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Constipation Tips

Management Of Constipation & Bleeding In Rectum In Children!

Dr. Rishavdeb Patra 88% (39 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Paediatric Surgery
Pediatric Surgeon, Kolkata
Management Of Constipation & Bleeding In Rectum In Children!

Constipation is a symptom, not a disease. Constipation is a digestive disorder system where an individual faces difficulty to expel. An incomplete bowel movement is a sign of constipation. This condition causes the stiffening of stool near the rectum, obstructing the smooth passage of stool. In most of the cases, this occurs because of the improper diet. If one is suffering from constipation the faeces become hard, dry and emptying the bowels become painful. Sometimes it causes bleeding in the rectum. Constipation may also cause the abdominal pain. Constipation is very common in kids. Constipation is a temporary problem, but, chronic constipation may lead to serious problems. The common causes of constipation in kids are improper toilet training and diet less in fibre content. One can avoid this by eating healthy food rich in fibre, drinking more and more fluids. 

Symptoms 
Mention below are the symptoms of constipation: 

  1. Regular stomach ache and less than three bowel movements a week. 
  2. Bowel moment is slow and hard to pass. 
  3. Emptying the bowel becomes painful. 
  4. Blood on surface of hard stool. 
  5. Abdominal pain 

Causes 

  1. Toilet training: Improper toilet training is one of the major causes of constipation. One must follow a proper routine for passing out stool. 
  2. Diet: If you are not providing a child a food rich in fibre than the child may suffer from constipation. Consuming a dairy product also leads to the same problem. Sodas and drinks containing caffeine cause dehydration and worsen constipation. 
  3. Change in routine: Change in routine such as long travelling, too hot or cold weather and stress can affect bowel functioning. 
  4. Hirschprungs’ disease: There is absence of ganglion cells in intestine leading to failure of movement of bowel leading to constipation. 
  5. Rectal polyp, Colonic polyp, Anal fissure: Causes bleeding per rectum. Blood streaks on stool occur in Constipation and Anal fissure. Bleeding in drops after passing stool occurs in Polyps. 

Preventions 
One can get the better results if an individual combines all the approaches given below: 

  1. Toilet training: Child should be encouraged to go to toilet at a particular time daily. Provide the child with comfortable footstool so that could comfortably release a stool. 
  2. Diet: The Proper diet chart should be maintained for children. A balanced diet rich in fibre should be served. Increase the daily water intake of your children. Avoid fast food and dairy product. 
  3. Medicines: If your child is taking some medicines review it. It may be causing constipation. In case the medicine is causing constipation then go for doctor opinion. 
  4. Regular exercise: Regular exercise is one of the best ways to avoid constipation. Ask your child to do regular exercise and play outdoor games. Regular exercise increases metabolism and make our immune system strong. 
  5. Regular check-up: A regular visit to the doctor helps to diagnose the health problem. A Regular check-up is necessary for maintenance of healthy body and it avoids the risk of serious disease caused by constipation.

Colonic Polyps - Common Tests That Are Prescribed For It!

Dr. Jayant Wagh 84% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DNB (General Surgery)
Gastroenterologist, Nashik
Colonic Polyps - Common Tests That Are Prescribed For It!

Colon polyps are growths that are typically found in the large intestine. Although the causes behind the occurrence of colon polyps are not known, this condition is usually seen to affect adults.

These colon polyps might turn into colon cancer over a period of time; the development of cancer can happen over a number of years.

Colon polyps are usually symptomless; hence it becomes difficult to diagnose the condition. They are commonly found as additional results of screening tests for colon cancers. Screening tests are conducted when there is a suspicion of a disease but it displays no significant symptoms. The symptoms can only be visible if the polyps are enlarged. Typical symptoms include:

  1. Rectal bleeding.

  2. Changes in bowel conditions such as diarrhoea and constipation.

  3. Changes in urination patterns.

  4. Change in appearance of stool.

As the presence of most polyps becomes evident only during colon cancer tests, it is recommended that regular tests for colon cancer be conducted for adults over the age of 50. Some of these tests include:

  1. Colonoscopy: This is highly recommended for detecting colon polyps. A small tube used for viewing is inserted into the colon by the doctor.

