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Overview

Ramipril

Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Ramipril is an Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. Ramipril is used for the treatment of hypertension or high blood pressure. It is also given to patients who have suffered from heart attacks previously, to improve their condition. It works by preventing the blood vessels from tightening. It relaxes the blood vessels. This lowers blood pressure and increases the oxygen and blood supply to the heart. It also prevents the narrowing of arteries and thus reduces the stress on heart muscles.

Ramipril is an Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. Ramipril is used for the treatment of hypertension or high blood pressure. It is also given to patients who have suffered from a heart attack to improve their condition. It works by preventing the blood vessels from tightening. It relaxes the blood vessels. This lowers blood pressure and increases the oxygen and blood supply to the heart. After a heart attack, the muscles might weaken. It makes the pumping of blood difficult for the heart. Ramipril ensures less train on heart muscles by normalizing blood pressure

The regular dose of Ramipril for a patient suffering from hypertension is 2.5 to 20 mg. For a patient who has suffered from congestive heart attack, the dose amount is a 5mg tablet to be taken twice a day orally. It is important to follow the doctor’s prescription and continue the intake until he/she recommends not to. If you miss a dose, never try to compensate by overdosing as it is very dangerous.

While taking Ramipril, avoid alcohol as it might have an adverse effect on your blood pressure. To ensure that the intake of Ramipril is safe, if you have any kidney disease, liver disease,allergies or diabetes, mention it to your doctor. Also it is dangerous for pregnant women to take this medication. So a pregnant women or someone who is trying to get pregnant should avoid Ramipril. It has a harmful effect on the development of the baby. Also, avoid breast feeding while using it. If while using Ramipril, you suffer from vomiting or diarrhea, you should immediately consult a doctor.

Some common side effects of Ramipril are dizziness, nausea, sweating or weariness . Some other side effects such as chest pain, jaw pain ,cloudy urine, cold sweat and shortness of breath. Some of these side effects normally don’t require medical attention, but you can consult with your to doctor on how to reduce them.

Ramipril.should be stored at a cold temperature and should be kept out of the reach of children.

Ramipril is used to treat an increase in the blood pressure caused by genetic and/or environmental factors.
Cardiovascular risk reduction
Ramipril is used to reduce the risk of heart complications such as coronary artery disease and stroke in the elderly population.
Avoid if you have a known allergy to Ramipril or any medicine of the same class.
Aliskiren
Use of these medicines is not recommended in the elderly population with diabetes and kidney disease with CrCl less than 60 ml/min.
In addition to its intended effect, Ramipril may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Blurred vision Major Common
Sweating Major Common
Dizziness Major Common
Unusual tiredness and weakness Major Common
Back pain Major Less Common
Chest tightness Major Less Common
Increased heartbeat Major Less Common
Cough Minor Common
Diarrhea Minor Less Common
Vomiting Minor Less Common
How long is the duration of effect?
This medicine is excreted in urine and faeces. The effect of this medicine lasts for a duration of 24 hours approximately.
What is the onset of action?
The peak effect of this medicine can be observed within 1 to 2 hours.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?
This medicine is not recommended for pregnant women.
Is it habit forming?
No habit forming tendency has been reported.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?
This medicine is not recommended for breastfeeding women.
Are there any missed dose instructions?
The missed dose should be taken as soon possible. It is advisable to skip the missed dose if it's already time for your next scheduled dose.
Are there any overdose instructions?
Seek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of overdose.
India
United States
Japan
Below is the list of medicines, which contains Ramipril as ingredient
Intas Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Micro Labs Ltd
Dr. Reddys Laboratories Ltd
Sanofi India Ltd
Medley Pharmaceuticals
Sanofi India Ltd
Sanofi India Ltd
Mankind Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Ipca Laboratories Ltd
Cure Quick Pharmaceuticals
Sanofi India Ltd
Dr. Reddys Laboratories Ltd
La Renon Healthcare Pvt Ltd
Dr. Reddys Laboratories Ltd
Sanofi India Ltd
Troikaa Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Intas Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you're at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Disease
Angioedema Major
Ramipril is not recommended in patients with a history of Angioedema or a family history of Angioedema. Any symptoms of swelling of face, lips, and eyes should be informed to the doctor. If necessary, an alternate medicine should be considered based on the clinical condition.
Interaction with Alcohol
Alcohol Moderate
You should avoid the consumption of alcohol while taking this medicine as it may cause dizziness, headache, and changes in heart rate. Avoid driving or operating heavy machinery if you have these symptoms.
Interaction with Lab Test
Lab
Information not available.
Interaction with Food
Food
Information not available.
Interaction with Medicine
Aliskiren Major
Use of these medicines is not recommended especially in the elderly population with diabetes and kidney disease with CrCl less than 60 ml/min. You experience weakness, confusion, and irregular heartbeat if these medicines are taken together. Regular monitoring of blood pressure and kidney function tests are to be performed. An alternate medicine should be considered under the doctor's supervision.
Losartan Major
Use of these medicines is not recommended as it may increase the risk of kidney impairment and low blood pressure. You may experience weakness, confusion, and irregular heartbeat if these medicines are taken together. Regular monitoring of blood pressure and kidney function tests are to be performed. An alternate medicine should be considered under the doctor's supervision.
Dexamethasone Moderate
The desired effect of Ramipril will not be obtained if these medicines are taken together. This interaction is more likely to happen if dexamethasone is taken for more than 1 week. Inform the doctor if you have a sudden weight gain, swelling of hands and feet. If coadministration is needed then suitable dose adjustments are to be made under the doctor's supervision. Regular monitoring of blood pressure and kidney function tests are to be performed.
Diclofenac Moderate
The desired effect of Ramipril will not be obtained if these medicines are taken together. The risk of kidney impairment will increase if these medicines are taken together especially in elderly population or having pre-existing kidney disease. Inform the doctor if you have an increased or decreased urination and unexplained weight gain or weight loss. Regular monitoring of blood pressure and kidney function tests are to be performed.
Insulin Moderate
The effect of insulin will increase if these medicines are taken together. You may experience dizziness, headache, sweating if these medicines are taken together. Regular monitoring of blood glucose levels is needed. Suitable dose adjustments or an alternate medicine should be considered under the doctor's supervision.
What are you using Ramipril for?
Hypertension
Cardiovascular risk reduction
Other
How much was the improvement?
Average
Excellent
Poor
How long did it take before seeing improvement?
More than 2 days
Within 6 hours
Within 2 days
How frequently did you take this medicine?
Once a day
Twice a day
How did you take this medicine?
Empty stomach
With or without food
With Food
What were the side effects of this medicine?
Cough
Other
Sweating
Unusual tiredness and weakness

Popular Questions & Answers

Please intimate the right dose of Ramipril medicine to be taken one od daily, 1.25 mg or 2.5 mg per day, if patient's blood pressure and lipid profile is under normal range since last one year, for a bare metal stent fitting patient in August 2013.

MBBS, Dip.Cardiology, Fellowship in Clinical Cardiology(FICC), Fellowship in Echocardiology
Cardiologist, Ghaziabad
Please intimate the right dose of Ramipril medicine to be taken one od daily, 1.25 mg or 2.5 mg per day, if patient's...
2.5 should be continued Ramipril is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. It is also used to reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke in patients at risk for these problems and to improve survival in patients with heart failure after a heart attack. Ramipril is in a class of medications called angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. It works by decreasing certain chemicals that tighten the blood vessels, so blood flows more smoothly and the heart can pump blood more efficiently.
1 person found this helpful

Is Ramipril 2.5 mg & Atorvastatin 10 mg medicins are necessary to be regularly taken life long by a bare metal stent in his LAD fitted heart patient. Patient age is 69 yrs, weight 62 kg. His blood sugar blood pressure and lipid profile all are under normal range. His heart is working well.

BHMS, Certificate in Sex Education & Parenthood, PG Dip (Preventive & Promotive Healthcare), Dip in LSM (Prescribing Exercises), Dip in LSM (Metabolic Disroders & Nutrition), Dip in Occupational health & industrial hygiene., MBA (Healthcare), Certificate in Good Clinical Practice, Dip in Healthcare Quality, Core Competency In Lifestyle Medicine
Homeopath, Jamshedpur
Is Ramipril 2.5 mg & Atorvastatin 10 mg medicins are necessary to be regularly taken life long by a bare metal stent ...
Dear, Its nice to share your concern about health problem of your loved one. See the patient with angioplasty and stent in place are kept on medication for a long time as preventive measures. Both medications you mentioned are have curative as well as preventive for a known CAD patient. You have not mentioned about BP. Please consult your treating physician for dose regulation. You can request dose regulation if the patient follows a good lifestyle modification and intervention.
1 person found this helpful

How much time does body takes to respond to ace inhibitor medicine like ramipril.

