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Basal Cell Carcinoma Health Feed

Renal Cell Carcinoma - How It Can Be Managed?

MD, MBBS
Oncologist, Ernakulam
Renal Cell Carcinoma - How It Can Be Managed?

Patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) to the brain have a very poor prognosis of three months if left untreated. SRS is an effective treatment modality in numerous patients. This case exemplifies the utility of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) in prolonging survival and maintaining quality of life in a patient with RCC. 

  • This 64-year-old female patient initially presented to her primary care physician 22 months after a left nephrectomy for RCC with complaints of mild, intermittent headaches and difficulty with balance. An MRI revealed five cerebellar lesions suspicious for intracranial metastasis. The patient's first GKRS treatment targeted four lesions with 22 Gy at the 50% isodose line. She underwent a total of seven GKRS treatments over the next 60 months for recurrent metastases to the brain. 
  • 72 months and 12 months have now passed since her brain metastases were first discovered and since her last GKRS treatment, respectively, and this woman is alive with considerable quality of life and no evidence of metastatic reoccurrence. This case shows that repeated GKRS treatments, with minimal surgical intervention, can effectively treat multiple intracranial lesions in select patients, prolonging survival and avoiding iatrogenic neurocognitive decline while maintaining a high quality of life.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3409 people found this helpful

Causes, Symptoms And Treatment For Renal Cell Carcinoma

Dr.Premitha R 89% (64ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma In Medical Radio Therapy, DNB
Oncologist, Bangalore
Causes, Symptoms And Treatment For Renal Cell Carcinoma

Renal cell carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer and accounts for 90 percent of all kidney cancers. Young children can develop another kind of kidney cancer termed as Wilms’ tumour. According to a study conducted by the World Health Organization (WHO), 20qw revealed that renal cell carcinoma has increased manifold over the past decade. The primary reason is the improvement of imaging techniques and the lack of healthy lifestyle practices by most adults.

Possible Causes of Renal Cell Carcinoma
There is still no conclusive evidence reported by any scientist about the exact cause of renal cell carcinoma. What doctors do know is the fact the introduction of renal cell carcinoma triggers when few cells of the kidney acquire a mutation in the DNA of a person. Mutation communicates the cell to divide and grow uncontrollably. This leads to an accumulation of cells that eventually forms one or multiple tumours and grows beyond the kidney.

Risk Factors For Renal Cell Carcinoma
Some of the common risk factors for renal cell carcinoma include the following:

  1. Old age
  2. Persistent smoking
  3. Exposure to substances such as herbicide, cadmium etc.
  4. A family history of renal carcinoma
  5. Hypertension
  6. Inherited syndrome such as Hippel-Lindau disease, tuberous sclerosis complex, Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome etc.
  7. Obesity
  8. An existing case of kidney failure

Typical Symptoms of Renal Cell Carcinoma
Renal cell carcinoma is hard to detect in its early stages. There is no routine test either that can readily diagnose this condition. However, certain symptoms such as blood in urine, fatigue, sudden loss of appetite, fluctuation of fever, pain in the shoulder or back area, sudden weight loss etc. can indicate renal cell carcinoma.

Feasible Treatment Options for Renal Cell Carcinoma
Most renal cell carcinoma is treated with surgery. There are several types of surgeries, and depending on the stage and spread of cancer, one of the types is opted for.

  1. Nephrectomy- This is a type of surgery that involves removing the entire kidney, some healthy tissues at the border, and other tissues such as adrenal gland, lymph nodes etc. The surgeon might perform an open or laparoscopic nephrectomy.
  2. Partial nephrectomy– Under this type of surgery, the surgeon removes a tumour and a part of the healthy tissue from the border of the kidney. This form of surgery can be done via a robotic, laparoscopic or open procedure.
  3. Cryoablation- This is a non-surgical method of treating renal cell carcinoma. Here, a needle is inserted into the kidney using image guidance, ultrasound, and cold gas. It freezes the cancer cells and limits their growth.