  2. Flexible Sigmoidoscopy: It is similar to colonoscopy with the only difference being that the tube is smaller.

  3. Computed Tomographic Colonography (CTC): Also known as virtual colonoscopy, various computer systems and X-rays are used to create a detailed picture of the colon so that the doctor can search for polyps.

The size of the colon polyps helps to identify if the polyp is cancerous or not. Chances of the polyp being cancerous are high if the size of the polyp is higher than 1 cm or 0.4 inches. Hyperplastic polyps (smaller polyps) do not become cancerous and hence, do not need to undergo a colonoscopy. Another form of polyp is the sessile polyp which is usually a flat growth without a stalk and grows on the inner wall of the colon. Similar to other polyps, these polyps can be found and removed using a colonoscopy or a sigmoidoscopy.

5 Ayurvedic Remedies For Treating Constipation!

Dr. Ashwini Vivek Mulye 88% (494 ratings)
Fellowship Course in Panchkarma, BAMS
Ayurveda, Navi Mumbai
5 Ayurvedic Remedies For Treating Constipation!

The way your day starts can affect your entire day and nothing is worse than fighting constipation in the morning. Along with a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen and bloating, constipation can also cause mood swings and lower your attention span. While laxatives can be temporary quick fixes, they can worsen the problem over time.

Hence, it is better to treat this disorder with a few simple lifestyle changes and home remedies.

  1. Eat plenty of fibre: A bad diet is one the key factors triggering constipation. Fibre not only fills the stomach, but also helps add bulk to your stool making it easier to pass. Ideally, a person should have 20-40 grams of fibre a day. If you suffer from chronic constipation, you can increase this amount a little as well. As an easy way to increase your fibre consumption is ensure that you eat some form of raw salad with every meal. Other foods that are rich in fibre are oats, almonds, cereals, beans, lentils and fruits.
  2. Ginger tea or mint tea: Ginger is a warming herb, which when had in form of tea can make the body generate more internal heat. This helps activate the digestion process and thereby relieves constipation. The menthol in peppermint has an antispasmodic effect that helps relax the digestive tract muscles and makes it easier for stool to pass through. Dandelion tea can also be used as a mild natural laxative.
  3. Castor oil: Castor oil is a popular natural laxative. This is because one of the components of this oil helps stimulate the small and large intestine. To benefit from castor oil, have 1 or 2 teaspoons of the oil on an empty stomach. You should be able to pass stool within about 8 hours.
  4. Drink plenty of water: Water not only hydrates the body, but also helps food move along the digestive system. Without adequate water, the stool is likely to be hard and difficult to pass. Ideally, you should drink at least 8 glasses of water a day. Do not count artificially sweetened beverages as part of this count as they can actually cause constipation instead of ease it.
  5. Warm lemon waterLemon juice helps stimulate the digestive system and hence is ideal for treating constipation. When mixed with warm water, it can help eliminate toxins from the body. Adding a little honey to the mixture can also work as a mild laxative. Alternatively, you could add salt in place to honey as this encourages the bowel muscle contraction and is rich in magnesium.

Digestion Problems - Know About It!

Dr. Riyaz A Bhat 87% (10 ratings)
MD - Medicine, Diabetologist, Thyroidologist & Endocrinologist
General Physician, Srinagar
Digestion Problems - Know About It!

The human digestive system is a very complicated and sizeable component of the body. It starts right at the beginning of the mouth, ending at the rectum. Some of the major responsibilities of the digestive system include absorption of essential nutrients and elimination of wastes.

Not only do digestive problems have embarrassing and unwanted symptoms, serious, chronic diseases can be caused if the minor problems are not treated.

