What is Chikunguniya?
Chikungunya is a disease which is best described as a mosquito borne viral disease. It is characterized by a sudden onset of fever accompanied by joint pain. The joint pain is debilitating, but it can usually lasts for few days to weeks. This virus can cause chronic, subacute and acute diseases. Chikungunya can cause gastrointestinal, heart related and neurological complications. In older people, this virus can also cause death. Chikungunya is often misdiagnosed with dengue as the symptoms are somewhat similar. The only difference between chikungunya and dengue is that, the former can circulate with cattle, birds and monkeys, but dengue can only spread through mosquito bites.
How is it transmitted?
Chikungunya is mostly prevalent in America, Europe, Africa and Asia. This virus can be transmitted from human to human by female mosquitoes bites. The mosquito species involved is called Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti. These mosquitoes can be found in daylight hours but they are more prevalent in the late afternoon. These species usually feed outdoors but Aedes aegypti usually feed indoors. The symptoms of chikungunya can prolong for 3 to 6 months.
A test called IgM titers is used to diagnose chikungunya. This test usually measures the rising concentration or level of antibodies in the blood. This quantifies the response of the body to fight an active infection. A blood test called RT-PCR (Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction) is performed. If this test is not available, the specialist usually tests the number of leucocytes present in the blood due to viral infection. The blood count is constantly monitored. If it drops down suddenly it is safe to be under close medical observation.
Once a person is affected with chikungunya, he/she is given a lot of fluids to avoid dehydration. There is no vaccination yet for chikungunya, but painkillers are given to heal joint pain. sometimes, anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are prescribed which are not aspirin based. Antipyretics and analgesic drugs are also taken to reduce the symptoms of chikungunya. If you live in a mosquito inefested or a tropical area which faces rainfall most of the times, it is better to take proper precautions to avoid mosquito bites. This can be done by cleaning up pools or stagnant water where the mosquitoes can breed, utilizing mosquito nets, closing the windows of your house in the evening, using mosquito repellent creams and wearing full body covering clothing.
Cyclone 'Titli', which has has been categorised as a 'very severe cyclonic storm', hit the coastal Odisha region at a daunting speed of 140-150 kmph. The cyclone has already caused a lot of destruction in the region and the government has deployed NDRF teams to carry out rescue operations.
Titli, which means 'Butterfly' in English, has uprooted many trees and electricity poles but fortunately has yet not caused any casualties. India Meteorological Department has said that the cyclone will weaken gradually with the decreasing wind speed, but the aftermath of this cyclone can be very unpleasant for the people living near the coastal areas.
Where Titli has created a havoc in India, Hurricane Michael, a category 4 monster storm, has reached Florida. Over half-a-million have been either ordered or advised to evacuate as it inched closer to Panama City. It has already caused 14 deaths in Central America and is still going strong.
Such cyclonic storms and hurricanes not only disturb the normal life during their stay in the region but also lead to spread of various diseases.
Diseases which can spread:
Apart from the risk of serious mental trauma during the cyclonic period, the possibility of spread of water and vector-borne diseases also increase.
Following are the waterborne diseases it can cause:
Vector-borne diseases that can spread:
Ways to prevent Vector-borne diseases:
Once the tragedy ends, people should ignore being in vegetated areas to avoid encounter with insects, like mosquitoes. People should wear protective clothing and avoid using perfumes which may attract mosquitos.
Pregnant women should also try not to go outside their houses during peak times of mosquito activity.
Here are some more preventive measures for vector-borne diseases:
Measures to prevent waterborne diseases:
Waterborne diseases transmit when contaminated water is used for purposes including drinking, washing uncooked vegetables, brushing teeth and washing dentures or contact lenses. Here are the other ways to prevent waterborne diseases:
The cyclonic storm will pass off soon but will create several issues that would require proper attention to be prevented. So, after surviving it, you must follow the above-mentioned measures to stay safe and healthy.
Many surveys have proved that homeopathic medicines are extremely effective in treating all these cases of viral fever related to Dengue and Chikungunya, thereby help in restoring the health of the patient. Let us see one by one how homeopathy can help in the prevention and cure of both:
Dengue is a mosquito-borne infectious disease, which causes flu-like symptoms. The disease is caused by 4 different viruses and is spread by the Aedes species of mosquitos. Dengue affects your blood cells, which in turn results in a sudden drop in the platelet count. Ideally, the platelet count ranges from 1.5-4 lacs, but in people affected by dengue virus, the platelet count goes down to as low as 20,000-40,000. This condition can be fatal. The onset on dengue is through fever. Dengue is one of the diseases that is transmitted through parasites like mosquitoes. Often it tends to occur in most of the tropical countries.
Symptoms of dengue can vary from mild to severe-
Dengue symptoms usually develop 4-7 days after the mosquito bite. So many times the person affected by the virus does not realize that he/she has already been infected. If the fever does not subside in 3-4 days, one should immediately consult a doctor and have himself diagnosed.
Prevention and Cure through Homeopathy:
The Homeopathic approach of prevention and cure include:
Similar to dengue, the chikungunya virus is spread by an infected female mosquito- the Aedes genus mosquito. Mosquitoes become infected when they feed on any person affected with this virus. Unlike dengue, this viral disease is rarely fatal. However, the symptoms of chikungunya can be long-lasting, severe and debilitating.
The major symptoms of chikungunya include-
In 2006, Chikungunya affected approximately 40,000 people, out of which nearly 1316 cases turned out to be fatal.
Prevention and Cure through Homeopathy:
In Homeopathy, there is a concept known as “Genus Epidemicus”, which helps as preventive remedy in an epidemic like this. This concept involves:
Since there are no effective medications, vaccines or treatment options for Dengue and Chikungunya, the only way to steer clear of these diseases is to prevent their occurrence. Homoeopathy medicines and remedies are very effective in preventing and curing the mosquito-borne diseases, Dengue and Chikungunya. These medicines are prepared from natural substances, hence are extremely safe. Eupatorium perfoliatum is a perennial plant, the extracts of which are used in preparing homoeopathy drugs for dengue. This helps ease the pain in the joints and in the eyeballs. This wonder plant also helps you recover from a severe headache. Arsenic album, a solution made from diluted aqueous arsenic trioxide, can ease symptoms like nausea and vomiting. Belladonna can cure high fever; reduce skin rashes and swelling in the joints.
Apart from these, health awareness is mandatory for the prevention of these diseases. Clean surroundings, practising good hygiene play a major role in averting prevalence of mosquito-borne diseases. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted to people by the bite of an infectious mosquito known as Aedes Aegypti. The chikungunya infection is most prevalent in Africa, Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent and Indian Ocean islands, where various incidents of these disease and certain outbreaks have occurred over the years.
Humans and different animals are the regular hosts for the chikungunya virus, which can turn out to be very painful if it is not treated on time with proper medical care and intervention. The virus is spread to people by the bite of a female mosquito called Aedes aegypti or Aedes Albopictus. These are the same tropical and sub-tropical mosquitoes that spread the dengue virus. They breed in or close to human habitations and want to feed on people during the daytime in shady zones. These are likely to bite you at during the early hours of the evening or at night. The hatching time frame (time from disease to sickness) can be anywhere between two to 12 days.
Symptoms: Chikungunya infection is characterised by the following symptoms:
A vast majority begins to feel better following 7 to 10 days but a few people will go through longer term joint pain.
Since this virus does not have a vaccine or any particular medicine, one should try to stay away from mosquitos as much as possible. Covering yourself up while travelling, especially in the evening is the best approach to prevent it.
Mosquitoes, though tiny, can wreak havoc on the human health. Malaria and dengue were common enough, but now another disease doing the rounds is chikungunya. This is a viral disease that spreads by the bites of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. The disease lasts for 5 to 7 days. Also, even though the weather is changing, it is still prevalent and as on November 18, 878 cases have been reported in Delhi itself.
Symptoms of chikungunya are very non-indicative and include high temperature, rashes and multiple spots on the body, multiple joint pains, headaches, conjunctivitis and insomnia. The presence of joint pains associated with a high incidence of mosquito breeding is indicative of chikungunya. The fever usually subsides in a couple of days, but the other symptoms would persist for about a week.
Management of chikungunya includes a combination of prevention and treatment. Prevention is more important than treatment as it is easier done.
Treatment: There is no specific allopathic remedy for the treatment of chikungunya. The prescribed medicines are only for symptomatic relief, and given the intense and prolonged joint pains, the patient ends up using a lot of painkillers. There are cases where the pains may persist for up to 6 months. This is where Ayurveda comes into the picture, as there are multiple effective remedies that have been proven effective over the ages.
Ayurveda has references to something called “sandhijwara” which is “fever of the joints”. Sandhijwara is very similar to chikungunya and these remedies used for this can be very useful in treating chikungunya.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
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What is Chikunguniya?
How is it transmitted?