What is chiropractic therapy?
It is one of the type of alternative medicine which deals with diagnosis, and treatment of disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Doctors who perform it are known as chiropractors.
How was it originated?
It was invented by D. D. Palmer in 1895. It was invented by him by adjusting the spine of a deaf man, and he restored his hearing by doing that. After finding such a great result he proposed that all the diseases are due to subluxation of the spine (95%), and subluxations of other bone (5%).
Thus, he concluded, and formed a base of it by postulating following things:
But there is no supporting evidence of these postulates.
Why is it done?
The main purpose of it is to correct alignment problems, to reduce the pain, and to support the body's natural ability to heal itself. Sometimes, other methods, such as the application of heat, and ice, electrical stimulation, relaxation techniques, rehabilitative, and general exercise, diet counseling, weight loss, and lifestyle modification are also advised.
What are the advantages of it?
What are the adverse effects of it?
WHAT CAUSES BACK PAIN?
There are a whole host of reasons why you might experience back pain. Your pain might be a consequence of everyday life (such as bad posture whilst driving or when sitting at your desk) or, less often, it might be as a result of some underlying disease. The majority of cases of back pain are linked to simple mechanical problems, less than 5% signify nerve root pain and less than 2% reflect serious spinal pathology.
Back pain can be felt as a result of (most likely first):·
Simple back pain can be worsened, or triggered, by a number of factors including:·
CHIROPRACTIC TREATMENT FOR BACK PAIN
Like osteopaths, chiropractors aim to diagnose and correct joint disorders.Although at first glance the two techniques may appear to be very similar, they are in fact quite different.
Osteopathy uses more soft tissues massage and osteopaths suggest that the benefits of their therapy are related to the improved circulation of the blood. In contrast, chiropractors suggest that their treatment improves nervous function and relieves pain in this way. Around half of all chiropractic consultations are for low back pain, including hip problems. The technique was developed in the late nineteenth century by a Canadian called Daniel David palmer.
After examining you, chiropractors are able to identify whether the contractions of the muscles surrounding the spinal column has pulled the spine out of line slightly, and is thus causing your pain. Once it has been identified, chiropractors try to rectify the problem by reducing the tension in these muscles so that the spinal column becomes straighter and exerts less pressure on your joints, thereby lessening your pain.
Chiropractic treatment is not suitable for people with inflamed joints, spinal infections or cancer.Treatment can be specially adapted to suit those people with osteoporosis or fractures.
I Overhead Shoulder Reach
How many times a day do you reach overhead? Chances are it’s not many,our surroundings have become so convenient. The more you practice this movement, the easier common tasks like reaching for a high cabinet door become.
1.Standing with your feet shoulder width apart, reach your right arm straight up toward the ceiling until you feel a stretch in the shoulder along the right side. Then switch arms and reach high with your left arm.
2. For the final movement, reach both arm sup over your head toward the ceiling until you feel a stretch on both sides of your body.
II Backhand and Forehand Swing
Sports such as golf, tennis, and badminton require excellent shoulder flexibility and strength. Use this dynamic movement as part of an active warm-up. Begin slowly and allow the weight of your arm to gradually increase speed and range of motion.
1.Place your left hand on a wall and extend the arm fully. Reach your right arm across your chest and under your left shoulder by dropping your right shoulder until you feel the stretch in the back of the shoulder.
2. Complete the backhand by swinging the right arm back through the start position and allowing the momentum to raise the extended arm as high over the right shoulder as possible.
The Importance of Good Posture While Stretching Muscles
The Importance of Good Posture
Good posture is one of the most important and overlooked elements of successful stretching. It not only serves an aesthetic purpose, but good posture aids breathing and physical health, and prevents joint and soft tissue damage.
It’s important to keep a neutral spine while stretching. It’s often easy to arch your back or strain your neck to complete a stretch, but the reality is that you’re compromising the stretch and placing a strain on your joints.
The good standing posture looks like the hips,shoulders, and spine are all aligned and vertical. This is often referred to as ''standing tall''.
I Upper Back Foam Roll
Upper back muscles collect a lot of tension through out the day, and show signs of fatigue by poor posture. Using a foam roller on this area can help to relax the muscles and release the tension.
1.Lie on your back with the foam roller under your upper back, knees bent, and feet flat on the floor.Place your arms behind your head to support the neck. Use your legs to lift your hips off the floor.
2.Roll up and down your upper back between your shoulders and the bottom of the lat muscles. If you feel a spot that’s tender or tight, spend more time working that area. Perform the rolling movement for 15 to 30 seconds
II Lats Foam Roll
The latissimus dorsi is the largest muscle in the back. When it feels relaxed,your shoulders and entire back move more freely. If you’re looking for a do-it yourself massage, the foam roller is just the thing.
