Asked for male, 25 years old from Delhi
Balanitis is an inflammation of the glans, or the head, of the penis, due to infection or another cause. Balanitis can be uncomfortable and sometimes painful, but it is not usually serious. It can be relieved with topical medication.
Balanitis can stem from a number of conditions.
Infection with candida albicans is the most common cause. candida is the fungus that causes thrush.
Other infections that can cause balanitis include:
bacteria: these can multiply rapidly in the moist and warm conditions under the foreskin
sexually transmitted infections (stis): examples include herpes simplex virus, chlamydia, and syphilis.
lichen planus, a skin disease with small, itchy, pink, or purple spots on the arms or legs
eczema, a chronic, or long-term, skin condition that can lead to itchy, reddened, cracked, and dry skin
psoriasis, a dry, scaly skin disorder
dermatitis, an inflammation of the skin, due to direct contact with an irritant or an allergic reaction
white spots on the foreskin can develop for several reasons. They can be harmless pimples and skin bumps or bacterial infections and sexually transmitted infections.
Depending on the cause, white spots may appear alone or in clumps, vary in size, and be associated with other symptoms, such as thick discharge.
Antifungal creams can treat balanitis caused by candida. If the inflammation appears to be due to an allergic reaction or irritant, you may be prescribed a mild steroid cream, such as one percent hydrocortisone, for the swelling. An antifungal or antibiotic medication may also be prescribed.