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Benefits of Barley And Its Side Effects Tips

PCOS - Dietary Tips To Avoid Weight Gain In This Disorder!

Dr. Bhavna Gandhi 86% (46 ratings)
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Master of Science - MS, Food and Nutrition, A
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Meerut
PCOS - Dietary Tips To Avoid Weight Gain In This Disorder!

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common hormonal disorder among women of reproductive age. Polycystic means “many cysts,” and PCOS often causes clusters of small, pearl-sized cysts in the ovaries. The cysts are fluid-filled and contain immature eggs. PCOS affects one in 4 women.

What are the causes behind it?
While the exact cause of PCOS is unknown, doctors believe that hormonal imbalances and genetics play a role. Women are more likely to develop PCOS if their mother or sister also has the condition.
Overproduction of the hormone androgen may be another contributing factor. Androgen is a male sex hormone that women’s bodies also produce. 

PCOS Symptoms
PCOS is a syndrome disease defined by a collection of signs and symptoms. The symptoms of PCOS that one patient experiences can be very different from the symptoms of another patient. If you have two or more of the following symptoms, you need to have a thorough checkup to determine if you need PCOS treatment:

  • Irregular or missing menstrual periods
  • Infertility
  • Excess or unwanted body or facial hair growth
  • Thinning hair on the scalp
  • Weight problems, often including weight gain around the waist
  • Skin problems, including skin tags, darkening skin and acne

Does PCOS increase weight?
The answer is a ‘YES’. Most PCOS patients are overweight and are asked to exercise which helps control the symptoms but a lot many people have a completely normal body type.

What are the risks associated with PCOS-related weight gain?
No matter what the cause, weight gain can be detrimental to your health. Women with PCOS are more likely to develop many of the problems associated with weight gain and insulin resistance, including:

Many of these conditions can lead to heart disease. In fact, women with PCOS are four to seven times more likely to have a heart attack than women of the same age without the condition.

Benefit of Weight Loss with PCOS

Modest weight loss will not cure PCOS, but it will help. Weight loss can restore the normal function of the ovaries and result in normal hormone production. This may, in turn, lead to improvements in symptoms of PCOS, such as excess hair growth, acne or scalp hair loss.

Protect Yourself From Weight Gain

  • Eat Right: A healthy diet low in complex carbohydrates, moderate protein and low fat is important, as this can help regulate blood sugar levels. 
  • Exercise: Start doing low-to-moderate activities like walking or swimming for 30-to-90 minutes per day because exercise (even without weight loss) has been shown to lower or get rid of insulin resistance.
  • Lose Weight: The more overweight you are the more likely you are to be insulin resistant whether you have PCOS or not. Losing just 5% of your bodyweight will help lower your insulin resistance.
  • Avoid Stress: Don’t over stress yourself as it increases the blood pressure level in your body and can’t help to resist with PCOS. So, try to stay as calm as possible.
  • Get more sleep (at least 7-to-9 hours in a day): Not getting enough sleep can also make your insulin resistance worse, which in turn acquires you the weight.

DIET:

Foods you should avoid while suffering from PCOS:

  • Sweetened juice, canned fruit in heavy syrup, or sweetened applesauce
  • Starchy vegetables including potatoes, corn, and peas
  • Refined grains made with white flour such as white bread and pasta, bagels, or white rice
  • Sweetened grains and donuts
  • Sugary drinks such as soda or juice
  • Sugary foods such as cookies, cakes, and candy
  • Snacks such as potato chips and tortilla chips
653 people found this helpful

Dealing With Common Problems Faced In Winter!

Dr. Akanksha Tayal 91% (3502 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Delhi

COMMON PROBLEM IN WINTERS (COUGH

BRONCHITIS [BRONCHITIS]


Inflammation of the large air passages which carry air from the windpipe to lungs is known as bronchitis.

