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Addiction - Understanding Its Effects!

MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Addiction - Understanding Its Effects!

Addiction can be considered as a behavioural change where a craving for something specific intensifies to such an extent that the consequences are ignored. Addiction controls the brain by diverting it in such a way that it registers only pleasure and does not give any importance to other standard drives like motivation and learning. In general, breaking up an addiction is difficult, but it is not impossible and with strong determination, addiction can be broken.

Effects of Addiction
In general, people are subjected to addiction will not have self-control over what they do. If addiction is not treated or diagnosed on time, it may reach harmful proportions. Addiction is not only related to consumption of drugs and alcohol. It may include other habits too, that cannot be controlled. Sometimes even having a particular craving for a fruit or a vegetable can be termed as an addiction. Among other things, the most harmful can be the usage of drugs, sexual pleasures and other effects that over a period of time can become uncontrollable.

How a person can get addicted?
A human brain registers all types of pleasures in the same way they register a joy from a psychoactive drug, sexual encounter, monetary rewards or a satisfying meal. When any of these things happen, the human brain releases a neurotransmitter dopamine in the nerve cells. If these habits become regular, the enzymes will be released in high quantities leading to the addiction problem.

Drugs usage leads to addiction within a short period of time. Consumption of almost all types of drugs, starting from nicotine to heroin leads to a powerful surge of dopamine in the nucleus accambance leading to high addiction. Addiction is not exactly a disease, but it is a condition that can occur at any age. It is likely to occur more during the young age where the required maturity is yet to be gained. So it is advisable to be careful during your adolescent period as this is the time when you are more vulnerable.

There are various medical tests to detect drug use by the person but so fas as Addiction is concern it is a pattern of drug use which affect behaviour, causes withdrawal, tolerance, craving ects. 

Treatment of Addiction
In Acute phase, detoxification is done in which withdrawal symptoms are addressed. Detoxification may last upto 3 to 4 weeks depending upon severity of symptoms and amount of drug use. Later in maintenance phase basically craving, behavioural changes is handled along with insight building psychotherapy is used.


1 person found this helpful

Drinking Is Bad for Sexual Health

Gautam Clinic Pvt Ltd 92% (244 ratings)
Sexologist Clinic
Sexologist, Faridabad
Drinking Is Bad for Sexual Health

Alcohol is a major source of erection problems. A number of people who are hooked on alcohol suffer from brewer`s droop which is a state of male flaccidity that unable people to get erection.

  • Apart from impairing your erection countless studies have shown that alcohol consumption is the major cause of unwise sex which leads to catching infections and STDs. It is true that alcohol can impair judgement and this means that a lot of young people mistake it as something that boost horniness but as is common knowledge you are less likely to enjoy alcohol induced sex as compared to sex while fully sober.
  • Researchers have found that too much alcohol affects both your brain and your penis. In a study conducted by University of Washington it was found that men who didn’t consume alcohol were able to achieve an erection more quickly than men who did. While some men were unable to have an erection altogether after consuming alcohol.
  • That`s because boozing before sex can lead to decreased flow to the penis and also reduces the intensity of your orgasm. It means that even if you are able to have sex after having alcohol you are unlikely to enjoy it as much.
  • It is important that alcohol consumption should be kept to a minimum as it impairs your ability to enjoy sex and also can cause health issues on sexual health in the short and long term.
2 people found this helpful

Moderate Alcohol Consumption - How Can It Improve Brain Function?

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Chennai
Moderate Alcohol Consumption - How Can It Improve Brain Function?

It is common belief that alcohol consumption is a social menace and is injurious to health. It is the third leading lifestyle causes of death in the United States and takes a toll on the health care costs of the country. Many organs like the liver, kidney, heart, and brain are affected in people who are addicted to alcohol. However, it has been proven that alcohol consumption in minor amounts can have beneficial effects on the human body including the heart.

The side effects depend on a number of factors listed below.

