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Men who keep fit may find they delay normal age-related increases in blood cholesterol levels by up to 15 years, a new study suggests.
It is common for cholesterol levels to rise with age and then decrease later in life, the study authors explained in background notes. Previous studies have shown that high cholesterol levels can be a risk factor for heart disease. Regular physical activity can lower this risk.
?Exercise and being fit helps keep arteries clear by lowering ?bad? [LDL] cholesterol and boosting ?good? [HDL] cholesterol,?
?It also reduces other risk factors for atherosclerosis [narrowed arteries] and blood clots, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity and stress,?
The study was published online May 11 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
For the study, Sui and colleagues used data from health examinations performed during the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study at the Cooper Clinic in Dallas. The long-term study ran from 1970 to 2006, and included just over 11,400 men, aged 20 to 90. Each took an exercise test on a treadmill to determine their baseline aerobic fitness level.
Researchers measured total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides (another type of blood fat), HDL cholesterol and non-HDL cholesterol (the total cholesterol level minus the good HDL cholesterol) in study participants.
Men with lower-than-optimal aerobic fitness had a greater risk of developing high cholesterol in their early 30s, the investigators found, while men with higher levels of fitness did not see high cholesterol develop until their mid-40s.
Men with what would be considered low aerobic fitness reached abnormal HDL and non-HDL cholesterol levels around their early 20s and mid-30s, respectively, while those with higher fitness experienced normal levels for the entire duration of the study, the researchers said.
Aerobic exercise uses the large muscles of the body and brings oxygen to those muscles for use during exercise. Some examples of aerobic exercise include brisk walking, running, biking, swimming, hiking and playing team sports, such as basketball and soccer.
?Exercise is a vital component of achieving lifelong cardiovascular health,? said Dr. Gregg Fonarow, professor of cardiology at the University of California, Los Angeles. ?Regular physical activity and maintaining physical fitness has been shown to be associated with a lower risk of [heart attack], stroke, and premature cardiovascular death,? he added.
The men in this study were considered ?highly fit.? Is this achievable for the general population? Yes, said Sui.
?Highly fit in this study refers to an individual who meets the current physical activity guideline levels of 150 minutes a week of moderate activity or 75 minutes a week of vigorous activity,? Sui explained.
Sui said this amount of exercise can be achieved by engaging in aerobic activity for 30 minutes a day, five days a week.
In other words, the men in this study were not professional athletes or marathon runners.
For those not currently exercising, the recommendation is to start slowly and progressively work up to the current physical activity guidelines, experts suggest.
While this study included just men, Sui feels the results would also apply to women.
?I don?t believe the results would be much different for women,? said Sui. ?Examining the age-related cardiovascular factors and identifying the modifiable factors in women are future projects.?
Because this study emphasizes the importance of exercise in prolonging health, Sui and colleagues concluded that health care providers should counsel patients on exercise for disease prevention.
I am 40 years old have high blood pressure but in lipid profile test all test were ok, don't know cause of high blood pressure.
I joined gym 2 days ago. Started from basic exercise eg 5 kg weight for bicep 15 kg for chest. Now my body is paining alot. My friends says this pain is normal as you joined gym first time. Please tell me some home remedy to overcome this pain or should I take one pain killer?
A high-salt diet may increase the risk of developing gastric and duodenal ulcers. High concentrations of salt in the stomach can induce gene activity in the ulcer-causing Helicobacter pylori bacterium that causes it to become more virulent. Bacterial cells exposed to increased salt exhibit striking morphological changes. Cells become elongated and form long chains.
Salt restriction also reduces the diastolic blood pressure by 2-8 mmHg,
According to a WHO report, reducing salt intake would be a cost-effective way to reduce the risk of developing high blood pressure directly and reducing the risk of heart attack and stroke indirectly. The report recommends people to reduce consumption of sodium to less than 2 gm per day for each person. Common salt is chemically called sodium chloride (NaCl). About 2.5 gm of table salt contains one gm of sodium.
According to a report published from the All India Institute of Medical Sciences in the year 2000, the average intake of salt in India is 10 gm per day for each person. This would amount to about 4 gm of sodium. The current recommendations suggest reducing this consumption by half.
A research study conducted by researchers at Harvard Medical School and published in the British Medical Journal, found that reducing salt intake by 25% reduced the risk of developing heart disease by 25% and reduced the chance of death from heart disease by 20%.
In 2002, WHO estimated that about 62% of strokes and about 50% of heart attacks globally were attributable to high blood pressure.
Adding a pinch of salt to milk will keep it fresh longer is a common Internet tip for the population but traditional Ayurveda teaching goes against it. As per Charaka Samhita, too much of pipalli, alkali and salt are bad for the health. Ayurveda totally prohibits taking salt with the milk.
Can you please tell causes of heartattack and what are the first aid if any suffer immediate heartattack.
