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Caring for Infants (0-1 yrs): Treatment, Procedure, Cost And Side Effects

How to do Caring for Infants (0-1 yrs)?

For a newborn baby, the initial one year is very crucial for his or her physical and mental development. This is the period you have take a special care of the baby in terms of the diet, hygiene, physical growth, etc. There are a few tips to take a special care of a newborn baby especially until he or she turns 1:

Breast milk is the only food for first six month of life as it serves all the needs of baby during this period. Although, between 6 and 12 months of age, breast milk should still be an important source of nutrition but with other solid food, the baby will learn about new tastes and textures.

  1. Baby should be fed slowly & patiently and should be encouraged to try new tastes but without force.
  2. Regular massage with oil suggested by your doctor is a vital activity for the baby for his or her physical growth and especially strengthening of bone.
  3. Never shake your baby as it may be harmful for his weak neck muscles that are not yet able to support his head.
  4. Always make the baby to sleep on his back to prevent sudden infant death syndrome
  5. Do not allow anyone to smoke near your baby
  6. Talk to your baby and answer when your baby makes sounds by repeating the sounds and adding words so as to help him learn the language and recognise your voice and sounds.
  7. Music will really help in the brain development of your baby so, sing to your baby and play music.
  8. Play with your baby when he is alert and especially after feeding.
  9. Last but not least, take care of yourself physically, mentally, and emotionally as baby's health, very importantly, depends upon mom's health.

Important points in Caring for Infants (0-1 yrs)

Your baby's nutritional health depends upon how you feed him. Doctors suggest that breast milk is the only food and perfect food for a baby's digestive system for first six month of life as it serves all the needs of baby during this period. Breast milk has all the nutrients that a newborn needs. All the components that it contains such as lactose, protein (whey and casein), and fat are easily digested.

Breast milk also helps protect babies from various infectious illnesses, including diarrhea and respiratory infections and decreases the chances that a child will become overweight or obese.

When should you feed a newborn?

During the first weeks of life, your newborn baby will need to be fed about 8 to 12 times per day. Though, in beginning, breastfeeding can be up to 10–15 minutes on each breast by mother afterwards the timing can be adjusted as necessary.

Another important thing is Breastfeeding should be according to the demand or to be specific, when your baby is hungry, which is generally every 1–3 hours. It’s up to mother that she recognises with baby's activities and timing, when he is hungary. A baby may give some signs whenever he is hungary, such as:

  1. Crying
  2. Opening his mouth
  3. Sticking out his tongue
  4. Moving his head from side to side
  5. Placing his hands and fists to the the mouth

Why is regular massage necessary for newborn?

Baby massage is a gentle process of expressing your love and special care for your baby.

Massage is a process of giving rhythmic stroking to your baby's body with hands.

Massage helps in soothing the baby and help him to sleep. While giving a massage to your baby, you can use oils or a moisturizer (after consulting your doctor) which will help you gently manipulate your baby's ankles, wrists and fingers. Massage helps your baby to develop mentally, socially and physically. Apart from helping your baby to sleep better, massage also make him more relaxed and not get upset and cry.

Popular Health Tips

Is My Child Short?

MBBS, MD - Paediatrics, FRACP - Pediatrc Endocrinology, SCE, Endocrinology
Endocrinologist, Kanpur
Is My Child Short?

Growth is the most important aspect of childhood, one that distinguishes children from adults. Growth is affected by a number of diseases and growth failure is often the first sign of a serious disease. Unfortunately children with growth failure present very late when no help is possible. 

Why to worry?

Growth is the best marker of health and growth failure may be caused by a seious disease. Moreover children with short stature have lower self esteem. 

When to worry? 

Plot the height of your child in the growth chart and if it is below the lower limit visit a doctor. Alternatively if your child's height is less than the formula (Height = Age in years x 6 + 77 cm) it may be a cause of concern. Growth stops at the age of 14 years in girls and 16 years in boys. Hence the child should be reviewed latest by 10 years for girls and 12 years for boys. 

What causes growth failure? 

Growth failure can be due to a number of causes including poor nutrition, lack of physical activities and low genetic potential with parents being short. Short stature can also be caused by a number of diseases like thyroid problems, growth hormone deifiency and celiac disease (wheat allergy). 

How can I improve my child's growth?

Please encourage your child to play for atleast 1 hour a day. It is important to restrict screen time including television, computer, tablets and mobiles to less than an hour. Increased protein and calcium intake with more milk, pulses and vegetables also helps in improving growth. Growth hormone is produced during sleep. Sleeping for at least eight hours a day is therefore essential for a child to achieve good growth. 