CAUSES:

Smoking is the main cause.
Allergy like – such as air pollutant.
Infection – viral or bacterial.
• Occupation – coal miners, grain handlers, metal molders and people working with dust.
• Pre-existing disease as pneumonia, emphysema etc.

SIGN AND SYMPTOMS:

• Cold with nasal discharge.
• Cough with yellow-greenish sputum.
• Breathlessness.
• Chest pains.
Fever with headaches and loss of appetite.
• These entire symptoms can increase in severe condition.

DIETARY MANAGEMENT:

• Avoid dairy products like milk, butter, cheese because these will increase mucus secretion in the respiratory system.
• Avoid hot spicy and highly seasoned food.
• Avoid cold food, cold drinks, ice, ice-creams and aerated drinks.
• Drink lukewarm water.
• Boil a mixture of Bishops weed (Ajwain), tea leaves and water and inhale the steam, this acts as decongestant. Do this at least 2-3 times a day.
• Gargle with warm water, a pinch of salt and turmeric to soothe your throat.
• Have only fruits for 4-5 days later can have raw salads, vegetables and sweet fruits for next 5-6 days.
• Have hot vegetable soups.
• Have bland and boiled food.
• Include turmeric, garlic, ginger and onions in your diet but avoid if you are on homeopathic medication.
• Consume lots of vitamin C: foods of animal origin are poor in vitamin C.
– Fresh citrus fruits, green vegetables.
• Increase consumption of vitamin B:
– Milk and milk products, eggs, shrimps, crabs and lobsters.
– Lean meat especially pork, fish, dairy products, poultry, egg yolk, Liver, kidney, pancreas, yeast (Brewer's yeast).
– Carrots, bananas, avocado, raspberries, artichoke, cauliflower, soy flour, barley, cereals pasta, whole grains, barn-like unpolished rice and wheat germ, dried beans, peas and soybeans.
– Green leafy vegetables, legumes, nuts, whole grain.
• Consume lots of vitamin A; it maintains the integrity of the respiratory mucosa: Liver oils of fish like cod, shark, and halibut are richest source of vitamin A.
– Animal sources: egg, milk and milk products, meat, fish, kidney and liver.
– Yellow orange-colored fruits and vegetables, dark green leafy vegetables.
• Have ginger powder or fresh ginger juice in honey before retiring to bed.
• Every morning, drink boiled mixture of – ½ cup water, little ginger, 2-3 leaves of sweet basil (tulsi) and mint leaves, or you can eat the raw leaves, this will boost up your immunity.

NOTE:

• Avoid smoking.
• Take rest at home and keep your self warm.
• Change occupation if possible in case of miners, etc. or take precautions to prevent the particles being inhaled.
• Practice yoga will help by breathing exercise.
• Treat the cause.

 

 

1 person found this helpful

Fissures - Ayurvedic Treatments That Can Help Manage It!

Dr. Naveen Chauhan 90% (76 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), P.G.C.R.A.V. (Kshara Sutra)
Ayurveda, Ghaziabad
Fissures - Ayurvedic Treatments That Can Help Manage It!

Anal fissure or fissures refers to a painful condition wherein there is an anal tear or crack in the lining of the anal canal. At the time of fissure, a person might experience pain during and after a bowel movement, which might result in blood stained stool. The anal fissures are generally less than one centimetre across but anal being a highly sensitive part of the body, the pain that one has to bear due to this, is quite severe even if the cut is small.

There is a remedy in Ayurveda, through PF2-CURE, if followed in religious manner, can lead to the cure from this painful problem of fissures. Before going into the remedial part, let’s discuss about the symptoms and causes behind fissures.

Symptoms of Fissures
As already mentioned in the earlier segment, a tear or crack in the lining of anal canal is known as fissure, which puts people under severe pain at the time and after bowel movements. Several other symptoms are mentioned below:

  1. You might experience sharp, burning pain in or around your bottom, which can usually last for two hours after you have gone to the toilet.
  2. There might be spasms in anus, a cramped feeling wherein you need to put pressure during bowel movement, ultimately leading to the tear or crack.
  3. You might notice blood oozing out at the time of bowel movement. This happens due to tear caused by extreme pressure put on the anal.
  4. Sentinel pile, which is a tag of skin, can develop at the edge of one’s anus due to fissure.
  5. Now we look ahead to the causes behind the occurrence of fissures.