MBBS, Dip.Cardiology, Fellowship in Clinical Cardiology(FICC), Fellowship in Echocardiology
Cardiologist, Ghaziabad
How much time does body takes to respond to ace inhibitor medicine like ramipril.
Its take 2-3 hours for body to reach peak response to ramiprill.& its effective half life is less than one day.

Sir, My Father is Serious Heart Patient, referred to CABG from Cardiovascular on dated 02.03.2017, Due to 3 Arteries Blocked almost 70%, Yesterday Blood sugar test has been done after 7 Days since Taking insulin, result came:- Fasting:- 157, P.P:- 112. Ejection factor (E.F) after ECO doppler Test it is found that EF=30. Eurik Asid:- 5.8, UREA- 14.7, SERAM creatinine- .9 ,Some medicine Has been Prescribed By Cardiologist for 30 Days, These are mentioned Below:- GTN SORBITRATE (6.4 MG) CR ECOSPRIN GOLD 20 MG TIDE PLUS 10 MG RAMIPRIL 2.5 + METOPROLOL 25 CYRA -D GLIMEPIRIDE-2 So I need some Guideline about the daily sugar free food chart, if you provide me. And also I want to avoid the surgery as age is 68, also EF-30. So I shall go for ayurvedic treatment. And also I want to know the Ayurveda medicines to cure total heart disease. On the other hand I want to know that if continues with Divya Hridyamrit Vati. Ao is it right, if so then please clarify it's dosage everyday.

Diploma in Family Medicine, Fellowship in Diabetology, Diploma in Diabetology, FCCP, MBBS
General Physician,
Sir, My Father is Serious Heart Patient, referred to CABG from Cardiovascular on dated 02.03.2017, Due to 3 Arteries ...
lybrate-user ,I understand your father condition. Since EF is 30, he needs CABG. If you are not willing for surgery you better go for ECCP treatment to relieve the heart block, many centres are available. I do not known from which area you are from, or state- you have not mentioned. You can have ECCP in your area, that is the only alternate to CABG. Other system of medicines will not work much. If the EF reduces further your father will have serious problems, so act swiftly do not delay.

I am a hypertension case and has been taking amlodipine 10 mg, Ramipril 5 mg and atorvastatin 20 mg daily. I am a smoker and occasional drinker may be 90 ml. Off late my blood pressure has been around 145/95 when checked from my automatic BP machine. No sudden change in habits. Whats the reason pl.

MD, Fellowship in Intergrative Medicine, MBBS
Integrated Medicine Specialist, Kochi
I am a hypertension case and has been taking amlodipine 10 mg, Ramipril 5 mg and atorvastatin 20 mg daily. I am a smo...
Hypertension is al lifestyle diseases which require lifestyle solution and not a chemical cocktail of medicines. It just involves dietary changes and lifestyle changes Cut down animal protein Eat plant based High fiber diet Salt reduction. Do not eat any processed food .Cook your own food. Reduce stress by meditation and yoga exercise daily- Let me know the tests you have done so far and their results to comment on the cramps Have you done a ECG, Chest xray, TMT, Echo etc as wellas inflammatory blood markers. For more specific advise on how to reverse bp without medicines naturally take a consult what you require is treatment of the root cause and not the symptoms. Send a feedback, with your contact number and then if needed take a consult through Lybrate.

Popular Health Tips

Homeopathy For Forgetfulness / Memory Loss

BHMS
Homeopath, Navi Mumbai
Homeopathy For Forgetfulness / Memory Loss

Memory slips are aggravating, frustrating, and sometimes worrisome. When they happen more than they should, they can trigger fears of looming dementia or Alzheimer’s disease. there are many mundane—and treatable—causes of forgetfulness. Here are seven common ones and how can homeopathic treatment can help you.To know more about homeopathy and homeopathic treatment read more.....