What can be done if my child is very short? 

Please consut a doctor to identify the cause of short stature. Most conditions are readily treatable. Children with growth hormone deficiency respond dramatically to growth hormone. Growth hormone is also being used now in children with turner syndrome, familial short staure, small size at birth and kidney disease

If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Endocrinologist.

3213 people found this helpful

Anxiousness in Kids - Tips To Help You Manage It!

Masters In Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Pune
Anxiousness in Kids - Tips To Help You Manage It!

Worrying is a natural tendency among children. While some of it helps children excel, too much worrying can lead to anxiety related disorders. From friendship woes to homework to fear of failure, there could be a lot of factors that can lead to anxiousness in a kid. This problem is mostly witnessed in school going, children. Some of the common symptoms that are portrayed include the need to be perfectionists, seeking of constant reassurance, getting sick worrying too much, scared of participating in a group event etc.

How to prepare your child to overcome anxiety?

  1. Help them prepare: One major cause of anxiousness in a child is ill preparation. Be it tests or essays, if a child has not prepared well, he tends to get nervous and suffer from anxiousness. The solution is to teach them various study techniques such as flashcards and quizzes. If this is done regularly and reviewed meticulously, your child will get over the fear of failing and perform better.
  2. Teach them to focus: Losing focus is a major tendency among kids who tend to suffer from anxiety related disorders. Keeping the concentration going is a major skill that needs to be taught by parents. Kids often sit blankly during tests thinking others are far smarter than they are. Some good method to teach focus is to teach them reverse counting, slow breathing technique, frequent consumption of water etc.
  3. Pass on the anxiety: Anxiousness has to be passed in form of something. Certain activities, therefore play great strokes in addressing anxiousness. Teach your kids to distress in the form of TV or teach them to write when they are anxious. This not only takes off anxiety from the equation, it helps a kid to relax without the fear of failure.
  4. Reassurance: Kids suffering from anxiousness often need repeated reassurance about the task in hand. The task here for a parent is to make their kid understand that failure will not impact their relationship with their parents. Often the failure of letting someone down makes a kid anxious. Constant reassurance will curtail the tendency. This being said, parents should ensure that this doesn’t become a habit for the kid. The idea is to make them comfortable and make them less dependent on you.
  5. Relaxation techniques: A study published by the Journal of School Counselling argued that kids who practised relaxation techniques are far less likely to suffer from anxiety and stress related disorders as compared to their peers. Some of the relaxation techniques that can be easily learned and practised include breathing exercises, meditation, yoga and so on. This exercise helps children to focus and concentrate more. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a psychologist.
4992 people found this helpful

Fair Child - Try This Ayurvedic Remedy And Make It A Reality!

MD Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Ahmedabad
Fair Child - Try This Ayurvedic Remedy And Make It A Reality!

I had a love marriage. My husband has a dark complexion, while I am of wheatish golden color. My mother-in-law, like every other typical Indian family, was preoccupied with the color of my skin and desired a light-skinned grandchild. She was convinced that my child would have a dark complexion, due to my wheatish skin color. A country like ours places a huge importance on fair skin and because of this I was determined to protect my child from the distress of being put through ‘fairness tests’ throughout his/her life.

The ‘Natural Brite Kit’ was the perfect solution and it saved me. It only required me to follow specific diet patterns and the intake of certain oral supplements in the sixth month of my pregnancy. And luckily, some months later, a daughter with fair, light skin was born to me. My mother-in law was very happy, all thanks to the ‘Natural Brite Kit’.

This case is only one of the many victories of ‘Natural Brite Kit’, from the large number of people who have used it successfully. This treatment includes the use of herbal treatment and bach flower in its remedies, and comes under Ayurvedic treatment. Not only is it an agent for cleansing, but it also conducts a purification of the body.

This treatment must be administered over a period of one month before the sixth month of pregnancy. The result is that your baby develops fair and smooth skin. The ideology of Ayurveda is that the body can be healed by maintaining a balance of the natural forces within it. And thus, this herbal medication includes healing powers. Ayurveda is an ancient science that boasts of vast aptitude and knowledge in preventive remedies as well as effective therapy.

Though we do not wish to portray dark skin as any being less than fair skin, in this country, fair skin is viewed as an asset. The fact that relatives ask if the infant is fair skinned or not is just one example that proves this point. This medication assures the child better opportunities and an improved present as well as future.

Is this form of treatment safe?

An all encompassing trial was taken of 1200 pregnant women, who were administered with both, a naturopathic diet as well as Bach flower. With a 97% success rate, a study of over five years resulted in 1169 of 1200 women giving birth to fair skinned babies.