Apart from these, some other methods to counter advanced or recurring kidney cancer include targeted therapy, radiation therapy, biological therapy, partial surgery of the kidney, clinical trials etc. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1839 people found this helpful

Risk Factors For Renal Cell Carcinoma

Dr.Veda Padma Priya 87% (46ratings)
MBBS, DNB (Surgical Oncology), MS - General Surgery
Oncologist, Delhi
Risk Factors For Renal Cell Carcinoma

Renal cell carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer and accounts for 90 percent of all kidney cancers. Young children can develop another kind of kidney cancer termed as Wilms’ tumour. According to a study conducted by the World Health Organization (WHO), renal cell carcinoma has increased manifold over the past decade. The primary reason is the improvement of imaging techniques and the lack of healthy lifestyle practices by most adults. 

Possible Causes of Renal Cell 
Carcinoma There is still no conclusive evidence reported by any scientist about the exact cause of renal cell carcinoma. What doctors do know is the fact the introduction of renal cell carcinoma triggers when few cells of the kidney acquire a mutation in the DNA of a person. Mutation communicates the cell to divide and grow uncontrollably. This leads to an accumulation of cells that eventually forms one or multiple tumours and grows beyond the kidney. 

Risk Factors For Renal Cell Carcinoma 
Some of the common risk factors for renal cell carcinoma include the following: 

Typical Symptoms of Renal Cell 
Carcinoma Renal cell carcinoma is hard to detect in its early stages. There is no routine test either that can readily diagnose this condition. However, certain symptoms such as blood in urine, fatigue, sudden loss of appetite, fluctuation of fever, pain in the shoulder or back area, sudden weight loss etc. can indicate renal cell carcinoma. 

Feasible Treatment 
Options for Renal Cell Carcinoma Most renal cell carcinoma is treated with surgery. There are several types of surgeries, and depending on the stage and spread of cancer, one of the types is opted for. 

  1. Nephrectomy- This is a type of surgery that involves removing the entire kidney, some healthy tissues at the border, and other tissues such as adrenal gland, lymph nodes etc. The surgeon might perform an open or laparoscopic nephrectomy. 
  2. Partial nephrectomy– Under this type of surgery, the surgeon removes a tumour and a part of the healthy tissue from the border of the kidney. This form of surgery can be done via a robotic, laparoscopic or open procedure. 
  3. Cryoablation- This is a non-surgical method of treating renal cell carcinoma. Here, a needle is inserted into the kidney using image guidance, ultrasound, and cold gas. It freezes the cancer cells and limits their growth. 

Apart from these, some other methods to counter advanced or recurring kidney cancer include targeted therapy, radiation therapy, biological therapy, partial surgery of the kidney, clinical trials etc.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2721 people found this helpful

Renal Cell Carcinoma - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

MBBS, MD - Oncology, DNB - Super Speciality, Immuno Oncology
Oncologist, Delhi
Renal Cell Carcinoma - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Renal cell carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer and accounts for 90 percent of all kidney cancers. Young children can develop another kind of kidney cancer termed as Wilms’ tumour. According to a study conducted by the World Health Organization (WHO), 20qw revealed that renal cell carcinoma has increased manifold over the past decade. The primary reason is the improvement of imaging techniques and the lack of healthy lifestyle practices by most adults.

Possible Causes of Renal Cell Carcinoma
There is still no conclusive evidence reported by any scientist about the exact cause of renal cell carcinoma. What doctors do know is the fact the introduction of renal cell carcinoma triggers when few cells of the kidney acquire a mutation in the DNA of a person. Mutation communicates the cell to divide and grow uncontrollably. This leads to an accumulation of cells that eventually forms one or multiple tumours and grows beyond the kidney.

Risk Factors For Renal Cell Carcinoma
Some of the common risk factors for renal cell carcinoma include the following:

  1. Old age
  2. Persistent smoking
  3. Exposure to substances such as herbicide, cadmium etc.
  4. A family history of renal carcinoma
  5. Hypertension
  6. Inherited syndrome such as Hippel-Lindau disease, tuberous sclerosis complex, Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome etc.
  7. Obesity
  8. An existing case of kidney failure

Typical Symptoms of Renal Cell Carcinoma
Renal cell carcinoma is hard to detect in its early stages. There is no routine test either that can readily diagnose this condition. However, certain symptoms such as blood in urine, fatigue, sudden loss of appetite, fluctuation of fever, pain in the shoulder or back area, sudden weight loss etc. can indicate renal cell carcinoma.

Feasible Treatment Options for Renal Cell Carcinoma
Most renal cell carcinoma is treated with surgery. There are several types of surgeries, and depending on the stage and spread of cancer, one of the types is opted for.

  1. Nephrectomy- This is a type of surgery that involves removing the entire kidney, some healthy tissues at the border, and other tissues such as adrenal gland, lymph nodes etc. The surgeon might perform an open or laparoscopic nephrectomy.
  2. Partial nephrectomy– Under this type of surgery, the surgeon removes a tumour and a part of the healthy tissue from the border of the kidney. This form of surgery can be done via a robotic, laparoscopic or open procedure.
  3. Cryoablation- This is a non-surgical method of treating renal cell carcinoma. Here, a needle is inserted into the kidney using image guidance, ultrasound, and cold gas. It freezes the cancer cells and limits their growth.

Apart from these, some other methods to counter advanced or recurring kidney cancer include targeted therapy, radiation therapy, biological therapy, partial surgery of the kidney, clinical trials etc.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4321 people found this helpful

Someone I know has been diagnosed with stage 4 small cell carcinoma. He is 67 years old male. Please tell me what can we do?

Dr.Mansi Jariwala 90% (469ratings)
BHMS, MD- Alternative Medicine, Basic Life Support (B.L.S)
Homeopathy Doctor, Surat
Chemotherapy must be started as soon as possible. Also, I'd suggest you start Naturopathic treatment along with it. It will aid the patient to deal with the emotional and physical trauma during and after chemotherapy, so he can tolerate it well. If you need further assistance, let me know. Happy to help.
1 person found this helpful
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My father has left vocal cord: well differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. What is the meaning how to treat.

Dr.Jayvirsinh Chauhan 94% (33886ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
It is a cancer of vocal cord. But still in initial phase and outcome of the treatment can be favourable.
1 person found this helpful
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IMPRESSION: Clear cell Renal cell carcinoma of the right kidney, Fuhrman nuclear grade 1. PT1aNX. Size of tumour: 3 x 2.5 x 2 cm. Lymphvascular invasion present. All margins are free of invasive carcinoma. No evidence of necrosis/sarcomatoid areas. Sir please tell me the meaning of this report. What to do next?

MCh - Surgical Oncology, FEBS - Fellow of European Board of Surgical Oncology
Oncologist, Navi Mumbai
IMPRESSION: Clear cell Renal cell carcinoma of the right kidney, Fuhrman nuclear grade 1. PT1aNX. Size of tumour: 3 x...
Hello lybrate-user lovely report. Congratulations. Hopefully a partial Nephrectomy has been done saving the rest of the kidney. This report suggests you have a low risk less aggressive tumor although Lymphovascular invasion may signify some nodal Mets. Just keep a good follow up every 6 months with USG abdo pelvis for the next 3 years Regards.
1 person found this helpful
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Squamous cell carcinoma cancer patient. The size of tumor is 0.4*0.3*0.2. Which stage is this? And what are the risk of this disease? How much time the patient spends? In which stage, the patient stops eating?

Dr.Nikhilesh Borkar 93% (973ratings)
MBBS, M.S. General Surgery, M.R.C.S. England, M.Ch. Surgical Oncology, DNB Surgical Oncology, FEBS Surgical Oncology, DNB General Surgery, MNAMS, FMAS, FIAGES, FAIS, FICS, FEBS Breast Surgery, FACS, Fellowship IFHNOS & MSKCC USA, Fellowship in breast and oncplastic Surgery
Oncologist, Mumbai
Less than 2 cms is usually stage 1, unless nodes are positive. Hopefully you are talking about the oral cavity or head and neck region I would be able to opine better if you could send me the details. Feel free to contact me directly if you want to discuss this further.
3 people found this helpful
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