Causes behind Fissures
Though there are numerous reasons due to which people have anal fissures but usually it is caused by a hard and very painful bowel movement. This leads to the damage of the surrounding skin. Some of the other reasons are:

  1. If you have constipation, you would tend to out strain while doing bowel movement. This is one of the main reasons why fissures take place.
  2. Taking too much protein in your diet and having less of foods containing fibres like oat, wholegrain breads, barley, vegetables like carrots, broccoli can create this problem.
  3. Severe diarrhea can be another major reason behind fissures
  4. Consuming painkillers for a longer, especially those containing opate.

Treatment through Ayurvedic Remedies
Turn to Ayurveda for a permanent solution for fissure treatment. Ayurvedic medicines are aimed at intensifying the healing process of the fissures. In Ayurveda, medicines are natural herbs. They improve blood circulation to the anal, ease healing, reduce pain, abate constipation, prevent infection from spreading, alleviate the anal spasm, and treat all the symptoms related to an anal fissure in entirety. This stems out the disease from its root and prevents its recurrence. Usually, this problem recurs after allopathic treatment. However, in Ayurveda therapy the chances of recurrence are nil. The ayurvedic approach helps in normalizing the varicose veins inflammation in ano-rectal region. Thus less friction takes place between stools and anal canal, thereby giving instant relief from tremendous pain and burning sensation of anal fissures.

Quick tips to keep your digestive system intact-

  1. Have plenty of fibre intake
  2. Regular exercise
  3. Stay hydrated
  4. Practice healthy bowel habits

Fiber - 5 Ways To Boost Its Intake!

Dt. Ashu Gupta 93% (1659 ratings)
M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Gurgaon
Fiber - 5 Ways To Boost Its Intake!

The human body is designed to process foods with the help of fiber. The benefits of fibers are being recognized widely, and people are being advised to increase the fiber content in their food. On an average, our body requires 25 to 30gm of fiber per day. 

The body requires two types of fibers, soluble and insoluble. The soluble ones absorb water during digestion, contribute to stool bulk, and are believed to reduce cholesterol levels. Fruits, vegetables, legumes, oats and barley are good sources of soluble fibers.

The insoluble ones are required for good movement of food through the intestines. These are also found in fruits, vegetables and whole grains like wheatrice, barley, oats, etc. It takes a little planning to ensure your food is fibrous, but the benefits are a lot and long-lasting.

Follow some of the simple steps and you will see them for yourself:

  1. Vegetables: On a lighter note, make sure each meal of yours is as colorful as possible. Include good amount of carrots, radish, greens, legumes, tomatoes, cabbage and any other vegetable that you like in each meal. This ensures that you get all the fiber and nutrients that you want in a meal. Baked, boiled, raw choose any form, that you like.
  2. Fruits: It is advisable to eat a raw fruit as compared to having its juice. The fiber content gets reduced when you convert it to a juice. Try not to discard the peel, unless it is not edible at all, pineapple or jackfruit for example. Fruits, along with vegetables, form the most natural and best source of fiber. About 5 servings of fruits and vegetables per day will get you all the fiber you need for a day that is 25 to 30gm per day. Berries, pears, prunes, figs, apples, oranges, apples, pears, mangoes, pineapples - take your pick.
  3. Whole grains: Whether you are picking up bread, noodles, cookies, or a packet of pasta, make sure they are made of whole grains and not refined flour. Include one cereal in your breakfast. Oats, barley, wheat germpowder, flax seeds can all be good sources of fiber. Replace white rice with brown rice to get more fiber.
  4. Legumes: Incorporate fiber rich legumes in your daily meal, such as beans, lentils, peas or puree them for interesting dips. Adding legumes help you with the required amount of fiber intake for your body along with regular and smooth bowel movements.
  5. Water: Though not a direct contributor to fiber, increasing the water intake makes the fiber from the above mentioned foods more effective. It promotes better food passage through the intestines and contributes to better stool. It also reduces the bloated feeling that you get with increased fiber. 