  • Type of alcohol consumption (social or habitual drinker)
  • Amount of alcohol consumed
  • Frequency of drinking
  • Age, gender, and genetic predisposition of the person to develop alcohol-related diseases
  • Family history of alcoholism and its related diseases
  • Age at which the person started drinking
  • The number of years that a person has been consuming alcohol
  • Overall health condition of the person
  • Exposure to alcohol as a fetus

Like the adage goes, anything in excess is bad. It is not necessary that a habitual or social drinker who consumes a drink or two per week would end up with these issues. In fact, if recent studies are to be believed, mild to moderate intake of alcohol does have a benefit to overall health.

  • The cardiovascular benefits are the most prominent. Red wine and beer, in particular, are shown to provide benefits against cardiovascular damage in the long run. This could be due to the antioxidant properties of red wine. Alcohol itself (ethanol or ethyl alcohol) also has a positive effect. Some varieties of beer, porter and stout varieties in particular, are also shown to be beneficial. The anti-inflammatory properties and antiatherogenic (effect on plaque formation in the blood vessel) are what contribute to these positive effects.
  • There is evidence to show that cholesterol profile is improved (good cholesterol increase) and clotting function is improved in people who have mild alcohol consumption.
  • The insulin sensitivity is also better, leading to better control of sugar levels.
  • Light alcohol consumption also is believed to reduce the risk of hemorrhagic stroke. However, heavy alcohol consumption is believed to increase the risk of stroke and other cerebral events.
  • Limited alcohol use is also linked with reduced risk of dementia. Heavy consumption leads to faster memory decline.
  • The key to note is that these benefits are only when the alcohol consumption is mild to moderate. In excess, the negative effects of alcohol are well established and numerous. Some of the most significant ones being cirrhosis of the liver and cancers of various organs including mouth, liver, larynx, oesophagus, colon, breast, pancreas, etc. To reduce these effects, alcohol screening and brief counselling to reduce habituation are helpful.
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Side Effects of Alcohol Drinking - शराब पीने के नुकसान

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Side Effects of Alcohol Drinking - शराब पीने के नुकसान

शराब पिने की प्रचलन आजकल बढ़ती ही जा रही है. पिने वाले इसे पिने का बहाना ढूंढते रहते हैं. ख़ुशी हो गई तो भी पिएंगे और गम का तो साथी है ही. शराब में अल्कोहल की मात्रा ज्यादा होने से इसके कई नुकसान भी हैं. लेकिन पिने वालों को इसका चस्का लग जाता है इसलिए वो जल्दी छोड़ नहीं पाते हैं. आइए शराब पिने के कुछ नुकसान को जानें.

