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Alcohol Addiction Tips

Male Dysfunction Treatment!

Dr. Vinod Raina 95% (5441 ratings)
MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Male Dysfunction Treatment!

Causes of ED:
 

Hormonal imbalance, drug abuse, smoking, excessive intake of alcohol, drug induced and psychogenic.

 

2 people found this helpful

Boost Immunity!

Dt. Monica Kapur 90% (64 ratings)
Certification In Nutrition & Weight Management, B.Com, Certificate In Food & Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Boost Immunity!

Some do's and don'ts to boost immunity 

In layman language immunity means body's resistance to fight diseases or its ability to defend itself from foreign bodies. We can boost our immunity by following some simple do's and don'ts.

Do's

1) drink enough water - to get rid of the toxins and boost the metabolism.
2) get enough sleep- at least 7-8 hours but avoid oversleeping.
3) get ample sunlight-to boost vitamin d which is crucial for fending off diseases.
4) eat lots of vegetables- as well as fruits 6-7 servings in a day to boost antioxidants which fight free radicals.
5) eat some herbs and spice - like turmeric, garlic, ginger, indian gooseberry, ginseng.
6) stretch daily-at least 30 minutes daily for building strength and enhancing blood circulation. 

Don'ts 

1) avoid processed foods- as it cannot be digested and may create some gastrointestinal problem.
2) limit refined sugar - specially in beverages as they are immune depressant.
3) avoid cold foods- as cold foods and cold drinks reduce the digestive fire.
4) do not smoke and drink - as it can wane off all the energy you have.
5) limit allopathic medicines - especially life time medicines, rather try to modify your lifestyle to get rid of the problem. 
6) do not overthink - as it can effect power of mind and surround you with negativity which can further effect your immunity and leave you lethargic! 
 

3 people found this helpful

How To Determine If Someone Suffers From Alcoholism

Dr. Vikas Moun 85% (63 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Psychiatrist, Delhi
How To Determine If Someone Suffers From Alcoholism

Do you worry about your friend or relative’s drinking habits? You are not alone. There are people who struggle for years with the same question - How can I tell if the person I love is an alcoholic or not?
Well, the good news is that you don’t need to be a medical professional to figure out the right answer to this vital question. Read on to find simple ways to know whether your loved one suffers from alcohol addiction.

First up is a short quiz about drinking habits, developed by Dr. John Ewing to identify alcohol addiction. Treat this as a pointer and take your loved one to an expert, if it points towards alcohol addiction. You can ask these questions directly to your loved one, or you can answer these questions on their behalf.

According to the developers, one "yes" to the four quiz questions signals a problem, and more than one “yes” means that it's time for you or your loved one to get professional help.

  1. Have you ever felt you should cut down on your drinking?
  2. Have people annoyed you by criticizing your drinking?
  3. Have you ever felt bad or guilty about your drinking?
  4. Have you ever had a drink first thing in the morning to steady your nerves or to get rid of a hangover?”

There are many signs of a serious drinking problem. These include certain behaviours such as:

  1. Drinking just for getting drunk
  2. Drinking alone
  3. Keeping alcohol consumption a secret
  4. Drinking to escape problems
  5. Hiding alcohol bottles
  6. Experiencing withdrawal symptoms like getting irritated or experiencing nervousness, nausea, getting shakes, breaking out into a cold sweat, and getting hallucinations when unable to source alcohol
  7. Having problems at work, school, or home, as a result of alcohol consumption
  8. Losing interest in activities you or your friend used to enjoy
  9. Having blackouts due to heavy drinking
  10. Anger and extreme irritation

Other extreme behaviors to watch out for are:

  1. Being able to drink an awful lot of alcohol
  2. Trouble stopping once your loved one starts drinking
  3. A powerful urge to drink

There is another scientific way to determine, if your loved one is an alcoholic. In the US, medical professionals commonly use a criteria, listed in the fourth edition of the ‘Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders’. According to it, the signs and symptoms of alcoholism are clearly laid down and it states that alcohol dependent people:

  1. Will drink more to get their desired effect from alcohol
  2. Experience withdrawal symptoms when the effect of alcohol wears off
  3. Drink larger amounts of alcohol over a longer period of time
  4. Will be unable to consistently control their drinking
  5. Will leave important work for drinking
  6. Will spend a lot of time during the day getting alcohol, drinking it, and recovering from hangovers.
  7. Continue to use alcohol, despite knowing that their chronic physical or psychological problem is caused due to alcohol.
  8. To be declared alcohol-dependent, your loved one must experience at least three of these criteria during a year.

