An anal fissure is a small tear in the thin, moist tissue (mucosa) that lines the anus. An anal fissure may occur when you pass hard or large stools during a bowel movement. Anal fissures typically cause pain and bleeding with bowel movements. You also may experience spasms in the ring of muscle at the end of your anus (anal sphincter).
Anal fissures are very common in young infants but can affect people of any age. Most anal fissures get better with simple treatments, such as increased fiber intake or sitz baths.
Common causes of anal fissure include:
· Passing large or hard stools
· Constipation and straining during bowel movements
· Chronic diarrhea
Less common causes of anal fissures include:
· Anal cancer
Signs and symptoms of an anal fissure include:
· Pain, sometimes severe, during bowel movements
· Pain after bowel movements that can last up to several hours
· Bright red blood on the stool or toilet paper after a bowel movement
· Itching or irritation around the anus
· A visible crack in the skin around the anus
· A small lump or skin tag on the skin near the anal fissure
Factors that may increase your risk of developing an anal fissure include:
· Infancy. Many infants experience an anal fissure during their first year of life; experts aren't sure why.
· Aging. Older adults may develop an anal fissure partly due to slowed circulation, resulting in decreased blood flow to the rectal area.
· Constipation. Straining during bowel movements and passing hard stools increase the risk of tearing.
· Childbirth. Anal fissures are more common in women after they give birth.
· Crohn's disease. This inflammatory bowel disease causes chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract, which may make the lining of the anal canal more vulnerable to tearing.
· Anal intercourse.
Complications of anal fissure can include:
· Failure to heal. An anal fissure that fails to heal within six weeks is considered chronic and may need further treatment.
· Recurrence. Once you've experienced an anal fissure, you are prone to having another one.
· A tear that extends to surrounding muscles. An anal fissure may extend into the ring of muscle that holds your anus closed (internal anal sphincter), making it more difficult for your anal fissure to heal. An unhealed fissure can trigger a cycle of discomfort that may require medications or surgery to reduce the pain and to repair or remove the fissure.
Homeopathic remedies are very effective for curing anal fissure. Some of the important remedies are given below
NITRIC ACID 30-Nitric Acid is one of the top remedies for anal fissure. Nitric acid is prescribed when stitching and tearing pains in the anus, or cutting or stinging pain is experienced by the patient. The stool is hard and is accompanied by bright red blood bleeding from the anus. There are much tenesmus and constriction, and a constant oozing of fetid matter from the parts, with burning rawness and smarting.
RATANHIA 30-Ratanhia is a very effective medicine for the treatment of Anal Fissures. It is prescribed when for long-lasting pains in the rectum with excessive burning that follows stool passage is experienced. Patients often describe the pain as being similar to broken glass or a knife piercing in the rectum. The stool requires much effort to be passed out due to the constricted anus.
GRAPHITES 30-Graphites is prescribed when the persons who are susceptible to eczema. The anus is extremely sore and the stools are covered with mucus, with no tenesmus or constriction. The patient usually obese and overweight. The patient is usually chilly and cannot tolerate cold air or cold weather. It is also indicated when anal fissures occur in women around or just after menopause.
PAEONIA 30-Paeonia is an effective medicine for anal fissure with offensive discharge from the anus due to cracks in it. Paeonia is also the best medicine for violent pains in the anus during and after passing stool. The anus is ulcerated and fissured. Itching and burning usually accompany the fissures. There is much rawness and smarting.
SULPHUR 200-Sulphur is prescribed when the stool is hard and dry, causing tears and immense pain in the anus while passage. The patient is fearful of even going to the toilet as he thinks of the pain that will accompany the passage of stool. The pain is accompanied by burning. Sulphur is also effective for itching in anus due to fissure.
PHOSPHORUS 30-Phosphorus is effective for painless anal fissures. The patient is usually tall, thin and narrow chested. There is increased thirst and that too for cold water. The patient is unable to tolerate warm water and as soon as the water turns warm in the stomach, it is vomited. This medicine is known to irritate, inflame and cause degeneration of the mucous membranes all over the body. The stool is long, narrow and hard, like that of a dog. The stool may be white and hard too. The patient is very sensitive to light, sound and all sorts of external impressions.
