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Management of Abortion
Caesarean Section Procedure
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Termination Of Pregnancy Procedure
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
Well Woman Healthcheck
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Medical Diseases In Pregnancy
Treatment Of Menstrual Problems
Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI) Treatment
Medical Termination Of Pregnancy (Mtp) Procedure
Gynecology Laparoscopy Procedures
Pap Smear Procedure
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Infertility is a very common problem among both men and women and it refers to the inability to conceive even after regular unprotected sex. The causes of this can be varied and some of the most prominent ones are:
Causes in Women:
1. Polycystic ovarian syndrome - PCOS is a medical condition in women in which they do not ovulate. It is a major cause of infertility in most women. It can often result in irregular menstruation and an increase in the release of male hormones in the female body. This causes male symptoms like the growth of a beard, hoarse voice etc. in females. The probable causes of this condition comprise being over or under weight, thyroid imbalance etc. It is possible to treat this condition with medical aid and weight management can also prove to be helpful.
2. Lack of sufficient healthy eggs - As you grow in age, the number and health of your eggs decline significantly. This could be a possible reason for your infertility. In this condition, optimizing egg health by maintaining a healthy weight and quitting alcohol and cigarettes can help you get rid of your infertility.
3. Blockage of the fallopian tubes - Blockage of or damage to the fallopian tubes causes the tubal factor that is responsible for infertility in women. The tubal factor can also be a result of endometriosis or any sexually transmitted disease like Chlamydia etc.
Causes in Men:
1. Ejaculatory disorders - Retrograde ejaculation, premature ejaculation, and other issues associated with ejaculation may cause infertility in men. In retrograde ejaculation, the semen enters the bladder instead of emerging out of the penis during orgasm. In premature ejaculation, the ejaculation occurs before the vagina is prepared to receive the semen.
2. Chromosome defects - Disorders like Klinefelter's syndrome can cause abnormal growth of the male reproductive organs resulting in infertility. Other such syndromes include Kallmann's syndrome, Karatagener's syndrome, cystic fibrosis etc. These conditions are mostly genetic.
3. Hormonal imbalance - Male infertility can also be a result of hormonal imbalances like hypogonadism (low testosterone levels), disorders of the testicles, abnormal functioning of the pituitary, thyroid, adrenal and the other glands as well.
Related Tip: Common causes of infertility in Women?
Hi Sir, My fallopian tubes are block, then I get the ivf treatment but I have get negative. What can I do. Please advise me.
Last month meri sadi ko 1 year complete hua. Now me and my wife now plan to baby. Last month humme 3 to 4 time try kiya but hume success nahi mili and meri wife 3 days pehle time me agai. Ab muje janna he month me best days konse he jab hum relation bandhe. Thank you.
My age is 21 and I am just married but I dont want a baby now. And I dont want to use condom regularly. So please can you suggest me a better way so I can enjoy my married life? Can you tell me the name of any medicine which can prevent pregnancy?
Runner’s knee is a very common problem with athletes. It is definitely not something one needs to worry about. In fact, with certain exercises, it can be prevented and if you do develop a runner’s knee, it can be treated with some exercises as well.
There are special sports medical practitioners who prescribe not only regular physiotherapy, but also specific exercises to deal with specific sports injuries. To fight with runner’s knee pain, there are a few exercises.
But the four most important ones are described in detail below.
- Quads: For performing proper quads, all you need is a back wall for additional support. You need to hold yourself against the wall and keep your legs apart from each other. The legs should be folded in the knees. In this position, you have to move up till the knee position with a minimum of one minute hold time in the knee position. You can repeat this exercise 10 times at a stretch before moving on to the next exercise.
- Hamstring: This is a fairly easier exercise than the previous one. You have to stand straight with your legs apart. Bend downwards from your hips. Relax your neck and back. Ease your head downwards as well. Keep your hands behind. Join both your hands and give it a stretch. If you think that this position is straining your neck or back a little too much, then you can simply stretch your hands without joining them.
- Calves: Calves is a standard exercise that is prescribed by medical practitioners and physiotherapists for easing out the pain caused by runner’s knee. You have to stand with your hand against the wall. Put your left leg forward and bend it at the knees. Stand on your right heel. Hold yourself in this position for 20 to 30 seconds before changing the legs and doing the same.
- Lateral: Lateral is also one of the easiest and common forms of exercises. You have to stand with your legs directly below your hips. Then stretch your right leg apart. Without bending your knees, try to touch the toes of your right leg with the fingers of your left hand. Hold this position for 20 to 30 seconds before changing the position and performing the lateral with your left leg.
Thus, these are some of the very fundamental exercises that one should follow in order to get quick relief from the pains of a runner’s knee. These exercises are very easy and help in reducing pain. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a orthopedist.
Pregnancy brings a lot of changes in the personal life, social life, physical appearance, and most importantly internal changes in the body of the mother-to-be. From quitting smoking, cutting on alcohol and moving towards a healthy lifestyle are some of the many changes in the life of the expecting mother that are needed to give birth to a healthy baby.
Every woman undergoes some or the other changes during this journey of becoming a mother, including sore and bigger breasts, itchy nipples, nausea, vomiting, constipation, mood-swings, endocrine system changes, change in physical structure, shift in the centre of gravity of the body, heartburn, skin changes, abnormal food cravings, Linea Nigra, sleep disorders, swollen feet, increased respiratory rate and so on.
As the pregnancy progresses, the breasts begin to become more tender, larger, and fuller, caused by the increased level of estrogen and progesterone and increased blood flow. Women often experience itchy nipples in the early pregnancy, as the breasts grow larger and become heavy, they become dry and start getting cracks, resulting into itchy nipples.
How to Treat Itchy Nipples:
- Maternity/Nursing Bra: Investing in a good nursing bra can work wonders to the itchiness that the women experience during pregnancy since it provides relief, comfort, reduces sweating, and reduces the stress of itchy nipples.
- Lotions and Moisturizers: The usage of lotions containing a good amount of moisturizer, such as Aloe Vera, vitamin E and cocoa butter. Application of moisturizer regularly after bath keeps the skin nourished and reduces the chances of developing itchiness in the nipples. Regular usage of the lotion can reduce the itchiness in the nipples and help to provide comfort to the expecting mother. The lotions should be used at least twice a day to provide the moisture required.
- Avoid harsh chemicals: Less exposure to the harsh chemicals leads to a better skin, similarly avoiding harsh chemicals around the nipple benefits the breasts and nipples, making the nipples less prone to the itchiness, hence harsh soaps, fragrances, perfumes etc. should be avoided.
- Usage of natural oils: Application of a mixture of natural oils, such as almond oil, lavender oil, and olive oil on the affected area helps in reducing the itchiness caused.
- Petroleum jelly: Petroleum Jelly application regularly several times in a day, helps in locking the moisture in the breasts making the nipples not itchy and maintaining smooth skin.
- Hydration: Drinking a lot of fluids helps in reducing the dry skin, which is also one of the reasons causing itchiness in the nipples.
- Personal hygiene: Maintaining a good personal hygiene is one of the most basic requirements to keep any body part itch-free. Discussing such things with the doctor not only helps one to be away from itchy nipples but also helps to understand the various reasons why the current regime being followed is not working.
Having itchy nipples is not related to having a bad health and can be reduced easily so that the pregnancy can be enjoyed without much worry.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!