However, there is still no one definite test to diagnose alcohol-use disorders. Therefore, professionals diagnose them by making use of the patient’s comprehensive medical, family, and mental-health information.

2661 people found this helpful

Addiction - How Homeopathy Is Beneficial In Treating It?

Dr. Gagandeep Kaur Chhabra 88% (88 ratings)
BHMS, DHMS (Diploma In Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery)
Homeopath, Mohali
Addiction - How Homeopathy Is Beneficial In Treating It?

Addiction not only includes physical things we consume, such as drugs or alcohol, but also includes virtually anything, such abstract things as gambling to seemingly harmless products, such as chocolate, etc. In other words, addiction may refer to a substance dependence (e.g. drug addiction) or behavioral addiction (e.g. gambling addiction).

Causes: There is a link between the repeated uses of an addictive substance and how the human brain experience pleasure, its use has a nice reward, leading to further and more frequent use. The addictive substance, be it nicotine, alcohol or some drug actually causes physical changes in some nerve cells in the brain. After a while, the user of the potentially addictive substance does not get the same pleasure and has to increase the dose, as his/her body's tolerance to it increases. Eventually, the user no longer experiences pleasure from the substance and takes it simply to prevent withdrawal symptoms taking the substance just makes them feel normal. When tolerance increases, the risk of addiction is much greater.

Signs and Symptoms: A person starts to show symptoms when a person takes the substance, such as nicotine , alcohol etc. and has given a serious attempt to stop, but is unable to do so because of the withdrawal symptoms. The body of an addict will go in withdrawal state when once the level of the substance abused is below a certain level. When a person goes in withdrawal state it will show signs, such as craving, bouts of moodiness, bad temper, poor focus, extreme temperament, poor focus, continuous feeling of depression, emptiness, frustration, anger, bitterness and resentment. Apart from these the addict will also display symptoms such as increased appetite, insomnia, constipation,and diarrhea. Withdrawal caused by some substances can also trigger signs like violence, seizures, hallucination, sweating and trembling, etc. However, the addiction continues despite health problem awareness. An addicted person commonly feels they need their drug in order to deal with their problems.

Investigation of Addiction: Blood test is advised to determine whether the substance is still in the blood (whether the substance has been taken recently). DSM criteria for substance dependence that is a patient diagnosed with substance dependence (an addiction) must meet criteria laid out in the DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders), a manual published by the American Psychiatric Association.

What you can do?: Acknowledge the problem and consult for help from an expert. Family members must be supportive in creating a congenial environment for the addicted person.

Role of Homeopathy in Management of Addiction: The first step for the addicted person is to acknowledge that there is a substance dependency problem (addiction problem). The next step is to get help. In most of the world there are several support groups and professional services available. Treatment options for addiction depend on several factors, including what type of substance it is and how it affects the patients. Typically, treatment includes a combination of inpatient and outpatient programs, counselling (psychotherapy), self-help groups, pairing with individual sponsors, and medication.

Talking of medication, Homoeopathy definitely has a major role to play in the de-addiction journey of a 'patient'. Over the years it has been seen that homeopathy has produced tremendous results in such cases. People have approached for quitting alcohol, smoking, drugs, etc. and majority of them have been wonderfully helped by Homoeopathy. Those who haven't achieved desirable results have either lacked willingness or conviction on their own part, or have had a non-congenial and non-co-operative environment at home and work place. For any de-addiction plan to be successful for a patient these 2 factors are the most important. A willing person with a co-operative and supportive environment is much more receptive and responsive to the medical treatment.

The commonest attacking area for any addictive substance is the Central Nervous System (CNS). The substance inhibits the release of neurotransmitters, which are responsible for carrying nerve impulses. Once these neurotransmitters are inhibited in their normal functioning, a person develops delayed nervous responses and irregular nerve impulses leading to addiction. It is a vicious circle. So, as the centre of attack is the CNS, a medical system that boosts and strengthens the CNS would automatically prove beneficial in such dreadful cases. Homoeopathy is that very medical science! The homoeopathic medicines are absorbed through the nerve root endings of the tongue and directly hit the CNS. There are some very powerful Homoeopathic medicines, which have the ability to shake up the CNS and work in a normal manner as it is used to be. These Homoeopathic medicines, thus have the ability to develop control and also the power to abstain from the substance in later stages of the treatment.

But the first and foremost attempt is made to manage the withdrawal symptoms. It is the fear of the withdrawal symptoms only that a patient may lose conviction and confidence in him and give in to the indulgence once again. This is where the role of family and friends also comes in. when the struggle of 1 man becomes fight for the whole team; chances are very high of coming out victorious. There are brilliant medicines in Homoeopathic science, which can help the person in managing and fighting with the withdrawal symptoms with ease. Medicines like Nux vomica, Kali phos., Arsenic Album, Coffea cruda, Aconite, Gelsemium, Argentum nitricum, Ipecac, Acid sulphurosum, Caladium, Daphna indica, Quercus, etc. have proved to be extremely effective in helping a person wean off completely of the addictive substances.

Mind the Mind: Over the past two issues, we took up the burning problem of addiction as a mental illness, explored its, nature and probable causes that go into the making of an addict. The current issue is aimed at spreading awareness about the available evidence based psychological treatments for de-addiction.

  1. Psychotherapy: Also called as 'talk therapy', is aimed at helping the patient to understand the link between their thoughts, feelings and behaviour so that the maladaptive ones can be replaced with more adaptive and productive processes. Interventions in terms of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT), Motivation Enhancement Therapy (MET) and Behaviour Therapy are efficient in the treatment of addiction behaviour.
  2. Craving control: Use of certain medicines and behavioural techniques can help a person deal with the intense feelings of craving when it seems too much to bear. It gives a sense of greater control to the person over the substance, which in turn motivates him/her to stay away from using the substance. Many people report that they tend to continue the abuse the substance since they are unable to handle the period of intense craving, which can come all of a sudden.
  3. Relapse prevention: Arguably it is the most important component of de-addiction program. Leaving the substance is not that hard, but staying away from it is the most difficult part as reported by many patients with addiction. To ensure that the person stays clean and healthy without the substance, they are taught some techniques like asking for help whenever they feel the need to do the substance or staying away from potentially, dangerous situations, like going to party where alcohol is available. With therapy, the individual gains more confidence in his/her own abilities rather than depending on the substance for facing life situations. In addition to this, they also start enjoying their life without the substance. Both the patient and his/her family play an important part in this process hence they are educated about it and are advised regarding appropriate ways of ensuring sobriety for the patient.
  4. Alcoholics Anonymous (AA): It is a self-hellp group in which ex-alcoholics come together and share their experiences, for instance how they got into drinking, how it affected their life and now how they are maintaining their sobriety. These are mostly weekly sessions and have been found to be very effective in supporting the recovery of alcoholics to stay motivated and be clean without the use of alcohol. Similar to AA, there is NA (Narcotics Anonymous for drug addicts) and Al-Anon (for the family members and friends of problem drinkers).
  5. Yoga and exercise: A healthy daily routine with yoga or regular exercise promotes feelings of general well-being and ensures healthy mind and body. It detoxifies the body faster and even helps in recovering from the damage caused due to excessive substance use.
  6. Social skill training: An important aspect for being away from drugs/alcohol is the ability to say NO to such offers from others. Assertive behaviour, healthy communication pattern and good problem solving ability are skills that are taught to assist the person to stay healthy without feeling the need to take the substance.