AESCULUS HIPPO. 30- Aesculus is prescribed when severe pain is experienced in the anus following stool passage. The stool is mainly hard and large followed by severe pains.
SILICEA 30- Silicea is effective when the discharge contains the pus of offensive odor. The stool is passed with difficulty and straining. The stool comes out partially and then recedes again.
ALUMINA 30- Alumina is another effective remedy for fissures with severe constipation and much straining. The mucus membrane of anus is thickened and swollen.
PLATINA 30-Platina is effective for fissures of the anus with crawling and itching every evening.
LACHESIS 30-Lachesis is effective when the person is constipated, anus feels tight as if nothing could pass through it. There is hammering pain in fissure.
Rectal bleeding is the collective name associated with all the conditions that cause blood to pass into the stool. Blood may appear in the form of small flecks in the stool, or clots, or a lot of liquid mass. It can also appear on the toilet paper, instead of in the pot. The blood may be coming from the anus, colon, or rectum itself.
Causes of Rectal Bleeding
The causes are multiple, and they include-
• Swelling and irritation of the anal veins, a condition known as haemorrhoids. Piles are the more common name for this phenomenon.
• Constipation (inadequate and painful passing of stools)
• Tears or scratches in the anus (fissures), sometimes as a side effect of constipation.
• Anal cancer
• Colon cancer
• Rectal cancer
• As a side effect of radiation therapy, used in the treatment of diseases like cancer
Ayurveda believes that such a condition occurs due to the imbalance of the three doshas - fire (Pitta), water (Kapha) and air (Vata). Therefore, the aim of Ayurveda is to restore the dosha balance in your body and improve the condition. The help of a medical professional must be sought immediately after you notice this phenomenon occurring with you.
Treatment of rectal bleeding: Why Ayurveda is your best resort?
Ayurvedic treatment is the best possible alternative at your disposal. Besides being tailor-made to cater to your medical history, it is the only form of treatment that has negligible side effects. Hence, you might want to talk to an Ayurveda medicine specialist in the first place.
Rectal bleeding has a whole host of possible solutions within the fold of Ayurveda treatment. They are-
• Use laxatives, but natural ones. Laxatives are compounds that make stool less hard and easier to pass. The substances that can act as natural laxatives are coconut water, chia seeds, spinach, flaxseeds and prune juice.
• Foods that are rich in fibre should comprise a major chunk of your dietary intake during treatment. These foods include the peels of fruits and vegetables, and figs, beans and prunes.
• There are certain items you should not consume as well according to Ayurveda, like alcohol or fried foods. Also, to not further irritate haemorrhoids and exacerbate your condition, avoid hot and spicy foods like those flavoured with green chillies.
• Reduce time spent on sitting on the toilet seat, as this puts a strain on the muscles around that region.
Rectal bleeding is a common medical phenomenon that may require critical attention. While some of the reasons behind it may be easily treatable, there are some conditions with deep complications underlying it, like rectal cancer. You should get yourself checked immediately if you are experiencing rectal bleeding. After getting a primary diagnosis, you should try Ayurvedic remedies for the best results.
Constipation is a symptom, not a disease. Constipation is a digestive disorder system where an individual faces difficulty to expel. An incomplete bowel movement is a sign of constipation. This condition causes the stiffening of stool near the rectum, obstructing the smooth passage of stool. In most of the cases, this occurs because of the improper diet. If one is suffering from constipation the faeces become hard, dry and emptying the bowels become painful. Sometimes it causes bleeding in the rectum. Constipation may also cause the abdominal pain. Constipation is very common in kids. Constipation is a temporary problem, but, chronic constipation may lead to serious problems. The common causes of constipation in kids are improper toilet training and diet less in fibre content. One can avoid this by eating healthy food rich in fibre, drinking more and more fluids.
