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Acid Reflux: Treatment, Procedure, Cost And Side Effects

What is Acid Reflux?

Acid reflux is a very common condition in which you feel a burning pain in your lower chest area, this is also known as heartburn. This happens when the stomach acid flows back up into the food pipe. There is a valve at the entrance of your stomach which a ring of muscles called the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). when the LES doesn’t close all the way or opens too often after the food passes from the food pipe to the stomach, the stomach acid flows back up to the food pipe causing acid reflux.

The treatment for acid is mostly medications as it is not a very severe condition. Some of the most common drugs used in treating acid reflux are PPIs including Omeprazole, Rabeprazole and Ezomeprazole. H2 blockers are also used widely which includes Cimetidine, Ranitidine and Famotidine. Antacids and Alginate drugs such as Gaviscon are also used. There are also other medication which are used in some very particular cases, some of them are Sucralfate acid suppressants, Potassium competitive acid blockers, GABA(B) receptor agonist, transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation reducers (TLESR). In some very peculiar conditions, some other drugs used are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI), tricyclic antidepressant, prokinetic agents and pain modulators. In some very rare cases if the medication is not effective then acid reflux can also be treated by a surgery known as Fundoplication.

How is the treatment done?

Since the treatment is done mostly through medication, oral intake of the drugs are the most common procedure. However, in some cases the medications are also given through injections. Apart from some common medicines, there are some medications that are used in combination for some very special cases. As for surgery, it is also a minor surgery that is done with ease. The surgery is done mostly to control extra inflammation of your esophagus that is the tube that runs from your mouth to stomach, i.e- food pipe. Narrowing of esophagus and a change in the cells can also be treated through surgery.

Who is eligible for the treatment?

Lifestyle is the biggest factor that causes acid reflux. Heavy meals or lying down after a meal are some reasons that cause acid reflux. If you are experiencing bitter taste in your mouth or heartburn on a regular basis then you should consult a doctor for medication.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Acid reflux is a very common condition that can happen to anybody. A simple lifestyle change can also trigger the condition that lasts for a day or less. In such cases, you don’t need to visit a doctor as the condition gets treated on its own or by taking an antacid.

Are there any side effects?

There are no major side effects as such only if you don’t have an already existing condition such as heart condition or digestive problems. However, in some cases they can cause minor problem such as causing difficulty in absorbing nutrients causing malnutrition. Diarrhea, stomach cramps and mild fever are also some other side effects of acid reflux medication in some very rare and extreme cases.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Since the condition is related to food pipe and stomach, the most emphasized post treatment guideline is to maintain a healthy lifestyle that focuses strongly on a balanced and healthy diet. In some cases, some exercises such as walking after a meal is also prescribed. Heavy meals and sleeping after meals should also be avoided. As for surgery, the post treatment guideline remains the same.

How long does it take to recover?

Acid reflux is a very minor condition that gets taken of almost instantly. In case of persistent development of the condition, it can take a week or a couple of months to get treated. In case of surgery, you will be discharged from the hospital the very next day but the recovery can take up to 8 to 10 weeks.

What is the price of treatment in India?

The price of the treatment is very cheap. Some medications for acid reflux start at just a rupee and can go up to INR 100. Surgery is also not very expensive and it can range between INR 50000 to INR 200000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The treatment results are prompt and permanent in most cases. In some cases, there are chances that the condition doesn’t get treated completely. Acid reflux can be triggered by the slightest of lifestyle changes such as sleeping very late so the chance of the condition developing again is also high.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Since it is a very common and ancient condition, there are a lot of home remedies to cure acid reflux. Some of the most effective home remedies are Apple cider vinegar, lemon juice, and baking soda. Homeopathy is also another alternative for treating acid reflux. Some of the most widely used medicines are Arsenic album, Carbo vegetables, nux vomica, and phosphorus. Ayurveda is also a very effective and safe treatment for acid reflux. Some of the most common Ayurvedic treatment includes Ashwagandha, coconut water, pomegranate, and baked fennel seeds.

Key Highlights

Safety: High

Effectiveness: High

Timeliness: Low

Relative Risk: Medium

Side Effects: Medium

Time For Recovery: Low

Price Range: Rs 1 to Rs 200000.

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Popular Questions & Answers

I have a problem, jalan kafi hoti kalje mai kya karu kafi medicine be le li but koi aram nahi hai.Please kuch suggest kare.

You need to go for thorough tests so that diagnosis can be made and treated accordingly. You can call me for further details.

Approximately in how many years (in number) does hiatus hernia with severe acid reflux will lead to barrett's esophagus? I have hiatus hernia with moderate acid reflux.

See it is a risk factor par visa nahi hai ki visa yoga hi, if your problem is not solved by medicine it is better to go for surgery.

I am a 55 year old male suffering from acid reflux and bloated stomach for the past three weeks I have started Pantocid L since last 3 days one capsule before food in the morning and Gascovin for a week but my stomach is still bloated what do I do?

Diet alterations can help. Avoid coffee, caffeinated drinks, don't sleep immediately after dinner. Sleep with head end elevated by 30 degrees! However if these symptoms last for a longer time and if recurrent. Time to consult a doctor.
5 people found this helpful

I have Chronic cough and acid reflux and unable to eat and drink since one month even heart burn throat burn chest pain.

What you are having is Gastroesophageal reflux disease Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition in which the stomach contents leak backwards from the stomach into the esophagus (the tube from the mouth to the stomach). This can irrita...
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