One of the simplest, yet very powerful principles of staying healthy is 'ONE DAY AT A TIME'! Instead of making any long-term plans for staying sober, which might seem over-whelming and extremely difficult, just plan for that very day and DECIDE to be clean without the substance.

3 people found this helpful

How Addiction Can Ruin Your Life?

Dr. Amol Kelkar 88% (10 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Akola
How Addiction Can Ruin Your Life?

Addiction can be considered as a behavioural change where a craving for something specific intensifies to such an extent that the consequences are ignored. Addiction controls the brain by diverting it in such a way that it registers only pleasure and does not give any importance to other standard drives like motivation and learning. In general, breaking up an addiction is difficult, but it is not impossible and with strong determination, addiction can be broken.



Effects of Addiction
In general, people are subjected to addiction will not have self-control over what they do. If addiction is not treated or diagnosed on time, it may reach harmful proportions. Addiction is not only related to consumption of drugs and alcohol. It may include other habits too, that cannot be controlled. Sometimes even having a particular craving for a fruit or a vegetable can be termed as an addiction. Among other things, the most harmful can be the usage of drugs, sexual pleasures and other effects that over a period of time can become uncontrollable.

How a person can get addicted?
A human brain registers all types of pleasures in the same way they register a joy from a psychoactive drug, sexual encounter, monetary rewards or a satisfying meal. When any of these things happen, the human brain releases a neurotransmitter dopamine in the nerve cells. If these habits become regular, the enzymes will be released in high quantities leading to the addiction problem.

Drugs usage leads to addiction within a short period of time. Consumption of almost all types of drugs, starting from nicotine to heroin leads to a powerful surge of dopamine in the nucleus accumbency leading to high addiction. Addiction is not exactly a disease, but it is a condition that can occur at any age. It is likely to occur more during the young age where the required maturity is yet to be gained. So it is advisable to be careful during your adolescent period as this is the time when you are more vulnerable.

Various medical tests can diagnose addiction. People subjected to addiction can be treated easily by proper medications and therapies. If addiction is in the initial stage, it can be quickly addressed by counselling process, and if it is severe, then the counselling sessions along with certain medications are needed to curb the addiction habit.

285 people found this helpful

Dysfunctional Families - Understanding The Affect On Children!

Dr. Priya Jha 90% (99 ratings)
PG Diploma In Clinical Training, Psychology, MA - Psychology, BA - Psychology
Psychologist, Delhi
Dysfunctional Families - Understanding The Affect On Children!

Some families have a destructive core. Children born into these families sometimes may get badly affected by the dysfunction in the family. This is because they do not understand what is happening around them. This can even affect their adult years. Some of the effects of dysfunctional families on children are:

  1. Low Self-Esteem: When children see trouble around them, they often believe that they are the cause of it. Since the actual issue has nothing to do with them, nothing they do improves the situation. This can make them feel like a failure and as though nothing they do is good enough. Over time, this can lead them to develop a very low self-esteem.
  2. Self-Destructive Behavior: Children in dysfunctional families are largely ignored and not given the guidance they need. This can make the child act out in the hope of getting noticed or make him turn rebellious. Addiction to alcohol and drugs is often associated with dysfunctional families. The child may also turn to petty thefts, bullying and arson or drop out of school.
  3. StressIn many dysfunctional families, young children are forced to become carers. For example, a divorce can leave one parent mentally unstable and force the child to grow up faster than he or she should. This puts a lot of pressure on the child and exposes them to stress at a very young age. There are many ill effects of stress including a deterioration of physical and mental health and these can be noted in almost all children who belong to such families.
  4. Troubled Relationships: Children learn from what they see. When they are brought up in a dysfunctional family, they begin to believe that this is part and parcel of all relationships. Hence, it may cloud their relationships as adults. When it is their turn to be parents, they may unconsciously inculcate rules and ideas from their own childhood. This furthers the dysfunctional family cycle. On the other hand, children from such families may also grow up to be loners and may have difficulties forming any kind of relationship
  5. Trust Issues: Children growing up in dysfunctional families realize that many situations have two stories associated with them; one that they remember and another that their parents talk about. For example, a child may remember a party at a time when their parents were arguing horribly but the parents may talk about it as a wonderful day. This makes it difficult for children to trust themselves as well as trust others.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2816 people found this helpful

Stay Active To Remain Active!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, R.G kar Medical College
General Physician, Birbhum
Stay Active To Remain Active!

