The common cold is caused by the cold virus. It is an infection that everyone has at some point in their life and is often accompanied by a cough. Coughs and colds can be brought on by nearly anything – a change in the weather, not being warm enough, being in contact with someone else who has a cold, and just generally coming into contact with this virus. Since it is air borne, a cold is extremely easy to get, which is why it is so common. There are many different ways to treat your cold.
Most people don’t know this but the common cold does not have a cure. This is because most viruses do not have a cure. All the treatments that are designed for the common cold essentially aim to get rid of the symptoms. Some of these treatments include pain relievers, cough syrup, decongestant sprays, and tablets for cold that combine all the benefits of the listed treatments. You do not have to visit a doctor to get any of these treatments as they are available over the counter. Recognizing a cold is very simple and it is generally something that you can diagnose by yourself.
If you’ve woken up with a headache, throbbing face, runny nose, a bit of tiredness, and fits of sneezing and coughing, you probably recognize the symptoms right away. It’s the common cold. Once you’ve recognised the symptoms that you have been facing and know that your problem is that you have a cold, you can begin to treat yourself. For your cough, you can have a cough syrup that you can get over the counter. Cough syrups are generally safe to consume and you can have them twice a day. Mild pain relievers are often used during a cold to get rid of any symptoms pertaining to hay fever.
Having a cold may leave you feeling congested and wit a stuffy nose. There are decongestion sprays available in the market to help clear out the congestion. There are also inhalers with mint that many people use to clear out the blockage in their nose and help them breathe properly. There are a few tablets available in the market that combat all the signs and symptoms of a cold such as the runny nose, general weakness, cough, and flu like symptoms all in one. These can also be procured over the counter and do not require an additional prescription. Most medicines that are meant to be used during a cold a pretty effective. However, if you continue to experience cold symptoms for more than a week, then it makes sense to see a doctor as you may have another underlying condition, or a highly persistent cold.
Anyone who has a cold is eligible for the treatment.
If you do not have a cold, or if you have a medical condition that simulates the symptoms of a cold but is not a cold, then you are not eligible for the treatment as you will not benefit from it.
As with most medication, there are certain side effects to be expected. Certain cough syrups can make you extremely drowsy and sleepy. More often than not, these are meant to be used at night when you fall asleep. If your medication makes you drowsy, then you should not be operating heavy machinery or driving your car. Similarly, when using mild pain killers, it is important to consider the ingredients of the pain killers. Many people are allergic to pain killers and need to use different brands or organic versions of the same.
Once your cold is treated, you can return to your normal life. There are no specific post treatment guidelines for a common cold or cough.
Once you start taking your medication, it usually takes 2-3 days to recover from the symptoms of a cold.
Cough syrups in India can range in price from Rs. 50 – Rs. 150, depending mainly on the brand and the size of the bottle. Pills in India also cost around the same.
The results of the treatment are permanent however it is important to note that the common cold does not have a cure. You can get a cold any time in your life even if you have already had one in the past. Any cold you get post the treatment is considered to be a fresh infection rather than the extension of the older one.
There are many home remedies to treating the common cold and they can be as effective as taking medication. This is why many people choose not to take any medication at all. Having chicken soup is a good cure for the cold. It revitalizes and replenishes your body with all the healthy nutrients it needs to gain its strength back. Many people also use steams to get rid of colds. During this, a boiling pot of water is placed on a table with the patient leaning over it with a towel over his or her head, trapping all the air between the face and the towel. All they have to do then is breathe and let the vapours clear out out their sinuses. There are many home remedies that can be tried to get rid of coughs as well, such as a mixture of warm water, honey, and black pepper.
Pregnancy brings with it a slew of changes in the physiological parameters of women. Women are susceptible to a number of complications, including respiratory complications during this stage. An abnormal chest X-ray or a complaint regarding some kind of respiratory trouble guides doctors to explore the possibility of pregnancy leading to respiratory complications.
