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ankit

Internal Medicine Specialist Clinic

nagpur nagpur
1 Doctor · ₹30
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ankit Internal Medicine Specialist Clinic nagpur nagpur
1 Doctor · ₹30
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We are dedicated to providing you with the personalized, quality health care that you deserve....more
We are dedicated to providing you with the personalized, quality health care that you deserve.
More about ankit
ankit is known for housing experienced Internal Medicine Specialists. Dr. Ankit, a well-reputed Internal Medicine Specialist, practices in nagpur. Visit this medical health centre for Internal Medicine Specialists recommended by 48 patients.

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MON-SUN
11:30 AM - 10:30 PM

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nagpur
Nagpur nagpur, Maharashtra - 444001

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Dr. Ankit

Internal Medicine Specialist
30 at clinic
Available today
11:30 AM - 10:30 PM
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Blocked Fallopian Tubes - How to Diagnose?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, Advanced Infertility
IVF Specialist, Kolkata
Blocked Fallopian Tubes - How to Diagnose?

The fallopian tubes are a part of a woman’s reproductive system. This is the passage through which the egg travels to meet the sperm and attach the end result to the lining of the womb or the uterine lining. In many cases, the fallopian tubes may get blocked, which can cause a series of complications, including infertility and other issues.

Read on to know more about the complications as well as the diagnosis.

Fallopian tubes: These are two thin tubes that flank either side of the uterus. It helps the matured egg from travelling from the ovaries to the uterus. 

Blockage of fallopian tubes: Sexually transmitted diseases or STDs, as well as endometriosis, can cause a blockage in the fallopian tubes. The tubes can get blocked from one or both sides.

Complications: Blocked fallopian tubes can lead to major complications like early pregnancy loss as well as infertility. Every month, the ovaries release eggs during a cycle known as the ovulation cycle. During this period, the eggs leave the ovaries and travel through the fallopian tubes in order to reach the uterus, where they can possibly get inseminated with sperm, after which they will get fertilised and attach themselves to the uterine lining or the womb. In case the fallopian tubes are blocked, the eggs gets blocked and do not get a passageway to travel from the ovaries and into the uterus. This can lead to infertility as it will prevent fertilisation of the released egg. Furthermore, blocked fallopian tubes can also lead to tubal pregnancies, which will have to be terminated as it can lead to severe health risks.

Symptoms: So how can you find out whether your fallopian tubes are blocked? There are a number of symptoms that may be caused in the course of this condition. It is important to be even more careful about the symptoms because they may not be as obvious as other conditions, where irregular periods and heavy bleeding may point to the problem at the very onset. Pain in the lower abdomen and unusual discharge usually point to the problem. Also, loss of pregnancy due to the blockage is also a clear cut diagnosis.

Diagnosis: The diagnosis of the condition is done with the help numerous tests and imaging examinations conducted by a gynaecologist. A specialised X-ray called hysterosalpingogram or HSG is used in order to diagnose the issue. In this kind of examination, a dye is inserted through the uterus. This dye has a lens at the end, which shows the blockage and its extent. The doctor then conducts tests to find out the causes of this condition so that proper treatment may be followed. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an IVF Specialist.

Melanoma - The 3 C's Of It!

MS - General Surgery, MCH - Oncology , MBBS
Oncologist, Pune
Melanoma - The 3 C's Of It!

The skin has the largest surface area and is most exposed to the external environment. This exposure causes a lot of wear and tear, and one of the worse complications including melanoma, which is a form of skin cancer. Read on to know about its causes, caution signs to stay alerted and how to take care of the skin.

Causes
The skin has cells known as melanocytes which give it the color. Generally, the more the number of melanocytes, the darker is the person’s complexion. This pigment is also present in skin, hair, nails, and eyes. The moles are skins are areas of higher concentration of these cells. Africans moles can be a precursor to melanoma, but not all moles turn to melanoma.

  1. Exposure to ultraviolet rays from the sun. Fair-skinned people are at greater risk than darker complexioned people. A single sunburn experience can also increase the risk of developing melanoma
  2. Use of tanning beds, especially in people below 30, ups the risk of melanoma. Indoor tanning beds is classified as having the highest record by WHO
  3. Family history
  4. Ethnicity, with Hispanics at the greatest risk and African-Americans at the least risk

Caution

  1. For those who have risk factors for developing melanoma, a monthly self-exam is advisable. A formal annual exam with a dermatologist is also advised. This will help in early identification of the condition and lead to early treatment and containment.
  2. Melanoma is not restricted to the skin, can also occur in feet, eyes, and scalp
  3. Use a mirror to check all over the body
  4. If you have moles, watch for change in their size, shape, and regularity. Any change should be immediately checked for.
  5. If you see any new irregularities on the skin anywhere, get medical attention.
  6. Any sore that has not healed
  7. Any swelling that is near the mole or has not regressed
  8. Change in sensation including itching or pain
  9. A quick way to remember is to check for ABCDE: Asymmetry of the lesion, irregularity of the borders, change in color, diameter greater than six mm, and speed of evolution. Watching for these can help in early diagnosis.