Mention below are the symptoms of constipation:
One can get the better results if an individual combines all the approaches given below:
A shocking revelation that has left all of us deeply saddened - Sonali Bendre, one of the renowned actresses of the B-town recently revealed that she has been diagnosed with high-grade cancer. It was further updated that she is at present undergoing a cancer treatment in New York. No wonder, with the type of lifestyle that most of us are leading nowadays, cancer is fast turning into a new epidemic, with more and more people getting affected by it.
Know what is a High-grade cancer
A high-grade cancer is where the growth of the cells is abnormally fast and spreads quickly. Such cases of cancer require an aggressive and immediate treatment plan.
How cancer treatment differs on the basis of grade
The grade of cancer along with the age of the patient and the current state of health enables the doctor to decide upon the treatment plan.
What is Metastasis?
It is the process wherein, the malignant growth develops at a distance from the original site of the tumor. It develops when the cancerous cells break away from main tumour, enter the bloodstream or lymphatic system and spreads throughout the body. Metastasis is also known by different names, such as stage 4 cancer or advanced cancer. Further, any type of cancer can turn into metastasized stage based on its type and how fast growing it is.
Common cancer symptoms
Actress Sonali Bendre’s case is a warning sign for people as to why it’s time to stop playing with your health and stay focused on prevention rather than cure. Regular preventive health check-ups are the best way to lead a healthy life. Let's make the most of it and consult your doctor every six months.
Black stools! An alarming sign.
Black stool is a condition in which the feces are very dark or black in color. Black stool may be normal in some cases and caused by ingesting certain substances or medications, such as iron supplements. However, black stool can also be caused by a serious condition, such as bleeding in the digestive tract caused by a peptic ulcer.
Black stool that is tarry in texture and foul smelling is often a symptom of upper gastrointestinal bleeding from the esophagus, stomach or small intestine. This is called melena.
Very small amounts of blood in the stool may be seen by the naked eye and not significantly change the color of stool. This is called fecal occult blood, which can be a symptom of a serious disease and may be found with regular, routine medical examination. Black stools can be a symptom of a serious condition, such as esophageal varices or peptic ulcer. Seek prompt medical care if you have unusually dark stools or any change in the color or texture of your stool. Black stool may be accompanied by other symptoms, which vary depending on the underlying disease, disorder or condition.
Symptoms that may accompany black stool include:
Serious symptoms that might indicate a life-threatening condition:
In some cases, black stool can indicate a life-threatening condition that should be immediately evaluated in an emergency settings.
Change in level of consciousness or alertness, such as passing out or unresponsiveness
Change in mental status or sudden behavior change, such as confusion, delirium, lethargy, hallucinations and delusions
Dizziness: High fever (higher than 101 degrees fahrenheit)
What is a screening test?
A screening test is done to detect potential health disorders or diseases in people who do not have any symptoms of disease. The goal is early detection and lifestyle changes or surveillance, to reduce the risk of disease, or to detect it early enough to treat it most effectively. Screening tests are not considered diagnostic, but are used to identify a subset of the population who should have additional testing to determine the presence or absence of disease.
When is a screening test helpful?
What makes a screening test valuable is its ability to detect potential problems, while minimizing unclear, ambiguous, or confusing results. While screening tests are not 100% accurate in all cases, it is generally more valuable to have the screening tests at the appropriate times, as recommended by your healthcare provider, than to not have them at all. However, some screening tests, when used in people not at high risk for disease, or when testing for very rare diseases, can cause more problems than they help.
Some common screening tests
Be sure to consult your healthcare provider regarding the appropriate timing and frequency of all screening tests based on your age, overall health, and medical history. The following are some examples of common screening tests:
Cholesterol is a waxy substance that can be found in all parts of the body. It aids in the production of cell membranes, some hormones, and vitamin D. The cholesterol in the blood comes from 2 sources: the food you eat and production in your liver. However, the liver produces all of the cholesterol the body needs.
Cholesterol and other fats are transported in the bloodstream in the form of spherical particles, called lipoproteins. The 2 most commonly known lipoproteins are low-density lipoproteins (LDL), or "bad" cholesterol, and high-density lipoproteins (HDL), or "good" cholesterol.
