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Antenatal Checkup Tips

Prenatal, Antenatal And Postnatal Care - An Intro!

Dr. Bhavna Mehta 92% (42 ratings)
DGO, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Chennai
Prenatal, Antenatal And Postnatal Care - An Intro!

There are three stages of caring for an expecting mother: prenatal, intranatal, postnatal care. This is essential to ensure smooth pregnancy and labour and to keep the mother healthy after giving birth. This care is a combined effort between the doctor and the expectant couple. Here are a few things to keep in mind if you are expecting an addition to your family.

Prenatal care from the moment you realize that you are pregnant, a woman must start taking extra care of her body. This reduces the risks in your pregnancy and at the time of labour. But even before planning a pregnancy, it is important that couples should consult with the doctor, in order to avoid any complications in future. Thus you should ensure that regular check up not just during the pregnancy, but also before the pregnancy is equally important, so that your doctor can rule out complications arising due to factors, such as Thalassemia, Thyroid, Blood Sugar and PCOS, etc.

The main objectives of prenatal care are:

  1. To maintain the health of the mother
  2. Detect high risk cases
  3. Foresee complications and find ways to prevent them
  4. Reduce anxiety associated with delivery

Thus, an important part of prenatal care is to visit your gynaecologist regularly. These visits will be scheduled according to your age and stage of pregnancy. A few other points to keep in mind are:

  1. Stop smoking and stay away from passive smoking as well
  2. Stop drinking alcohol
  3. Take folic acid supplements and multivitamins
  4. Avoid contact with toxic chemicals like insecticides etc.
  5. Ensure your vaccination is up to date
  6. Avoid X-rays
  7. Do not start or stop any medication without informing your doctor first
  8. Eat healthy food and drink plenty of water
  9. Exercise regularly for half an hour daily
  10. Get plenty of rest
  11. Avoid stress
  12. Educate yourself about childbirth

Intranatal care refers to care given to the mother and baby at the time of delivery. The main objectives here are:

  1. Cleanliness
  2. Smooth delivery without injuring mother or baby
  3. Preventing complications
  4. Delivery resuscitation for the baby

There are a number of ways to deliver a baby and whatever you choose, you must ensure the presence of a doctor at your side, while delivering a baby. Your doctor will determine the position of the fetus and help you through your delivery.

Postnatal care is essential for 6-8 weeks after the baby is born. During this period, the mother goes through a number of physical and emotional changes and thus requires rest, nutrition and vaginal care. The main objectives here are:

  1. Prevent postpartum complications
  2. Restore mother to optimal health
  3. Ensure problem free breastfeeding

Sharing responsibility is essential for the health of the mother, after delivery. Get as much sleep as possible and pay attention to what you eat. Do not try and lose your pregnancy weight instantly. Schedule a checkup with your doctor six weeks after delivery to ensure your vagina has healed properly. Additionally abstain from intercourse at this time. With proper care, every stage of your pregnancy can be a beautiful experience. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2611 people found this helpful

4 Antenatal Visits!

Dr. Vishal Husain 88% (16 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma family medicine, Diploma in Diabetology
General Physician,
4 Antenatal Visits!

 Expectations in these four antenatal visits.

 

Antenatal Care and Assessment - What does that mean?

Dr. Surekha Jain 93% (799 ratings)
MS, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Antenatal Care and Assessment - What does that mean?

Pregnancy is a special period that every woman waits with bated breath. While the happiness and excitement are there, the health of the mother and baby are extremely important as well. Incidences of complications during pregnancy and childbirth are not new. Many pregnant women suffer from preeclampsia (high blood pressure often associated with the presence of proteins in the urine), and gestational diabetes, which, left attended can be risky for both the mother and the baby. Lack of awareness and proper guidance are often found to be the main contributors, affecting the maternal and fetal health during pregnancy. The NICE (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence) suggests that complications or not, all women should be under medical guidance and assessment during pregnancy.

Antenatal Care and Assessment has been a revelation ensuring that a woman enjoys a safe and healthy pregnancy sans any complications. There are regular health check-ups, diagnostic and screening tests and prenatal counseling for the pregnant women and their families. The initiatives have been truly noteworthy, bringing about a significant reduction in the incidences of miscarriages and other pregnancy-related complications.

What does Antenatal Care and Assessment include?
Each trimester brings about changes that need care and attention. The Antenatal Care involves assessing and guiding a pregnant woman and their loved ones as the pregnancy progresses through each trimester.

  • The program aims at identifying the conditions that may pose a threat to the maternal and fetal health during pregnancy and work towards eliminating it.
  • Medical conditions such as anemia, HIV infection, Sexually Transmitted infections, stress, and fatigue can spell doom, affecting the pregnancy beyond imagination. Thus, time and again, a pregnant woman is screened for the mentioned complications.
  • The diet can play a crucial role during pregnancy. A pregnant woman should eat a nutritionally enriched diet as the fetus receives the nutrients directly from the mother. Antenatal care lays great emphasis on the diet of the pregnant woman.
  • De-worming and immunization programs are carried out to immunize the mother and the baby against harmful infections, including, tetanus and malaria.
  • Antenatal care is a complete package that includes prenatal as well as postnatal care and assessment so that the mother and the baby enjoy good health.
  • Pregnancy brings about a new phase in the life of couples. While most couples accept the changes graciously, many find it difficult to cope with the situation. Thus, the program aims at counseling such couples both mentally as well as emotionally so that things get a less stressful and challenging. The program also educates the other family members and loved ones about prenatal and postpartum care and management.

