Causes of photodermatitis
The main cause of an allergic reaction
to the sun is a violation of pigment metabolism and endocrine disorders, and in some cases, it is caused by beriberi.
Most often photodermatitis
is abserved among pregnant women, in this case it is caused by hormonal changes.
One of the most common causes of this type of allergy
is the reception of drugs. For example, photodermatitis may be caused by the reception of the folowing medications:
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Prevention of photodermatitis:
Basic preventive measures that are to be taken to avoid photodermatitis are to limit the use of cosmetics and perfumes before going out in the afternoon.
In addition, immediately before going out one should apply qualitative
sun-protective cream with a high degree of protection to the skin.
Do not sunbathe at midday. Sunbathe only early in the morning and in the evening.
Refuse to perform cosmetic procedures that affect the skin before going to the beach or solarium.
Take medications carefully.
Causes of Pigmentation:
Melanin: The skin colour varies from one person to another due to the presence of a pigment called melanin. It is produced by melanocytes cells in our body. Melanin protects our skin from damage on exposure to sunlight. When we spend long hours under the sun, the melanin production is increased. This gives a tanned look.
Freckles: These are caused by clusters of melanin. These gets accumulated or concentrated in clusters on being exposed to sunrays.
Liver Spots/Age Spots: These are also known as solar lentigos. This can be due to ageing or excessive exposure to UV rays.
Birthmarks: These are referred to the irregular blemish that appears on any part of the body soon after birth or at the time of birth. These are of two types: vascular and pigmented.
Melasma/Chloasma Faciei: This is usually found in pregnant women. It occurs due to the over-activation of melanocytes as there is a hormonal imbalance.
Post-inflammatory hyper pigmentation
: This refers to inflammation as a result of inflammation caused by trauma.
Milk and honey face pack.
Add Vitamin E to your diet.
Take up some exercise
Avoid consumption of alcohol and cigarettes