What are the contents of the ‘Natural Brite Kit’?

They are;

  1. Herbal supplements

  2. A booklet of literature on this topic

The booklet is an extensive source of data about the principles and mechanisms of action of the “Ayurveda and Bach flower therapy”, the panel of doctors as well as the details of prescriptions for oral supplements.

The herbal medications in the package include:

  1. Suprabhavati Tablets

  2. Apple Grow Pills

  3. Shubangakalp Granules

What is the process of treatment?

The aim of the treatment is the gestation period for pregnant women in the 6th month. The procedure of this form of treatment includes a rigidly controlled diet. Dressing in dark colored clothing is prohibited during this period and overexposure to the sun should be avoided at all costs; these rules should be observed strictly. Along with this, certain supplementary intakes are a must. The details of how to use them are mentioned in the booklet and the supplements have been divided into three different parts.

What would be the expected Results?

A healthy baby with light colored skin.

2510 people found this helpful

Caring For a Premature Baby - Things To Remember!

MD- Paediatrics & Neonatology, MBBS
Pediatrician, Gurgaon
Caring For a Premature Baby - Things To Remember!

Babies are fragile and need special care. In case of babies that are born prematurely, the amount of attention needed increases many fold and parents need to be extra careful and attentive. A baby born before 37 weeks of pregnancy is said to be a premature baby. The earlier the baby is born, the higher the risk of complications.

Most premature babies spend the first few days after birth in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). This is because they may have trouble breathing and may need help maintaining body heat. Though you may feel helpless watching your baby, it is important to spend time with your baby while he or she is in the NICU. Talk to the baby and touch him or her. As soon as your doctor allows, carry your baby while allowing him or her to have maximum skin to skin contact.

It is important to breastfeed a premature baby. Breast milk is the richest source of nutrition for your baby and is easy to digest. It is also rich in antibodies that help boost a bay’s immunity and protect them against a number of infections. If you cannot feed your baby directly, pump your breast milk and store it in sterilised bottles to be given to the baby. Premature babies can get critically ill very fast. To prevent this from happening, it is important to build a good rapport with your baby’s doctors and keep a close eye on your baby. Maintaining a journal can help you recognise changes in your baby’s development. Watch out for subtle signs that your baby could be falling ill. Some of these signs are:

  1. A distended abdomen
  2. Dry the diapers frequently
  3. Frequent vomiting
  4. Blood in the stool
  5. Temperature instability
  6. Lethargy and unresponsiveness
  7. Change in breathing

In some cases, the mother may be discharged before the baby. This may seem very difficult, but does not need to limit your time with your baby. Caring for a premature baby is tough and hence use the time away to rest and recuperate. Remember that your baby is in safe hands and do not let yourself get too stressed.

Your baby will be ready to come home once he or she can breathe on their own and is able to maintain a steady body temperature. Your doctor may also wait until the baby can be breastfed and begins gaining weight before discharging him or her. Once the baby is home, do not attempt to be the sole caregiver but involve your family in building a team of caregivers. This will keep you from getting burnt out and will ensure that your baby is constantly monitored. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a pediatrician.

2674 people found this helpful

Immunity of Your Child - 7 Foods that Help Boost It!

MD - Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Faridabad
Immunity of Your Child - 7 Foods that Help Boost It!

Is your child undergoing Primary Immunodeficiency Disorders (PIDDs)? If you are tired of seeing your child suffering with regular cold and cough which could be solely due to a lack of nutrients in the diet, resulting in low immunity of the body. Adopting healthy habits by cutting back on junk food while including healthy items will help raise your child’s immunity levels immensely.

Some of the best foods to include in the diet to increase the immunity of your child are mentioned below:

  1. Eggs, pulses, lean meats and other healthy protein: Immunity buildup may be disrupted if there isn’t enough protein in your diet. Milk protein in cow’s milk or dairy products like butter and cheese, animal protein in lean meats such as chicken and ovo-protein in eggs are highly beneficial and raise immunity levels.

  2. Fish for immunity build up: Fish is a great immunity builder and also helps in making the brain work more efficiently. Fish meat contains lean proteins as well as essential omega-3 acids which help properly regulate many functions within the body raising immunity.

  3. Stay healthy with yogurt: There are a lot many flavored varieties of curd or yogurt that your child may like and which is also considered as a power food source. It helps reduce gastrointestinal illnesses. However, try and go for the less flavored ones as they would have lesser amounts of processed sugar.