Some digestive problems are listed below:

  1. GERDThis is a burning sensation that results from acids in the stomach being squirted into the oesophagus. A burning sensation is felt, right from the chest to the end of the throat. Frequent heartburns can lead to GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease), symptoms of which include dry cough, sore throat, chest discomfort and difficulty in swallowing.
  2. BloatingThis is caused due to the presence of excess gas in the colon, small intestines or the stomach.
  3. Dyspepsia: This is an uncomfortable feeling or pain which occurs in the upper abdominal regions, mostly a result of excess food intake. It is commonly referred to as indigestion. Dyspepsia can be discomforting and if prolonged, medical assistance should be opted for.
  4. Chronic ConstipationPersistent constipation (chronic) is a sign that there is a problem with the elimination of wastes. This usually happens when the colon is unable to move or pass stools. Other major causes of chronic constipation can be changes in your usual diet, various eating disorders, Irritable Bowel Syndrome and excessive consumption of dairy products among others.
  5. Food Intolerance: This occurs when the digestive system is unable to tolerate certain food items. This condition is different from food allergies as it only affects the digestive system. Some of the common symptoms include diarrhoea, headache, gas and vomiting.

Possible Serious Conditions-

A gastroenterologist is a type of doctor that specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases involving the digestive system. If you continue to experience digestion problems, it’s time to make an appointment.

More serious signs could mean an emergency medical problem. Those signs include:

  • bloody stools
  • continuous vomiting
  • severe abdominal cramps
  • sweating
  • sudden, unintentional weight loss

These symptoms could be an indication of an infection, gallstones, hepatitis, internal bleeding, or cancer.

Medications-

You may be able to overcome digestion problems with treatment and lifestyle changes. Certain diseases of the digestive system might be long-term, but medications can help alleviate symptoms.

Identifying specific digestion problems and talking with a gastroenterologist can go a long way in terms of helping your doctor give you a proper diagnosis. Remember, you don’t have to put up with constant digestive issues.

3 people found this helpful

6 Symptoms Of Constipation And Its Prevention!

Dr. Radhakrishna Patta 86% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery
Gastroenterologist, Chennai
6 Symptoms Of Constipation And Its Prevention!

Constipation by itself is not a disease but it a condition in which your bowel movement is infrequent and the stools are hard and difficult to pass.
Constipation happens to most of us at one time or the other and then it goes away naturally. Chronic constipation is constipation which is long-term and it usually signals a deep-rooted medical problem which requires intervention.

Symptom of constipation
While fewer bowel movements is a foremost symptom of constipation, other common symptoms are-

  1. Trouble passing stools
  2. Pellet-like hard or small stools
  3. A sense of being full even after a bowel movement
  4. Flatulence, swollen belly
  5. Belly pain
  6. Throwing up

Causes
Medicines like antacids that contain calcium or aluminium

  1. Changes in your lifestyle and usual diet like travelling
  2. Having too much of dairy
  3. Colon cancer
  4. Eating disorders
  5. Irritable bowel syndrome or IBS
  6. Neurological conditions like Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis
  7. Inactive lifestyle
  8. Less water and fibre in diet
  9. Overusing laxatives
  10. Pregnancy
  11. Problems with the muscles and nerves in the digestive system
  12. Drugs like pain medications and narcotics, antidepressants, or iron pills
  13. Stress
  14. Hypothyroidism

What should you do?
Constipation can be handled by taking simple steps like:

  1. Drinking four extra glasses of water a day over your normal intake.
  2. Drinking warm water in the morning.
  3. Adding more fibre to your diet by eating more fruits and vegetables.
  4. Eating more bran cereal and brown rice.
  5. You can use a very mild over-the-counter stool softener and laxatives like magnesium hydroxide. But take care to not use them for more than two weeks at a time. If you don’t get any relief, it’s time to call your doctor.

You should not wait to consult a doctor, however, if you have sudden constipation with abdominal pain or extreme cramping and you aren’t able to pass any gas or stool.
Also, call your doctor if:

  • Constipation happens out of the blue and is not a new problem for you.
  • You see blood in your stool.
  • You are losing weight.
  • You are experiencing severe pain during bowel movements.
  • Your constipation is more than two weeks old.
  • You are getting pencil-thin stools.