Try to gradually make these small changes to your diet and you will see the benefits almost immediately. Try including more fibrous foods to also prolong your hunger pangs, breakfast being the best way to start. 

5191 people found this helpful

Rheumatoid Arthritis - How Ayurveda Can Help?

Dr. Pradeep Nori 88% (134 ratings)
BAMS
Ayurveda, Hyderabad
Rheumatoid Arthritis - How Ayurveda Can Help?

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder in which the body recognizes the body's own system as foreign and produces an inflammatory reaction. The synovium which is the space between the bones and the joints and contains a lubricating fluid which allows easy movement of the joints.

Inflammation of this space leads to painful, swollen joints that can also turn red and become stiff over a period of time. The joint surfaces can gradually progresses to produce deformities (the swan-neck deformity of the hand for instance) and disability.

Because it is an autoimmune disorder, the exact etiology is not known but lifestyle, stress, cold weather are supposedly predisposing factors. That being the case, it is not surprising that Ayurveda has a variety of options, both in terms of do's and don't's to manage rheumatoid arthritis - both the severity of symptoms and further progression of the disease.

Do's: A well-planned diet will help by supporting optimal functioning of the immune system and nourish the affected joints.

  1. People diagnosed with RA should follow a diet that is rich in fruits and vegetables. Drumsticks, bitter gourd, carrotpapaya, green leafy vegetables, cabbage, etc., reduce inflammation and hyperactivity of the immune system. The antioxidant properties in these neutralize the free radicals circulating in the body (responsible for increasing inflammation). This helps control the longstanding inflammation of the joints
  2. It is also advisable to eat them as whole fruits and not as juices. The fiber in the whole fruits helps digestion
  3. Sprinkle pepper powder over cooling food items like cucumber and radish
  4. Include garlic which is an excellent remedy for RA, can be mixed with buttermilk
  5. Whole grains such as wheatbrown ricemilletbarley are beneficial for RA, their high fiber content helps in proper digestion and promotes regular bowel movements
  6. Honey mixed with water
  7. Drink boiled milk to which dry ginger powder is added; this can replace tea and coffee
  8. Milk mixed with turmeric powder is also helpful in controlling inflammation
  9. Work at reducing weight

Don'ts: In addition to adding the above to your diet, there are some things to avoid, which can worsen symptoms of inflammation.

  1. Avoid overall unhealthy and irregular diet habits which affects the immune system and aggravates symptoms
  2. Avoid sleeping during daytime and staying awake at nights
  3. Avoid deep fried foods and fermented food items
  4. Given its autoimmune nature, it is better to avoid regular allergy-inducing foods like dairy products, soy, peanuts, processed foods, artificial additives, etc. These could trigger an enhanced allergic reaction.
  5. Avoid alcohol, tobacco
  6. Avoid tea and coffee and other caffeinated drinks

With simple daily food habit and lifestyle changes, the severity of RA can be managed effectively.

3252 people found this helpful

Why High Fibre Diet Is Good For Your Heart?

Dr. Saurabh Juneja 88% (242 ratings)
MBBS, Master of Surgery - General Surgery, Magistrar Chirurgiae (Cardio-Thoracic Surgery)
Cardiologist, Faridabad
Why High Fibre Diet Is Good For Your Heart?

Most people associate fibre to be good for the digestive system. It helps to add roughage and therefore helps in avoiding constipation. When we dig deeper, the fibre seems to do good not just to the stomach but to the heart as well. Those who are prone to develop heart disease should make an attempt to include more fibre in their diet and reap the rich benefits it offers.