1. दिमाग के लिए जहर है शराब
मुंह में जाते ही शराब को कफ झिल्ली सोख लेती है. अल्कोहल को मस्तिष्क तक पहुंचने में छह मिनट लगते हैं. एथेनॉल अल्कोहल का बहुत ही छोटा अणु है. यह खून और पानी में घुल जाता है. इंसान के शरीर में 70 से 80 फीसदी पानी होता है. इसमें घुलकर अल्कोहल पूरे शरीर में फैल जाता है और मस्तिष्क तक पहुंच जाता है. सिर में पहुंचने के बाद अल्कोहल दिमाग के न्यूरोट्रांसमीटरों पर असर डालता है. इसकी वजह से तंत्रिका तंत्र का केंद्र प्रभावित होता है. अल्कोहल की वजह से न्यूरोट्रांसमीटर अजीब से संदेश भेजने लगते हैं और तंत्रिका तंत्र भ्रमित होने लगता है.
2. लीवर के लिए नुकसानदायक है
पहली घूंट के साथ शराब छोटी आंत में जाती है. छोटी आंत इसे सोखती है, फिर यह रक्त संचार तंत्र के जरिए लीवर तक पहुंचती है. इसमें ऐसे एन्जाइम होते हैं जो अल्कोहल को तोड़ सकते हैं. यकृत यानी लीवर हमारे शरीर से हानिकारक तत्वों को बाहर करता है. अल्कोहल भी हानिकारक तत्वों में आता है. लेकिन यकृत में पहली बार पहुंचा अल्कोहल पूरी तरह टूटता नहीं है.
3. कई अंगों पर डालता है बुरा असर
लीवर में जाने के अलावा कुछ अल्कोहल अन्य अंगों तक पहुंच ही जाता है. लीवर में अल्कोहल के पचते ही लोग सोचते हैं कि जहर खत्म हो गया लेकिन ये आनुवांशिक बीमारियां भी पैदा कर सकता है. यह पित्त, कफ और हड्डियां तक पहुंच जाता है, यहां पहुंचने वाला अल्कोहल कई बदलाव लाता है. अल्कोहल कई अंगों पर बुरा असर डाल सकता है या फिर 200 से ज्यादा बीमारियां पैदा कर सकता है.
4. शर्मीलापन कमजोर पड़ने लगता है
बहुत ज्यादा अल्कोहल आपके मस्तिष्क पर असर डालता है. आस पास के माहौल को भांपने में शरीर गड़बड़ाने लगता है, फैसला करने की और एकाग्र होने की क्षमता कमजोर होने लगती है. शर्मीलापन कमजोर पड़ने लगता है और इंसान खुद को झंझट मुक्त सा समझने लगता है.
5. बढ़ने लगता है गुस्सा
ज्यादा मात्रा में शराब पीने से इंसान बेसुध होने लगता है. उसमें निराशा का भाव और गुस्सा बढ़ने लगता है. 2012 में दुनिया भर में शराब पीने के बाद हुई हिंसा या दुर्घटना में 33 लाख लोगों की मौत हुई, यानी हर 10 सेकेंड में एक मौत.
6. गड़बड़ा जाता है जरुरी तत्वों का अनुपात
यदि आप सालों तक लगातार इसका सेवन करते रहें तो आपके शरीर में जानलेवा परिस्थितियां बनने लगती हैं, ऐसा होने पर विटामिन और जरूरी तत्वों की आपूर्ति गड़बड़ाने लगती है, इनका केंद्रीय तंत्रिका तंत्र में अहम योगदान होता है. जैसे दिमाग को विटामिन बी1 की जरूरत होती है. लंबे समय तक बहुत ज्यादा शराब पीने से विटामिन बी1 नहीं मिलता और वेर्निके-कोर्साकॉफ सिंड्रोम पनपने लगता है. इसके अलावा दिमाग में अल्कोहल के असर से डिमेंशिया की बीमारी पैदा होने का खतरा बढ़ने लगता है.
7. भोजन नलिका पर भी डालता है असर
मुंह एवं गले में अल्कोहल कफ झिल्ली को प्रभावित करता है और भोजन नलिका पर असर डालता है. लंबे वक्त तक ऐसा होता रहे तो शरीर हानिकारक तत्वों से खुद को नहीं बचा पाता है और इसके दूरगामी असर होते हैं.
8. कैंसर का भी है खतरा
शराब के सेवन से पित्त संक्रमण का शिकार हो सकता है. ब्रेस्ट कैंसर और आंत के कैंसर के लिए अल्कोहल भी जिम्मेदार है. लीवर में अल्कोहल के पचते ही हानिकारक तत्व बनते हैं, जो लीवर की कोशिकाओं को नुकसान पहुंचाते हैं. जर्मनी में हर साल करीब 20 से 30 हजार लोग लीवर सिर्होसिस से मरते हैं.
9. उल्टी, सरदर्द और चक्कर आना
चीन, जापान और कोरिया के 40 फीसदी लोगों में एसेटअल्डिहाइट नाम का एन्जाइम नहीं पाया जाता. यह शरीर में अल्कोहल के असर को कम करने में मदद करता है. अल्कोहल एसेटअल्डिहाइट में बदलता है और एसेटअल्डिहाइट एसेटिक एसिड में. लेकिन अगर एसेटअल्डिहाइट एसेटिक एसिड में न बदले तो एसेटअल्डिहेड बनता है. आनुवांशिक कारणों के चलते कई एशियाई लोग अल्कोहल नहीं पचा पाते, उसके पीछे यही वजह है. अगर ऐसे लोग अल्कोहल पीते हैं तो उन्हें सिरदर्द, उल्टी और चक्कर जैसी शिकायतें होने लगती है. कइयों का चेहरा लाल हो जाता है.