1.Lie on your right side with the foam roller under your upper back and extend your right arm over head.
2.Roll up and down the outer edge of your back. If you feel a spot that’s tender or tight, spend more time working that area.Perform the rolling movement for 15 to 30 seconds and then repeat on the left side
III Dynamic Overhead Shoulder Reach
Use this movement to warm up your shoulder and neck muscles before moving on to specific shoulder stretches. You can do this exercise seated or standing.Remember to hold your abdominal muscles strong, back straight, and shoulder blades pulled back.
1.Begin in a seated position with your feet flat on the floor and hands on your thighs. Alternating your arms, reach as high as possible without changing your posture. Repeat with each arm 5 to 10 times.
2.For the final movement, reach both arms up toward the ceiling and repeat 5 to 10 times.
IV Lying Side Reach on Stability Ball
Here’s a stretch you don’t know you need until you try it. Deeper than a standing overhead reach, the stability ball allows you to completely lengthen the latissimus dorsi from shoulder to low back. The extra stretch you feel in the shoulder and mid-torso shows how these muscles work together.
1.Lie on your right side with your torso over the stability ball. Maintain balance with your right hand on the floor and your right leg extended. Bend your left leg over the right for support.
2.Raise your left arm over your head. Reach as far over as possible until you feel a stretch along your left side. Repeat the stretch on the opposite side with your right arm overhead.
Kneeling Thread the Needle
As daily stressors build up, we often don’t notice the tension in our upper back until we have a stiff neck or headache. This stretch helps to alleviate the tension by loosening the muscles of the back and neck.
1.Begin the stretch in a flat table top position on your hands and knees. Extend your right arm out to the side in line with your shoulder.
2.To get into the proper stretch position,bend your left elbow down as you reach your right arm along the floor under and across your body. Reach as far as you can until you feel a stretch along the right side or until your right shoulder is on the floor.
EASIER: As an option to getting on the floor for this stretch, try leaning over a table or desk.
Lying Chest Lift (Cobra)
If you’re looking for a stretch that’s relaxing yet works the entire torso, this stretch is for you! It provides an excellent release for the spine and benefits the abdominal muscles as well as many other muscles and joints.
1.Begin by lying flat on the floor with your hands shoulder width apart in line with your eyes.Keep your toes on the floor.
2.Keeping your lower body in contact with the floor, raise your shoulders and head as far as your flexibility allows.
3.Extend your arms fully and push your upper body up toward the ceiling, finishing with your neck long and head high.
Tips to Avoid Stretching the Muscles the Wrong Way
Stretching the Wrong Way Feeling pain in the muscle and not breathing during stretching are counterproductive, there are other things that should also be avoided.
One of the most important rules is to never static stretch a cold muscle. This being said, you should always do an active warm-up before you begin static stretching. This could be a short walk or jog or a routine of dynamic stretches prior to a workout; or you could wait to complete your stretching routine after a workout.
Stretching with a foam roller and/or dynamic stretch that can also be performed before starting static stretches.Another rule to remember is you should never “bounce” as you’re holding a stretch. This can lead to injury to the muscles or connective tissues.
Dynamic stretching can provide superior results and is considered much safer. Don’t look at stretching as a way to heal an injury. If you feel like you’ve injured a muscle, consult with a doctor before beginning a stretching routine. Overstretching too soon after some injuries can extend your recovery time
I Forward Lunge with Open Torso
Oblique flexibility is important for good posture and back function. When your obliques aren’t active, more stress is placed on the lower back. This stretch lengthens the oblique muscle and improves flexibility.
1.Engage your core to stabilize the spine and pull your shoulder blades together.Step forward with your left leg and keep a slight bend in the right knee behind you. Slowly shift your body weight onto the front foot and find your balance without wobbling.
2.Raise your right arm high overhead. Avoid driving your hips forward Lower your hips toward the floor. Continue lowering your body to a comfortable position,or until your thigh becomes parallel to the floor. Return to the start position by firmly pressing off with the front leg.Repeat on the opposite side.
II Triangle Pose
This basic yoga pose builds strength, stability, and balance. Don’t be intimidated by the degree of movement—it’s best approached as an ongoing experiment.Focus your mind on the steadiness of the feet and legs, the expansion of the torso, and the evenness of the arms and legs.
1.Begin with your feet about 3 feet apart.Turn your left foot in slightly to the right and your right foot out 90 degrees. Keep the center of the right kneecap in line with the right ankle. Raise your arms parallel to the floor,shoulder wide, palms down.
2.Exhale and extend your torso to the right directly over the leg, bending from the hip joint, not the waist. Rest your right hand on your shin or ankle. Stretch your left arm toward the ceiling and let your eyes follow the left hand. Stay in this pose for 30 to 60 seconds and repeat on the opposite side.1 2
EASIER: Use a block or stack of blocks along the outside of your foot for a more comfortable bend at the waist.