The word acute coronary syndrome refers to a group of symptoms that are caused by blockage of the blood flow to the heart muscles. The most common result of this is myocardial infarction or heart attack as it is popularly called. Reduced blood flow leads to death of some portion of the heart muscle wall. While the word heart attack sounds almost fatal, it need not be the case. Knowing how to identify an attack and being aware of some simple measures can help save lives.
The tell tale signs of a heart attack are as follows:
- Chest pain and discomfort usually described as a tightness or burning in the chest region
- Pain along the left side of the shoulder and neck, going up into the jaw, down to the arm
- Nausea and vomiting
- Profuse sweating
- Difficulty breathing
- Dizzy or fuzzy feeling
- Tired, extreme fatigue
- Anxious, apprehensive feeling
However, be also aware that there are a lot of people who experience a silent heart attack. Women, obese, elderly, and diabetic patients can have silent attacks and depending on severity, either they go on with life as usual or can have a fatal attack.
Once you are doubtful of a heart attack, the next step is to reach the closest medical facility for a diagnosis. In addition to a detailed examination and history, the following two tests will be performed.
- Electrocardiogram (ECG): A 12-lead ECG will measure electrical activity of the heart and identify irregular electrical activity, which is indicative of a myocardial infarction.
- Blood tests: Presence of certain enzymes in the blood, CK-MB and troponin are indicative of a heart attack. A complete electrolyte profile also will be done, and increase or decrease of some electrolytes is helpful in diagnosing a heart attack.
- In addition to these two, chest radiography, cardiac angiography, echocardiogram, stress test, and computed coronary tomography may also be required to confirm the diagnosis.
Once diagnosed, the first step would be to relieve the symptoms, negate the effects of reduced blood flow, and restore cardiac function.
- Dissolve the clot: Using thrombolytics like clopidogrel
- Nitroglycerin: To dilate the blood vessels and improve blood flow, especially to the heart muscles
- Anticoagulant therapy: Blood thinners are usually used to avoid blood clot formation; aspirin and heparin are the most commonly used agents.
- Drug therapy: Blood pressure maintaining drugs like beta blockers and/or angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are also used
- Use of Statins: Statins are used to reduce the amount of cholesterol in the blood and stabilize plaque deposits.
In very severe cases, angioplasty and stenting or coronary bypass surgery may be required. Educating people on how to identify a heart attack and manage it is very useful and can help save lives.
Mujhe sans lene me taqlief horahi 12 din se. Muh se lamba sans lena pad raha chest pain v tha 2 salo se av av thik lAg raha aur ye sans ka provlem chalu hua .pft v kia normal he .chest x ray v thik he.
I am suffering from cough from last 2 weeks and chest pain whenever I cough hard please give me suggestion.
Sir, I am kesavan. I am aged 60. I have BP (High) for which I am taking medicine. I have been taking medicine for the past 35 years. Though, I am physically alright, I have the feeling of irritation around heart sometimes. I am a vegetarian. I am very strict to diet. I apprehend the feeling of irritation around heart would continue throughout. I am worried much because of this problem. Please advise me for suitable medicine. So that, I can skip this problem for your valuable advice. Kesavan.
Hello, My mother's age is 53 years and she has a BP what should do for BP control and weight loss? please advise.
The Patients of High Blood Pressure can not take tea, and coffee because of caffeine. And Milk also increases Blood Pressure. Please suggest some Hot drinks for the patients of High Blood Pressure which keeps the Body warm and does not increase the High blood Pressure.
My dad is 70 years old on nov he diagnosed lung cancer 3 rd stage we r giving him ayurveda medicines but his chest pain is getting worst and he is so much weak not able to go toilets can any one suggest wt to do any pain killer can we give ultracet we gave some time but no effect. He is doing vomiting also. Because of age we did not go for chemotherapy.
Have You Been Told to Reduce Your Salt Intake to Reduce Bp?
Yes, you must have been but you probably have not been told how to reduce salt intake the right way.
The fact is that when we eat too much salt (sodium), our bodies will hold on to more water. This increases the amount of blood flowing through our veins and arteries which increases blood pressure.
So How to Reduce Salt Intake Properly?
- Roughly 80% of the salt we eat is hiding in processed foods like bread, biscuits and breakfast cereals, and prepared ready meals or takeaways. Only 20% comes from the salt we add while cooking or at the table.
- Salt used in daily cooking is a must. It contains sodium which is needed to retain our body's water, enable our cell walls to draw in nutrients and most importantly control our heartbeat . Sodium is needed to maintain BP. So continue using table salt for cooking. Keep the biscuits, maggi and farsans out.
- Skip the salty snacks, baked goodies, and eat out less often.
- Choose to eat more fresh foods more often.
- Use the mineral rich 'kala namak' for one of the meals through the day. It is unprocessed and rich in iodine and also sodium, potassium, and iron.
Some Super Foods to Fight with Hypertension
-Banana alternate days
-Walnut 2 soaked with breakfast
-Spinach beetroot juice once in a day
-Poppy seed water early morning or 1 tsp. poppy seeds.
-Watermelon seeds with salad 1 tsp.
-2 garlic cloves