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Alcohol Addiction - Ways Homeopathy Can Help You Quit!

Homeopath, Pune
Alcohol Addiction - Ways Homeopathy Can Help You Quit!

The World Health Organization defines Alcoholism as, "chronic continual drinking, frequent episodes of intoxication, and preoccupation with alcohol, despite the adverse affects of it. It lays the perspective Alcoholics Anonymous (1939)-that alcoholism, characterized by the individual’s loss of control over drinking and thus over his or her life, was a "sickness"-was carried into the scholarly literature in the 1950s in the form of the disease concept of alcoholism."

Alcoholism is on the rise as per the current global scenario. In fact, one of the main concerns after cigarette smoking is that of consuming excessive alcohol. Those who consume alcohol in an excessive quantity often create health hazards for themselves, and their behaviour makes it difficult for those who live in their immediate surroundings. For most people, a rehabilitation centre is the only option to treat alcoholism. But this is not so.

Homoeopathy too can effectively treat the problem of alcoholism. There are certain medicines which work wonders in getting you rid of this bad habit.

  1. Nux Vomica: When your alcoholism is in its earliest stages, then it becomes easier to leave this addiction. For those people who have just started to fall prey to alcohol, Nux Vomica is a wonder medicine. It is administered for faster relief against your drinking problem. It starts showing its effects within a month’s time.
  2. Sulphur: Sulphur is a medicine which helps in curing many health issues. It is mostly prescribed to those who have started experiencing liver issues due to excessive drinking. One of the vital organs of the body, the liver, is affected when you drink excessively. Thus, to prevent degeneration of the liver, sulphur is usually prescribed.
  3. Cannabis Indica: Marijuana is often treated as a medicinal plant. There are many extracts derived from this plant which is later on used to make many useful medicines. One such homoeopathic medicine is Cannabis Indica. It helps in not only detoxing the body against the ill effects of alcoholism but also helps in preventing associated symptoms to show up.
  4. Natrum Mur: This medicine is derived from the extracts of what you know to be simple common salt. Once consumed it helps in blood cell production, cellular regulation, and albumin production. These help in coping up with extreme alcoholism. At times, alcoholism is triggered in people due to depression. Natrum Mur also helps in coping up with depression.
  5. Avena Sativa: This is derived from the oat leaves. Just as oats themselves are considered to be one of the healthiest foods to consume, this medicine made from the oat leaves is no less. It helps to relax the senses and detoxifies the body against alcohol.
  6. Acid Sulph.: A marvelous medicine if the patient has the family history of alcholism.
  7. Quercus: Works wonderfully in mother tincture form.

Thus, these are some of the most important medicines that are administered on those who suffer from the problem of alcoholism. If you or any of your near ones have fallen prey to this habit, then it is recommended that you immediately take help of your homoeopathic practitioner to help you out of alcoholism.

Note: There are certain organizations that are actively helping people with alcholism and their families. A few are:

  1. Brahmakumaris
  2. Alcholic anonymus
  3. Al-anon family group

For further consultation contact Dr.Deepanjli. Special treatment for the alcholic hangover is also available.

What Alcohol Really Does to Your Sex Life?

Dr. V. Kumar 90% (915 ratings)
Sexologist, Noida
What Alcohol Really Does to Your Sex Life?

Alchol can it affect your intimacy level with your partner, yes! But with this you might be wondering how can that be possible when you actually sustain yourself for long, maybe longer than you should be. It is probably the “whiskey penis”. Alcohol may give you a sense of elation at one point of time, but it is essentially a nervous depressant. The over consumption of alcohol mainly has a reduced effect on sensitivity for both men and women.