Let us explore the likely respiratory complications during pregnancy.
Though studies do not indicate any increase in risk of pneumococcal infection during pregnancy, it has been observed that complications arising out of pneumonia are increased during this time. Anemic or asthmatic women are more susceptible to this infection, and the risk of complications is also more common in such women. It entails risk for both the mother and the child. While the child can be born preterm or low in weight, the mother can even suffer respiratory failure.
It is a kind of fungal infection that affects the respiratory system, especially in the last trimester of pregnancy. It is a respiratory tract infection that is self- limiting in nature. However, owing to reduced immunity during pregnancy, this fungal infection may turn out to be severe. It may cause a variety of complications, including pneumonia, fever, chest pain, difficulty in breathing, etc.
However, timely diagnosis and administration of antifungal therapy has reduced maternal mortality to a large extent.
There is a risk of formation of blood clots during pregnancy due to hypercoagulability of blood during this stage. This leads to an enhanced risk of embolic pneumonia, where blood clots may block an artery in the lungs. It is an emergency condition where patients usually have difficulty breathing, chest pain, cough, etc.
Pregnancy is not a risk factor for asthma, but asthma during pregnancy may exacerbate the risk of complications such as premature birth, restricted growth, preeclampsia, etc.
Tips to Avoid
These and other respiratory complications during pregnancy, if any, increase the risk of complications for the mother as well as the fetus. However, there are ways that pregnant women can adopt to get over these problems and give birth to a healthy baby.
Pulmonary tuberculosis was a fatal disease in the past in India. On an average, 95% of the deaths occur in third world countries, especially the developing ones, due to tuberculosis. In India, the deaths account to 50% out of the 95%. Such is the scenario that everyone is apprehensive if they have a prolonged cough and cold. As sputum with blood is a clear sign that the person is suffering from tuberculosis, steps must be taken promptly and at a swift pace to streamline things for quick care.
Tuberculosis is an air-borne disease and it can easily travel through the air when the affected person is in contact. In tuberculosis, specific bacteria called mycobacterium tuberculosis affects the lungs. On an average, 10% of such infections progress into acute disease and kill the affected individuals.
The symptoms of tuberculosis are seen more in patients suffering from AIDS as their immunity is often compromised. Early detection can be made possible through a chest X-Ray, microscopic examination, and the nature of the fluids. In case you are suffering from a prolonged cough and cold, you must go for tuberculin skin test or blood test to find out more about the problem.
Why is it important to eat a proper diet during pulmonary tuberculosis?
Malnutrition and pulmonary tuberculosis are interrelated. If you are eating right and inducting all healthy means in your daily lifestyle, it will build your immunity and help fight against grave diseases. When you have pulmonary tuberculosis, the desire or craving for the food will disappear and eventually, your body will wither off. You will lose mass by losing muscles.
So, eating healthily can only help you stay strong to defeat pulmonary tuberculosis. Those who are suffering from tuberculosis face challenges with nutrients in their body. They are deprived of essential micro-nutrients and they have severe deficiencies of zinc, Vitamin A, D, C & E, selenium, iron and copper.
A protein- and vitamin-rich diet can boost the immunity of the body and prevent deadly diseases from wreaking havoc in the body. So, if you are wondering about food, here are a few items that you can eat and few that you can avoid when you have pulmonary tuberculosis.
Food to eat
Food to avoid
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
A cough is probably one of the most common respiratory diseases that people suffer from. In most cases, it is nothing to worry about and can be cured with cough suppressants and salt water gargles. However, coughing of blood is a serious problem. The coughing up of blood that originates from below the level of the larynx is known as hemoptysis. This can vary in terms of severity depending on the amount of blood being expelled. This disease is a common condition, but on an average, less than 5% of hemoptysis cases are life threatening.
Hemoptysis rarely affects children. The symptoms of this condition include:
Sudden onset of a cough with bloody phlegm
Chest pain: Medical attention should be sought in cases where this condition recurs often, if it lasts for longer than a fortnight or if the volume of blood expectorated is more than 30ml per day. The various tools that help in the diagnosis of this condition are:
Chest radiography: This imaging modality helps lateralize bleeding and understand the amount of lung involvement. It is quick, inexpensive and can also help detect other underlying abnormalities.
Bronchoscopy: This involves the insertions of a rigid or flexible endoscope into the bronchial passages to check the airways and determine active bleeding sites.
MDCT: A multidetector CT is a non-invasive imaging tool that provides a comprehensive evaluation of airways, lung parenchyma, and thoracic vessels. It can also be used to uncover potential causes of bleeding such as bronchiectasis, pulmonary infections and lung cancer. In some cases, a multidetector CT angiography may also be used.
Oral antibiotics are usually the first stage of treatment for this condition. Smokers will also be urged to quit cigarettes as this can worsen their condition. Treatment for minor hemoptysis may also include:
In its later stages, hemoptysis can be treated with a minimally invasive procedure known as endovascular embolization or with surgery. In some cases, endovascular embolization may also be sued to stabilise the patient before surgery. This procedure reduces the pressure in the hypertrophic arterial blood vessels and decreases the risk of perioperative bleeding.
Hemoptysis is also one of the most common complaints of lung cancer patients. Depending on the stage of cancer and the amount of blood expectorated, treatment in some cases may not be possible. In such cases, a parenteral opioid and fast-acting benzodiazepine may be administered. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Pulmonologist.
Cold and cough is caused by a viral infection, which can last for about two to four weeks. The symptoms include stuffy or a runny nose, coughing and sore throat. Many times, the infection may raise body temperature and the child may suffer from fever. Our body’s immune system naturally fights with such infections. Depending on the type of cough and the symptoms, the virus can stay active in the body for about 4 to 6 weeks. It is quite painful to see the child suffering from cold and cough. The symptoms of this infection are worse during the first two days.
The child will experience pain and irritation in the throat with difficulty in swallowing, frequent coughing with mucous, breathing difficulty and high fever. Most parents rush to over the counter drugs for cold and cough to ease of their child’s agony. However, most drugs/ cough syrups available over the counter only provide temporary relief. Medical evidence suggests that antibiotics do not kill viruses, thus, it is not advisable to treat cold and cough with antibiotics unless accompanied by another infection. So, what do parents do? Well, there is a lot that can be done.
Let’s first understand the type of a cough your child might be suffering from:
Apart from this, If coughing starts suddenly along with choking, the child may have inhaled a foreign body. Immediate help may be required. For babies less than 12 months of age, cold cough followed by breathing difficulties may indicate bronchiolitis and require a paediatric attention. A normal cold and cough generally subside with two to four weeks. However, it is important to understand when to consult a doctor.
Precautions and diet that should be taken care of
There is little we can do to prevent viral infections. However, proper care and caution can ensure a smooth recovery. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a pediatrician.
Chlamydia is a STD, caused due to intercourse, or even sexual contact. This is often accompanied by vaginal discharge or genital pain. Chlamydia can affect both the sexes to any age group, though young sexually active women are mostly diagnosed with it. If left untreated, this STD can cause further complications, some of them, fatal.
Symptoms of Chlamydia in women
1. Abnormal odorous vaginal discharge
2. Bleeding resulting from intercourse or even between periods
3. Pain during menstruation or sexual intercourse
4. Soreness in the lower abdomen
5. A burning sensation or itching around the vagina
6. Painful urination
7. Green or yellow vaginal discharge
Infection can extend to the fallopian tubes, leading to a disease called Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID). PID can bear symptoms such as nausea, severe pain in the pelvic region, fever and unusual bleeding during one’s periods. There are also high chances of contracting the chlamydia infection in the anus, the indications being pain, bleeding and discharge from the anus. Oral sex with a person diagnosed with this condition can also result in you contracting this infection in the throat, resulting in soreness, fever and cough.