Diagnosis
The following tests are recommended to unearth the reasons behind chronic constipation:

  • Blood tests to check hormone levels
  • Barium studies a kind of test which looks for blockages in your colon
  • Colonoscopy which again looks for blockages in your colon

A type of constipation which is due to pelvic floor /outlet dysfunction. This may need biofeedback therapy. At times some kind of minor surgery

Prevention
Constipation really is very amenable to diet and lifestyle changes. Eat a well-balanced diet and go for light, regular exercise to prevent chronic constipation. Also, drink two quarts of water every day to keep yourself regular.

2 people found this helpful

Did You Know Constipation Can Also be a Sign of Urinary Incontinence?

Dr. Shrikant M.Badwe 86% (31 ratings)
M.Ch - Urology/Genito-Urinary Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Urologist, Mumbai
Did You Know Constipation Can Also be a Sign of Urinary Incontinence?

Urinary Incontinence is the sudden urine loss that occurs involuntarily in women. Some of the factors which cause urinary incontinence are pregnancy, menopause and childbirth. It should be noted that urinary incontinence by itself is not a disease, but is a symptom of other underlying disorders such as diabetes, infections and other conditions.

Causes of temporary cases of urinary incontinence include:

  1. Constipation
  2. Urinary tract infections
  3. Excess consumption of alcohol and caffeine
  4. Consuming carbonated drinks
  5. Use of artificial sweeteners
  6. High doses of vitamin B and vitamin C
  7. Being on sedatives, muscle relaxants, blood pressure and heart medications
  8. Eatables which are too spicy, acidic or sugary

However, persistence of incontinence might be due to a more serious condition. Some of the causes are stated below:

  1. Age: The bladder muscles tend to weaken with age. This affects the bladder’s urine holding capacity.
  2. Pregnancy: Hormonal changes and increase in weight during pregnancy can cause incontinence.
  3. Menopause: Oestrogen is responsible for the healthy maintenance of the lining of the urethra and bladder. The onset of menopause causes the oestrogen hormone levels to drop. The gradual damage of the bladder tissues causes incontinence.
  4. Childbirth: The bladder control muscles are weakened during normal vaginal delivery, thus leading to incontinence.
  5. Obstruction: Occurrence of tumours in the urinary tract can block the normal flow of urine which can cause incontinence.
  6. Hysterectomy: The same ligaments and muscles support both the bladder as well as the urethra. With removal of the uterus by hysterectomy, the pelvic floor muscles are deteriorated. This leads to urinary incontinence.
  7. Neurological disorders: Conditions such as multiple sclerosis (autoimmune disorder in which the immune system destroys the protective sheath of the nerves), Parkinson’s disease (disorder affecting motor functioning of the body), brain tumours, spinal injury or strokes are capable of causing incontinence.


Different forms of urinary incontinence are classified on the basis of their symptoms:

  1. Urge incontinence: Urge or urgency incontinence occurs when there is a leak before the person reaches the toilet.
  2. Stress incontinence: Small amounts of urine leak out during normal physical movements such as sneezing, coughing and exercising. This happens because of the minimum stress exerted on the body, and hence, the name.
  3. Functional incontinence: Sudden leakage of urine occurs due to external deterrents or physical disabilities such as not being able to find a toilet.
  4. Overactive Bladder: This is characterized by frequent and urgent urination.
  5. Overflow incontinence: A full bladder, at times, leads to unexpected leakage.
  6. Transient incontinence: If urine leakage occurs due to temporary situations such as infections, or new medications.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3502 people found this helpful

Constipation - Understanding The Ayurveda Prespective!

Dr. Sambhaji S Garje 87% (10 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), Fellowship In Ano-Rectal-Surgery
Ayurveda, Thane
Constipation - Understanding The Ayurveda Prespective!

Ayurvedic medicines teach us that the health of the digestive system is the most important factor and determinant in the long term for your health and well-being. Healthy digestion leads to a healthy life and vice-a-versa. But is it always that simple? Yes! As, healthy digestion ensures that all the nutrients that are ingested through food are assimilated by the cells that compose it. When digestion is weak, the tissues of your body such as muscles, blood and nerves become weak and susceptible to disease.