How alcohol affects sex life in men: The effect of alcohol on the sex life of men is immense. In most cases, chronic and acute cases of alcohol consumption have shown to reduce the production of testosterone in men. Since testosterone is the hormone that results in the increase in libido in men, the effects of alcohol really reduce the performance in men. It has shown to reduce pleasurability and it can also reduce the intensity of orgasms. Sometimes, it can cause difficulty in ejaculation or delayed ejaculation.

How alcohol affects sex life in women: Alcohol can have a very mixed effect on women in general. While it can increase sexual arousal and desire, it can also result in low sensitivity. Women have a higher percentage of fat as compared to water in their bodies, this means that alcohol has a more profound effect on their bodies as compared to that in men. Their bodies also take longer to process and eliminate the alcohol. While some women report a heightened sense of sexual arousal and an increase in the duration of the orgasm, a large number of women also complain of lesser lubrication.

Alcohol also has a psychological effect; that is the loss of inhibition that may help in developing carnal instincts when intoxicated. This psychological effect may have a more profound effect than the physiological effects as a result of which women might claim that alcohol does indeed help in better sex.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4296 people found this helpful

How Alcohol Affects The Body?

Dr. Kanica 91% (14 ratings)
Homeopath, Bahadurgarh
How Alcohol Affects The Body?

How Alcohol Affects The Body?

3 people found this helpful

5 Reasons To Pay Attention to Your Mental Health As You Do To Your Physical Health!

Dr. Srinivasa Sastry Malladi 88% (37 ratings)
Psychiatrist, Visakhapatnam
5 Reasons To Pay Attention to Your Mental Health As You Do To Your Physical Health!

A healthy mind in a healthy body! We have all heard the saying, but do we actually live by it. Though we try to eat a balanced diet, exercise regularly, and practice an overall healthy lifestyle to keep ourselves physically fit, but do we pay enough attention to keeping our mind healthy? The answer would be, not really. Here are a few compelling reasons that will drive us to do so:

  1. To deal with troubles in your personal life: Whether it's an accident or a life loss of someone close to you, or any other strong personal issue, it may not affect your physical health but leaves a deep cut on your mental health. People often try and keep such things to themselves without realising that this would worsen the situation further. It is, however, best to seek help from mental health professionals or talk to someone close to you. If left unattended, these troubles may leave you isolated and detached, leading to problems in personal life.
  2. To prevent damaging your physical health: There is a strong connection between the body and the mind. If body suffers the mind bears it effects and vice-versa the other will bear its effects. Often suffering from depression, anxiety and stress for long leads to heart attacks or strokes and sometimes even disrupts the immune function of the body. Sleep disorders, digestion issues that can impair your physical health are often the result of poor mental health.
  3. To retain your productivity and functionality: Believe it or not, when you fail to nourish your mental health, it also reduces your productivity by making you lethargic and less inclined to participate in any physical activities. Being stressed or depressed due to the issues in life can significantly affect your productivity and functionality at work.
  4. To stop yourself from developing unhealthy addictions: Poor mental health leads to developing unhealthy habits. From smoking excessively to becoming an alcoholic or taking drugs, people often engage in these practices to cope with mental issues. However, if you care about your mental health, you may be in better position to judge the harmful effects of these habits and therefore refrain from developing them.
  5. To lead a happy and long life with friends and family: Various studies have shown that compared to people with mild mental issues and troubled emotional states, it is people with happy lives and sound mental health that live longer. It is advised to care for your mental health as the ignorance of the same may result in anxiety, stress and depression. This will not only hamper your communication with your family and friends but leave you disconnected from others and yearning for loneliness.

Remember, good health can only be achieved when there's a perfect balance between the mental health and the physical health. When any of these conditions get compromised, the overall health starts to deteriorate. Therefore, stay physically and mentally healthy to ensure over-all well-being.

2540 people found this helpful

Alcohol and Heart Disease - All that you need to know!

Dr. Sameer Mehrotra 88% (1170 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Cardiac Device Specialist (CCDS - Physician )
Cardiologist, Delhi
Alcohol and Heart Disease - All that you need to know!