  4. Oats and Barley for your rescue: The reason why oats and barley are healthy alternatives, especially for children is because they are composed of beta-glucan (fibre containing antioxidants and antimicrobial properties). This helps in avoiding constipation thus cleaning the intestine and hence avoiding the buildup of harmful bacteria within the body.

  5. Fruit toppings are delicious: Fruits are not limited to mangoes, apples and bananas only. Darker the color of the fruit, greater is the nutritional value. Berries, peaches, melons, pomegranates etc, can and should also be included in your fruit intake as they are healthy as well as tasty.

  6. Vegetables can be tasty too: Growing children require leafy green vegetables for physical and mental development as they contain zinc, iron and folic acid. Foods like fenugreek leaves and spinach are an example of vitamin rich food items. You can include spinach and other vegetables in a clever manner by making the food interesting so that children would want to eat it willingly.

  7. Carrots to fight infectionCarrots are beneficial for good eyesight and protection from infections. With carrot intake it becomes quite difficult for the bacteria and germs to ender the blood vessels. This can be made into a salad or craved figuring to make it interesting to the kids. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a pediatrician.

4579 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I have 1 month baby I have no enough milk to feed, my friend suggested to take lactonic granules ,is this safe to take please help me.

Pediatrician, Pune
You can take that. Other important things you need to do are 1. Keep baby with you. Avoid cradles. 2. Improve your diet. Take 2 glass of milk and more of fluids.

My baby is one month old, his toilet was just like water with paneer, Dr. Prescribed econorm biocodex, is it right for baby.

MBBS, Diploma in Child Health (DCH), DNB (Pediatrics)
Pediatrician, Gurgaon
Sir babies usually have no particular stool pattern or colour till about 4 months of age. But if what you mentioned is a recent change in stool consistency then you can give econorm as advised. You can also start Z&D drops 1ml once a day to be given for 14 days.
1 person found this helpful

My baby is 5 months old today 6 month have started should I start him cerelac, upma,dalia or any other foods is it safe to give him fruit puree's.

Diploma In Paediatric
Pediatrician, Patna
No mam! wait till completion of 6 month and start of 7th month And then only start complimentary food along with breast feeding.
4 people found this helpful

Mera bachee ko bahut khasi hai wah 9 month ka hai, doctor se consult kiya doctor ne use levolin (.63) nabulizer and asthalin syrup 2 ml 3 time a day ke liya bold, aaj 5 day ho gaya par khasi abhi tak thik nahi hui.

MBBS, Diploma in Child Health (DCH), DNB (Pediatrics)
Pediatrician, Gurgaon
Sir, agar khashi theek nhi ho rhi aur bacche ko takleef jyada ho rhi he to ek baar doctor ko dubara dikha le. Ho sakta he infection na ho gya ho. Thank you.

Hi doctor my baby is 5 months old today only 6 month have started from when I should start upma Cerelac etc. Which food is best for my baby.

MBBS, Diploma in Child Health (DCH), DNB (Pediatrics)
Pediatrician, Gurgaon
Home based food is best, food should smooth in texture and should be blended well. You can use porridge, powdered rice kheer. Soups, vegetable purees, any blended dal cerelac or any other market based food items should be avoided and should be used only in case of travelling or extreme emergencies introduce 1 fooed item at a time, give it over 1 week and then introduce new item. This wold help in identifying any allergies towards any particular fooditems.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

How to do Caring for Infants (0-1 yrs)?

Important points in Caring for Infants (0-1 yrs)

When should you feed a newborn?

Why is regular massage necessary for newborn?

Play video
Taking Care of Infants
Lybrate - Dr. Ajay Mehta talks About Vaccinations In Children

Hello. I am Dr. Ajay Mehta and I am working in the field of pediatrics from last 16 years and I have worked for many carpets hospitals in Delhi NCR and my own clinic is in south city, Gurgaon. I would like to tell you about some tips about taking care of infants and newborns. First of all, we will take about the vaccinations.

The vaccination schedules which is being described by a WHO or government of India that should be followed by each and every new born. Vaccination schedule includes BCG and polio drops, like hepatitis B at the birth. Then DPT, then injection polio and Rotavirus vaccine. Now a days, Rotavirus vaccine is also available in civil hospitals. So I want that every child should be vaccinated till the age of 15 years and because this decreases the amount of diseases prevailing in the society and the country. So the death rates in the newborns and infants can be decreased by giving them vaccinations.