Symptoms of poor digestion include

  1. Excess gas
  2. Constipation
  3. Diarrhea
  4. Belching
  5. Burning
  6. Vomiting
  7. Indigestion
  8. Swelling
  9. Pain

Through the eyes, the Ayurvedic practitioner comes to understand the cause of the disease, he does so by examining the patient's way of life. Incorrect eating habits are the first amongst many culprits. Poor food choices and poor diet, combined, are next in line. Together they are the main causes of digestive diseases.The following points play a key role in the Ayurvedic pathogenesis of digestive disorders. The nature of its imbalance and how it interacts determines how the disease occurs.

  1. Jatharagni: This is the digestive fire that regulates the catabolism (breakdown) of food into smaller molecules for digestion. When the body is healthy, it is able to assimilate properly. When the initial digestion of the food is very weak, it is compromised, either the malabsorption will take place or ama will be formed. When it is too strong it produces burning.
  2. Samana vayu: This is a sub-type vata that regulates the absorption of nutrients in the body. Assuming it decomposes properly, samana vayu can guide its absorption. Not only does samana vayu govern absorption, but it also directly affects the Agni as well as the wind when it blows over the fire. If the wind is strong, the fire is strong. If the wind is weak, the fire burns low. If the wind varies, so does the fire. A defective samana vayu can cause gas, diarrhea and malabsorption.
  3. Apana vayu: This type of vata governs the downward movement. In particular, the excretion of toxins and feces. At the point when disposal is sound defecations are strong, yet delicate. When apana vayu is defective, a variety of problems such as constipation and diarrhea manifest themselves.
  4. Kledak kapha: This type of kapha governs the mucous lining that protects the digestive system; in particular, of the stomach. When health is in balance, Agni and vayu also protect the membranes from heat or dryness. When there is an excess of mucus, it results in nausea. When it diminishes, the membranes become susceptible to the irritant effects of Agni and the effects that cause drying in vayu. In addition, an increase in the strength of kapha can block the digestive tract and cause constipation.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5105 people found this helpful

7 Tips To Recover From An Abdominal Surgery

Dr. Tarun Agarwal 87% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Lucknow
7 Tips To Recover From An Abdominal Surgery

As soon as one is released from hospital after going through an abdominal surgery, the patient must make a checklist and an early recovery strategy before leaving home. Do follow the following tips and recover soon.

  1. Do make prior arrangements for a safe and comfortable journey back to home. Ensure that you have made transportation arrangements to go home safely. Use your own car or book any cab or take any friend’s help. Place a cushion over your abdomen to keep it safe from jerks.
  2. Do go for post-surgery checkup. Book an appointment with your surgeon post-surgery. This would ensure that surgery did not cause any side-effect.
  3. Understand the schedule for taking medicines. Usually the patients are given painkillers. If you think you are not getting relief from it then ask your surgeon to prescribe you an alternative. Patients are likely to suffer from constipation post an abdominal surgery. If that happens, intake more fibrous food, fluids and indulge in light physical activities. Patients can also ask for cheaper alternative medicines.
  4. Check for certain signs and symptoms and take adequate steps:

    • Take adequate sleep. There are chances that you may feel dizzy and fatigue, therefore one must observe change in sleep patterns. Have patience. Things will become normal in due course of time.
    • You will also be subjected to little pain from the incision. Take your medicines as directed in order to get an early relief from pain.
    • Draining of yellow color liquid from the incision in little quantities post the surgery is normal. If the drainage continues even after 7 to 14 days with redness around incision, it is a clear symptom of infection. Consult your surgeon immediately for the cure.
    • Removal of urinary catheter from the bladder may cause minor difficulties during urination. Situation will become normal in few days. If discomfort persists, consult your surgeon. 
  5. Identify the following dangerous symptoms and call your doctor right away.
    • Persistent vomiting or nausea
    • Incapability to digest food or fluids
    • Swelling in leg
    • Abnormal body temperature
    • Infection at the surgical site
  6. Maintain a healthy and supervised lifestyle post surgery.
    • It will take few days to return to your normal routine life. So have patience until then.
    • Go for morning and evening walks. Avoid heavy exercises as such activities may cause physical strain.
  7. Take care of your surgical incision
    • Surgical incision should be regularly cleaned or washed gently. Try to keep the surgical site dry until the stitches are removed.
    • After 5-7 days of surgery, the stitches would be removed by the surgeon. Avoid putting ointment on the stitches until then. It will take few weeks for the scars to fade.

Under proper care and supervision, the patient will soon recover post an abdominal surgery and will be able to get their life back on track. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3034 people found this helpful

Homeopathy And Digestive Disorder!

Dr. Sameer Kumar Singh 86% (115 ratings)
B.Sc, BHMS
Homeopath, Lucknow
Homeopathy And Digestive Disorder!

Homeopathy has great proven worth in dealing with many digestive com­plaints. However, be aware of certain warning symptoms which should not be ignored. 
An early medical opinion and diagnosis is important in the follow­ing situations:

1. Sudden severe abdominal pain
2. Vomiting, especially if accompanied by abdominal distension

3. Weight loss which is not from deliber­ate dieting
4. Alteration in the normal bowel habit, either with persistent looseness or constipation
5. Bleeding from the back passage.

Water Deficiency - 5 Signs Your Body Is Indicating It!

Dr. Suresh Ade 83% (23 ratings)
MD - General Medicine, CCEDM, Fellowship In Neurology & Stroke, Post Graduate Diploma in Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
Internal Medicine Specialist, Navi Mumbai
Water Deficiency - 5 Signs Your Body Is Indicating It!

Water is indispensable for the human body as 90% of the brain and almost 60 per cent of an adult body is chiefly made up of water. Water is just as important as any of your meals. Each cell and organ depends on water for its proper functioning and for flushing out toxins and fats from the body. An average man must consume roughly 3 litres (10-12 glasses) of water per day; and a woman requires about 2.5 litres (8-10 glasses). If you're not meeting this requirement, you might be fall prey to dehydration.

The state of water deficiency or dehydration can be determined through various symptoms. Read on to know the 5 most common signs:

1. The colour of your urine is dark

The colour of your urine indicates your health. The lesser the water you drink, the darker is the colour of your pee. If your urine is pale yellow, you drink a sufficient amount of water. If it's dark yellow and concentrated, it's a sign for you to refill on water. Also, if you haven't urinated for more than two hours, you should immediately gulp 2 glasses of water.

2. You experience frequent headaches

Headaches are often caused by dehydration when the pressure from your blood vessels falls. Dehydration makes it tough for your heart to pump enough oxygen to the brain. Drinking sufficient amounts of water ensures the flow of oxygen in your body.

3. You feel dizzy and fatigued

Lack of water can often lead to laziness and restlessness. It may also cause a rapid change in your blood pressure. Low or high blood pressures are stimulants of fatigue. Water gives you instant energy that wakes up your whole system, thus making you feel revitalised.

4. You have constipated bowel movements

Water is one of the top natural remedies for constipation or troubled bowel movements. If your fluid intake is low, you're likely to have stomach, gastric and bowel problems. The digestive system depends on water to help food move through both the intestines. It checks the functions of the digestive tract, while also keeping it flexible and clean.

5. You experience brain fogs and blackouts

Your brain cells and nerves react severely to water loss. You may start feeling a lack of concentration along with temporary memory loss. Blackouts and fogs are common when you have a deficit of water. You might even experience difficulty in carrying out cognitive tasks.

If you're experiencing similar issues, you must enhance your daily water intake. You can try carrying a sipper around, which allows you to keep a tab on your water consumption. To relish water as a refreshing beverage, you can infuse freshly chopped fruits and herbs in a pitcher of chilled water. This flavoured water also cleanses your body of all toxins and chemicals, thus keeping you fresh.

consult.

2 people found this helpful
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