Anal fissure occurs because of a tear or cuts in the anus, that extends up into the anal canal. Anal fissures are a common condition that happens with many people across the globe and are responsible for the 6-15 patient per cent visits to a colorectal surgeon. An anal fissure can happen to anyone. Both men and women, young and old are affected by this malady. Fissure in the anal tract causes severe pain during defecation and bowel movement. In fact fissure in the anus, is the most common cause of rectal bleeding during childhood and infancy.
Anal fissures typically happen in the specialized tissue that lines the anal canal and anus, known as anoderm. Unlike skin, anoderm do not have sweat glands, hairs or sebaceous glands. But it has a plethora of sensory nerves that can even sense light touch and pain. This abundance of nerves in the anoderm tissue is what makes anal fissures so painful. This most sensitive anoderm moves up for the entire length of the anal canal until it ends and meets the demarcating line where the rectum starts, which is known as the dentate line.
Anal fissures more often heal in around half a month without the requirement for the treatment. In any case, they are caused by constipation that was not treated. In certain individuals, manifestations from butt-centric gaps most recent a month and a half or more. It is advised to get treatment at an early stage to overcome the difficulty in a much easier way.
The causes of anal fissure are:
There are some signs and symptoms a person will experience at the initial stage of anal fissures. They are listed as getting blood while pooping, discomfort during urination, experiencing pain during solid excretion and feeling Itchy in the anal area. It is advised to consult a doctor if any of the symptoms are visible.
A specialist can analyze anal fissures just by looking at the region around the rear-end. they might also need to play out a rectal test to affirm the conclusion. During this test, the specialist may embed an anoscope into your rectum to make it simpler to see the tear. This therapeutic instrument is a thin cylinder that enables specialists to review the butt-centric waterway. Utilizing an anoscope may likewise enable your specialist to discover different reasons for butt-centric or rectal agony, for example, haemorrhoids. Now and again of rectal torment, you may require endoscopy for better assessment of your symptoms.
The treatments a doctor prescribes to heal anal fissure are applying nitroglycerin to increase blood circulation, using topical anaesthetic creams for pain relief, getting a Botox injection to paralyze the affected muscle and to take oral nifedipine or diltiazem for blood pressure.
An anal fissure can occur to a person who has a bad digestive system, in most cases due to poor nutrition. Anyone who doesn’t drink sufficient amount of water and doesn’t eat fibrous food is most vulnerable to anal fissure. It is advised to add fibre to your food and drink as much water as you can, as it not only prevent the anal fissure but will improve your overall health as well.
To anal fissure occurs due to constipation. In order to prevent anal fissure, you have to counteract constipation. Eating plenty of fibre and staying hydrated makes the stool softer and easier to excrete. Moreover, doing regular exercise helps to improve the digestive functioning and in the case of infants, changing their diapers as soon as possible after their bowel movement is also necessary.
There are plenty of home remedies to treat anal fissures. The main motive to treat anal fissures is basically to provide lubrication at the region around the rear-end and to stop constipation. Essential oils such as coconut oil and olive oil are used as a lubricant. Applying them to the affected area makes it easier to pass the stool. In order to ease constipation, flax seeds and apple cider vinegar are consumed orally. Lastly, applying aloe vera gel to the affected area helps to heal the anal fissures.