Cholesterol screening is performed by a blood test. People with high cholesterol measurements from a blood sample have a higher risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD), than those with cholesterol in the normal range. Studies have shown that people with high cholesterol can reduce their risk for heart disease by lowering their cholesterol. It is important to understand, however, that people can still have heart disease even with cholesterol levels in the normal range.
Fecal occult blood test
Fecal occult blood is detected by microscopic analysis or by chemical tests for hemoglobin (blood) in the stool. People with blood in their stool may have a cancerous growth indicative of colorectal cancer. The test requires collection of 3 stool samples that are examined under the microscope for blood. It is important to understand that when blood is present in a stool sample, it can be due to other noncancerous factors, such as certain medications or foods, gastrointestinal bleeding, or hemorrhoids. Testing is recommended starting at age 50 by many organizations including the American Cancer Society.
Pap test (also called Pap smears)
Pap smears are samples of cells taken from the cervix in women to look for cellular changes indicative of cervical cancer. The Pap smear is an important screening test in sexually active women under the age of 65, to detect cancer at a stage when there are often no symptoms. It is important to understand that a Pap smear may be referred to as "abnormal," but may not mean that a person has cervical cancer. Some organizations also recommend HPV (human papilloma virus) screening in certain populations during the Pap smear.
This blood test measures the prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels in the blood. Antigens are any substances that evoke responses from a person's immune system. The prostate specific antigen levels can be elevated in the presence of prostate cancer. However, it is important to understand that other benign prostate conditions may also elevate PSA, such as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), which is noncancerous swelling of the prostate. The PSA test is not recommended for all men, and there is considerable controversy over the role of PSA testing. Some organizations, such as the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), now recommend against PSA screening. The pros and cons of PSA screening should always be discussed with your healthcare provider before testing. Some of the cons include unnecessary testing and procedures, unnecessary costs, and significantly increased anxiety.
Many organizations, including the USPSTF, recommend mammography screening for breast cancer every 1 year to 2 years after age 50. This test is done in conjunction with a clinical breast exam
Many organizations, including the USPSTF, recommend screening for colon cancer or colon polyps at age 50, earlier if you have a family history or other risk factors
Diabetes or prediabetes
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends that all adults be screened for diabetes or prediabetes starting at age 45, regardless of weight. Additionally, individuals without symptoms of diabetes should be screened if they are overweight or obese and have one or more additional diabetes risk factors.
Consult your healthcare provider regarding all of these as well as other types of screening tests, based on your medical condition, as not all healthcare providers are in agreement in regard to which screening tests should be done and for which age groups.
Piles or haemorrhoids are one of the most common health issues associated with ageing. It can be described as the swelling of veins in the rectum, just above the anus. When irritated by stool movements, piles can be extremely painful. Thankfully there are a number of effective home remedies that can be used to manage and treat this problem. Here are the top 5 ways to treat piles naturally.
Cancer is one of the most fatal diseases in the world. Stomach cancer is also known as 'Gastric cancer'. Like other diseases, it is crucial that it gets identified in the early stages and gets treated before it reaches the incurable stage. Like other forms of cancer, the exact cause of stomach cancer is still not yet known. However, certain things make stomach cancer more likely to happen.
The possible causes of stomach cancer are given below:
Some of these causes apply to nearly all forms of cancer. However, some of them only apply to stomach cancer.
Some of the symptoms of stomach cancer are:
Stomach cancer like all other forms of cancer has various stages and it is crucial that it is diagnosed in the early stages so that the progression of it is stymied. At first, the symptoms of stomach cancer include indigestion, loss of appetite, slight nausea, heartburn and the feeling of being bloated after a meal.
However, indigestion and heartburn, doesn't always mean that you have stomach cancer, but if these conditions persist, you should visit a doctor to rule out the possibility of stomach cancer.
The growth of the tumor in your stomach can lead to various serious symptoms too, such as: