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This injury is a total disruption of the most important stabilizing ligament in the knee. The anterior cruciate ligament is located centrally within the knee, behind the kneecap, making it difficult for the to specifically localize the injury.
- this injury occurs when there twisting of knee, i.e while playing sports
Treatment usually involves:
1 Ice- to reduce swelling or you can also do contrast bath
2 elevation by applying 2 pillows below your ankle
3 compression by application of bandage to control swelling.
- Walking (weight-bearing) is preferable if muscular control of the injured leg is adequate.
- Knee straightening (extension) and bending (flexion) are encouraged by gentle stretching, isometrics of quads (withyour knee straight and back supported, keep towel roll beneath your knee joint abd you have press that towel till you count 30 ,do 10 repeations for 3 times per day )or pool therapy.
Arthroscopic surgery should be undertaken in young, active patients because the ACL will not heal unless surgically operated.
This patient group should avoid aggressive sports in the future. - If the shock-absorbing cartilages (menisci) are torn extensively, surgery may be required even in less active patients.
1 prevent excessive swelling in your knee, calf and ankle regions by conscientious elevation and frequent muscle contractions.
In cases where surgical treatment is necessary, make sure that early knee stiffness is improving prior to surgery. 120 degrees of flexion is recommended prior to surgery. So there is need for physiotherapy sessions before surgery to increase your joint range and muscle strength to avoid stiffness of joint.
2Complete rupture of the ACL can also, affect knee function for a lifetime and can lead to osteoarthritis if not treated correctly.
3 Do not participate in jumping, cutting or twisting sports until you have recovered fully from you injury, and the doctor has cleared you to do so.
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