Many women have benefitted immensely from the antenatal care and assessment programs, safeguarding the mother and the baby from various health problems. In fact, efforts are being made to aware and educate the rural India about the immense health benefits associated with the antenatal care.

4139 people found this helpful

Garbhasanskar (Antenatal And Postnatal Care)

Dr. Payal Khandelwal 89% (25 ratings)
BAMS, MD - Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Bangalore
Garbhasanskar (Antenatal And Postnatal Care)

Garbhasanskar is a very unique concept of ayurveda since it promotes complete well being of the foetus and the mother. It focuses on physical, mental & spiritual health of the baby and the pregnant mother.

What does it include?
1) complete regime for pregnant mother as to what she should eat, how her routine must be and what she should do for healthy pregnancy.
2) importance of mental & spiritual well being.
3) monthly medicines for healthy growth of the baby. The medicines are given as per the development of the organs and systems in the baby. It is called masanumasik (monthly regime of medicines)

4) also details about postnatal care is given. The importance of breast feeding, care regime for the mother and the newborn baby upto 1 yr of age is described. Again physical, mental health is taken care of.
5) tips & medicines regarding general health and prevention of common health issues is given.
Garbhasanskar is a complete package for prevention of diseases and maintenance of good physical & mental health during pregnancy & post delivery.

Antenatal Exercises: What, Why And How?

Dr. Akansha Dixit (Pt) 87% (17 ratings)
MPTh/MPT
Physiotherapist, Lucknow
Antenatal Exercises: What, Why And How?

Antenatal exercises are specifically designed to prepare the body for parturition/birth. Fitness for the expectant mother includes a combination of breathing techniques, prenatal yoga or stretches, and exercises that strengthen core muscles (especially the back and pelvic floor), boost stamina and enhance energy levels.
The specially patterned breathing helps in aiding relaxation, relieving stress, and coping through contractions and labour.
 

Benefits of exercises in pregnancy:
1) improves blood flow - the increased oxygen is passed on to your baby
2) releases'happy hormones' which make you feel good
3) prepares your body for late pregnancy when you will carry that extra weight

4) prepares your body for childbirth - it's not called labour for nothing!
5) shorten the labor process
6) Increase the chances of a natural birth
7) decrease the need for pain relief
8) keeps your muscles toned so that they will recover more quickly after birth.

Tips and cautions:-

  • Women who were exercising regularly before pregnancy, and who are healthy during pregnancy, should be able to continue exercising as before, with slight changes depending on the trimester.
  • Women who have not been exercising before pregnancy will benefit from taking up a low-intensity program and gradually move to a higher activity level.
  • Exercise is recommended for 20 to 30 minutes each day, on most days. Most exercises are safe to perform during pregnancy if done with caution.
7 people found this helpful

Prenatal Pregnancy Check-up!

Dr. Richa Gupta 88% (28 ratings)
MBBS, DNB(ob/gy)
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Prenatal Pregnancy Check-up!

What is Prenatal care?

It is crucial for a woman who is on her way to becoming a mother to pay special attention to her health. Health care offered to a pregnant woman is also known as prenatal care or antenatal care. It is a very important phase in a woman's life, so go for regular prenatal checkups as they go a long way in reducing risks of complications during pregnancy and child birth. This, in turn, increases the chances of giving birth to a healthy baby.
Contrary to popular belief, prenatal care does not begin when a woman is told that she is pregnant. Prenatal care should ideally be started at least three months before you try to conceive a child. This prepares your body and mind for the changes that pregnancy will bring. Some healthy habits to follow during this period include:

  • Quit Drinking alcohol and smoking
  • Consult a gynecologist about any existing medical conditions, medication you may be on and what supplements you should start taking
  • Avoid contact with chemicals and toxic substances

Once your pregnancy is confirmed, you will need to visit the doctor regularly for checkups.

Prenatal checkups are meant to keep an eye on your health and the health of your baby. In most cases, you will be asked to come in every month for the first two trimesters and every two weeks during the seventh and eighth month of your pregnancy. During the ninth month, your doctor may want to see you once a week until the delivery. In cases where a pregnancy is considered high risk because of existing medical conditions, the age of the mother or any other factors, the doctor may ask a for more frequent checkups.

A prenatal checkup involves a physical examination, tests, screenings and dietary consultations. Some of the common tests include blood tests to check for HIV, the mother’s blood type and anemia. Your blood pressure will also be monitored. When it comes to the baby’s health, determining the rate at which the baby is growing and heart rate are most important. In the later stages of your pregnancy, the position of the baby will also be noted. It is important to not skip these checkups even if you are feeling fine.

Keep your doctor informed about any changes you may notice in your health. Do not take any medication without consulting your doctor even if it is for something as simple as a cold. Do not feel shy about talking to your doctor and ask him or her anything you would like to about your pregnancy and childbirth. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gynaecologist.
 

