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Management of Abortion
Caesarean Section Procedure
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Termination Of Pregnancy Procedure
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
Well Woman Healthcheck
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Medical Diseases In Pregnancy
Treatment Of Menstrual Problems
Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI) Treatment
Medical Termination Of Pregnancy (Mtp) Procedure
Gynecology Laparoscopy Procedures
Pap Smear Procedure
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Hello doctor. M 20 year old. I have pcod and also ovarian cyst. From last 2 days m suffering from burning and irritation in my vagina. I feel as my bladder is full even after I urinate. And when the urine passes the burning sensation just triples. And today m passing urine after every 2 minutes. Also having lower abdominal pain. I had sex on 29th of August. Which was the day after my period got over on 28th. But sperms didn't enter inside me. Is it possibility of pregnancy? Wht should I do?
People who have good emotional health are aware of their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. They have learned healthy ways to cope with the stress and problems that are a normal part of life. They feel good about themselves and have healthy relationships.
However, many things that happen in life can disrupt your emotional health and lead to strong feelings of sadness, stress, or anxiety. Good changes can be just as stressful as bad changes. These things include:
- Being laid off from your job
- Having a child leave or return home
- Dealing with the death of a loved one
- Getting divorced or married
- Suffering an illness or an injury
- Getting a job promotion
- Experiencing money problems
- Moving to a new home
- Having a baby
What is the mind-body link?
You may already be familiar with phrases which describe the mind-body connection in day-to-day life such as something being a “pain in the neck” - it generally symbolises 'burden over mind'.
When we talk about mind, people usually understand it as a collection of thoughts, feelings, beliefs, attitudes, memories, past experiences and personality that make up a person’s internal world.
Mind vs Brain
In colloquial terms, the words mind and brain may be used interchangeably but, the two are in fact not the same. While the brain is a physical organ, the mind can be described a virtual entity present within each cell of our body and extended to minimum 2 inches outside the body. That is why mind controls the body as a collection of thoughts, emotions, imagination and memories. When compared to a computer, the brain acts as the hardware while the mind is the software within it.
Is it all in my head?
Experiencing happiness or sadness not only affects your frame but also affects your physical health. For example, indigestion is commonly triggered by stress and anxiety. On the other hand, physical ailments also affect an individual’s mental well-being. Do you know anyone who feels happy when they are sick? Thus, the mind and body share a deep, cyclic connection. To be physically healthy is it important to be psychologically healthy and vice versa.
Emotions manifest themselves on an individual’s body in a number of ways. This ranges from changes in internal body temperature and blood sugar levels to hormonal imbalances and altered brain chemistry. Happiness and joyous emotions have the ability to boost immunity, alleviate pain and relax muscles while sadness and anxiety can increase heart beats, tighten muscles and dilate blood vessels. Over time, it can also lower a person’s immunity and make them more susceptible to bacterial and viral infections. Anxiety and depression can keep a person from eating nutritious food and exercising and hence lower his or her overall health. Poor emotional health could also encourage the use of stimulants such as alcohol and drugs that cause weight fluctuation, insomnia, tiredness, weakened gut health, sexual problems etc.
How do your thoughts and feelings affect your health?
Your brain produces substances that can improve your health. These substances include endorphins, which are natural painkillers, and gamma globulin, which strengthens your immune system.
Research shows that what your brain produces depends in part on your thoughts, feelings, and expectations. If you're sick but you have hope and a positive attitude and you believe that you'll get better, your brain is likely to produce chemicals that will boost your body's healing power.
Negative thoughts and emotions can keep your brain from producing some of the chemicals that help your body heal. But this doesn't mean you should blame yourself for getting sick or feeling down about a health problem. Some illnesses are beyond your control. But your thoughts and state of mind are resources you can use to get better.
The mind-body link and your health
Some of the body’s systems are more affected by the mind-body link more than others. You may recognise some listed below:
- Digestive System Changes: It is common to experience an upset stomach (e.g. nausea, diarrhoea, bloating or pain) during times of stress. There are lots of nerve connections between the brain and the gut. In fact, the gut is sometimes called the ‘Little Brain’ for this reason.
- Skin Conditions: People with skin conditions, including eczema or psoriasis, notice that during stressful periods their symptoms can become worse and respond less well to conventional treatments.
- Heart Symptoms: Changes in the way the heart works are common in stressful or exciting circumstances. For example, stress or excitement can cause the heart to beat faster and raise blood pressure. These normal changes in heart rate and blood pressure as a result of stress can be concerning for people with or without heart conditions.
- Fatigue: Fatigue can also be affected by how we think and feel. For example, boredom can lead to feeling fatigued and sleepy whereas an unexpected piece of good news could give you a burst of energy. Fatigue can also be present as part of mood problems such as depression and anxiety. People who experience health problems may struggle with fatigue which is a combination of physical and emotional factors.
- Thinking Styles: How you think - your ‘thinking style’ - can affect how you feel emotionally and physically. Some common thinking styles make it seem very likely that something bad is going to happen. This can make you feel worried, sad or upset even though the thought is not true.
Below is a short list of some of the more common types of psychotherapy. Some therapy techniques have been scientifically tested on a large scale basis; while others are newer and often combined with more established psychotherapies.
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
- Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
- Psychodynamic Therapy
- Interpersonal Therapy (IPT)
Using the mind-body link to help you manage your health
- Learning how to relax can help your mind and body. You can try different things until you find one that works for you. For example: Listen to relaxing music.
- Spend five minutes focusing on the rhythm of your breath.
- Try using prayer or meditation to relax.
- Imagine being in a peaceful scene, such as a beach or woodland. Notice what you can see, hear, touch, taste and smell.
- Try not to rush around during the day. Leave plenty of time for your planned activities.
- Talk to someone when you are feeling stressed, anxious or down you might not feel like doing anything.
Thankfully, like physical ailments, emotional ailments too can be treated. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Psychologist.
I am 29. Pregnant of 42 days. And used last evening a mifepristone 200 tab bt still not bleeding or pain started. So what should I do. If I continue misoprostol 200 of 4 tablets after 48 hours by orally or vaginally. Pls help.
I am 18 year old and a guy forcefully tried inserting penis in vagina but it was not going inside it. Only 1/4th part of it was inside but he ejaculated near vaginal opening but not at all inside it! Can this make me pregnant? -> this was my Q and one of doctor's told me to have unwanted pills within 48 hrs. So I took I pill after 6-7 hrs of unprotected sex! Will this save me from getting pregnant? It's making me worry more and more. Please do reply!
Feel free from heat by making a mixture of saunf, jeera and Ddhaniya. Add some gud (jaggery) and serve along with cold water.
Ovarian cancer is one of the most common cancers in women and occurs in the inner ovarian lining. It is not something that’s easily identified as it has no definite symptoms. In many women, it could be ignored until it has reached an advanced stage. Here, we have come up with a few facts about the causes, risk factors, symptoms, prognosis, and treatment for ovarian cancer.
There are no specific causes for ovarian cancer, other than a genetic condition. If there is a strong family history, it is advisable to talk to your doctor and see how you can use these to your advantage and reduce the risk of developing ovarian cancer. The following could be potential reasons that increase the risk of developing ovarian cancer.
- Postmenopausal women
- Menarche before 12 or menopause after 50
- Never having had a baby
- Use of hormones during menopause
As noted earlier, ovarian cancer does not have specific symptoms. But, a few symptoms could be such as the following.
- Regular bloated feeling in the abdomen
- Abdominal/pelvic pain
- Reduced eating capacity, as a feeling of fullness sets in
- Urination changes including increased frequency and increased urge
If these symptoms are present for 2 to 3 weeks and do not resemble the regular digestive or menstrual problems, it is advisable to get it medically checked. The difference would be that they appear suddenly, do not disappear, and also bring general lethargy, back pain, indigestion, painful sexual intercourse, and menstrual cycle changes.
Questions to ask after the tests
When these symptoms persist, and a medical checkup is undertaken, the patients can a few questions to know more. Know the internal speed. Has the disease involved one or both ovaries? This extent of spread within will determine whether one or both ovaries need to be removed. Find out any external signs, as ovarian cancers can spread to other parts, and they should be checked before treatment and planning the cure/procedure.
Any of the above treatment modes will have side effects in terms of reduced immunity, watching out for recurrence, hormonal effects, etc. Nausea and vomiting would be severe during the initial chemotherapy. Removal of hysterectomy would bring about hormonal changes and increase risk for breast cancer. Understanding these will help in identifying recurrence and altering lifestyle and following up after the treatment.
This would include changes including diet modification, adequate social support, and leading a healthy lifestyle to prevent recurrence.
Factors that can reduce the risk
- Having babies
- Tubal ligation or hysterectomy
- Use of oral contraceptive pills
When I was pregnant I am hypothyroid patient only at time of pregnancy after my delivery tsh test is do not for my baby her tsh 3 rd generation value is 21.15 their given a normal range below <20 mewlU/ml.
Hello sir I ask one ques. My wife pregnant from 5 months. I do not know how I manage these conditions. Can you suggest me how I can handle it.
My wife is pregnant, she is suffered from vomiting, this is first month of her pregnancy, what should she do at this time,&what is the best diet for her at this time, please suggest me.
I am age of 20 and pregnant of almost 2 months suffering from heavy headache. Before pregnancy it little headache but now a days it pains a lot, and my blood pressure also shows low, please advise.
When I kiss my gf something white like liquid come from her vagina. It is said that when it discharged in large amount she would never become pregnant is it true or not please advise me in full details.
Age 38 yrs, 8 months marriage unable to conceive. doctor advised for follicular study, 14th day follicle ruptured of size 18×16 mm, AMH 7.2ng/ml, estradiol 60. 16pg/ml on 3rd day what is the problem in me? Can I conceive or not?
I am 23. I had unprotected sex on 16th april. I had ipill on 19th april. I got periods on 24th april, maybe that was because of ipill. The next time I had periods was on 8th june. This time (on 8th june), the blood flow on the first day was ok (like I had to change my pad only once in a day, for the first two days). Then the next 3 days i. E. The 10th, 11th and 12th the flow was less. Also I did home pregnancy test 3-4 times and each time the result was negative. After that, I got periods on 23rd june bt that was just spotting. Do you think it is pregnancy? please reply.
1. What is Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)? When is it recommended?
IUI is a procedure where semen is instilled inside the uterus of a woman after it has been processed in the laboratory. IUI is done at the time of ovulation.
It is recommended in cases of male factor infertility like low sperm counts or motility and also in case of unexplained infertility so as to improve the chances of pregnancy.
2. How does IUI increase the chance of pregnancy?
In IUI, the washed sperms are deposited directly into the uterus at the time of ovulation. By this, there are more chances for gametes (eggs and sperms) to fertilise and cause pregnancy.
3. What is the best period to do an IUI?
The best period to do an IUI is immediately after ovulation (egg release).
4. How is it performed? Or Description of IUI procedure in brief?
IUI is a simple, non-painful procedure. Firstly, the husband's semen is collected and then prepared in the laboratory so that we can get the maximum number of good motile sperms. Thereafter the woman (wife) is positioned to lie down and a speculum is inserted in the vagina. Semen wash in loaded in a sterile plastic catheter and introduced through the cervix into the uterine cavity and is then injected slowly.
5. What are the pre-IUI treatment steps?
1) Screening tests for both husband and wife is done.
2) Tubal patency test of a wife is desirable.
3) Ovulation induction with medications
4) Follicular monitoring by ultrasound.
5) Timing of ovulation by giving an HCG trigger injection (for egg release) when the follicles are mature (greater than 20 mm).
6) 36-40 hours later, semen is processed and IUI is done.
6. Are there extra precautions to be taken after IUI procedure?
A woman is asked to lie down for 15-30 minutes after IUI procedure, thereafter she can resume her routine activities. She is asked to take prescribed medications on time as advised.
7. Can the sperm fall out?
No, sperms don't fall out after IUI.
8. Where is the sperm accumulated? How long sperm survive after timed intercourse of IUI?
Sperm accumulate in cervical crevices during intercourse and can survive for 72 hours
9. What is the method for sperm freezing, if a partner is not available at the IUI procedure time?
The semen sample is processed first in the laboratory and the semen wash is then frozen by putting this in liquid nitrogen. Thereafter, this frozen sample can be used anytime, like on the day of IUI even when a husband is not around.
10. How long frozen sperm can be stored?
Frozen sperms can be stored as long as desired.
11. Can using of frozen sperm increase the likelihood having a child with birth defects?
No, using frozen sperms does not increase chances of birth defects.
12. Do I need to take extra precautions after IUI?
No extra precautions are needed after IUI, just take the medicines on time as advised by the doctor.
13. How long does it take for fertilization and for implantation?
Fertilization takes roughly 12-18 hours and implantation occur around the 5th day after ovulation.
14. What kind of examination is usually done for an IUI cycle?
Ultrasound monitoring (transvaginal probe) is usually done in IUI cycles.
15. How long prior to an IUI should the couple abstain from intercourse?
An abstinence period of 2-3 days is advisable before IUI to get the best sperm sample from a partner.
16. What is 'washed' sperm?
'Washed sperm' is actually the processed semen prepared in the laboratory using various media. By this process, toxins and dead sperms are removed from semen so that it can be put directly in the uterine cavity.
17. What is donor IUI?
When husband semen has no sperms (azoospermia) then, sperms can be taken from sperm banks and IUI can be done, this is called a donor IUI.
18. After an IUI, how soon can I have intercourse?
After the IUI, there is no restriction to have intercourse.
19. Can IUI be used for gender selection?
NO, IUI cannot be used for gender selection.
20. Is the process painful?
NO, IUI process is not at all painful. It is equivalent to a gynecological examination.
जीवन के बेहतरीन अनुभवों में से एक अनुभव है माँ बनने का अनुभव। एक माँ और बच्चे से ज्यादा निजी और क्लोज कोई और रिश्ता नहीं होता। पर कई बार इसी रिश्ते की शुरुआत यानी प्रेगनेंसी का पता करना हीकंफ्यूजन से भरा होता है। कई बार तो प्रेग्नेंट होने की जानकारी ना होने पर हम खुदके साथ सावधानी नहीं बरतते हैं जिसकी वजह से बाद में मिसकैरेज या मां शिशु के स्वास्थ्य समस्या होने का खतरा बन जाता है। पर अब चिंता करने की जरूरत नहीं। शरीरिक संबन्ध बनाने के दौरान जिस भी महीने का आपका पीरियड मिस होउल्टी, पीठ में दर्द, आलस कगने जैसे कुछ शारीरिक बदलाव होने पर बिना किसी कंफ्यूजन के हमारे बताए गए घरेलू नुस्खों से पता कर लें कि आप प्रेग्नेंट हैं या नहीं।
घर पर ही प्रेगनेंसी जांचने के लिए के आपको सफेद रंग के टूथपेस्ट की जरूरत होगी।
सबसे पहले एक डिसपोजल ग्लास में सुबह के समय के यूरिन (पेशाब) को सैंपल के तौर पर रख लें। सुबह का यूरिन टेस्ट करने के लिए इसलिए इस्तेमाल किया जाता है क्योंकि उस समय पेशाब में HCG हार्मोन का स्तर काफी ज्यादा होता है जिसकी वजह से प्रेगनेंसी टेस्ट का रिजल्ट सुनियोजित करने में आसानी होती है।
अब उस पेशाब के सैंपल में एक चम्मच के बराबर टूथपेस्ट मिला लें और उसे अच्छी तरीके से फेट ले। अगर उसको मिक्स करने के कुछ मिनट बाद टूथपेस्ट झागदार दिखता है और नीला रंग हो जाता है तो यह पॉजीटिव प्रेगनेंसी के संकेत हैं, लेकिन अगर आपको कोई प्रतिक्रिया नहीं होती तो आप प्रेगनेंट नहीं हैं।
डिसपोजल या किसी पात्र में थोड़ी मात्रा में ब्लीच पाउडर लें और उसमे पेशाब के सैंपल को मिक्स कर लें। अगर मिक्स करने के बाद बुलबुले दिखाई देते हैं तो यह पॉजीटिव प्रेगनेंसी के संकेत हो सकते हैं।
थोड़ी मात्रा में विनेगर लें और उसमे पेशाब के सैंपल को मिक्स कर लें। अगर मिक्स करने से विनेगर का रंग बदलता है, तो समझें की पॉसिबली आप गर्भवती हो सकती हैं।
चीनी में थोड़ी मात्रा में पेशाब का सैंपल मिलाएं। अगर चीनी घुलने की बजाय गुच्छों में हो जाए, तो सम्भवतः आपका यह प्रयोग आपको गर्भवती होने की ओर इशारा करता हैं।
5. कांच के ग्लास
कांच के एक गिलास में यूरीन डालें। कुछ देर बाद अगर यूरीन पर सफेद परत बन जाए, तो यह टेस्ट पॉजिटिव हो सकता है अथवा नेगेटिव।
एक पात्र में साबुन और यूरीन मिलाएं। अगर थोड़ी देर बाद इसमें बुलबुले बनते हैं, तो समझें कि प्रेगनेंसी टेस्टपॉजिटिव है।
7. डंडेलिओन की पत्ती
डंडेलिओनकी पत्तियों को एक पैकेट में बांधकर कर जमीन पर रख दें और ध्यान रहे की इन पत्तियों को सूरज की किरणों से बचा कर रखें उसके पश्चात इन पत्तियों पर यूरिन की कुछ बुँदे डाले और दस मिनट बाद इन पत्तियों पर लाल रैंड के फफोले उठ जाते है तो इसका मतलब है आप प्रेगनेन्ट हैं।
8. डेटॉल से प्रेगनेंसी टेस्ट
एक शीशी में 15 एमएल यूरिन और उतनी ही मात्रा में डेटॉल लें। इसे अच्छी तरीके से मिक्स कर लें। थोड़ी देर बाद अगर डेटॉल और यूरिन जो आपस में मिक्स हो गया था, अलग-अलग हो जाते हैं और यूरिन, डेटॉल पर तेल की तरह तैरने लगता है तो समझ लीजिये कि आप प्रेग्नेंट हैं। लेकिन इसके बजाय यदि यूरिन और डेटॉल आपस में अच्छे से घुल जाते हैं और दूध सी सफेदी जैसा एक पदार्थ बन जाता है तो समझ लीजिये कि आप प्रेग्नेंट नहीं हैं।
9. पाइन सोल
पाइन सोल को एक क्लीनर की तरह यूज में ला सकते हैं। जो की आसानी से किसी भी दुकान पर मिल जाता है। समान मात्रा में पाइन सोल और यूरिन को मिक्स करें। थोड़ी देर बाद अगर उस मिश्रण का रंग बदल जाए तो आपका यह प्रयोग आपको गर्भवती होने की ओर इशारा करता हैं।
10. बेकिंग सोडा
2 चम्मच बेकिंग सोडा और 1 चम्मच यूरिन को आपस में मिला लें अगर थोड़ी देर बाद इसमें बुलबुले बनते हैं, तो समझें प्रेगनेंसी टेस्ट पॉजिटिव है।
11. प्रेगनेंसी टेस्ट किट
प्रेगनेंसी टेस्ट किट के इस्तेमाल का तरीका अलग अलग हो सकता हैं।
बहुत से टेस्ट किट में केवल टेस्ट स्टिक पर पेशाब करना होता है। वहीं, कुछ अन्य में आपको पहले पेशाब को एक छोटे कप में इकट्ठा करना होता है, और फिर टेस्ट स्ट्रिप को उसमें डुबोना होता है। या फिर आपको साथ में ड्रॉपर दिया जा सकता है, ताकि टेस्ट स्टिक पर पेशाब का थोड़ा सा नमूना डाला जा सके।
जांच का परिणाम किस तरह दर्शाया जाता है इसमें भी अंतर हो सकता है। कुछ टेस्ट में गुलाबी या नीली रेखाएं दिखाई देती हैं। कुछ अन्य में प्लस या माइनस के निशान या फिर पेशाब के नमूने के रंग में बदलाव आता है। डिजिटल टेस्ट में “प्रेग्नेंट” या “नॉट प्रेग्नेंट” लिखा हुआ आ जाता है और कुछ में तो यह भी अनुमान दिया होता है कि आपने कितने हफ्ते पहले गर्भाधान किया था।
लेकिन हां किसी भी घरेलू प्रेगनेंसी टेस्टकी शुरुवात करने से पहले कुछ खास बातों का ध्यान जरूर रखें।
- घरेलू प्रेगनेंसी टेस्ट करने के तीन घंटे पहले तक मूत्र त्याग नहीं करना चाहिए। क्योंकि गर्भावस्था परीक्षण या प्रेगनेंसी टेस्ट करने के लिए यूरिन का नमूना लिया जाता है. क्योंकि यूरिन यानि पेशाब में मौजूद HCG हार्मोन से ही गर्भ का पता लगाया जाता है।
- घरेलू प्रेगनेंसी टेस्ट के लिए आप जितने भी चीजो का प्रयोग कर रही हो उन चीजो की सफाई का खासा ख्याल रखे।
- घरेलू प्रेगनेंसी टेस्ट विधि पुराने समय से लोग सफलतापूर्वक अपना रहे हैं। लेकिन फिर भी अपने संतुष्टि के लिए किसी उचित चिकित्सक से सलाह-मुशरह जरूर कर ले
- प्रेगनेंसी टेस्ट निगेटिव आने के बाद 72 घंटे बाद ही दोबारा जांच करें.
- अगर पीरियड और मिस हो जाए और टेस्ट में रिपोर्ट नेगेटिव आये तो स्त्री रोग विशेषज्ञ से सम्पर्क करें।
Vaginal Atrophy: What the CLOSER Survey Reveals
Vaginal atrophy (VA) has a great effect on women and their male partners, according to survey results recently published in the Journal of Sexual Medicine.
It’s possible that these results may prompt more communication about VA between couples and their healthcare providers.
Vaginal atrophy refers to changes in the vagina caused by menopause. When estrogen levels drop, the vagina may lose some elasticity, leading to dryness, discomfort, and pain. Some studies estimate that over half of women experience some degree of vaginal atrophy. However, VA is not something many women freely discuss.
To learn more about how VA affects women and their male partners, a research team from Italy and the United States conducted a survey, which was administered online to 4,100 women and 4,100 men from nine countries: the United Kingdom, Finland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Italy, France, Canada, and the U.S.
The assessment was called the CLOSER (CLarifying Vaginal Atrophy’s Impact On SEx and Relationships) Survey.
The women were between 55 and 65 years old and had stopped menstruating at least 12 months prior to the survey. They also had symptoms of VA.
The men were in relationships with postmenopausal women aged 55 to 65 who had vaginal discomfort. They were not partnered with the female participants.
For both men and women, VA/vaginal discomfort were described as, “dryness, itching, burning, or soreness in the vagina, bleeding during intercourse, pain during urination, or pain in the vagina in connection with touching and/or intercourse.”
The survey included questions about vaginal discomfort, its symptoms, and its effects on intimacy, relationships, and self-esteem. Participants were also asked about erectile dysfunction (ED) and VA treatments, such as local estrogen therapy (LET).
Most of the women (72%) said that they told their partners when they first felt vaginal discomfort. The other 28% did not do so, explaining that they were embarrassed or thought their symptoms were a normal part of aging. Thirty-six percent said they would try self-treatment before telling their partner about their symptoms.
The authors noted that the men were more likely to discuss VA than the women were, although they were not always aware that sex was uncomfortable for their partner.
Half the women said they were “upset their body does not work as it used to.” Others reported that they felt old and sexually unattractive. Some lost confidence as a sexual partner and others felt that the symptoms would never go away.
Many sexual behaviors changed as a result of VA. Over half the participants said they had less sex and almost a quarter stopped having sex altogether. Sixty-two percent of the women and 76% of the men said they avoided intimacy.
Fifty-eight percent of the women used vaginal moisturizers or lubricants to alleviate their symptoms. Only 15% of the men knew that their partner was using this type of treatment.
Local estrogen therapy appeared to improve sex lives, relationships, and quality of life. Over half the men and women said that sex was less painful and almost half the women said sex was more satisfying.
The researchers stressed the importance of communication about VA between couples themselves and with their healthcare providers.
They also explained the role of healthcare providers in that discussion. “Because women may not be willing to openly discuss the vaginal discomfort they are experiencing, it is crucial for [healthcare providers] to be proactive in helping women address the issue of VA,” they wrote.
The Journal of Sexual Medicine
Nappi, Rossella E., MD, PhD, et al.
“The CLOSER (CLarifying Vaginal Atrophy's Impact On SEx and Relationships) Survey: Implications of Vaginal Discomfort in Postmenopausal Women and in Male Partners”
(Full-text. First published online: June 27, 2013)
- See more at: http://www.issm.info/news/sex-health-headlines/vaginal-atrophy-what-the-closer-survey-reveals#sthash.6PwSR5cv.dpuf