Treatment of Lumpectomy
Minor Ot Service Procedures
Prostate Laser Surgery
Treatment Of Deep Vein Thrombosis - Dvt
Kidney Stones Treatment
Accident Injuries Treatment
Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Procedure
Stitching Of Wounds Procedure
Dressings Of Wounds Procedure
Vascular Trauma Treatment
Arterial Thrombosis Treatment
Vascular Surgery Treatment
Corn Removal Procedure
Removal Of Stitches Procedure
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What is a ventral hernia?
A ventral hernia is a bulge of tissues through an opening of weakness within your abdominal wall muscles. It can occur at any location on your abdominal wall.
Many are called incisional hernias because they form at the healed site of past surgical incisions. Here abdominal wall layers have become weak or thin, allowing for abdominal cavity contents to push through.
In a strangulated ventral hernia, intestinal tissue gets tightly caught within an opening in your abdominal wall. This tissue can’t be pushed back into your abdominal cavity, and its blood flow is cut off. This type of ventral hernia is an emergency requiring surgery.
Hernias can occur in other places of your body and are named after the location where they occur — for example, a femoral hernia occurs in your upper thigh.
What are the risk factors of a ventral hernia?
Certain people are born with a congenital defect — one existing from birth — that causes their abdominal wall to be abnormally thin. They are at a greater risk for developing a ventral hernia. Other risk factors for a ventral hernia include:
- history of previous hernias
- history of abdominal surgeries
- injuries to your bowel area
- family history of hernias
- frequently lifting or pushing heavy objects
What are the causes of a ventral hernia?
According to UCSF, incisional hernias may occur in up to 30 percent of those who’ve had an abdominal surgery. Most occur at the site of a surgical scar. The scar tissue weakens or thins, allowing a bulge to form in the abdomen. This bulge is tissue or organs pushing against the abdominal wall.
What are the symptoms of this condition?
Ventral hernias can produce an array of symptoms. Symptoms may take weeks or months to appear.
You may feel absolutely no symptoms. Or you could experience discomfort or severe pain in the area of your hernia, which might grow worse when you try to stand or lift heavy objects. You may see or feel a bulging or growth in the area that feels tender to the touch.
If you experience any of the following symptoms, make sure to consult a doctor right away:
- mild discomfort in your abdominal area
- pain in your abdomen
- outward bulging of skin or tissues in your abdominal area
How is a ventral hernia diagnosed?
For a complete diagnosis, a doctor will ask you about your symptoms and perform a physical exam. They may need to order imaging tests to look inside your body for signs of a ventral hernia. These may include:
What treatment options are available?
Ventral hernias require surgical correction. If left untreated, they continue to grow slowly until they are able to cause serious complications.
Untreated hernias can grow into enlarged ventral hernias that become progressively more difficult to fix. Swelling can lead to trapping of hernia contents, a process called incarceration. This in turn can lead to reduced or no blood supply to the tissues involved, which is referred to as strangulation.
Options for surgical treatment include:
- Mesh placement surgery: A surgeon pushes tissue back into place and then sews in a mesh, which serves as a reinforcing patch, to keep it in place. This is considered safe and reliable, and mesh placement has been shown to reduce risk of hernia recurrence.
- Laparoscopic repair: A surgeon makes multiple small openings and fixes your hernia using guidance with a small camera inside your body to direct the surgery. A mesh may or may not be used.
- Open surgery (nonlaparoscopic): A surgeon makes an incision adjacent to your hernia, pushes the tissues back into place, and then sews the area shut. A mesh may or may not be used.
Benefits of laparoscopic removal include the following:
- much smaller cut site, which lowers chance of infection
- reduced postoperative pain
- reduced hospital stay — generally able to leave day of or day after procedure
- absence of a large scar
- faster overall recovery time
These are a few concerns about open surgery:
- longer stay in the hospital after surgery
- greater amount of pain
- medium to large scar
Are there complications?
Massive ventral hernias are those that have a length or width of at least 15 centimeters (cm) or an overall area of 150 cm2, according to the Journal of American Surgery. They pose a serious surgical risk. The giant hernia fills the abdominal cavity, making it difficult to separate from surrounding organs. As the hernia grows in size, the risk of a reoccurrence also becomes higher.