Care
Melanoma is directly linked to sun exposure, and so reducing sun exposure and taking adequate precautions can help in prevention.

  1. Avoid or reduce exposure to sun
  2. Use sunscreen religiously. The SPF should be at least 30 and should be reapplied every two hours
  3. Use a hat or cap, sunglasses, and cover up when out in the sun
  4. Be extra careful when out on the beach or in the mountains
  5. Avoid sun if possible between 10AM to 4PM
  6. Use tan removal agents after a sun exposure

If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Oncologist.

1 person found this helpful

How Is Thyme Beneficial For You?

MD-Ayurveda,Kayachikitsa(Ayurvedic physician), BAMS, MD
Ayurveda, Jammu
How Is Thyme Beneficial For You?

Benefits of thyme:

Thyme herb belongs to the mint family. Apart from being a staple culinary ingredient, it is getting fast recognition for its medicinal benefits. Here are 13 of the many distinct benefits of thyme -

1. Fights acne: when thyme is soaked in alcohol for several days, it turns tincture and attains antibacterial properties for fighting acne.

2. Lowers blood pressure: if thyme can be replaced with salt in foods, it will work effectively to lower the heart rate.

3. Stops a cough: thyme oil mixed with ivy leaves is a wonderful natural remedy for a cough, cold and even acute bronchitis.

4. Boosts immunity: thyme comes loaded with nutrients like vitamin a, c, manganese, copper, iron and fiber to help build body's immunity.

5. Controls pests: thyme is added is a primary ingredient to many pesticides for controlling pests, viruses and bacteria. Rub thyme leaves on your arms and legs and they will be safe from mosquito bites.

6. Improves mood: thyme essential oil contains a substance called 'carvacrol'. This substance helps thyme in being used as an aromatic agent that renders many therapeutic uses.

7. Protects from cancer: thyme extracts render protective effect on organs like colon and breast from cancer.

8. Treats yeast infection: thyme essential oil can be applied over yeast infected areas (vagina and mouth) for quick relief.

9. Cures rheumatism: the diuretic properties of thyme oil help in removal of toxins that consequently betters the circulation and cures rheumatism.

10. Strengthens cardiac muscles: thyme has anti-spasmodic properties that make it eligible to be used for regulating the functioning of heart valves. It relieves heart of its stress by smoothening veins and arteries.

11. Eliminates gases: thyme is an effective carminative agent and pushes gases downward towards their elimination.

12. Uplifts low blood pressure: thyme is a boon for those who often have plummeting blood pressure to save them from the sluggish lifestyle.

13. Kills virus: thyme, in its various forms, holds immense antiviral potential and prevents the entry of the virus into the cell. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ayurveda.

1 person found this helpful

8 Common Symptoms Of Urinary Problems In Men!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Urology
Urologist, Jaipur
8 Common Symptoms Of Urinary Problems In Men!

The prostate gland is a male reproductive organ at the base of the urinary bladder and urethra is a thin tube that carries urine out of the penis. It runs through the prostate gland. A fluid produced by this gland helps to carry sperms produced by the testes outside during intercourse.

Cause of urinary problems in men

Men experience urinary symptoms either due to inflammation of the prostate gland or prostatitis or symptoms may be the result of a blockage of the passage due to enlargement of the prostate gland.

Symptoms of urinary problems

Urinary symptoms commonly experienced with prostate problems include;

1. The need to urinate frequently during the night.

2. Urinating more often during the day.

3. Urinary urgency is the urge to urinate can be so strong and sudden that one may not reach the toilet in time.

4. The urine stream is slow to start.

5. Urine dribbling for some time after finishing urination.

6. A sensation that the bladder is not fully emptied after urination.

7. A lack of force to the urine flow, which makes directing the stream difficult.

8. The sensation of needing to go again soon after urinating

Treatment

1. A long course of antibacterial medication (for bacterial prostatitis) is prescribed, because infection is difficult to get rid of, the antibacterial medication will need to be taken for many weeks.

2. Medication to improve urine flow and other symptoms (for obstruction caused by an enlarged prostate).

3. Surgical procedures (for blockage caused by an enlarged prostate), such as Transurethral Resection of the prostate(TURP), Laser Resection of prostate, Transurethral Incision of the prostate(TUIP).

UroLift: A new method of treatment for men, where medication has not been successful, but their prostates are not so enlarged that they need more invasive surgery. It involves the Transurethral Insertion of staples to separate the lobes of the prostate. It has minimal side effects and preserves ejaculatory and erectile function.

A number of other procedures that have been developed to reduce urinary symptoms.

Medication for urinary problems

Various medications to help ease your urinary problems, including;

1. Medications to reduce the tone of the muscles of the urethra and prostate to minimize any obstruction to urine flow caused when these muscles contract.

2. Medication to reduce the size of the prostate gland. These drugs work by blocking the action of male hormones produced by the prostate gland.

3. Medications to relax the bladder, making unwanted contractions less likely and reducing the symptoms of urgency and frequency of urination.

4. Over-the-counter medicine 'Saw Palmetto' (Serenoa repens) is used sometimes. This may help some men, especially if frequent urination at night is a problem. However, recent reviews of the evidence for using Saw Palmetto as a treatment for mild or moderate urinary symptoms did not show any improvement compared to no treatment, in men with BPH. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Urologist.

Borderline Personality Disorder - Causes And Symptoms

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Borderline Personality Disorder - Causes And Symptoms

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a mental illness. A patient suffering from BPD maintains unstable relationships with other people, shows inappropriate emotional reactions and possesses suicidal or self-harm tendencies. It is purely a personality disorder caused due to multiple factors. Patients suffering from BPD may find it difficult to stay alone. They fear abandonment and loneliness. Yet they have a tendency of showing mood swings, sudden emotional outburst or anger and hostility. This prevents them from having a long lasting relationship in life.

It usually starts affecting the patient's life from early adulthood. It however seems to improve with age. The patient also has distorted self-image. He or she is unclear about what they want from life or what they are in reality. Even minor incidents can trigger intense reactions in people with BPD.

Symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder:

The signs of suffering from BPD are listed below:

  1. Intense and frantic effort to avoid abandonment or loneliness
  2. Unstable relationships with people and changing the attitude towards them drastically. It can change from being in immense love with each other to intense hatred.
  3. Developing paranoid thoughts and having dissociative feelings-The patient often lacks the feeling of self and suffers from identity crisis.
  4. Suicidal feelings and attempts
  5. Tendency to cause self harm or destruction by drug abuse, driving irresponsibly or be having unprotected sex
  6. Reflecting intense depression
  7. Chronic boredom
  8. Sudden anger and hostility

Causes for Borderline Personality Disorder: Borderline Personality Disorder can be caused due to multiple reasons. Usually it has been found by researchers that it occurs to patients who have had a disturbed childhood. Complex and unpleasant happenings in the childhood may leave a deep impact on the patient's personality, which comes back as a disorder in his or her early adulthood. From mental, physical to sexual abuse in the childhood can lead to this condition in adults.

Besides, researchers have discovered recently that this illness has hereditary links. Some genes may be responsible for BPD. Improper functioning of the brain is also another factor. Especially, the portion of brain that controls emotions might not be functioning properly in co-ordination with other parts of it.

Diagnosis: There is no particular clinical test that can diagnose BPD. It can be diagnosed by a series of interactive session with the patient by a psychiatrist.

Treatment:  The treatment of BPD involves three steps- psychotherapy, medications and support from peer and family. Dialectical Behavioral therapy, cognitive behavioural therapy and psychodynamic psychotherapy are used in treating the patient. There are no specific medicines to cure identity crisis, boredom and loneliness. However, other symptoms like mood swings, depression and anxiety can be treated with anti-depressants and mood stabilizers. Antipsychotic drugs are also helpful to a certain extent. In extreme cases, hospitalization may be needed. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Psychiatrist.

1 person found this helpful

Healthy Foods - How They Can Keep Your Heart Health In Check?

MD - Consultant Physician, Doctor of Medicine, MD
General Physician, Ahmedabad
Healthy Foods - How They Can Keep Your Heart Health In Check?

Cholesterol is generally regarded as something bad for the health. As a part of diet, everyone tries to avoid anything that has cholesterol in it. What needs to be understood is that not all cholesterol is bad. There is also good cholesterol, which is actually very essential for body functions. This is required for the production of essential hormones. Inadequate amounts of good cholesterol can lead to problems ranging from simple hormonal imbalances to severe issues like infertility.

The following are some food items, which contain sufficient amounts of good cholesterol and should find a place in your plate. They are essential for various body functions including hormone formation.

  1. Avocado oil: Most oil is considered bad, but avocado oil contains about 70% of good cholesterol and should be used for its heart-healthy benefits. Being a great antioxidant, it protects the heart by reducing inflammation and by improving blood pressure. Eating whole avocado is also beneficial for the heart and the body as a whole.

  2. Buckwheat: This whole grain is rich in many vitamins, quite a few minerals, and is a good provider of dietary fiber. It is also gluten-free and is rich in antioxidants, making it extremely cardio-friendly.

  3. Soy: Too much saturated fat in the diet cannot be digested and the liver converts these and stores it, which adds to obesity. Soy which is a good replacement for animal fat and even dairy products can help improve cholesterol levels and prevent fat accumulation.

  4. Salmon: This is one of the most heart-friendly food items, which is loaded with omega-3 fatty acids and good cholesterol. It lowers triglyceride levels and provides a good amount of protein for the body.

  5. Spinach: The cholesterol which settles against the blood vessels is washed off by consuming spinach – in regular quantities at regular intervals. It is also the richest source of lutein, which is known as guardian against aging diseases including hypertension.

  6. Go the nutty way: While most would consider nuts as rich in oils, truth is they are loaded with good cholesterol. Therefore, whether it is almonds or pecans, ground nuts or walnuts, nuts are great for the heart. They are also rich in minerals including calcium, copper, magnesium, and potassium and contain various vitamins. So about a teaspoon of chopped nuts should be on your plate on any given day.

  7. Dark chocolate: Again, like nuts, most of us tend to avoid chocolate, but these restrictions are only for the white ones with sugar. The dark one is extremely healthy for the heart with loaded antioxidants, which prevents clogging of arteries. It is also rich in flavonoids, which are useful in controlling blood pressure and other heart diseases. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a General Physician.
2 people found this helpful

Diabetes Diet Chart in hindi - मधुमेह आहार चार्ट

MBBS, M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Diabetes Diet Chart in hindi - मधुमेह आहार चार्ट

भारत में डायबिटीज के मरीजों की संख्या हर रोज बढ़ रही हैं। लगभग हर 5 भारतियों में से 2 भारतीय को डायबिटीज की समस्या हैं। देखा जाए तो डायबिटीज खुद कोई भयानक बीमारी नही है बल्कि यह आपने बाद धीरे धीरे विभिन्न बीमारियों को न्योता देकर शरीर के अलग अलग अंगों नुकसान पहुंचाती है। जैसे हम आसानी से देख सकते हैं कि शुगर के रोगी को आंखों व किडनी के रोग, सुन्नपन आना जैसी समस्याएं हो सकती हैं।

डायबिटीज को कण्ट्रोल करने के लिए जितना महत्त्व दवा और व्यायाम का है उतना ही महत्व आहार या डाइट का हैं। माना जाता है कि डायबिटीज के मरीज नॉर्मल रुटीन लाइफ नहीं जी सकते इसलिए उन्हें एकदम स्ट्रिक्ट डाइट लेना चाहिए।  
इन्सुलिन हार्मोन के स्राव में कमी से डायबिटीज रोग होता है। डायबिटीज आनुवांशिक या उम्र बढ़ने पर या मोटाप, स्ट्रेस जैसी कई वजह हो सकती है। डायबिटीज ऐसा रोग है जिसमें व्यक्ति को काफी परहेज से रहना होता है। मधमेह रोगी अगर अपनी दिनचर्या का पालन नहीं करते हैं तो इसके बढ़ने की संभावना ज्यादा होती है। इसलिए डाइट चार्ट फॉलो करने जरूरी हो जाता है। 

डाइट चार्ट
शुगर एक बार होने के बाद जीवनभर रहता है। इसे कंट्रोल करने के लिए नियमित दिनचर्या और पोषण युक्त आहार की जरूरत होती है। शुगर होने का कारण असंयमित खानपान, मानसिक तनाव, मोटापा, व्यायाम की कमी आदि है। जिसके कारण दिन-प्रतिदिन इसके मरीजों की संख्या बढ़ रही है। ब्लड शुगर के मरीजों के लिए सबसे ज्यादा जरूरी है संतुलित और नियमित भोजन। योग्य डाइट चार्ट अपनाकर डायबिटीज के मरीज न सिर्फ अपनी शुगर नियंत्रण में रख सकते है बल्कि उनकी दवा और इन्सुलिन का डोज़ भी कम हो सकता हैं।
डायबिटिक को अपने आहार में कुल कैलोरी का 40 प्रतिशत कार्बोहाइड्रेटयुक्त पदार्थों से, 40 प्रतिशत वसायुक्त पदार्थों से व 20 प्रतिशत प्रोटीनयुक्त पदार्थों से लेना चाहिए। यदि शुगर मरीज का वजन ज्यादा है तो उसे कुल कैलोरी का 60 प्रतिशत कार्बोहाइड्रेट से, 20 प्रतिशत फैट से व 20 प्रतिशत प्रोटीन से लेना चाहिए।

आइए हम जानते हैं डायबिटीज के रोगी आइडियल डाइट चार्ट किस प्रकार होनी चाहिए और साथ ही कुछ खास हिदायतें किसी पर्टिकुलर स्थिति पर डायबिटीज को कंट्रोल करने के निर्देश।

  • सुबह 6 बजे - एक ग्लास पानी में आधा चम्मच मेथी पावडर डालकर पीजिए।
  • सुबह 7 बजे - एक कप शुगर फ्री चाय, साथ में 1-2  हलके शक्कर वाली बिस्कुट ले सकते हैं।
  • नाश्ता / ब्रेकफास्ट - साथ आधी कटोरी अंकुरित अनाज और एक गिलास बिना क्रीम वाला दूध।
  • सुबह 10 बजे के बाद - एक छोटा फल या फिर नींबू पानी।
  • दोपहर 1 बजे यानी लंच - मिक्स आटे की 2 रोटी, एक कटोरी चावल, एक कटोरी दाल, एक कटोरी दही, आधी कटोरी सोया या पनीर की सब्जी, आधी कटोरी हरी सब्जी और साथ में एक प्लेट सलाद।
  • शाम 4 बजे - बिना शक्कर या शुगर फ्री के साथ एक कप चाय और बिना चीनी वाला बिस्किट
  • या टोस्ट या 1 सेब।
  • शाम 6 बजे - एक कप सूप पिएँ
  • डिनर - दो रोटियां, एक कटोरी चावल (ब्राउन राइस हफ्ते में 2 बार) और एक कटोरी दाल, आधी कटोरी हरी सब्जी और एक प्लेट सलाद।
  • बिना क्रीम और चीनी के एक गिलास दूध पिएँ। ऐसा करने से अचानक रात में शुगर कम होने का खतरा नहीं होता। 
  • एक खास हिदायत मधुमेह के मरीजों को उपवास करने से बचना चाहिए। इसके अलावा भोजन के बीच लंबा गैप भी नही करना चाहिए और रात के डिनर में हल्का भोजन करना चाहिए। इसके अलावा नियमित रूप से योगा और व्यायाम करने से भी ब्लड शुगर नियंत्रित रहता है। 
  • रोजाना इस डाइट चार्ट को फॉलो करने के साथ ही बताई गई कुछ एक चीजें और इस्तेमाल करें।
  • दरारा पिसा हुआ मैथीदाना एक या आधा चम्मच खाना खाने के 15-20 मिनट पहले लेने से शुगर कंट्रोल में रहती है और इससे और भी कई अंगों को फायदा होता है।
  •  रोटी के आटे को बिना चोकर निकाले यूज़ में लाएं हर चाहें तो इसकी गुणवत्ता बढ़ाने के लिए इसमें सोयाबीन मिला लें।
  • घी और तेल का दिनभर में कम से कम इस्तेमाल करें। 
  • सभी सब्जियों को कम से कम तेल का प्रयोग करके नॉनस्टिक कुकवेयर में पकाएं। हरी पत्तेदार सब्जियां ज्यादा से ज्यादा खाएं।
  • शुगर रोगी को खाने से लगभग 1 घंटा पहले अच्छी स्पीड पैदल चलना चाहिए और साथ ही व्यायाम और योगा भी करें। सही समय पर इंसुलिन व दवाइयां लेते रहें। नियमित रूप से चिकित्सक के पास जांच कराएं।
  • इसके साथ शुगर के मरीज को प्रोटीन अच्छी मात्रा में व उच्च गुणवत्ता वाला लेना चाहिए। इसके लिए दूध, दही, पनीर, अंडा, मछली, सोयाबीन आदि का सेवन ज्यादा करना चाहिए। इंसुलिन ले रहे डायबिटिक व्यक्ति एवं गोलियां ले रहे डायबिटिक व्यक्ति को खाना सही समय पर लेना चाहिए। ऐसा न करने पर हायपोग्लाइसीमिया हो सकता है। इसके कारण कमजोरी, अत्यधिक भूख लगना, पसीना आना, नजर से धुंधला या डबल दिखना, हृदयगति तेज होना, झटके आना एवं गंभीर स्थिति होने पर कोमा में जाने जैसी विपत्ति का भी सामना करना पड़ सकता है। 
  • डायबिटिक व्यक्ति को हमेशा अपने साथ कोई मीठी चीज जैसे ग्लूकोज, शक्कर, चॉकलेट, मीठे बिस्किट रखना चाहिए। यदि हायपोग्लाइसीमिया के लक्षण दिखें तो तुरंत इनका सेवन करना चाहिए। एक सामान्य डायबिटिक व्यक्ति को ध्यान रखना चाहिए कि वे थोड़ी-थोड़ी देर में कुछ खाते रहें। दो या ढाई घंटे में कुछ खाएं। एक समय पर बहुत सारा खाना न खाएं।
  • डायबिटीज के मरीज हमेशा डबल टोन्ड दूध का प्रयोग करें। कम कैलोरीयुक्त खाद्य पदार्थों का सेवन करें जैसे - छिलके वाला भुना चना, परमल, अंकुरित अनाज, सूप, सलाद आदि का ज्यादा सेवन करें। दही और छाछ का सेवन करने से ग्लूकोज का स्तर कम होता है और डायबिटीज नियंत्रण में रहता है।

Tuberculosis in hindi - क्षय रोग क्या होता है

MBBS, M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Tuberculosis in hindi - क्षय रोग क्या होता है

ट्यूबरक्लोसिस जिसे टीबी या क्षय रोग के नाम से जानते हैं, एक खतरनाक बीमारी है। ये एक ऐसी बीमारी है जिसकी पहचान आसानी से नहीं हो पाती इसलिए इसके लक्षणों पर ध्यान देना बेहद जरूरी है। दुनिया में छह-सात करोड़ लोग इस बीमारी से ग्रस्त हैं और प्रत्येक वर्ष 25 से 30 लाख लोगों की इससे मौत हो जाती है। देश में हर तीन मनट में दो मरीज क्षयरोग के कारण दम तोड़ देते हैं। हर दिन चालीस हजार लोगों को इसका संक्रमण हो जाता है। 

ये बीमारी दरअसल माइकोबैक्टीरियम ट्यूबरक्लोसिस से फैलती है जो हमारे फेफड़ों को नुकसान पहुंचाता है। ये बीमारी फेफड़ों से रक्त प्रवाह के साथ शरीर के अन्य भागों में भी फैल सकता है, जैसे हड्डी, हड्डियों के जोड़, लिम्फ ग्रंथियां, आंत, मूत्र व प्रजनन तंत्र के अंग, त्वचा और मस्तिष्क के ऊपर की झिल्ली आदि। येजीवाणु दूषित पानी या मिट्टी में पाए जाते हैं। ये हवा के जरिए एक इंसान से दूसरे में फैलती है। टी.बी. के बैक्टीरिया सांस से शरीर में प्रवेश करते हैं। किसी रोगी के खांसने, छींकने, बात करने या थूकने के समय बलगम व थूक की बहुत ही छोटी-छोटी बूंदें हवा में फैल जाती हैं, जिनमें मौजूद बैक्टीरिया कई घंटों तक हवा में रहते हैं और दूसरे के शरीर में पहुंचकर रोग पैदा करते हैं।

लक्षण

  • टीबी आनुवांशिक नहीं बल्किे एक संक्रामक रोग है। इसकी चपेट में आने वाला व्यक्तिा धीरे-धीरे कमजोर होता चला जाता है। सबसे कॉमन फेफड़ों की टीबी ही है लेकिन यह ब्रेन, यूटरस, मुंह, लिवर, किडनी, गला, हड्डी आदि शरीर के किसी भी हिस्से में हो सकती है। 
  • टीबी का सबसे आम लक्षण है, दो हफ्ते से ज्यादा खांसी होना और तेज बुखार आना।  
  • खांसी बलगम के साथ आती है और कभी-कभार साथ में खून भी आ सकता है। इसके अलावा भूख कम लगना, लगातार वजन कम होना, शाम या रात के वक्त बुखार आना, सर्दी में भी पसीना आना, सांस उखड़ना या सांस लेते हुए सीने में दर्द होना वगैरह लक्षण हो सकते हैं और कई बार इसके लक्षण साइलेंट भी होते हैं। टीबी के लक्षण पहचान में आते ही तुरंत डॉक्टर की सलाह लें और जांचें करवाएं। इस बात का जरूर ध्यान रखें कि टीबी की दवाओं का कोर्स होता है उसे पूरा करें। बीच में दवा छोड़ना नुकसानदायक हो सकता है।

टीबी के कई लक्षण कैंसर और ब्रॉन्काइटिस के लक्षणों से भी मेल खाते हैं। तीनों बीमारियों में फर्क बतानेवाले प्रमुख लक्षण हैं:

  • कैंसर में मुंह से ज्यादा खून आता है। वजन कम हो जाता है लेकिन बुखार ज्यादातर देखने को नहीं मिालता।
  • ब्रॉन्काइटिस में सांस लेने में दिक्कत होती है और सांस लेते वक्त सीटी जैसी आवाज आती है।
  • टीबी में सांस की दिक्कत नहीं होती, खांसी आती है और बुखार आता है।

रोग की वजह

अच्छा खान-पान न करने वालों को टीबी ज्यादा होती है क्योंकि कमजोर इम्यूनिटी से उनका शरीर बैक्टीरिया का वार नहीं झेल पाता। जब कम जगह में ज्यादा लोग रहते हैं तब इन्फेक्शन तेजी से फैलता है। अंधेरी और सीलन भरी जगहों पर भी टीबी का इन्फैक्शन फैलता है क्योंकि टीबी का बैक्टीरिया अंधेरे में पनपता है। यह किसी को भी हो सकता है क्योंकि यह एक से दूसरे में संक्रमण से फैलता है। स्मोकिंग करने वालों को भी टीबी का खतरा ज्यादा होता है। डायबीटीज के मरीजों, स्टेरॉयड लेने वालों और एचआईवी मरीज भी टीबी की चपेट में जल्दी आते हैं। 

टीबी से राहत के लिए कुछ घरेलू उपाय

  • 200 ग्राम शहद, 200 ग्राम मिश्री, 100 ग्राम गाय का घी, तीनों को मिला लें। रोगी को 6-6 ग्राम दवा दिन में कई बार चटाएं। साथ में गाय या बकरी का दूध पिलाएं ।
  • रोज़ सुबह और शाम को जब पेट खाली हो, आधा कप प्याज का रस एक चुटकी हींग डाल कर पिएं।
  • केला इम्यूनिटी मजबूत करता है। एक पका कला लें। मसलकर  इसमें एक कप नारियल पानी, आधा कप दही और एक चम्मच शहद मिलाएं। इसे दिन में दो बार लें।
  • ताजा संतरे के रस में थोड़ा सा नमक और शहद मिलाकर रोजाना सुबह शाम पीएं। संतरा इम्यूनिटी मजबूत करता है साथ ही फेफड़े से कफ साफ करने में मदद करता है।
  • टीबी के उपचार के लिए शरीफा भी बेहद फायदेमंद है। शरीफे का गूदा निकालकर इसे खाना चाहिए।
  • अखरोट टीबी के मरीजों को ताकत देता है, उनकी इम्यूनिटी बढ़ाता है और जल्दी ठीक होने में भी मदद करता है।

I have tried to reduce my body as compared to my body weight which is 55 I look so fat. People don't believe my weight is 55 my height is 5'0 Sir/ Mam suggest me some ways to reduce it I am doing 15 min exercise daily but my leg starts paining even after 5 min a lot m not able to do I get tired easily I want to become thin please help me out and I am not that much Rich to afford other things as I am a girl I look so ugly.

M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Anand
I have tried to reduce my body as compared to my body weight which is 55 I look so fat. People don't believe my weigh...
Hello. According to your height and weight your BMI is normal if you like to increase your weight so, reduce your weight approximately 5 to 8 kgs not more and then maintain your weight. Some tips for weight loss :- 1) Drink more water. 2) Cook some food bwith coconut oil. 3) Eat spicy food. 4) Eat more protein and fibre rich foods. 5) Avoid processed foods. 6) Avoid liquid calories. 7) Do some exercise and also try some yoga. 8) Go on low carb diet. 9) Eat more slowly. 10) Take probiotics. 11) Never skip breakfast. 12) Drink more fluids. 13) Add eggs to your diet. 14) Cut the table salt. 15) Get enough sleep.
1 person found this helpful
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Epilepsy - Common Facts About It!

MS (Surgery), Mch (Neurosurgery)
Neurosurgeon, Guwahati
Epilepsy - Common Facts About It!

Epilepsy is a brain triggered disorder that can result in the affected person having seizures or convulsions of the body. Such convulsions last about a few minutes and the person undergoing epileptic seizure might be unaware of what’s happening to him/her during those brief moments. They may recover and appear disoriented for a few minutes more.

Epilepsy can’t be cured but is treated through medicines called anticonvulsant drugs.

  1. Epilepsy is a neurological disorder brought about due to unusual electrical activity in the brain
  2. The person having the disorder can have episodes of seizures where there can be sudden involuntary movements of the person’s whole body and shaking of the arms and legs lasting a few minutes
  3. The condition can occur to anybody irrespective of age but children seem to suffer more from the condition following a head injury or emotional trauma
  4. Electroencephalogram or EEG is the best way for the doctor to understand the exact nature of the disorder and this will help in the treatment.
  5. Treatment through drugs is the most popular way of keeping the convulsions under check
  6. Medically, if the patient goes without seizures for a few years under regular medication then there is every possibility the person may not suffer further convulsions
  7. Apart from medication, dietary regulations have also been adopted by many physicians to treat the condition. Low carb and high protein items are advised as a way to reduce/stop the epileptic seizures
  8. In some cases, the doctor might decide to conduct a surgery to remove the aberrant part of the brain to treat the individual for epilepsy
  9. People with epilepsy have to take a lot of precautions in their daily routines to avoid getting seriously injured if they were to suffer a sudden attack of seizures
  10. Driving and swimming are to be avoided by them
  11. People standing around can help reduce the suffering by turning the person over to one side and offering a support to the head. Care can also be taken to remove any object that can cause injury to the person while having the convulsions.
  12. Some doctors study the pattern of the seizures occurring and help in regulating them in such a manner that the person gets the convulsions only in the nights while asleep
  13. This can limit the damage done to the person and can also help the person in going about normal routines
  14. Parents must inform the school authorities if their children suffers from epilepsy so that they can provide first aid to such students immediately if episodes occur in school

Epilepsy is a brain-related disorder that can cause the person to go through involuntary shaking of the body and the limbs. It is usually treated with drugs. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Neurosurgeon.

1 person found this helpful

I am 24 female unmarried ,working women. My hair becoming thin and curly getting so much of hair fall and dandruff. I am using nyle shampoo and parachute coconut hair oil. Weekly 3 times head wash and applying oil overnight only.

M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Anand
I am 24 female unmarried ,working women. My hair becoming thin and curly getting so much of hair fall and dandruff. I...
Hello. Some tips to help in hair fall and dandruff:- 1) Load on Vitamin C rich foods. 2) Ensure a sufficient intake of protein. 3) Eat foods high in vitamin A. 4) Eat plenty of foods rich in vitamin B. 5) Set up your silica intake. 6) Eat enough foods containing copper and zinc. 7) Include foods rich in sulphur in your diet. 8) Ensure a sufficient iron intake.
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Hi doctor I am suffering from social anxiety. Recently I have concluded from studies and seeking a good carrier in my own company. But due to social anxiety I am unable to concentrate or work in my own company although I am the owner. I want to about cognitive behavioural therapy.

MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chennai
Hi doctor
I am suffering from social anxiety. Recently I have concluded from studies and seeking a good carrier in my...
Social Anxiety Disorder (social phobia) is the third largest mental health care problem in the world today. The latest government epidemiological data show social anxiety affects about 7% of the population at any given time Social anxiety is the fear of social situations that involve interaction with other people. You could say social anxiety is the fear and anxiety of being negatively judged and evaluated by other people.  It is a pervasive disorder and causes anxiety and fear in most all areas of a person's life.  It is chronic because it does not go away on its own. Anxiety reducing medications along with CBT (Cognitive Behavior Therapy), can change the brain, and help people overcome social anxiety. Consult a psychiatrist and get helped. All the best.
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Healthy Diet Not Just Important But Is A Necessity!

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Delhi
Healthy Diet Not Just Important But Is A Necessity!

Today’s generation eats a lot of Junk Food and have much more fatty intakes that can cause various diseases and unbalances our health conditions. Learn why proper diet and life style is needed to achieve healthy life.

 If we have good life style and proper diet (food) then we should not be getting diseases, people come and say that we have good life style and eat very good and healthy but still we are suffering from many diseases why? The answer is it can’t be true there must be something wrong in our diet and life style which is making us unhealthy.

Good nutrition is an important part of leading a healthy lifestyle.

Combined with physical activity, your diet can help you to reach and maintain a healthy weight, reduce your risk of chronic diseases (like heart disease and cancer), and promote your overall health

Many people come who have gained weight, fat belly and say that they are healthy, don’t have any problem; isn’t gained weight is problem and could cause many disease?

He further suggests there are main causes of increase in weight of people.

• No passage of motion
• Eating more than our digestive system can digest

 

1 person found this helpful

Dear Dr. my father had diabetes the blood sugar level is before food is 311 mg/dl and after food is 542 mg/dl please give the medicine to follow to lower and control blood sugar level in ayurveda and allopathy.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
Dear Dr. my father had diabetes the blood sugar level is before food is 311 mg/dl and after food is 542 mg/dl please ...
Mr. lybrate-user, Thanks for the query. The blood glucose values given are abnormally high. He needs urgent treatment that too with Insulin injection. Tablets (oral anti-diabetics) are not going to be beneficial. First he has to be started on Insulin for at least 3 months along with an oral drug, once a desired control is achieved, he can be shifted on to only oral drugs later. So if you are keen on getting treatment initiated online, can come in a private conversation with following details: HbA1c%, dietary pattern, extent of daily exercise and details of medications that he may be taking. Either get treatment from me or consult a local doctor preferably a diabetologist. Do not delay. As uncontrolled diabetes can cause very severe long term complications affecting a multiple organs in the body. Thanks.
4 people found this helpful
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Hello Dr. Hi my name is Garry. Mi apne weight se bhut pareshan Hu. Pls Dr. Help me suggest me diet plan how to I start weight loosing program. My weight 105 kg, B. P 160/120 and suffering for sleep anemia.

B.Sc. - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Aurangabad
Hello Dr. Hi my name is Garry. Mi apne weight se bhut pareshan Hu. Pls Dr. Help me suggest me diet plan how to I star...
Start some exercise like walking and yoga. Eat small meals every 2 hrs strictly avoid fried n sweet foods.
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Use of Toothpicks!

MDS - Periodontics, Certified Implantologist, BDS
Dentist, Chandigarh
Use of Toothpicks!

Toothpicks can be an alternative to use for flossing if dental floss is not available. Remember not to be too harsh while using it.

235 people found this helpful

How To Manage Injury?

Diploma In Physiotherapy, PGCR, Diploma in Sports Medicine
Physiotherapist, Delhi
How To Manage Injury?

Always make use of the cold therapy within the first 24-48 hours of the acute stage of an injury, to prevent tissue damage, or after the first 48 hours if inflammation persists.

Information on MRI

MPTh/MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Guwahati
Information on MRI

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How To Treat Pimples?

MBBS, DDV
Dermatologist, Mumbai
How To Treat Pimples?

1. Avoid picking and squeezing them
Before you start treating the marks, it's extremely important to note which is the most effective way to reduce the likelihood of acne scarring. When you start picking on it, it automatically increases the chances of the marks staying back because of the trauma you inflicted on it.

2. Use targeted treatments
The best way to treat acne marks is by preventing it during the healing process. You should ideally target the acne and use a spot treatment that will prevent it from breaking out further.

3. Choose the right products
Another way to treat marks left by pimple is by opting for skincare products that cater to sensitive skin.

4. Never forget your sun protection

Exposing an acne scar to the harmful UV rays of the sun will darken it all the more. The rays of the sun stimulate pigment-producing cells which makes the scars much more noticeable.

5. Treat hyper-pigmentation

If you notice your scars becoming red and bigger, this results from hyper-pigmentation of the skin.

6. Do not scrub too often

Scarring happens the most when you use exfoliating agents too much on your skin. The rough granules which are used to get rid of blackheads irritate the acne and thereby lead to scarring.

 

 

2 people found this helpful

How To Enhance Memory?

BHMS
Homeopath, Sindhudurg
How To Enhance Memory?

Eat 5 peeled walnuts in morning to enhance memory and concentration.

2 people found this helpful
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