenorrhea?

In preparation for the possibility of conception, a woman's body undergoes the menstrual cycle every month which culminates into the periods. This is a normal process which all women of reproductive age go through every month. However, in certain cases, the periods can be really painful where you may suffer from menstrual cramps or could be generally in much pain. This condition is known as Dysmenorrhea.

What exactly is Dysmenorrhea
As mentioned above, Dysmenorrhea is a disorder that many women got through while having their periods where they may suffer from painful cramps. The pain usually occurs in the pelvis area along with the lower abdomen and it may also be accompanied by other symptoms.

Some symptoms of Dysmenorrhea
Some of the symptoms of Dysmenorrhea could be any combination of the following factors
I. Very painful menstrual cramps accompanied by lower back pain
II. Diarrhea and nausea along with the cramps
III. Pain in the inner thighs, lower back and hips
IV. Being hypersensitive to light, loud sounds, specific smells and touch
V. Being fatigued all the time, even causing you to faint

Causes of Dysmenorrhea
Dysmenorrhea is usually caused by the contraction of the Uterus. While the uterus does contract a little even in normal periods, during Dysmenorrhea the contractions tend to be a little too much. Due to this the uterus presses against the blood vessels and organs within the vicinity causing oxygen loss to them. This causes elevated levels of pain and discomfort.

Some of the underlying causes which may result in Dysmenorrhea are:
1. Narrowing of the cervix - Also known as stenosis, the lower part of the uterus which is the cervix may become narrow due to scarring and cause Dysmenorrhea.
2. Endometriosis - This is where the uterine lining is found outside the uterus, especially in the pelvic cavity and thus may cause painful cramps.
3. Inflammatory pelvic diseases - This is when a bacterial infection in the pelvic area can spread to multiple organs, including the uterus and thus may cause painful menstrual cramps.
4. Tumors - Tumors or fibroids which are unwanted growths on the inside of the uterus may also trigger Dysmenorrhea.

What to do if you are suffering from Dysmenorrhea
Below are some of the basic steps which you can take to ease pain from Dysmenorrhea
1. Avoid smoking and abstain from alcohol
2. Ample rest during periods
3. Keep the body dehydrated
4. Don't consume foods high in salt
5. Don't drink coffee or any caffeine rich foods
6. Lower back massages and hot water bag treatments to relieve pain

4250 people found this helpful

How Can You Avoid Menstrual Cramps?

MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS, MBA
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
How Can You Avoid Menstrual Cramps?

Let's first get to know what are menstrual cramps?
Menstrual cramps, also known as dysmenorrhea or period pains are throbbing or cramping pains in the lower abdomen.Many women experience menstrual cramps just before and during their menstrual periods.

Who gets menstrual cramps?
About half of women experience menstrual cramps and about 15% describe the pain as severe. It has been shown that women who do not exercise experience more painful menstrual cramps. Certain psychological factors such as emotional stress may also increase the likelihood of having uncomfortable menstrual cramps. Additional risk factors for these cramps include:

  1. Being younger than 20 years of age
  2. Starting puberty at age 11 or younger
  3. Menorrhagia - heavy bleeding during periods
  4. Never given birth

Symptoms of menstrual cramps include:

  1. Pain in the lower back and thighs
  2. Nausea
  3. Vomiting
  4. Sweating
  5. Dizziness
  6. Diarrhea
  7. Loose stools
  8. Constipation
  9. Bloating in the belly area
  10. Headaches
  11. Lightheadedness or feeling faint.

How can you 'AVOID' menstrual cramps?

  1. Eating fruits and vegetables and limiting intake of fat, alcohol, caffeine, salt and sweets
  2. Exercising regularly
  3. Reducing stress
  4. Quitting smoking
  5. Yoga or relaxation therapy
  6. Acupuncture or acupressure.
  7. Apply heat to lower abdominal part.
  8. Make sure you're getting enough vitamin D.
  9. Dietary supplements.

10 Ways to treat period cramps:
1. Improve Your Diet to Alleviate Period Cramps
2. Pop a Safe Painkiller
3. Turn to Tea to Calm Menstrual Cramps
4. Try Fish Oil and Vitamin B1
5. Needle Away Period Cramps
6. Massage With Essential Oils for Pain Relief
7. Curl Up With a Heating Pad to Ease Period Cramps
8. Boost Endorphins Your Way
9. Up the Magnesium in Your Diet
10. Lean on Your Contraceptive 

2533 people found this helpful
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