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Ovaries are the primary reproductive organs in the female body which produces the eggs that need to be fertilized to form a fetus in the womb. Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the ovaries and spreads till the pelvis and the abdomen. This cancer is usually cured by either a surgery or chemotherapy.
Ovarian cancer is mostly caused due to a genetic mutation which transforms the healthy cells of the ovaries into abnormal cancerous cells. The abnormal cells then generally form a tumor which spreads further inside the female body. The type of cell in which the cancer begins determines the type of ovarian cancer you have. Ovarian cancer types include:
- Epithelial tumors: it is the most common type of ovarian cancer which begins from the thin layer that covers the ovaries.
- Stromal tumors: this type begins in those tissues which contain the hormone producing cells.
- Germ cell tumors: this usually happens among relatively younger women, and it originates from the egg producing cells of the ovaries.
Factors that boost your risk of getting an ovarian cancer are listed below:
- Age: the risk of ovarian cancer is greater in women who are between 50 to 60 years. However, ovarian cancer is such a condition that can occur at any age.
- Estrogen hormone replacement therapy: this therapy tends to alleviate menopausal symptoms and renews the hormones of a woman's body. If you are undergoing this therapy then you are at a risk of developing ovarian cancer.
- Congenital: the risk of ovarian cancer can sometimes also be due to an inherited gene mutation and can be passed on from the parents to the offspring.
- Menstrual risk: if you had started menstruating before the age of 12 or had a menopause before the age of 52 then the risk of you developing ovarian cancer increases.
- Other risk factors: these factors do not pose a subsequent amount of threat of having an ovarian cancer, but they slightly increase the risk. These are activities like: regular smoking, fertility treatments, never being pregnant, use of an intrauterine device and polycystic ovary syndrome.
I am 65 years male from Kolkata suffering from DM type 2 from past 35 years, HTN, psychiatric problem from last 30 years, diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma oral in 2011 undergone surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, at present carcinoma is in remission no abnormal uptake detected, having enlarged prostate from 2014 as per USG lower abdomen done it transpired as under: -urinary bladder normal in shape- walls are smooth and regular, lumen clear, pre void vol of urine- 330.2 ml post void vol of urine 295 approx of residual urine ,prostate gland measured 3.3×3.8×3.6 cm approx prostate wt 23.2 gms: -impression mildly enlarged prostate gland significant residual urine post void bladder (nearly same as pre void state) -PSA 1.3 ng/ml. On 17th instant repeated USG- whole abdomen: -all parameters normal, kidney right- 10. 9 cm left kidney 10.3.6 cm normal a cyst measure about 36 mm seen in left kidney (cyst was present before 2014 but those reports not found now unable to say the measurement of cyst) findings normal, post void residual urine vol 112 cc approx, prostate measures 35.8×30.9×32. 5 mm in size wt 20. 5mgm contour &ecotexer homogenous: -impression cortical seen in left kidney (present from long time, prostate gland size on higher side of the normal, post void residual urine 112 cc approx- PSA 6.16 ng/ml. Kindly give your opinion.
I was having a doubt regarding oral/mouth cancer. So I should go to dentist or what? Nd which test should I do?
Mam mere stomach mai daily pain hota aur jab urine ata thn vagina mai bhi pain hota urine krne mai pain hota aur breast k right side pr pain Kabhi Kabhi hota.
I was facing problem in urinating (low pressure and flow, needed to exert pressure and wait to urinate). Whole abdomen USG report indicated (1) Fatty lever - mild diffuse fatty infiltration (2) enlarged prostate 5.2x4.0x3. 0 cm, 33 gm (3) Prostatomegaly (vol. 33 cc) significant post void residue. I took Urimax D (Tamsulosin hydrochloride Dutasteride) twice a day for 20 days. When I stopped, I started facing same problem. I am presently at a remote place. Should I continue with the medicine? What else is recommended for me? Many thanks in advance.
Cancer is a debilitating disease which can destroy lives and families because of its medical and emotional toll. Those people who treat cancer patients are caregivers and have a medical responsibility according the the Hippocratic oath to prolong the lives of their patients as much as possible, and to make them feel better from a psychological standpoint.
A caregiver is a person who is not paid who helps the cancer patient recover. The primary caregiver is usually a spouse, partner, or adult child. Sometimes close friends and neighbors become caregivers. Caregivers are vital because they help provide the medical care and psychological support needed to ensure that people with cancer live a long and happy life. Cancer patients rely on caregivers since they are most likely to be treated in outpatient centers and not directly in the hospital. Some cancer patients may even be treated at home due to technological and medical advancements.
Caregivers do many things. They help feed, dress, and bathe the patients. They arrange schedules, manage insurance issues, and provide transportation for the patients. Basically speaking, they take care of all of the patient’s needs. They become part of the medical team because they have to ensure that the patients take all of their medicines on time, receive necessary medical treatment, and attend their appointments in a timely manner.
Because caregivers are necessary for a cancer patient to fully recover, they must show love and empathy towards the patient, and treat him or her well. Caregivers must also determine when a patient wants to perform a task, but is unable to. One such example is bathing. In this instance, the caregiver must tell the person that he or she needs help in performing the task. Because cancer patients who are independent recover faster and better, the caregiver must encourage the patient to do as many tasks by him or herself as possible.
Caregivers must make the patients feel better psychologically by emphasizing the positive points of treatment, and by discussing topics the patient wants to hear. They should also allow the patient to make as many choices as possible, even if it is discontinuing treatment altogether.
The above mentioned tips are vital in ensuring that cancer patients live out their diagnosis in good spirits and health, and make a solid and quick recovery. Caregivers rejuvenate cancer patients, therefore their role should not be taken lightly. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!