Reduce intake of sugar and salt, have lots of fresh fruits and vegetables. Reduce time on smartphone, desktop or laptop, tv. Engage in activities like playing with your kids, cooking, painting or anything you like. Regularly check your bp & blood sugar and semi anual health checkup. At least sleep for 7 hrs at night from 11pm-6am and take 1 hr rest at afternoon if possible. Walk for 1hour daily. Quit alcohol and smoking.

1 person found this helpful

Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome - Causes And Treatment!

Sarvam Health 87% (160 ratings)
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome - Causes And Treatment!

Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome is the name given to the symptoms seen in you if you consume heavy doses of alcohol frequently and then suddenly quit or reduce your alcohol intake considerably. These symptoms may surface anytime between six hours to a few days after you last drank.

Common symptoms of alcohol withdrawal syndrome:

All these symptoms may worsen over a few days and may even last till a few weeks.

What is the root cause?

Alcohol arouses your nervous system. In case you are a heavy drinker, your body gradually gets dependent on alcohol, and cannot adapt too easily to the lack of alcohol after you have abruptly quit. This is the root cause of Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome (AWS).

Who is at risk?

You are at the maximum risk of AWS if you are an alcohol addict, or you cannot gradually cut down on its intake.


How do doctors diagnose AWS?

Usually, doctors will search for a few symptoms in you, like irregular heart rate, dehydration, fever, and tremors or minor fits. A toxicology screen also helps your doctor finding out the levels of alcohol in your body.

How is AWS treated?

Treatment depends on the severity of the symptoms. Usually are:

1. Home Care - Mild symptoms of AWS can be treated at your home. You need to go for your regular routine checkups and tests. You may also have to go to rehabilitation programs for recovering alcoholics.

2. Hospitalization - If your symptoms are more severe, you may have to be treated in a hospital, where you will be monitored and kept on a fluid diet to help prevent dehydration.

3. Medications - You can also be treated with sedatives.

Do you recover fully?

Usually, chances are that you will fully recover from AWS. If you quit drinking, take your medicines on time, and lead a healthy life thereafter. However, sleep disturbances and fatigue may persist. But, if you have severe symptoms of AWS, you should seek medical care as soon as possible to prevent any further fatal complications. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4316 people found this helpful

Tips To Maintain Optimum Hormonal Regulation!

Dr. Ravindra Chhajed 88% (335 ratings)
MBBS, FCPS - Medicine, DNB - General Medicine (I)
Diabetologist, Pune
Tips To Maintain Optimum Hormonal Regulation!

Hormones do everything in your body. They determine almost everything — from growth, mood, and behavior to digestion and fertility. Your hormones are responsible for ensuring that you function properly and stay healthy. 

For some people, whatever exercise and diet they follow, they struggle to lose weight. Do you wonder why? The answer is hormones. There are many hormones that control your metabolism and hunger and decide whether to store or burn body fat. The fact is that they actually have the capability to make you gain or lose fat. However, the good news is, hormonal imbalances can be regulated with simple lifestyle changes and exercises.