3341 people found this helpful

Antenatal Maternal HIV Infection - Things You Need To Know About It!

Dr. Deore Sapana 87% (26 ratings)
MBBS
HIV Specialist, Nashik
Antenatal Maternal HIV Infection - Things You Need To Know About It!

HIV testing in pregnancy should be done early so as standard care can be taken for the pregnant women. The HIV testing must be repeated in the third trimester, usually before 36 weeks of gestation. This should be done in women with HIV seronegative and also in pregnant women who are at a high risk of developing HIV infection.

Expedited HIV tests should be performed at the time of delivery and labor and this is a must in women who have not been documented for HIV. The results of the test should be available within an hour of the test and the testing should be available 24 hours. In case the results are positive then, infant postnatal antiretroviral and intrapartum drug prophylaxis should be started immediately.

Women who have not been able to get tested for HIV at the time of labor and delivery are suggested expedited screening for HIV. Their screening can be done immediately postpartum or their babies should undergo screening. In case the infant and mother, both are positive, then infant antiretroviral drug prophylaxis should be started immediately. These mothers should avoid breastfeeding their babies, until the supplemental HIV tests are negative. In infants with positive HIV, prophylaxis should be discontinued and antiretroviral drug therapy should be started. 

 

In case of acute HIV infection during pregnancy, that is in the intrapartum period, or during breastfeeding, initial testing can be performed with an antigen/antibody combination immunoassay. If the supplemental test is negative, then an additional test which is the virologic test (DNA, RNA) are necessary for the diagnosis of the HIV infection. If the mother is HIV positive, then this information must be documented in the infant's medical record and also communicated to the infant's care provider.

The knowledge of an antenatal maternal HIV infection allows the:

  1. Women with HIV infection to get the correct antiretroviral therapy along with prophylaxis for the infections, which might occur due to the immunocompromised state of the body. This also prevents and decreases the risk of transmission to their partners.
  2. When there is provision for antiretroviral therapy for the mother during pregnancy and labor along with antiretroviral drug prophylaxis for the baby there is less risk of perinatal transmission of the HIV.
  3. The HIV-infected women should be counseled for a cesarean delivery. The option of an elective cesarean reduces the perinatal transmission of the HIV.
  4. The HIV women should be counseled about the risk of breastfeeding. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.
1954 people found this helpful

Prenatal Pregnancy Check-up - What To Expect!

Dr. Yuthika Bajpai Sharma 88% (44 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Kanpur
Prenatal Pregnancy Check-up - What To Expect!

What is Prenatal care?

It is crucial for a woman who is on her way to becoming a mother to pay special attention to her health. Health care offered to a pregnant woman is also known as prenatal care or antenatal care. It is a very important phase in a woman's life, so go for regular prenatal checkups as they go a long way in reducing risks of complications during pregnancy and child birth. This, in turn, increases the chances of giving birth to a healthy baby.

Contrary to popular belief, prenatal care does not begin when a woman is told that she is pregnant. Prenatal care should ideally be started at least three months before you try to conceive a child. This prepares your body and mind for the changes that pregnancy will bring. Some healthy habits to follow during this period include:

  • Quit Drinking alcohol and smoking
  • Consult a gynecologist about any existing medical conditions, medication you may be on and what supplements you should start taking
  • Avoid contact with chemicals and toxic substances

Once your pregnancy is confirmed, you will need to visit the doctor regularly for checkups.

Prenatal checkups are meant to keep an eye on your health and the health of your baby. In most cases, you will be asked to come in every month for the first two trimesters and every two weeks during the seventh and eighth month of your pregnancy. During the ninth month, your doctor may want to see you once a week until the delivery. In cases where a pregnancy is considered high risk because of existing medical conditions, the age of the mother or any other factors, the doctor may ask a for more frequent checkups.

A prenatal checkup involves a physical examination, tests, screenings and dietary consultations. Some of the common tests include blood tests to check for HIV, the mother’s blood type and anemia. Your blood pressure will also be monitored. When it comes to the baby’s health, determining the rate at which the baby is growing and heart rate are most important. In the later stages of your pregnancy, the position of the baby will also be noted. It is important to not skip these checkups even if you are feeling fine.

Keep your doctor informed about any changes you may notice in your health. Do not take any medication without consulting your doctor even if it is for something as simple as a cold. Do not feel shy about talking to your doctor and ask him or her anything you would like to about your pregnancy and childbirth.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
 

4162 people found this helpful

Health Check-Up

Dr. Sunita Kothari 87% (637 ratings)
Ms - Gynae & Obs, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Jaipur
Health Check-Up

We suggest that women should get a health check-up done even before trying for pregnancy, as any other medical conditions needs to be treated before trying for pregnancy.

10 people found this helpful

Regular dental checkup for oral health

Dr. Shubhra Dwivedy 92% (2116 ratings)
BDS (GOLD MEDALIST)
Dentist, Jamshedpur
Regular dental checkup for oral health
Visit regularly a dentist every 6 months for check up because.
239 people found this helpful
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