Kidney pain and back pain can be difficult to distinguish, but kidney pain is usually deeper and higher in the and back located under the ribs while the muscle pain with common back injury tends to be lower in the back. Causes of kidney pain are mainly urinary tract infections and kidney stones.
Kidney pain definition and facts
•the function and purpose of the kidneys are to remove excess fluid and waste products from the body.
•the kidneys are organs that are located in the upper abdominal area against the back muscles on both the left and right side of the body.
•kidney pain and back pain can be difficult to distinguish, but kidney pain is usually deeper and higher in the and back located under the ribs while the muscle pain with common back injury tends to be lower in the back.
•causes of kidney pain are mainly urinary tract infections and kidney stones. However, there are many other causes of kidney pain, including penetrating and blunt traumathat can result in a "lacerated kidney.
•if a woman is pregnant and has kidney pain, she should contact her doctor.
•symptoms of kidney pain may include
•kidney pain can be on the left, right, or both sides.
•causes of kidney pain are diagnosed with the patient's history, physical examination, and lab tests, including blood, pregnancy, and urine tests. A ct scan or mri of the abdomen and pelvis may be ordered.
•treatment for the cause of kidney pain depends upon the underlying cause, but in general, ibuprofen (motrin), ketorolac (toradol), and/or acetaminophen (tylenol) are used for pain. Antibiotics are usually required if the underlying cause is bacterial infection.
•some people can pass a kidney stone spontaneously that resolves kidney pain; however, other people may need surgery.
•kidney pain can be prevented by avoiding those situations that are the underlying causes of kidney infection and/or damage.
•the prognosis for someone with kidney pain depends upon the cause, and the majority of patients can have a good outcome when treated quickly and appropriately.
Kidney stone symptoms
kidney stones form within the kidney or urinary tract. Kidney stones that do not produce symptoms are called "silent" stones. When symptoms do occur, they usually come on suddenly and include excruciating cramping pain in the low back and/or abdomen, side, or groin. Changing body positions does not relive the pain.
What are symptoms and signs are associated with kidney pain?
Symptoms associated with kidney pain (also termed renal or flank pain) are discomfort (acute or chronic), aches, or sharp pain that occurs in the back between approximately the lowest rib and the buttock. Depending on the cause of the pain, it may radiate down the flank to the groin or toward the abdominal area. Some individuals may develop symptoms and signs such as:
•painful urination (dysuria)
•blood in the urine
•constipation or diarrhea
other signs and symptoms that may occur if the kidney function is increasingly compromised are a
•metallic taste in the mouth,
•swelling and shortness of breath.
Depending on the underlying cause, kidney pain may occur on the left or right side. Sometimes it can occur on both sides of the back; traumatic kidney injury (kidney laceration) may cause the above symptoms, but mild damage may initially have no symptoms. Severe kidney lacerations can cause abnormal blood pressure and pulse, and shock.
Kidney pain itself is a symptom that may happen due to problems or diseases of the kidney or its associated structures, including the ureters or bladder. However, other diseases may mimic kidney pain, but are not actually due to the kidneys, for example,
•muscle strains in the back,
•spinal problems (fracture, abscesses),
•aortic abdominal aneurysm,
•gynecological problems, and
•many other causes.
Although kidney pain often occurs on one side of the back, it can occur on both sides at the same time and may radiate toward the abdomen or groin.
Pain that occurs suddenly, is sharp, severe, and may increase and decrease in waves is often due kidney stones in the ureters of the kidneys. Pain caused by kidney stones is termed renal colic.