III Side Overhead Reach on Stability Ball
The stability ball not only adds a balance component to this stretch, it allows you to create a greater angle along the entire side of the body you’re stretching.Use the stretch to add a bit of a challenge to your flexibility routine.
1.Lying on your right side on a stability ball, place your right hand on the floor beside the ball. Reach your right leg behind your torso with the outside of the foot on the ground. Cross your left leg over your right,and with a bent knee, place your left foot flat on the floor.
2.To move into the full position, reach your left arm up over your head.Straighten your left leg out and reach upward to feel the stretch along the left side of your torso. Hold for 20 to 30 seconds and repeat 3 times before switching sides.
IV Dynamic Chest Movement
Dynamic movements prepare your joints for activity. The repeated muscle stretch and contraction provides a thorough warm-up through a wide range of motion.
Golfers and racket sport players will appreciate the feel of this stretch.
1.Start with your feet shoulder width apart and your arms extended in front and parallel to the floor.
2.Keep your arms extended and pull them back as far as possible. Return to the starting position to complete the movement. Repeat 8 to 10 times with a minimal pause between each change of direction.
It’s important to maintain good posture through out this exercise.Keep your eyes forward and your ears over your shoulders to avoid a forward head thrust.Perform before other chest stretches or in sequence with other dynamic movements
Optimal mobility of the wrist joint is key to having good hand dexterity. Writing and unscrewing a lid are two activities we often take for granted that require flexibility in the wrist. This is a quick and easy stretch for any time you wrist feels tight or tired.
1.Bend your right wrist downward,pointing your fingers toward the floor.Press your left palm against the outside of your right hand. Use your left hand to gently press your right hand down until you feel the tension.
2.Repeat this on the opposite side by bending your left wrist down toward the floor and pressing your right palm against the outside your left hand. Use your right hand to gently press your left hand down until you feel the tension.
Most activities require a great deal of wrist flexion, but a lot less extension. This simple stretch improves this often neglected range of motion and can help prevent painful injuries in the future.
1. Stand straight with your feet shoulder width apart and your shoulders back.Press your palms together in the middle of your chest. Your forearms should be parallel to the floor with elbows out to the side and fingers pointing straight up.
2.Keeping your elbows out to the side and your palms together, rotate your hands away from your body and then downward to complete the stretch. Only rotate your wrists as far as is comfortable and hold for 10 to 15 seconds to complete the stretch. Repeat this movement 5 times.
Bending over the sink to shave, wash your face, or brush your teeth can put tremendous pressure on the lumbar discs, especially for the first hour and a half after rising. Shaving in the shower helps to limit bending at the waist. An inexpensive mirror placed in the shower can help reduce disc irritation. Also, remember that the first hour and a half in the morning is the most dangerous time to bend forward at the waist. Always limit bending at the waist, but especially early in the day.
Sitting, places a great deal of pressure on the discs of the lower back. Sitting with a slight recline (backward lean) reduces disc pressure for most people. Lumbar supports, adjustable arm rests, and foot stools are also beneficial for reducing pressure on discs. Experiment with different sitting positions until you find one that is most comfortable. Changing positions periodically is also a good idea for reducing discomfort associated with sitting.
Body pains are becoming very common these days especially to those people whose jobs require constant walking, long hours of standing and heavy lifting of objects. And among the most common types of body pains is back pain. Young and old have their own stories to share about this ache that starts at the base of the skull and extends down to the back of the thighs. This type of pain can really affect the everyday activity.
There are many reasons behind the back pains people are suffering from. For older folks, there's intervertebral disc degeneration; this is when discs located between the vertebrae of the spine break down due to ageing. For the greater majority though, life activities and factors are mainly the culprit. For example, people's reliance on portable devices for entertainment and information has been proven by studies to be bad for the back. The amount of concentration necessary to operate these devices makes people less conscientious of their posture and other physical movements, says a researcher.
Holding the wrong posture for a long time places great strain on the back muscles and nerves. Another life component that contributes to the back pains people suffer from is clothing style. Those tight, skinny jeans and killer heels may look great, especially in emphasizing young people's slim silhouettes, but they are quite uncomfortable and put a lot of pressure or strain on the body's frame for being so snug.
People who wear skinny jeans often complain of lower back and knee pains. Meanwhile, women who often wear high heels tend to suffer from ankle pains that radiate all the way to the lower back. These are the reasons why there are many back pain sufferers.
Fortunately however, most people are doing something about their pains and turning to chiropractors for treatments. A chiropractor does not just apply the right chiropractic techniques for relief from back pains; he also restores and helps maintain patients' physical balance, allowing them to perform different activities well and safely. A chiropractor also designs the most appropriate treatment plan for patients who wish to improve the overall quality of their life.