Harmful Effects of Alcohol on Heart-- 

  1. Excessive alcohol intake leads to increase in cholesterol and BP which are risk factors for heart attack or blockages. 
  2. Excessive alcohol intake leads to alcohol induced cardio-myopathy or weakening of heart muscle. 
  3. Excessive alcohol intake is also a risk factor for developing irregular heart rate called Atrial Fibrillation

Recommended daily alcohol intake value - 

Men - Upto 2 glasses/day 

Women - 1 glass/day (studies have shown that even small amount of alcohol intake in women is very harmful) A drink is one 12 oz. beer, 4 oz. of wine, 1.5 oz. of 80-proof spirits, or 1 oz. of 100-proof spirits. Binge drinking should be ABSOLUTELY avoided. 

Red wine - There is no clear cut data to prove that red wine has some cardioprotective properties. A few small studies have suggested so, but as of now there is no clear cut answer. 

Alcohol and Aspirin - If you are on aspirin and take alcohol then you have higher chances of developing gastric ulcers and erosions. Hence you should try to reduce drinking if you do. If you do not drink then there is no need for you to start drinking as drinking alcohol does not provide any major benefit.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2343 people found this helpful

Earwax - Did You Know Its Color Can Say A Lot About Your Health?

Dr. Amit Beniwal 88% (110 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Medicine, Masters In Evidence Based Medicine
General Physician, Delhi
Earwax - Did You Know Its Color Can Say A Lot About Your Health?

Remember how Shrek literally pulled out a candle from his ear for the dinner table? Ever tried doing it yourself? Well, the stuff in your ears may be called wax, but it can’t really be used to make a candle. However, it certainly can signify a lot about your health. Though the idea of discussing earwax is rather disgusting, it actually plays a pivotal role in keeping your ears healthy and functioning. Earwax protects your eardrums by barring the entry of insects, fungi, bacteria, dust and bacteria. In clinical terms, earwax is also known as cerumen. 

Studies indicate that children typically produce more earwax than adults. The earwax in your ear is a combination of alcohol, shed layers of the ear, unsaturated and saturated long-chain fatty acids and squalene. In order to clean earwax, you should not insert objects too deep in your ear, instead, you can just wipe it off with a cotton swab.  The color and texture of the earwax removed can actually indicate your overall health condition, stress level, genetic ancestry, etc.

Know what your earwax color says about your health 

  1. Pale yellow to yellow earwax: It is the most common type of earwax and indicates overall good health. Children typically produce soft, pale yellow earwax and in case of adults, the color should remain the same, but the texture tends to be sticky. 
  2. Wet vs. dry earwax: Wet and dry are the genetically determined earwax types, wherein, the 'wet type' is dominant and the 'dry type' is recessive. A research, conducted on Biologic variation in health and illness: race, age, and sex differences (1985) by Overfield, Theresa, established that dry-type earwax indicates East Asian and Native American ancestry, while wet-type indicates African and European. 
  3. Thick, dark and black colored earwax: The production of earwax is also influenced by your stress level i.e. when you are stressed out, the glands that are responsible for the production of earwax work overtime and produce excess amount of earwax. As this earwax collects, it can turn thicker and darker thus, this type of earwax is a sign of increased stress level. And, black colored earwax indicates that it has been accumulating in your ears for quite some time and has not been cleaned. To avoid this, it is essential to clean your ears from time to time and in the right way. 
  4. Dry, gray earwax: The gray color of the wax is an indication of dust build-up and must be cleaned properly at regular intervals. However, if your earwax suddenly seems dry and brittle, it could be the sign of a skin infection. Dry earwax accompanied by itchiness in the ear is usually a sign of eczema.
  5. Bloody earwax: Blood in the earwax should never be ignored. This could be caused by an ear infection or can be a sign of ruptured eardrum and you must consult your doctor immediately. 

Thus it is important that you take proper care of your ears so as to ensure that your hearing is maintained and although earwax protects your ears against infections and problems, it must be cleaned from time to time. It is advisable that you get your ears cleaned professionally, in case you are suffering from certain ailments such as Diabetes. 

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