Second thing I would like to highlight about the nutrition part after 6 months of age is whining food that should be proper nutritious healthy diet should be started with the liquid diet, then semi-solid and then solid food should be given that is also very important part in this period. The requirement of the child increase after the 6 months of age and I never endorse any packed food or any formula food which are available in the market. Proper healthy and good food, healthy nutritious food should be initiated at the age of 6 months. And that is necessary for the development and the growth of the baby.

If you have any further queries you can contact me on because I think Lybrate is a better platform for our day to day queries.

Play video
Guidelines for Appropriate Complementary Feeding
Lybrate - Dr. Gorika Bansal talks About Complementary Feeding

Hello everyone. My name is Dr. Gorika Bansal and I am pediatrician practicing in green park. Today I will be talking about complementary feeding. Complementary feeding means introduction of new food into your baby s diet. When he turns 6 months in age. So now the question that may pop in your head is why only at 6 months? Why not earlier this is? because baby s demand is completely met by the breast milk that you give to the baby until 6 months of age. But, as the baby grows older his requirement his nutrient requirements grow exponentially as its gaining weight, height and brain development is happening at a very faster rate so the nutrients requirement also really increase and that is why we have we have to introduce all these new foods apart from milk to take care of all these additional nutrient requirements.

Now next question would be what all can we give to the baby? when he turns 6 months so for example, we can start with porridge that is kheer you can give chawal ka kheer or sooji ka kheer or may be a halva make sure that the consistency of the kheer is liquid or may be a thick liquid not as thin as a milk but yes but not as solid not like semi-solid food. It should be in between the semi-solid and the liquid consistency. So it can provide the right amount of the nutrient value. So porridge is one, second you can give mashed fruit to the baby which may include mashed papaya, banana, apple, oranges and mango of course other option would be daal and chawal so daal chawal, khichdi can be made into the grovel form and can be served to the baby. To improve the taste of the khichdi we can also add salt for pat ability. Other things that we can give to the baby would include maybe a fruit custard or a fruit yogurt curd can also be the other good option or maybe a lassi which may be namkeen or sweetened also we can give different kind of soup like a vegetable soup, chicken soup, palak soup etc. Even boiled steamed vegetables are every good option which can be mashed and give it to the baby. Mashed potatoes is something that babies really love, even mashed sweet potatoes, so all these are good option and if you are a south Indian may be upma could work really well may be at least sambar can be really well in that case. At least sambar is something that you can put idli into it and then again comes a grovel form you can server to the baby.

Now let s come to the next question. How many time you should serve this to the baby? So as I said we do not have to cut down the milk. Milk has to be continued the way it used to be apart from the milk feed we give new foods 2-3 times in a day to a 6-8 months old baby. Why if the baby is 9-12 months old we give these food 3-4 times a day. How much quantity to give now? So the quantity of course baby is going to decide how much he want to eat. To begin with, you have to be very gradual. So start with the teaspoon of the meal and gradually build it up so the requirement for the baby at the age of 6-8 months would be around 3 tablespoon per meal. While for 9-12 months old baby, requirement may be up to half a cup of the meal. But as I said, It is not a thumb rule that your baby decides how much he want to eat. When you are preparing these foods make sure the hygiene of the food. Make sure your hands are washed. Your baby s hands are washed because he is going to put his fingers into the food start liking on it. So make sure all of that is in place. Also the utensils are nicely cleaned. Other thing is that you can start for you baby is of course water. What am I usually asked by the parents. Because in summer months kids may be dehydrated.

Water is something you can start now. But water should be given only after the food not before the food because it is going to kill the hunger after because it is going to take care of the oral hygiene as well. Salt and sugar as I said can also be used for palatability but in very minimal amounts. Another thing I would like to add is the commercial products that they usually sell for babies like celeriac should only be a fall back option it should be given once in a while and shouldn t be given regularly because these products has preservatives. Preferable would be giving homemade food to the baby. Unless and until you are traveling that is a different case in which you can use celeriac. So some babies would really love eating what you are giving them some may puke out the food that you are giving. In case they vomit out the food, do not get dishearten, do not stop giving them food you are giving. But of course do a bit of variation as sweet food is definitely a win situation at the babies. You can probably start with fruit purees to begin with if he is not liking something you are giving. The food that he vomited you can re-introduce that food after a week time. So having said that all these little things, you need to keep giving to the baby and ensure that you maintain the nutrient value and of course the taste for the baby as well. And of course the colorful foods are really cherished by them. Colorful sweet and liquid consisting food.

That s all from me and all the very best and in case you have any queries any questions, you can contact me on the Lybrate home page or you could visit my clinic in green park, for any question or queries you can always leave a message on my number
Thank you so much.

Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice