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Dr. Dinesh .Y. Pendharkar

Oncologist, Mumbai

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Dr. Dinesh .Y. Pendharkar Oncologist, Mumbai
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I pride myself in attending local and statewide seminars to stay current with the latest techniques, and treatment planning....more
I pride myself in attending local and statewide seminars to stay current with the latest techniques, and treatment planning.
More about Dr. Dinesh .Y. Pendharkar
Dr. Dinesh .Y. Pendharkar is an experienced Oncologist in Bandra West, Mumbai. He is currently associated with Dr. Dinesh .Y. Pendharkar@Lilavati Hospital and Research Centre in Bandra West, Mumbai. Book an appointment online with Dr. Dinesh .Y. Pendharkar on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has an excellent community of Oncologists in India. You will find Oncologists with more than 31 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Oncologists online in Mumbai and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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#A - 791, Bandra Reclamation Landmark : Opposite Mumbai Educational TrustMumbai Get Directions
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Lung Cancer: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

MD PULMONARY, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Lung Cancer: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Lung cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in one or both lungs. These abnormal cells do not carry out the functions of normal lung cells and do not develop into healthy lung tissue. As they grow, the abnormal cells can form tumors and interfere with the functioning of the lung, which provides oxygen to the body via the blood.

Lung cancer is the most common cause of death due to cancer in both men and women throughout the world. According to the U.S. National Cancer Institute, approximately one out of every 14 men and women in the U.S. is diagnosed with cancer of the lung at some point in their lifetime. Lung cancer is predominantly a disease of the elderly; almost 70% of people diagnosed with lung cancer are over 65 years of age, while less than 3% of lung cancers occur in people under 45 years of age.

What Causes Lung Cancer?

The development of lung cancer is strongly associated with cigarette smoking, approximately 90% of lung cancers are attributable to use of tobacco. Pipe and cigar smoking can also cause lung cancer, but the risk is not as high as with cigarette smoking. Tobacco smoke contains more than 4,000 chemical compounds, many of which are cancer causing (carcinogens). Passive smoking, i.e. the inhalation of tobacco smoke by non-smokers who live or work with smokers, is also an established risk factor for the development of lung cancer.

Genetic susceptibility (i.e. family history) may play a role in the development of lung cancer. Other causes of lung cancer include air pollution (from vehicles, industry, and power generation) and inhalation of asbestos fibres (usually in the workplace).

Lung Cancer Symptoms:

Early symptoms and signs of lung cancer:

There may be no symptoms at the onset of the disease. When present, common symptoms of lung cancer may include:

  1. Coughing: This includes a persistent cough that doesn't go away or changes to a chronic smoker's cough, such as more coughing or pain.
  2. Coughing up blood: Coughing up blood or rust-colored sputum (spit or phlegm) should always be discussed with your doctor.
  3. Breathing Difficulties: Shortness of breath, wheezing or noisy breathing (called stridor) may all be signs of lung cancer.
  4. Loss of Appetite: Many cancers cause changes in appetite, which may lead to unintended weight loss.
  5. Fatigue: It is common to feel weak or excessively tired.
  6. Recurring infections: Recurring infections, like bronchitis or pneumonia, may be one of the signs of lung cancer.

Signs of advanced stages of lung cancer: Advanced stages of lung cancer are often characterized by the spread of cancer to distant sites in the body. This may affect the bones, liver or brain. As other parts of the body are affected, new lung cancer symptoms may develop, including:

  1. Bone pain
  2. Swelling of the face, arms or neck
  3. Headaches, dizziness or limbs that become weak or numb
  4. Jaundice
  5. Lumps in the neck or collar-bone region

Treatment: Treatment for cancer involves a combination of surgery to remove cancer cells, chemotherapy and radiation therapy to kill cancer cells. Lung cancer is incurable unless complete surgical removal of the tumour cells can be achieved. Surgery is the most effective treatment for lung cancer, but only a few percentage of lung cancers are suitable for surgery i.e. Stage I and II NSCLC and cancer that has not spread beyond the lung.