Ways To Achieve Hormonal Balances:

The endocrine system is a complex system that we will probably never completely understand, but there are some basic things you can do to boost your body’s ability to create and balance hormones. Some of the techniques to maintain optimum hormonal regulation include the following:

  1. Eat healthy fats: Our bodies need a variety of healthy fats to keep hormones balanced. Without fats as the building blocks, hormone production stalls and the body begins to malfunction. When our diet is lacking fatty acids, the body fails to absorb certain key vitamins and minerals for hormone production as well.
  2. Eat enough protein at every meal: Consuming an adequate amount of protein is extremely important. Dietary protein provides essential amino acids that your body can’t make on its own and they must be consumed every day in order to maintain muscle, bone, and skin health. In addition, protein influences the release of hormones that control appetite and food intake.
  3. Eat a balanced diet: Diet is one of the best ways to influence a healthy balance in your lifestyle. Be sure to include a variety of whole grains, leafy greens, and an unlimited amount of veggies, fresh fruits, proteins, legumes, nuts, and seeds in your daily diet. These foods provide vitamins, minerals, necessary fatty acids, and protein, which are all needed for a healthy endocrine system.
  4. Exercise regularly: According to fitness experts, the right level of cortisol is necessary to increase your body’s metabolism of glucose. Therefore, to balance the hormones and get better results, a regular exercise is a must.
  5. Learn to manage stress: Stress can create a havoc on your hormones. Today, stress is usually triggered by people’s busy, often overwhelming lifestyle. Try to devote at least 10 to 15 minutes per day to stress-reducing activities to maintain your hormones at a correct level.
  6. Skip the junk: Sugar, alcohol, and even excess caffeine are all bad for the endocrine system. They weaken the blood, liver, and the adrenal glands and as a result, can lead to disrupted hormone function. The body needs real fresh food, which it automatically knows how to process whereas junk food products only confuse it and your body hormones at the same time.
  7. Prioritize sleep: Without adequate sleep, hormones will surely not be in balance. While you are sleeping, your body is extremely active removing toxins, recharging the mind, and creating hormones. Skipping your sleep schedule even for one night can have a tremendous impact on hormones.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5153 people found this helpful

Faced A Tragedy - 7 Effective Ways You Can Deal With It!

Dr. Urmil Bishnoi 87% (112 ratings)
Ph.D Psychology, M.Phil - Psychology
Psychologist, Jaipur
Faced A Tragedy - 7 Effective Ways You Can Deal With It!

While the world has always been faced with large-scale tragedies, we have to admit that we now live in a space where these are thrown at us (mostly in the face) without too much control about it. These could terrorist attacks, the stampede at religious places, floods, earthquakes, derailed trains, retained hostages, landslides, etc. The list is growing too long and is only set to increase. Whether we like it or not, each of these events is covered in minute detail and flashed as news and there is no escaping the gory, minute details. The media has to thrive with these “news.”

It is definitely very disturbing to watch these events and brings about a doubt in ourselves where we begin to question our safety too. The person who took the train or went to the office before being derailed or affected by the earthquake also had followed his routine. So what can happen to one person can happen to us too! This fear can be quite strong but can be dealt with by following some simple effective measures.

  1. Calibrate the event: While these usually are hot topics and are something that you should definitely be aware of, decide how much is watchable, especially if you have kids around you. With media trying to increase TRPs and sensationalise every piece of news, it is best to not stick to one channel and look at various channels to get a realistic picture
  2. Reassure vulnerable people in the surrounding: Whether it is young children or adolescents, explain to them in brief about the incident and let them have their doubts clarified to the required extent.
  3. Honour the affected: Whether it is military people or not, pay respect in your own ways – a silent prayer would also do. This is very effective in coming to terms with the tragedy and being grounded. It somehow gives the feeling that nothing is completely under our control.
  4. Help when possible: With natural calamities, there are numerous relief camps that are run. Help in your own possible ways and you will see how good it makes you feel that you could be of some small help.
  5. Move on: Understand that what happened was beyond your control and there was nothing you could do about it. Get on with your regular activities with even more vigour, and you will see the effect reducing.
  6. Work on remedies: Try exercise, laughter therapy, counselling, music, meditation, or even medication – whatever works for you and ease the pain of it – both physical and mental.
  7. Lifestyle: Maintain a healthy lifestyle including eating well, regular exercise, active social life, limiting smoking and alcohol abuse.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2765 people found this helpful
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