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Skin pigmentation disorders are dermatological complications that make the skin look lighter or darker than usual; your body produces either too much or too little of melanin which is a pigment that protects the body from ultraviolet rays and imparts color to the eyes, hair and skin. Hyper pigmentation is a condition wherein your body produces too much of melanin.
Pigmentation disorders are caused due to internal as well as external factors. The internal factors include pregnancy, hormonal imbalances and endothelial cells. The external factors include exposure to UV rays, burns, effects of certain chemicals, dietary imbalances, stress and other underlying disorders.
Types of hyper-pigmentation
- Lentigines, also known as liver spots, are associated with aging and exposure to UV rays
- Melasma is mainly associated with pregnancy, caused due to hormonal fluctuations
- Albinism, caused due to complete lack of melanin which causes excessively white skin and hair
- Vitiligo, a condition that develops on the wrists and the hands, due to lightening or de-pigmentation of the skin
Complex Treatments of Pigmentation
- Laser surfacing: This is a surgical procedure in which laser is used for improving the appearance of your skin. It also corrects the facial flaws by removing the outer layers of your skin. The following are two types of Laser Surfacing:
- Carbon dioxide: This kind of laser is used for treating wrinkles, scars, and warts. Erbium laser removes the superficial and moderately deeper lines and marks from the hands, face, chest and neck.
- Dermabrasion: In this procedure, a wire brush or diamond wheel with rough edges is used for removing and leveling the upper layer of the skin. The area treated heals and new skin forms at the site. It is mostly used for facial correction. It may take a few weeks or even months for getting the desired results. This technique can be successfully applied on scars, superficial acne scars, skin growths, age spots, skin lesions, sun-damaged skin and crow’s feet.
- Chemical peel: This technique is applied for correcting pigmentation from the neck, face and hands. A chemical solution is rubbed on the skin that gets exfoliated and eventually peels off. The new skin that grows in its place is less prone to wrinkling, but is more sensitive to the sun. There are a few types of chemical peels; such as Superficial or lunchtime peel, Medium peel and Deep peel.
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He fastest way to permanently reduce melanin in skin is by undergoing a laser treatment, but this option is very costly. As an alternative you can either buy skin lightening creams from a store or visit a dermatologist to get some prescribed products. Natural home remedies like turmeric, aloe vera, tomato, cucumber, turmeric, lemon and potato can also be used to get rid of excess melanin.
Melanin plays a very important role in protecting the skin from the hazardous u. V rays and at the same time it is responsible for either fair or dark skin tone. Decreasing the level of melanin in skin will help you to reduce skin pigmentation and give you lighten and fair skin tone. To reduce melanin in skin you will have to wait for months and hence if you have patience then only you will be able to make skin look fair.
What increases the melanin levels?
These are some of the common causes that increases the melanin production in the body.
A. Changes in the hormonal levels.
B. Excess contact of skin with sun rays.
C. Some kinds of skin disorders also lead to high melanin in skin.
D. Adrenal disorder can also be the cause.
E. Lack of adequate vitamins and malnutrition are also some other causes.
Despite the fact that an adequate quantity of the melanin pigment is required to protect skin from the damaging sun rays, but large quantity of this pigment makes skin dark. Maybe you have heard that exposing skin under sun makes it dark, this is because melanin is produced in to protect it. Over exposure to the ultra violet rays stimulates the development of this pigment. To reduce melanin in we have mentioned a lot of tips which covers commercial products to home remedies.
Ask a dermatologist for fair skin
Whether your skin is naturally dark or due to some other reasons, a dermatologist can give you the best cure to reduce the melanin levels in skin. After checking up your skin condition these experts recommend some of the creams and oral supplements that can help you obtain fair skin. They can prescribe you with hydroquinone which makes use of hydrogen peroxide to reduce melanin and get rid of pigmented skin. Regularly using a hydroquinone cream will help in reduction of darkness. Apart from this there are also other treatments available to lower the melanin production in our body. One of such treatment includes using of monobenzone cream. When this cream is applied to the skin melanocytes are secreted in the body that lowers the melanin pigment and helps to permanently make skin fair. Also there are many drugs available that you need to take orally. Hence, by visiting a dermatologist you are exposed to variety of available treatments.
Melanin reducing creams
Beauty stores are flooded with skin whitening creams that help in lightening the skin tone. These creams contain various natural extracts and chemically made formulas that help in reducing the quantity of the melanin in skin. Also there is present collagen, vitamin c and antioxidants that overall provides flexibility to the skin, removes the wrinkles and help you achieve fairness. Research about some of the best cream available and use it for getting a glowing and white complexion.
A laser surgery might help
If you have the money then this is the fastest and the most promising solution to reduce melanin levels. In this process a high intensity pulsed laser is focused on the skin which is used to break down the melanin pigment under it. Before opting for a laser treatment, consult with the doctor regarding the advantages as well as the side effects of it. Laser skin lightening process requires 5-10 sessions and then there are certain precautions you need to follow to maintain the fairness.
Apply sun protection lotions
This is the best precaution you can take whether you skin is dark or fair. Using sun protection lotions helps in providing a layer of shield to skin and it not only prevents tanning and pigmentation but also lowers the risk of skin cancer. When the sun rays fall on the surface of skin, melanin is produced to protect it. But, if you use such a lotion in advance your skin will not have to produce melanin. This will not make your skin fair, but will prevent further production of this pigment and thus prevent darkening of skin.
Home remedies to reduce melanin in skin
The catecholase enzyme and the bleaching effects of the potato work great in erasing the darkness and blemishes from the skin. Make a paste of potato and daily apply it to your skin area with high melanin. Daily use the remedy and you will see a change in your complexion. The well known properties present in it will give you a lighter complexion by reducing melanin in skin
This natural product will be mentioned everywhere when it comes to lightening of the skin colour. The high vitamin c content and the acidic characteristic of lemon work great in lightening the dark spots and scars. Slice one lemon and extract the juice. Mix one tablespoon of honey in this paste and stir it properly. Now apply it to your dark skin and wait for 5 minutes. Use it everyday to get a clear and whitened skin tone.
This is an ancient asiatic remedy to improve the fairness of an individual. In parts of asia like india, pakistan and bangladesh this remedy is very popular. Turmeric is a medically proved natural product that helps to lower the melanin levels and make skin fair. To use this remedy mix water or rose water to turmeric powder and apply this paste to your face, neck and hands. Let it remain for a period of 15 minutes and then wash it.
Cucumbers are a little slow but very effective for moisturizing the skin and getting rid of skin pigmentation. The soothing properties in cucumbers help to relax the skin and the lightening properties works in the breakdown of the melanin. To use this remedy either slice a cucumber and then use it or make a paste and then cover the skin with it. This remedy also works in removing freckles and blemishes from the face.
5. Aloe vera
Aloe vera gel is the all in one solution to all the skin problems. It provides moisture, antioxidants, vitamins, minerals and all the other compounds required for keeping skin healthy and glowing. Also in this case aloe plant passes essential compounds to the skin that reduces the quantity of melanin, making skin fair. Do you the fact that the some of the most powerful commercial products use aloe vera extracts for lightening the skin tone. So to use this remedy apply this paste over the skin and then let it dry so that it passes all the essential nourishment and helps you get rid of this problem.
Tomatoes are considered to contain the most powerful form of antioxidants plus it has vitamin c and the skin lightening characteristics. It is great remedy to get rid of melanin in skin and thus get a fair skin tone. Mash one tomato and apply it all over. Wait for 20 minutes and then clean it with water. Regularly using this remedy will fade the dark spots and clear the pigmentation from the skin.
I have oily skin I need to wash my face again and again its annoying what soap or cream can I use? please advise.
Sir is there any permanent treatment for dark circles? Pls suggest me if any treatment is available.
Anal pain while moving body such as walking, while standing or while sitting due to expansion or contraction.
The Russians love their national drink, the vodka, as much as the french love their fine wines. And just like wine, vodka can be easily used in your daily beauty regime to add a much wanted healthy white glow to your skin.
Vodka is a great astringent or toner. Soak a cotton ball in a mix that is equal parts vodka and water and then lightly dab all over your skin. It will cleanse the skin and tighten pores.
You can add a dash of lemon juice to the mixture and freeze it. Rub these beauty cubes onto your face to bring down skin bloat as vodka and lemon juice together tighten pores and brighten the skin.
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