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Latest Trend in Eye Surgery

Dr.Pooja Dhama 90% (167ratings)
Senior Consultant Surgeon, Specialist In Refractive Lasik Surgery, MS Ophthalmology, Phacoemulsification & Multifocal Implantation, Occuloplasty Surgeon
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
Latest Trend in Eye Surgery

Eye surgeries have evolved a long way. Starting from the most basic of eye surgeries, technological advancement has evolved a number of modern eye surgery techniques. LASIK is the latest trend in eye surgery and is the most common type of eye surgery in the modern day.

LASIK or Lasik (laser assisted situ keratomileusis), is a laser eye surgery or laser vision revision. It is a kind of refractive surgery for the rectification of nearsightedness, hyperopia, and astigmatism. The LASIK surgery is performed by an ophthalmologist who utilizes a laser or microkeratome to reshape the eye's cornea with a specific end goal to enhance visual acuity. For most patients, LASIK gives a lasting contrasting option to eyeglasses or contact lenses.

Carrying out a LASIK surgery:

  1. To begin with, your eye specialist utilizes either a mechanical surgical apparatus called a microkeratome or a femtosecond laser to make a slender, round "fold" in the cornea.
  2. The specialist then creases back the pivoted fold to get to the fundamental cornea (called the stroma) and expels some corneal tissue utilizing an excimer laser.
  3. For partially blind individuals, the objective is to smooth the cornea; with farsighted individuals, a more extreme cornea is fancied.
  4. Excimer lasers additionally can redress astigmatism by smoothing an unpredictable cornea into a more typical shape. It is a misguided judgment that LASIK can't treat astigmatism.
  5. Laser eye surgery requires just topical soporific drops, and no wraps or fastens are required.
  6. After your LASIK surgery is completed, you will be given some rest. You may feel a makeshift smoldering or tingling sensation promptly after the surgery is completed. After some post-surgical examinations, you are ready to go home. Abstain from driving by yourself.
  7. Immediately after the surgery, you may experience blurred vision or hazy vision. It will subside with a little time.
  8. You must keep away from any kind of activity that causes strain to the eyes after the surgery. Avoid watching television or reading.

Results of LASIK surgery:

  1. Laser eye surgery offers various advantages and can significantly enhance your personal satisfaction. A great many people accomplish 20/20 vision or better after the surgery. However, LASIK results do fluctuate from people to people.
  2. You will have to continue wearing your contact lenses or spectacles. The power will be much less after the surgery.

Side-effects: While this surgery strategy provides effective results, LASIK complications can happen and may incorporate diseases such as night glare, and you may experience starbursts or radiances, especially while driving. 

LASIK surgery is one of the most carried eye surgeries nowadays and gives satisfactory results. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a ophthalmologist and ask a free question.

2580 people found this helpful

Is divalproex prolonged-release tablets i.p dayo od 250 is same as divalproex sodium extended release tablets i.p valrest -250er.

Dr.Sajeev Kumar 92% (39992ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
Is divalproex prolonged-release tablets i.p dayo od 250 is same as divalproex sodium extended release tablets i.p val...
The divalproex prolonged-release tablets i.p dayo od 250 is same as divalproex sodium extended release tablets i.p valrest -250e
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Youth Impotence - Know Why It Is Becoming A Common Trend!

Dr.Imran Khan 87% (4065ratings)
Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery (B.U.M.S), PGD(Sexual Medicine & Councelling)
Sexologist, Gurgaon
Youth Impotence - Know Why It Is Becoming A Common Trend!

Impotence is often related to old-age and deteriorating sexual drives. However, not all cases of impotence pertain to the older crowd. Youth impotence is an increasingly common condition among males in generation X, however, it is rare but not totally absent in females as well.

 In males, youth impotence refers to a young man’s incapability to attain an erection or maintain it throughout the intercourse. The main reasons for youth impotence can be attributed to over-masturbation or having sex too often. A certain study indicates that excessive masturbation at a very young age requires an excess of testosterone, thereby restricting the resting time of the nervous system. Endocrine function of the body is adversely affected as well because the production of hormones and liver enzymes is gravely reduced. 

Other causes of male youth impotence are:

  1. Marijuana: Marijuana increases the level of the inflammatory hormone ‘prostaglandin’, E-2, that is responsible for inflammation of the brain arteries which results in interrupted blood flow to the penis.
  2. Methamphetamine and Ecstasy: Prolonged meth abuse can cause confined testicular function and orgasmic disorders whilst over-dosing on ecstasy is responsible for wrecking the ‘serotonin’ producing neurons present in the brain that regulate and control sexual activities.

Causes:
Youth impotence is relatively a typical in females. However, it isn’t a condition which is non-existent. Females in the ripe ages of their youth experience “inhibited desire disorder” which means the woman has no or very low desire to engage in any form of sexual activity. This condition can be attributed to a variety of factors: drug abuse, unpleasant past experiences, chronic distress, insomnia, etc. Experiencing a piercing pain during intercourse can also lead to this condition. This pain is unnatural and might persist due to lack of lubrication, vaginismus (pelvic muscle spasms) or genital herpes

The youth impotence in both males and females can be healed by a combination of the following methods:

  1. Psychosexual counselling
  2. Intake of pills which stabilise the flow of hormones in your body
  3. Kegel exercises which strengthen one’s pelvic muscles
  4. Addition of necessary nutrients to your diet

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4436 people found this helpful

Infertility & It's Raising Trend In Metros!

Dr.Megha Tuli 94% (1863ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS, Masters in Aesthetic Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
Infertility & It's Raising Trend In Metros!

Female infertility basically refers to infertility among female humans. The problem tends to affect around 48 million women around the world, though it is mainly prevalent among those living in South Asia, North Africa, Middle East, Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia. There are plenty of issues which tend to give rise to this problem among females world over, which we will discuss as we progress. 

What Are The Medical Causes of Female Infertility? 
There are a number of medical causes behind women coming across difficulties related to fertility. Some of the most common causes include: 

  1. Problems with ovulation 
  2. Fallopian tubes or the uterus getting damaged 
  3. Problems related to cervix 
  4. Submucosal fibroid 
  5. Endometriosis 
  6. PCOD 
  7. Chemotherapy 
  8. Radiotherapy 

Problems related to ovulation can happen because of the following reasons, which include: 

Fallopian tubes or uterus can be damaged due to the following reasons: 

  1. Disease of inflammatory pelvic 
  2. Endometriosis 

Various Risk Factors Responsible for Female Infertility 
There are number of risk factors primarily responsible for female infertility. The factors include: 

  1. Age: Women, who are in their late 30s generally, tend to be less fertile compared to those who are in their early 20s. 
  2. Career Aspirations: Nowadays women have become so focused about building their careers that they often tend to sway away in their quest for attaining a position in life, hence leading to the delay in conceiving. 
  3. Lifestyle and Environment: These include smoking cigarettes, drinking alcohol and being exposed to hazards or toxins in the workplace. 

Various Investigations to Determine Female Infertility 
There are some investigations which help to determine female infertility, including: 

  1. Ovulation Testing: A rise in luteinizing hormone that occurs before ovulation, along with the blood test for progesterone, thyroid and prolactin indicates that a woman is ovulating. 
  2. Hysterosalpingography: During this test, X-ray contrast gets injected inside the uterus and X-ray is taken for detecting the abnormalities in the uterine cavity. This also helps to determine if the fluid passes out of the uterus and get spilled out in the fallopian tubes. 
  3. Ovarian Reserve Testing: This test helps to determine the quality and quantity of eggs that are available for ovulation. 

How to Prevent Female Infertility? 
There are quite number of ways through which females can prevent themselves from getting affected by infertility. These include: 

  1. Taking precaution to prevent sexually transmitted diseases 
  2. Avoiding illicit drugs 
  3. Completely avoid use of alcohol 
  4. Adoption of good personal hygiene and health practices 
  5. Having check-ups on an annual basis with the doctor once a woman is sexually active. 

Meditation and relaxation can help women in: 

  1. Enhancing clarity of the mind 
  2. Maintain healthy body chemistry 
  3. Makes them patient to undergo the rigors of infertility treatment 

Diet can have a big say in affecting female’s fertility. They include:

  1. Having more of slow carbohydrates like fruits, vegetables and avoid taking cookies, cakes and white bread. 
  2. Completely avoid all kinds of trans fat and focus on having healthy unsaturated fats. 
  3. Take more protein from items like beans, nuts, seeds, which contain healthy fats rather than consuming red meat
  4. Consume whole milk rather than low-fat dairy.
2196 people found this helpful

Now a days green coffee is in trend to reduce weight is this possible. How to take these coffee seeds.

Dt.Jennifer Dhuri 94% (32119ratings)
PGDD, RD, Bachelor of Home Science
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Now a days green coffee is in trend to reduce weight is this possible. How to take these coffee seeds.
Hye, Thanks for your query. First of all no food will work in isolation in weight/fat loss. It's a balanced diet that is important to fat loss. Remedies like green coffee don't help weight loss. They help replace unhealthy drinks and act as a detox which definitely will help better metabolism. This will aid in your efforts to lose weight bit not in isolation. You have to eat the right foods at the right time. Exercise at least 4 times a week. Lastly be committed.                        Remember it's a lifestyle change and not a one time thing.     It's a balanced intake that will last you longer. All the so called singular remedies will only give you muscle and bone loss. The fats will remain as it is. So, have your green coffee but accompany it with good diet, exercise and sleep to see result.
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Role Of Lasers In Gynaecology - Know The New Trend!

Dr.Megha Tuli 94% (1863ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS, Masters in Aesthetic Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Role Of Lasers In Gynaecology - Know The New Trend!

The CO2 Laser Treatment was first used for the treatment of gynecological disorders in 1973. It was used for treating gynecological disorders including cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and microsurgery of the fallopian tube. Gynecological disorders like stress urinary incontinence, vaginal atrophy, and pelvic floor dysfunction are becoming very common these days. Nowadays, doctors practice Laser

Treatment to cure such problems.

In Laser Treatment, the laser beam is applied only to the affected tissue and has minimal impact on the non-target tissue. It is different from traditional technology and involves minimal thermal damage through laser beam on the internal organs. It is a safe and effective way to cure gynecological problems without the need for open surgery. Laser treatment is also used in the field of cosmetic gynecology for treating various conditions. These techniques involve Vaginal Rejuvenation, Labiaplasty, and Vaginoplasty.

Benefits of Laser Treatment in Gynecology

In the delicate surgeries like laparoscopy and hysteroscopy, the surgeons need to make sure that the laser beam penetration is minimum and not causing damage to the tissues of the internal organ. However, in the case of the CO2 Laser Treatment, the laser beams are very gentle. They are balanced with optimal thermal control and are precise so that the non-target areas are safe.

Some of the benefits of Laser Treatment in Gynecology are:

● The laser method is minimally invasive.

● The impact is restricted to the target tissue only.

● The post-surgery healing time is less.

● Minimum damage to healthy tissues.

● Fewer chances of recurrence of the disease.

● Minimal scarring.

● Simple and requires a few steps only.

● If the abdominal surgeries are coupled with laser technology, it will help surgeons to treat the lesions and reduce the chances of recurrence.

Laser Approach Used for Disease

Laser treatment in gynecology is used to treat the disease like

● Stress Urinary Incontinence: IncontiLase Laser Treatment is used to treat this disease. It involves the tightening of irradiated tissues to gain normal continence.

Pelvic Organ Prolapse: ProlapLase Laser Treatment is used to treat this disease. It involves tightening or narrowing of the diameter of the vaginal cavity and strengthening of the vaginal walls.

● Genitourinary Syndrome of Menopause: RenovaLase Laser Treatment is used to treat this problem. It involves vascularization of the vaginal wall to improve fluid content and provides relief from dryness, irritation, and burning.

● Abdominal Problems: The laser technology, when coupled with the Laparoscopy procedure, is used for abdominal surgeries. The procedure helps in less thermal damage to the tissues and more control over the target area. The surgeon can monitor the penetration to reduce the damage.

Endometriosis: Laser Treatment is very popular to treat the underlying disease like Endometriosis.

Take Away

Laser Treatment is a minimally invasive procedure to treat gynecological problems. The technique causes less damage to the surrounding healthy tissues while treating the problem. It can be opted for treating many gynecological problems; however, it is advisable to consult a doctor before going for this treatment.

1871 people found this helpful

Sir I am on amtriptilyn and divalproex sodium for anxiety. My question is .is it wight gaining then then how can I loose the wight.

Dr.Sushil Kumar Sompur V 94% (2782ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry, MBA (Healthcare)
Psychiatrist, Davanagere
Sir I am on amtriptilyn and divalproex sodium for anxiety. My question is .is it wight gaining then then how can I lo...
Divalproex sodium is a psychotropic medication that is usually not prescribed for plain anxiety disorder diagnosis. I believe your psychiatrist has diagnosed you with some other condition as well for which this medication is being given. Nonetheless you seem to be concerned about weight gain and ask how you could lose weight. Both the medications can result in increased appetite. However consumption of meals or in technical terms caloric intake is in your hands. So a healthy meal along with a regular exercise regimen is sufficient for you to lose weight. We would be glad to help you further. Look forward to hearing from you. If you need help with booking an appointment online with me on this website either text, audio, or video appointment for a confidential and private consultation you may do so by contacting the help desk of Lybrate.
1 person found this helpful
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Lurasidone, sertraline, divalproex sodium, clonazepam, propranolol which one of these cause erectile dysfunction?

Dr.Rahul Gupta 97% (34176ratings)
MD-Ayurveda, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine & Surgery (BAMS)
Sexologist, Haldwani
Lurasidone, sertraline, divalproex sodium, clonazepam, propranolol which one of these cause erectile dysfunction?
Hello- all of them. There are over 200 drugs that may cause impotence. Some of the most common are antidepressants, antihistamines, antihypertensives, blood-pressure medication, cancer chemotherapy, diuretics, narcotics, nicotine, sedatives, steroids, stomach acid inhibitors and ulcer medications.
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I am 25 years old boy doing preparation my eyesight is on decreasing trend how can I solve this.

Dr.Shah Nawaz Shafi 90% (1520ratings)
MD-Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Srinagar
Usually it due myopic refractive error, however its progression stops around 18 yrs in most cases. In some cases it progresses even after that. Also other causes can be keratoconus, corneal and retinal dystrophy
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