There are two classifications of fibres

  1. Dietary
  2. Functional 

Dietary ones are found in diet products and functional being added fibre through various food supplements. Soluble and insoluble fibre, based on their solubility in water. Most foods contain some amounts of both. The insoluble one has more digestive benefits, as it adds to the roughage. Both types have cardiac benefits.

Read on to know some of the benefits of fibres:

  1. Reduces cholesterol: There is good cholesterol which is essential for the body, and there is bad cholesterol that causes heart disease. What fibres do is reduce the amount of bad and overall cholesterol in circulation. The fibre binds to the cholesterol and removes it from the body, which otherwise would get into circulation and lead to plaque formation and heart disease.
  2. Reduces blood pressure: Because the cholesterol does not circulate in the bloodstream, the blood is not as vicious and therefore, the vessels exert much less pressure to allow for free flow. A diet change to whole grains can show a marked difference in people with hypertension.
  3. Helps in weight management: Eating fibre means more bulk and fewer calories so that a person feels full after eating smaller amounts. This is a great way to lose weight and bring preexisting heart disease under control.
  4. Helps in stroke prevention: The circulating cholesterol usually gets sluggish and settles down along the walls of the blood vessels. This attracts more cholesterol, which eventually forms what is knowns as plaque. When this plaque attains a considerable size, it gets dislodged, circulates in the bloodstream, and can reach any of the vital organs. When it reaches the heart or brain, it can lead to heart attack or stroke. By removing the cholesterol which leads to all these complications, fibre reduces the incidence of stroke and heart attacks.
  5. Helps in managing diabetes: Blood pressure, increased weight and heart disease all are predisposing factors and have common contributing factors as does diabetes. Controlling all these helps in prolonging the onset of diabetes and reducing its severity too.

High-fibre diet mainly reduces cholesterol which helps in multiple ways to maintain not just a healthy body but also improves the overall quality of life.

Foods rich in fibre -

  • Wholegrain breakfast cereals, wholewheat pasta, wholegrain bread and oats, barley and rye.
  • Fruit such as berries, pears, melon and oranges.
  • Vegetables such as broccoli, carrots and sweetcorn.
  • Peas, beans and pulses.
  • Nuts and seeds.
  • Potatoes with skin.
5204 people found this helpful

Kidney Stones And Your Diet

Dt. Kanchan Khurana 89% (10 ratings)
M.SC Food and Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Noida
Kidney Stones And Your Diet

Kidney stones are caused when certain minerals of your urine are retained and not wholly released, causing them to amalgamate and form a stone. Passing kidney stones is one of the most painful experiences you may face physically. Its magnanimity is often compared to childbirth, and those who are suffering from kidney stones dread having this experience.

If you are yet not affected by kidney stones and do not want to, read to know what dietary changes you can undergo to prevent it.

1. Drink a lot of water

On an average, a person must be drinking at least 3 liters of water every day. If you live in a more hot and humid climatic area, your water intake must be even more than that, so that on an average, 2.5 liters of urine is passed throughout the day, which decreases the chances of unnecessary retention of minerals from the urine and release them more easily from the body.

2. Continue eating calcium containing foods

It is a common misconception that calcium accelerates the formation of kidney stones. Calcium is digested in the intestine. Only the calcium which is excess and cannot be digested in the intestines are sent to the kidneys. Continue consuming calcium rich foods unless your doctor prescribes you against it. Make sure your diet includes enough dairy products such as milk, cheeses, etc, or other calcium rich foods like oats and broccoli.

3. Limit intake of oxalic acid

Oxalic acid is mostly found in food obtained from plants. It restricts the absorption of calcium in the intestines and as a result, more calcium is passed into the kidneys; thus forming calcium oxalate, or oxalate stones. Try to avoid foods like rhubarb, Swiss chard, nuts, tea, sweet potatoes, etc; mainly leguminous plant products.

4. Decrease the ingestion of sodium salts, sugar and meat protein

Salts and sugars, mainly found in packaged foods to prevent them from expiring, increase the release of calcium and oxalates into the blood, which thus increase the chances to develop kidney stones. Meat contains fibers which affect certain nutrients in the kidney, thus aggravating the formation of stones.

5. Increase the consumption of insoluble fibers

Insoluble fibers are those rough fibers which are not soluble in water during the process of digestion. They are found in rice, wheat, barley, etc, and are found to decrease calcium absorption in the kidney. They attach themselves to the calcium and oxalates, which enable them to be released as stool instead of urine.

4832 people found this helpful

Digestive Health - 10 Foods That Are Actually Harmful For It!

Dr. Parthasarathy G 94% (31 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M.Ch - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery, Fellowship in Hepatobiliary Surgery & Liver Transplantation, International Visiting Scholar
Surgical Gastroenterologist, Hyderabad
Digestive Health - 10 Foods That Are Actually Harmful For It!

Taking a balanced diet not only helps in maintaining overall health also helps in curing indigestion. The right mix of carbohydrate, protein, water, fat, vitamin, salt and fiber is important for the body to function well. Apart from maintaining a healthy diet, it is also essential to refrain from food that triggers indigestion. 

Here is a list of worst food for digestive health:

  1. Dairy Products: Dairy Products contain a protein called the casein. This protein can be highly allergic and inflammatory. Its strong insulin response can hold up fat and makes someone look fatter than his usual self. Lactose, the carbohydrate found in milk is extremely difficult to digest. If you are lactose intolerant, you should make it a point to stay away from dairy products such as kefir and yogurt to ensure smooth digestion.
  2. Gluten: This protein molecule is found in barley and wheat. Gluten is extremely difficult to break and has the capability to create a lot of damage. The unbroken molecules of gluten cause inflammation and bloating. People, who have GI issues, should definitely eschew gluten to ensure food digestion.
  3. Sugar: Patients suffering from indigestion should stay away from sugar related products such as candy, cake and crackers. Intake of sugar product increases the rate of inflammation, feeds harmful bacteria and suppresses the immune system. No wonder it is one of the worst food to consume, if you are suffering from indigestion.
  4. Fake fats: Fake fats are extremely difficult to digest and make the cell membranes more rigid. It can also show symptoms such as cramps, loose stools and bloating.
  5. Gums: Guar and xanthan gum are proved to be responsible for causing colitis. People with bowel disease are strongly suggested to stay away from gums and thickeners in order to avoid indigestion.
  6. Soy: Soy possesses protein inhibitors. It is an enzyme that restricts digestion. The carbohydrate content of the soy does not get recognized by the GI system. This leads to bloating, cramps and gas.
  7. Nightshade vegetables: Vegetables such as potato, bell pepper and tomatoes contain a compound called solanine. The latter is known to be responsible for indigestion. People with a compromised GI should not consume these vegetables at all.
  8. Red Dye: May fast food item contain a red dye which is known to decrease the production of energy, disturb nerve signaling and is an inflammatory agent.
  9. Sweeteners: Fake sweeteners show GI symptoms such as bloating and gas. Replacing this with sugar is not at all a good idea since it causes indigestion over a period of time.
  10. Legumes and beans: Legumes and beans contain compounds called saponins and lectins respectively. They are a major cause of a leaky gut and inflammation.
3 people found this helpful

Procedure To Take Food According To Ayurveda Method!

Dr. Jeevan Sampat Jadhav 90% (86 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine & Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Nashik
Procedure To Take Food According To Ayurveda Method!

20 Procedure to take food according to AYURVEDA METHOD 

1)Pay attention to calls or nature before eating. 
2)Bath or at least wash your hands, face and face before you eat. 
3)sit in an isolated and clean area. 
4)Face the direction of the sun. 
5)Pray and thank nature for providing you food. 
6)Feed others. 
7)Consider eating as a yagna (A Vedic fire ritual) and thal you are offering havis to the internal fire who is Bhagavan (God). 
8)Concentrate and eat with confidence. 
9)Avoid watching T.V. & conversation during eating 
10)Approach each item with reverence and love and chew them well. 
11)See that all the six tastes are present in the menu. 
12)Eat sweet, oily food first. sour, spicy in the middle and bitter, astringent at last. 
13)The food should be warm 
14)Always eat accustomed food (in relation to body, age, season, dosha and disease). Make your diet according to your condition by showing your pulse to Vaidya Jeevan. 
15)Half of the stomach should be filled with solid food, one quarter by Liquids and the other quarter should be kept vacant for air. 
16)Use ricewheatbarley, tender raddish, grapes, green gramjaggery. ghee.Milk, honey, pomegranate, triphala daily. 
17)Foods which are preserved from the previous day should not be taken except curd, ghee, honey. butter milk
18)Avoid curd at night. Avoid over eating and untimely eating 
19)Anupana - the drink which is taken after meals gives satisfaction, aids easy digestion and provides a sense of contentment. 
For example - drinking water after food. 
20)MiIk is good for vata and pitta type people. 

1 person found this helpful

Diet Management For Weight Loss In PCOD!

Dr. Snehalatha Alapati 87% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
Diet Management For Weight Loss In PCOD!

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common hormonal disorder among women of reproductive age. Polycystic means “many cysts,” and PCOS often causes clusters of small, pearl-sized cysts in the ovaries. The cysts are fluid-filled and contain immature eggs. PCOS affects one in 4 women.

What are the causes behind it?
While the exact cause of PCOS is unknown, doctors believe that hormonal imbalances and genetics play a role. Women are more likely to develop PCOS if their mother or sister also has the condition.
Overproduction of the hormone androgen may be another contributing factor. Androgen is a male sex hormone that women’s bodies also produce. 

PCOS Symptoms
PCOS is a syndrome disease defined by a collection of signs and symptoms. The symptoms of PCOS that one patient experiences can be very different from the symptoms of another patient. If you have two or more of the following symptoms, you need to have a thorough checkup to determine if you need PCOS treatment:

  • Irregular or missing menstrual periods
  • Infertility
  • Excess or unwanted body or facial hair growth
  • Thinning hair on the scalp
  • Weight problems, often including weight gain around the waist
  • Skin problems, including skin tags, darkening skin and acne

Does PCOS increase weight?
The answer is a ‘YES’. Most PCOS patients are overweight and are asked to exercise which helps control the symptoms but a lot many people have a completely normal body type.

What are the risks associated with PCOS-related weight gain?
No matter what the cause, weight gain can be detrimental to your health. Women with PCOS are more likely to develop many of the problems associated with weight gain and insulin resistance, including:

Many of these conditions can lead to heart disease. In fact, women with PCOS are four to seven times more likely to have a heart attack than women of the same age without the condition.

Benefit of Weight Loss with PCOS

Modest weight loss will not cure PCOS, but it will help. Weight loss can restore the normal function of the ovaries and result in normal hormone production. This may, in turn, lead to improvements in symptoms of PCOS, such as excess hair growth, acne or scalp hair loss.

Protect Yourself From Weight Gain

  • Eat Right: A healthy diet low in complex carbohydrates, moderate protein and low fat is important, as this can help regulate blood sugar levels. 
  • Exercise: Start doing low-to-moderate activities like walking or swimming for 30-to-90 minutes per day because exercise (even without weight loss) has been shown to lower or get rid of insulin resistance.
  • Lose Weight: The more overweight you are the more likely you are to be insulin resistant whether you have PCOS or not. Losing just 5% of your bodyweight will help lower your insulin resistance.
  • Avoid Stress: Don’t over stress yourself as it increases the blood pressure level in your body and can’t help to resist with PCOS. So, try to stay as calm as possible.
  • Get more sleep (at least 7-to-9 hours in a day): Not getting enough sleep can also make your insulin resistance worse, which in turn acquires you the weight.

DIET: