Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer refers to all the types of cancer that occur in the skin that are not melanoma. Several types of skin cancer fall within the category of Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer such as Basal Cell Carcinoma and Squamous Cell Carcinoma, among others. Some of the common signs and symptoms of Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer include reddish, raised patch or irritated area that may crust or itch, open sore that bleeds, and many more.
HOW IS NONMELANOMA SKIN CANCER DIAGNOSED?
The following procedures may be used:
• Skin exam: A doctor or nurse checks the skin for bumps or spots that look abnormal in color, size, shape, or texture.
• Skin biopsy : All or part of the abnormal-looking growth is cut from the skin and viewed under a microscope by a pathologist to check for signs of cancer. There are four main types of skin biopsies:
• Shave biopsy : A sterile razor blade is used to “shave-off” the abnormal-looking growth.
• Punch biopsy : A special instrument called a punch or a trephine is used to remove a circle of tissue from the abnormal-looking growth.
• Incisional biopsy : A scalpel is used to remove part of a growth.
• Excisional biopsy : A scalpel is used to remove the entire growth.
HOW IS NONMELANOMA SKIN CANCER TREATED?
Surgery is the main treatment for non-melanoma skin cancer. This involves removing the cancerous tumour and some of the surrounding skin. Other treatments for non-melanoma skin cancer include cryotherapy, creams, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and a treatment known as photodynamic therapy (PDT).
DID YOU KNOW?
Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer usually occurs in older people.