Radiation therapy may be used for both NSCLC and SCLC and is a good option for people who are not suitable for surgery or who refuse surgery. Chemotherapy is used for both NSCLC and SCLC. Chemotherapy drugs may be given alone or in combination with surgery or radiation therapy. Chemotherapy is the treatment of first choice for SCLC since it has usually spread extensively in the body by the time it has been diagnosed.

Also used in the treatment of lung cancer are targeted therapies. These are drugs (gefitinib and erlotinib) or antibodies (cetuximab, bevacizumab) that block the growth and spread of cancer by interfering with specific molecules involved in tumor growth and progression. They are used in some patients with NSCLC that does not respond to standard chemotherapy.

3095 people found this helpful

Please advise me what can do when I suffered from cancer and what are the symptoms of blood cancer? Please advise.

DNB, MBBS
Oncologist, Faridabad
Symptoms of blood cancer are prolonged fever. Frequent infection, bleeding, bone pains lumps etc. You must get annual screening done to rule out cancer or any other deadly disease. Must see doctors if finding are suspicious.
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What are the causes of ligament injury and how is it responsible for bone cancer and is it fatal?

DNB, MBBS
Oncologist, Faridabad
Ligamental injury could be due to some trauma like falling, unusual twisting, or slipping. It is not related to cancer.
13 people found this helpful
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M taking lithosun 400 arip mt5 since 2 years everything was going ok but then my father was diagnosed with cancer now I am feeling very low what can be done in this please help.

MBBS, MD - Medicine, MD - Oncology
Oncologist, Delhi
Dear, Early bladder cancer is treated by filtration of the Timor by endoscopic procedure. Rest the treatment is as per stage of the disease. You can give the full details about your problem and best advice will be rendered.
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I want to know about latest technology of cancer diagnosis and treatment in the world. Specially secondary malignancies.

MS - General Surgery
Oncologist, Ludhiana
Latest technology for diagnosis and treatment depend on organ involved. For diagnosis pet ct scan is one of latest technologies.
1 person found this helpful
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I think that I have cancer but hesitate to tell my parents I have a very small swelling on left side of neck near jaw And I have rough skin cell on my back which get removed by hand but emerge again Also I feel tiredness and have very light hair fall.

M.D (Radiotherapy), MBBS
Oncologist, Delhi
I think that I have cancer but hesitate to tell my parents
I have a very small swelling on left side of neck near jaw...
There is nothing to be afraid but you should tell all these things to your parents and doctor. You don't have cancer so just relax and tell your parents.
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Hello doctor, what r the symptoms in Cancer, and how to come in our body? Then which is the best treatment?

M.Ch - Surgical Oncology, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Oncologist, Delhi
any painless progressive lump or ulcer, bleeding in vomiting, sputum urine or blood, persistent cough, jaundice, weight loss could be a few symptoms of cancer. treatment depends on patients condition, stage and type of cancer
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What To Expect Post An Enlarged Prostate Surgery?

Fellowship in Andrology, DNB-Urology , MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Urologist, Hyderabad
What To Expect Post An Enlarged Prostate Surgery?

Enlarged prostate surgery is a very common type of surgery that many have to undergo nowadays. An enlarged prostate causes many health problems including urinary tract obstructions and urinary tract infections. It may also lead to the passing of blood via urine. Thus, enlarged prostate must be treated as soon as possible as neglect may lead to prostate cancer and its associated health issues. There are various types of prostate surgeries that a doctor performs on his/her patients. However, of late, radical prostatectomy is the most popular of them all.

What is Radical Prostatectomy?

This process can be handled in two ways. Firstly, the prostate can be reached through an incision in the abdomen. This would help the doctor work with precision and carefully avoid all the other nerves and muscles in the area the operation take places. The prostate is examined and any nodule or lymph formed over it is carefully removed. The advantage of this surgery is that the patient is less likely to suffer from any erectile problems post- surgery. The second option would be to make an incision between the scrotum and the anus. This process is best for those who are obese. The surgery is performed quickly and there is less loss of blood. Furthermore, the healing time is less too.

How To Recover From The Surgery?

Like most other prostate operations, even in radical prostatectomy, you would have to wear a catheter till you recover completely. For a few days post the surgery your urine would be collected through a urine bag attached to the catheter. One might feel a little sore in his/her genitals after the surgery, but that is quite normal to occur. The soreness is caused due to the surgery and the incisions made and would heal in a matter of a few days. Interestingly, since the urethra plays an important role in this surgery, the catheter has to be in place for at least two to three weeks but the patient can be discharged after a two to three night stay at the hospital. It is advised that the patient takes ample rest. But this does not mean all rest and no work. In fact, it is seen that patients can walk a little and even go back to a normal diet within a week to ten days of the operation. But regular checkups, till the urethra is healed, are compulsory.

Hence, these are some of the recovery procedures after an enlarged prostate surgery. Such surgeries are quite common and heal quickly. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.

3079 people found this helpful

My age is 23. Height 6 ft. Weight 76 kg. My question is that what are the early symptoms that an adrenal cancer 's patients suffer?

B.E (Computer Sc. & Engg.), Advanced Strategic Management (APSM), Ayurveda (I) Cert., Doctor of Natural Medicine (N.D/ N.M.D), Integrative Oncology for Physicians (MSKCC, N.Y, USA), Clinically Relevant Herb-Drug Interactions (CME) (Cine-Med Inc. USA), Post Doctoral Research (PhD) (Alternative Medicines)
Alternative Medicine Specialist, Bhubaneswar
Hi lybrate-user, frequent urination, muscle weakness & cramps, whole body bone pain, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, weight gain, headache etc all are commonly seen. Above-mentioned apart, gynecomastia/ tenderness of breasts could also be seen in male members if there is excess of estrogen hormone produced in the body. This may also result in reduced sex drive/ impotency. On the other hand, an excess of androgen production could lead to excessive hair (body) growth, and also enlargement of the sex organs. Hope this clarifies. Sincerely,
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MD
Sexologist, Srinagar
Preoperative Sexual Functioning and Quality of Sexual Life in Colorectal Cancer

While sexual problems are common among colorectal cancer patients, they are not necessarily caused by surgical treatment, Dutch researchers report. The patients may already have sexual issues before surgery.

Noting that there was not much information available on colorectal cancer patients? sexual function and quality of sexual life before surgery, the researchers aimed to describe these aspects for both patients and their partners. They also wanted to use standardized sexual health assessments and compare the scores of those patients and partners to mean norm scores.

To do this, they recruited 136 patients who had been diagnosed with colorectal cancer, but had not yet undergone surgical treatment. One hundred six of the patients? partners were also involved.

To measure sexual function and quality of life, the researchers used several questionnaires.

Male patients and male partners completed the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF), which assesses erectile function, orgasmic function, sexual desire, intercourse satisfaction, and overall satisfaction.

All of the women were given the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), which is used to evaluate arousal, lubrication, orgasmic function, sexual desire, sexual pain, and intercourse satisfaction.

Participants with partners completed the Golombok-Rust Inventory of Sexual Satisfaction (GRISS), which addresses the quality of sexual life. They were also given the Maudsley Marital Questionnaire (MMQ), which examines relationship issues.
Finally, all participants completed an adapted version of the Self-Administered Comorbidity Questionnaire, which provides data on any comorbidities.

Mean norm scores were provided in the manuals of each questionnaire.
The researchers found that when compared to mean norm scores, both male and female colorectal patients had lower scores on the sexual functioning and quality of sexual life domains on the given assessments. Female patients had lower sexual functioning and lower quality of sexual life than male patients. The partners also had lower scores in these areas when compared to mean norm scores. Male partners had lower scores than male patients.

The lower scores could be explained by stress, as there were not many differences between the scores of colon cancer patients and those with rectal cancer. Past research has shown high levels of stress in cancer patients and a link between psychological issues (such as stress, anxiety, and depression) and sexual dysfunction.
In spite of the lower scores, however, the participants? scores on relationship functioning were comparable to the corresponding mean norm scores, suggesting that the sexual issues did not seem to damage relationships.

The findings could help healthcare providers consider the sexual needs of colorectal cancer patients. ?More information provision and/or psychosexual guidance may be needed preoperatively in order to give license to couples to discuss sexual problems and to search for adequate professional support during any point in treatment, especially as the majority of patients do not take the initiative to discuss the treatment options for possible sexual dysfunction,? the authors wrote.
31 people found this helpful

Hi sir. My doctor suggest me to drink milk. But the packet milk was no pure some harmful chemicals are mixed in milk packets. I saw in news channel. Which milk is best in warangal district. Please told me. Because that harmful milk causes to cancer and hormone imbalance etc.

DNB, MBBS
Oncologist, Faridabad
Milk is good source of calcium but ofcourse getting it in pure form Is an issue. You can look for some authentic source locally may be fresh extracted milk if you could find nearby. You can try other forms like paneer, curd eggs etc for calcium.
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Hi i am 32 years old and I have breast fibroadenoma. Is it very risk. What should I do.

MS - General Surgery
Oncologist, Ludhiana
Breast fibro-adenoma is a benign condition. It is not very risky but it should be removed surgically.
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What is the main reason for bleeding in motion? This is not frequently but I got it last year twice and after one year in this summer again one time bleeding in motion. Before Bleeding even in last year I ate spicy food like biryani. When I searched for this in Google its saying it may lead to cancer. So kindly let me know what's happening to me!

Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS, FICS
General Surgeon, Delhi
You might be having some degree of haemorrhoids (piles). You must avoid constipation. Take plenty of fluids and fruits daily. Avoid non- veg. Take isafgole 3tsf daily with a glass of water daily especially when you happen to take spicy food like biryani. In case you don't find any relief, consult a surgeon.
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I am 75 years old suffering from secondary lung cancer CA 19.9 is 760. How much frozen lemon I should preferably eat and whether I can take it in water because vegetables can take only a little amount. Regards.

MD PULMONARY, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Secondary lung cancer you mean having secondry metastatic lession in lung. Yes, you can take lemon in water.
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Dear Doctor, my mother aged 72 years has a problem in her chest. Lab report says " Echogenic breast tissue and small cyst with internal echoes in nipple region "what is this? Please explain me in simple term & what is the ideal treatment for this?

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
In her nipples there are small lumps filled with clear fluids and we have to plan treatment as per her symptoms
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I got cancer of breast 1 year back since then m not able to concentrate on anything, please help.

FMAS, MS
General Surgeon, Gandhinagar
Respected lybrate-user hi I would strongly suggest to do meditation for atleast 30 minutes a day to relieve your body from stress of those things & yoga is best for that & above all have faith & confidence inside you & god. Your destiny cannot be changed by your worry right? so why to ruin your future in worrying about the passed time ok so get set ready for new future in front of you & daily see new hopes in your future as soon as you get up. Thanks regards & hope for your best health today & always.
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I have lower back pain from past 4 years and now have formed in lower back, can it be cancer.

BPTh/BPT, MPTh/MPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
I have lower back pain from past 4 years and now have formed in lower back, can it be cancer.
Apply Hot Fomentation twice daily. Avoid bending in front. Postural Correction- Sit Tall, Walk Tall. Extension Exercises x 15 times x twice daily - lying on tummy, take left arm up for 3 seconds, then bring it down, right arm up for 3 seconds, bring down. Bring right leg up, hold for 3 seconds, bring it down. Then right leg up and hold for 3 seconds and bring it down. Repeat twice a day- 10 times. Bhujang Asana – Lie flat on your stomach, keeping the palms out, bend the neck backward, take a deep breath and while holding it for 6 seconds, raise the chest up. Release breath and relax your body. Repeat the exercise 15 times twice daily. Core Strengthening Exercises- Straight Leg Raised With Toes Turned Outward, repeat 10 times, twice a day. Back Stretching- lie flat, pull one of the knee forward to chest, hold for 3 seconds, then bring the other knee forward to the chest and again hold for 3 seconds. Then pull both knees towards the chest and hold for 3 seconds. Repeat 10 times each exercise twice a day. Do the cat/cow stretch. Get on all fours, with your arms straight and your hands directly under your shoulders; your knees hip-width apart.
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