Refer a physiotherapists. Exercises that can help
here are four exercises that can help you if done on a regular basis:
•lay down y
this exercise will strengthen the extension muscles in the upper back.
How to do it: lie face down with your head lifted off the floor. Your lower back needs to be slightly hyper-extended. Stretch your arms straight out in a y position with your thumbs pointing up. Pull your arms back in an arc until your hands are in a ‘handcuff’ position. Slowly reverse your arms until you’re at the start. Repeat 2 or 3 times.
•wall sliding (wall angels)
this exercise will strengthen the scapular retractors and will provide good shoulder mobility.
How to do it: stand with your back against a wall but take one small step forward. Hold your arms out in the shape of a w with your hands facing up. Push your hands up toward the wall until they reach a y position. Return your arms to the w position. Repeat 5 times.
spine rotations are essential for increasing mobility in the thoracic spine region (where the kyphosis affects).
How to do it: get on all fours making sure your arms are at full length and your hands are positioned just in front of your shoulders. Take your right arm and stretch out your arm. Slowly move your arm underneath your body (and slow twist at the waist) until your arm is as far through as possible and you are looking at the palm of your right hand. Slowly reverse. Do 3 of these then repeat with the other arm.
spending too much time in a seated position causes lower and upper back muscles to shorten which leads to poor posture. This stretch helps to undo these shortened muscles.
How to do it: stand tall with your arms extended straight out to your sides at shoulder height. Turn your wrists so your thumbs face backwards and pull your (straight) arms up over your head. Bend your elbows until your elbow is at a 90 degree angle. Lower your left hand until it touches your shoulder. Take your right hand and place it on the left elbow. Lower your left hand as far as you can go and hold for as long as you can. Slowly release. Repeat 2 times then switch to your other arm. Do this exercise several times a day.