Other complications of untreated hernias include:
- Incarceration: Your intestine becomes trapped in a weak abdomen wall where it can’t be pushed back inside of your abdominal cavity. This may cause blockage to your intestine or cut off its blood supply.
- Strangulation: This occurs when blood flow to your intestine is blocked. Part of your intestine may die or begin to decay. Immediate surgery is necessary to restore blood flow and save the intestine.
What is the outlook for a ventral hernia?
In the early stages of a hernia, you may be able to “fix” your own hernia. Some people may feel the bulge in their abdomen and push the organs back inside. This is called reducing the hernia. Reducing often works temporarily until you undergo surgery.
The outlook is generally very good after a surgery with no complications. You may need to rest for a few weeks before resuming daily activities, avoiding any heavy lifting or straining to the abdominal area.
Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy
What is a total laparoscopic hysterectomy?
Is the removal of the uterus and cervix through four small (1/2 Abdominal incisions. Removal of the ovaries and tubes depends on the patient).
Why is this surgery used?
To treat disease of the uterus
• Infection in the ovaries or tubes
• Pelvic pain
• Overgrowth of tissue in the lining of the uterus
• Abnormal vaginal bleeding
How do I prepare for surgery?
The lab work for your surgery must be done at least 3 days beforesurgery. Some medications need to be stopped before the surgery. Smoking can affect your surgery and recovery. Smokers may have difficulty breathing during the surgery and tend to heal more slowly after surgery. If you are a smoker, it is best to quit 6-8 weeks before surgery. You will be told at your pre-op visit whether you will need a bowel prepfor your surgery and if you do, what type you will use. The prep to clean your bowel will have to be completed the night before your surgery.
• You will need to shower at home before surgery.
• Do not wear makeup, nail polish, lotion, deodorant, or antiperspirant on the day of surgery.
• Remove all body piercings and acrylic nails.
Most women recover and are back to most activities in 4-6 weeks. Youmay need a family member or a friend to help with your day-to-day activities for a few days after surgery.
What can I expect during the surgery?
Once in the operating room, you will receive general anesthesia before the surgery to keep you from feeling pain. A tube to help you breathe will be placed in your throat. Another tube will be placed in your stomach to remove any gas or other contents to reduce the likelihood of injury during the surgery. The tube is usually removed before you wake up. A catheter will be inserted into your bladder to drain urine and to monitor the amount of urine coming out during surgery. Compression stockings will be placed on your legs to prevent blood clots in your legs and lungs during surgery. After you are asleep the laparoscope is inserted into the abdomen and carbon dioxide gas is blown into the abdomen to inflate the belly wall away from the internal organs. After you are asleep the doctor will remove the uterus, cervix, and possibly the ovaries and tubes through the 4 small abdominal incisions.
What are possible risks from this surgery?
Although there can be problems that result from surgery, we work very hard to make sure it is as safe as possible. However, problems can occur, even when things go as planned. You should be aware of these possible problems, how often they happen, and what will be done to correct them.
Possible risks during surgery include:
Bleeding: If there is excessive bleeding, you will receive a blood transfusion. Conversion to an open surgery requiring an up and down or Bikini incision: If a bigger open incision is needed during your surgery, you may need to stay in the hospital for one or two nights.
• Damage to the bladder, ureters (the tubes that drain the kidneys into the bladder), and to the bowel: Damage occurs in less than 1% of surgeries. If there is damage to the bladder, urete rs, or to the bowel they will be repaired while you are in surgery.
• Death: All surgeries have a risk of death. Some surgeries have a higher risk than others. Possible risks that can occur days to weeks after surgery:
• Hernia:Weakness in the muscle at the incision that causes a lump under the skin.
• Incision opens: The abdominal or vaginal incision.
•Scar tissue: Tissue thicker than normal skin forms at the site of surgery
What happens after the surgery?
• You will be taken to the recovery room and monitored for a short time before going to the observation unit.
• Depending on the length of your surgery, you may not be able to eat or drink anything until the next morning or you will be started on a liquid diet. When you are feeling better you may return to a regular diet.
• You may have a scratchy or sore throat from the tube used for youranesthesia.
• You will be given medications for pain and nausea if needed.
Have the tube in your bladder removed in recovery room.
Have the compression stockings on your legs to improve circulation.
Be restarted on your routine medications.
Be given a small plastic device at your bedside to help expand your lungs after surgery.
Start walking as soon as possible after the surgery to help healingand recovery.
Stay in the hospital for 24 hours.
When will I go home after surgery?
Most women spend one night in the hospital and are ready to go home around noon -time the day after surgery. You should plan for someone to be at the hospital by noon to drive you home.
At home after surgery : If you use a bowel prep before surgery, it is common not to have a bowel movement for several days.
Call your doctor right away if you:
• develop a fever over 100.4°F (38°C)
• start bleeding like a menstrual period or (and) are changing a pad every hour
• have severe pain in your abdomen or pelvis that the pain medication is not helping
• have heavy vaginal discharge with a bad odor
• have nausea and vomiting
• have chest pain or difficulty breathing
• leak fluid or blood from the incision or if the incision opens
• develop swelling, redness, or pain in your legs develop a rash
• have pain with urination
• Your in cision will be closed with dissolvable stitches.
• Spotting is normal. Discharge will change to a brownish color followed by yellow cream color that will continue for up to four to eight weeks. It is common for the brownish discharge to have a slight odor because it is old blood. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
You will continue with your regular diet.
• Pain: Medication for pain will be prescribed for you after surgery. Do not take it more frequently than instructed.
• Stool softener: Narcotic pain medications may cause constipation. A stool softener may be needed while taking these medications.
• Nausea: Anti -nausea medication is not typically prescribed.
• Energy level: It is normal to have a decreased energy level after surgery. During the first week at home, you should minimize any strenuous activity. Once you settle into a normal routine at home, you will slowly begin to feel better. Walking around the house and taking short walks outside can help you get back to your normal energy level more quickly.
• Showers: Showers are allowed within 24 hours after your surgery.
• Climbing: Climbing stairs is permitted, but you may require some assistance when you first return home.
• Lifting: For 4-6 weeks after your surgery you should not lift anything heavier than a gallon of milk. This includes pushing objects such as a vacuum cleaner and vigorous exercise.
• Driving: The reason you are asked not to drive after surgery is because you may be prescribed pain medications. Even after you stop taking pain medication; driving is restricted because you may not be able to make sudden movements due to discomforts from surgery.
• Exercise: Exercise is important for a healthy lifestyle. You may begin normal physical activity within hours of surgery. Start with short walks and gradually increase the distance a nd length of time that you walk. To allow your body time to heal, you should not return to a more difficult exercise routine for 4 -6 weeks after your surgery. Please talk to your doctor about when you can start exercising again.
• Intercourse: No sexual activity for 8 weeks after surgery.
• Work: Most patients ca n return to work between 4 -6 weeks after surgery.
Acupuncture therapy is a technique for urging the body to advance characteristic mending and enhance work. This is finished by embeddings sanitized, stainless-steel needles (that are as fine as a human hair) into particular focuses situated close or on the surface of the skin which can modify different biochemical and physiological conditions with a specific end goal to treat a wide assortment of ailments.
Customary Chinese Medicine sees a man as a vitality framework in which body and psyche are bound together, each affecting and adjusting the other. Not at all like Western pharmaceutical, which endeavors to disengage and isolate an infection from a man, Chinese Medicine, accentuates a comprehensive approach that treats the entire individual.
Your professional will make a Chinese therapeutic analysis in view of a careful examination and interview. The examination incorporates the evaluation of the beat and tongue. Once a determination is made, your acupuncturist will pick the most fitting needle therapy focuses for treatment.
Qi - The essential establishment for Oriental prescription is that there is an existence vitality coursing through the body which is called "Qi" (articulated chee). This vitality courses through the body on channels known as meridians that associate the greater part of our real organs. As indicated by Chinese medicinal hypothesis, sickness emerges when the repetitive stream of Qi in the meridians winds up plainly uneven or is blocked.
Acupuncture therapy focuses are ranges of assigned electrical affectability that have been appeared to be viable in the treatment of particular medical issues. They have been mapped out by the Chinese over a time of more than 2000 years.
Sadly, there is no conclusive response to this question. The length, number and recurrence of medicines will change from individual to individual contingent upon the conditions being dealt with, your age and wellbeing, and how you react to acupuncture therapy. Acupuncture therapy is a characteristic prescription that is helping your body to roll out improvements. This can be a slow procedure.
A meeting with an accomplished professional about you and your condition will offer the best guide for the length of treatment.
By and large, intense issues require less time and recurrence of treatment. For instance, an intense sprain may require just a single or two medications, though more endless or serious sicknesses may require a few (or a few dozen) medicines.
To what extent will it take for the medicines to work?
A positive reaction to Acupuncture therapy medicines is for the most part observed after the first to fourth treatment. On the off chance that you are being dealt with for a menstrual issue or fruitlessness, give the medications three menstrual cycles for your body to react. You will plan your arrangements further and promote separated after you have accomplished ideal reaction.
How frequently would it be a good idea for me to be dealt with?
Once more, this relies on upon what you are being dealt with for and your professional. It is basic for medications to be booked maybe a couple times each week at the outset to get ideal reaction and after that once every other week. On the off chance that you are not ready to timetable arrangements that much of the time, your acupuncturist may recommend Chinese herbs, dietary changes, activities or weight indicates for you use at home.
Acupuncture therapy is additionally frequently utilized; as a safeguard medication. Many individuals see their acupuncturist just 2-4 times each year for a "tune up" or "adjusting" treatment. This can counteract infection and advance well being, vitality and essentialness.
Can Acupuncture Treat Skin Ailments?
Clear Up Acne
Acupuncture therapy re-balancing impact has a method for quieting breakouts, regardless of whether ceaseless or brought about by month-to-month hormonal vacillations. "We take a gander at skin break out as an impression of interior warmth, and the stomach related framework,"
Light up Dull Skin
Acupuncture therapy can help a dull appearance both straightforwardly—by activating neighborhood mending forms in the face—and by implication, by recalibrating real frameworks. "Essentially by putting a needle in the skin, you're fortifying skin flow, lymphatic waste, and collagen generation ". However, additionally, "bluntness can regularly be an absence of vitality coursing through the body legitimately. We work to raise your vitality and adjust what's happening."
Fix and Tone
Regardless of whether your worry is the gravitational draw on your legs or slack facial skin, a couple needle pricks can firm things up. Acupuncture therapy is "completely stunning for muscle tone and more profound tissue tone in the body," she says. "It will unwind the more profound tissue muscles that are too tight, and fix the ones that are [loose]. It's okay to lift and chiseling the cheeks and jawline, and notwithstanding to lift eyebrows."
Right up until recently, most gynecologists have shied from carrying out total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) due to the technical challenges and prolonged operating times which are related to it. Instead, they have preferred to do laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH), a comparatively inefficient three-part technique made up of a preliminary laparoscopic phase, then a vaginal phase, and, finally, another laparoscopic phase.
Now it is believed that it has the possibility being the method of choice for any great proportion of hysterectomy cases, specifically in those situations - for example once the pubic angle is narrow, the vagina small, or the uterus high and immobile - in which LAVH includes a reduced chance of success. Simultaneously, however, it is realized that wider adoption of TLH would depend about the growth and development of new tools to facilitate the colpotomy part of the operation, and on the development of a simplified technique that could reduce complications and operative time period.
Dealing with oily skin is a slippery slope. Here’s how to handle oily skin flawlessly.
Gorgeous in the morning, and greasy in the afternoon – sounds familiar? You’re not alone! Tons of people share the oily skin type – which means the sebaceous (oil-producing) glands of your skin are overactive. Our skin needs a small amount of oil to stay soft and moisturised. But when the sebaceous glands produce more oil than required, the end result is shiny, greasy skin.
Usually, your hormones decide how much oil these glands will produce (which is why most people have to deal with oily skin in their teenage years)!
Other than that, your skin may also get oily because of:
- Your menstrual cycle – also related to hormones
- Genetic factors
- Physical or emotional stress
- Warm or humid weather
- Using too much makeup or harsh products
- Touching your face a lot
- Eating too many sugary foods
Exposing your skin to harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun can have devastating effects on your skin,including wrinkles, sunburn and even skin cancer. So, using a sunscreen every time you step outdoors and using it correctly is of vital importance to have healthy skin. However, most people have different misconceptions about sunscreen usage. Read on to find the real facts behind these widespread sunscreen myths:
1. You don’t need to apply sunscreen if your makeup contains SPF: If any of your makeup products like foundation or powder contains SPF, do not assume that it can replace your sunscreen. Makeup containing SPF cannot protect your skin entirely as cosmetics are generally applied lightly,and mostly doesn’t cover places like T-zones, earlobes or hairline. To fully shield your skin from the sunrays, it’s necessary to apply sunscreen or moisturizer with at least SPF 30 before putting makeup on. It is advisable to apply the sunscreen half an hour before stepping out for maximum benefit.
2. Putting sunscreen on your skin once is enough to protect you throughout the day: Most people apply sunscreen only once before heading out of the house, and don’t reapply it again throughout the entire day.Contrary to popular belief, this does not provide protection for the entire day as most sunscreens lose their effect with time. To ensure that your skin remains protected you need to reapply sunscreen once every 2 hours, and once every 40-80 minutes if you are engaging in activities like swimming and exercising.
3. Waterproof sunscreens won’t wash off: Even if your sunscreen is waterproof, you need to reapply it at regular intervals if you are pursuing water sports like swimming or are the kind who washes their face frequently. When a sunscreen is typified as waterproof, it actually means that the composition of the sunscreen makes it suitable for functioning for a maximum of 1 hour and 20 minutes under water. Moreover, sunscreens containing a ‘water-resistant’ label can bear water immersion up to at most 40 minutes. So, irrespective of whatever the label of the sunscreen mentions, you need to reapply sunscreen every hour to protect your skin effectively.
4. You do not need to apply sunscreen in winters or you are when indoors: Winter skin is relatively more sensitive than summer skin which is tanned. If one is in hilly areas or snow covered regions there is reflection of UV light from the snow that causes more skin damage. Also glass can allow UV rays to pass through and indoor lighting can also be a source of UV exposure, therefore you should apply sunscreen even when you are indoors.
I am 24 year boy my face looks dull and dry I always uses bike to go out side what I have to do to get smooth skin and my face looks dull pls suggest me.
I have many scars on my body ,caused by white watery blisters of chicken pox. The scars, little bit, bulge out of the skin and are fairer in colour. After eight years also, they are as they were. Also, whenever I get hurt or boils or rashes, they always leaves some black scar on the skin. Can this scars be treated? And is it common or I have any skin problem or I have different kind of skin? Because, no one in my family has this types of scars, leaved after chicken pox.
I am 19 years old girl. I have a small projection near my anus. Sometimes blood comes from stool and am so scared. I am losing my weight beside of consuming average food. I am nt able to understand what that is.
Having white patch on shoulder and arm from last one year .its not be increasing but has become whiter. Please advice.
1) I have hard hair on my upper lips and chin area 2) Upper lips and chin area got dark due to frequent tweezing and plucking 3) My facial skin is dull and uneven complexion 4) I have dark circles Blood test is normal. I have multiple small immature follicles. So I am taking medicines for this issue.
Hello I am 33 years female I have dark brown spots like freckles on my cheeks but after applying hydroquinone cream prescribed by dermatologist it started getting more please help.
Which cream should I use to get lighter skin tone than I have now. My skin is nt very dark. I just need a little lighter skin tone. I have heard of acfream name skin bless lite cream ,is it beneficial? I am 20.
When I am travel in vehicle my skin will slowly slowly changes to dry and I will back to home then it will changes to lite black color only In the place of near the side of the eyes at both side why it happens.
I am 33 years female I have dark brown spots like freckles on my face but now it's spreading all over my face. please suggest. I don't want to laser. And as dermatologist prescribed hydroquinone cream by which is spreading more So other than laser and hydroquinone anything else you can suggest.
I have under eye dark circles in my face as well as wrinkles in under eye so what can I do for that? Can I go for the plastic surgery .Please suggest me.
A number of factors, both internal as well as external, contribute to skin ailments.
The dermatological problems, if not treated timely, can leave a person physically, mentally and emotionally drained out. In such cases, a person's self confidence is the worst affected.
A lot of conventional and Allopathic options are available to treat skin diseases. Ointments, antihistamine tablets and antibacterial medications, though effective, often provide temporary relief. In many cases, it has been observed that in due course of time, the problems tend to relapse.
Homeopathy adopts a holistic approach in treating a disease. It lays great emphasis towards identifying and treating the underlying cause.
Homeopathic treatment can be a little time consuming, but the time is worth waiting for. Over the past few decades, homeopathy has been the most sought after and reliable medication to deal with dermatological problems.
Some of the homeopathic medications that have effectively dealt with skin diseases include:
- Arsenicum: If psoriasis and chronic urticaria are giving you sleepless nights, Arsenicum is what you need. Arsenicum is equally effective against chronic eczema.
- Sepia: Herpes can make life miserable. Sepia is a powerful medication that gives one a lot to cheer about. People with psoriasis and dry skin can greatly benefit from Sepia.
- Natrum Muriaticum and Rhus Toxicodendron: Both the medications, Rhus Toxicodendron in particular, are very effective against eczema. Natrum Muriaticum has been found to soothe a person suffering from mental depression greatly.
- Thuja Occidentalis: Acne problems, warts, freckles, dry and itchy skin, ulcers (anogenital region) can throw life in jeopardy. Embrace the goodness of Thuja Occidentalis and the mentioned skin problems will be a thing of the past.
- Cantharis: It provides great relief from blisters, skin eruptions and burns (second and third degree). To enjoy the everlasting benefits, one needs to be a little patient with the treatment. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Homeopathic.
Hi. I would like to go for a skin lightening treatment mine is wheatish complexion. Which one would be the best procedure. How much will it cost approx. How many sessions should I undertake.
Birthmarks are dark spots/blemishes that are present at birth or appear soon after. Most of them are harmless and while some disappear with time, some don't. Birthmarks may cause a person to be conscious of their appearance and some types of marks may even pose health problems. You can opt for birthmark removal for cosmetic or health reasons.
Types of birthmarks
The two major types of birthmarks are vascular birthmarks, which are caused due to the incorrect formation of blood vessels; and pigmented birthmarks that are caused due to an overgrowth of pigmentation cells.
Common vascular birthmarks are 3 types:
- Haemangiomas: Bright red or bluish marks that may appear above or below the skin's surface.
- Port-wine stains: They are discolorations found mainly on the neck, face arms or legs, which look like wine was spilled on that area of the body.
- Macular stains: These are faint red marks often found on the forehead, eyelids, nape of the neck, nose or the upper lip.
Pigmented birthmarks are generally of 3 types- Cafe-au-lait spots, which are common coffee colored spots; Mongolian spots that are flat, bluish-gray patches on the lower back or buttocks; and moles that may be tan or black, flat or raised and may have hair growing out of them. Moles may develop into skin cancer.
So, in cases where a birthmark can be potentially fatal for your health, it's best to get it removed.
Here are the different ways you can choose from if you intend to get your birthmark removed.
1. Laser surgery - It's a widely popular birthmark procedure, especially for port-wine stains. A yellow light laser, called flashlamp pumped a dye laser, is commonly used for treating and removing birthmarks in children. Haemangiomas are generally treated with a pulsed eye laser when they start to grow in size and become thicker than before.
2. Surgery - Surgical excision can help remove a birthmark and minimize the resulting scar. Mongolian birthmarks, port-wine stains, and haemangiomas can be treated with surgery.
3. Cryosurgery and Electrodessication - Cryosurgery is the application of extreme cold to the affected area to destroy the diseased tissue. Electrodessication refers to the destruction of tissues by dehydration induced by a high-frequency electric current.