Lack of sleep.

Not getting enough sleep is perhaps the greatest unappreciated cause of memory slips. Too little restful sleep can also lead to mood changes and anxiety, which in turn contribute to problems with memory.

Medications.

Tranquilizers, antidepressants, some blood pressure drugs, and other medications can affect memory, usually by causing sedation or confusion. That can make it difficult to pay close attention to new things. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you suspect that a new medication is taking the edge off your memory. As shown in the table below, alternatives are usually available.

*Medications* that may affect memory and possible substitutes
If you take these drug, ask about switching to one of these drugs:
1.paroxetine (Paxil) another antidepressant such as fluoxetine (Prozac) or sertraline (Zoloft), or a different type of antidepressant such as duloxetine (Cymbalta) or venlafaxine (Effexor)
2.cimetidine (Tagamet) a different type of heartburn drug, such as lansoprazole (Prevacid), omeprazole (Prilosec), or esomeprazole (Nexium)
3.oxybutynin (Ditropan) or tolterodine (Detrol, Detrusitol) other medications for an overactive bladder, such as trospium (Sanctura), solifenacin (Vesicare), or darifenacin (Enablex)
4.amitriptyline (Elavil), desipramine (Norpramin), or nortriptyline (Aventyl, Pamelor) another type of medication, depending on why your doctor has prescribed a tricyclic antidepressant (neuropathic pain, depression, etc.)

5.*captopril (Capoten)* a different type of ACE inhibitor, such as enalapril, lisinopril, or ramipril
cold or allergy medication containing brompheniramine, chlorpheniramine, or diphenhydramine loratadine (Claritin) or other non-sedating antihistamine
(Adapted from Improving Memory: Understanding age-related memory loss, a Harvard Medical School Special Health Report)

 

Underactive thyroid

A faltering thyroid can affect memory (as well as disturb sleep and cause depression, both of which contribute to memory slips). A simple blood test can tell if your thyroid is doing its job properly.

Alcohol.

Drinking too much alcohol can interfere with short-term memory, even after the effects of alcohol have worn off. Although “too much” varies from person to person, it’s best to stick with the recommendation of no more than two drinks per day for men and no more than one a day for women. One drink is generally defined as 1.5 ounces (1 shot glass) of 80-proof spirits, 5 ounces of wine, or 12 ounces of beer.

Stress and anxiety.

Anything that makes it harder to concentrate and lock in new information and skills can lead to memory problems. Stress and anxiety fill the bill. Both can interfere with attention and block the formation of new memories or the retrieval of old ones.

 

Depression.

Common signs of depression include a stifling sadness, lack of drive, and lessening of pleasure in things you ordinarily enjoy. Forgetfulness can also be a sign of depression—or a consequence of it.

If memory lapses are bugging you, it’s worth a conversation with your doctor to see if any reversible causes are at the root of the problem. Something like getting more sleep, switching a medication, or a stress reduction program could get your memory back on track.

TREATMENT PROTOCOLS FOR POOR MEMORY

Spleen Kidney and heart are the 3 organs which provides memory

●Following are the three patterns of poor memory :

1) spleen deficiency causes poor memory, inability to concentrate and study.

2) deficiency of kidney essence causes poor everyday memory.

3) heart deficiency causes poor memory of past events , forgetting names.

1) Spleen deficiency causes
poor memory inability to concentrate
and study:
Main symptoms :
1) poor memory
2) tiredness
3) poor appetite
4) *pale tongue*
5) *weak pulse*

Treatment principle :
1) tone the spleen
2) strengthen intellect. Spleen houses intellect , which controls memorisation, study and concentration.

2) Kidney essence deficiency
causes poor memory everyday.
Main symptoms :
1) poor everyday memory
2) can not remember names , faces, roads etc.
3) dizziness
4) tinnitus
5) weakness
6) if kidney yang is deficient , tongue will be
pale
7) if kidney yin is deficient the tongue will be
red

Treatment principles :
1) tone the kidney
2) nourish essence and marrow

3) Heart deficiency causes

  • Poor memory of past events 
  • Forgetting names 

Main symptoms :

1) poor memory of past events
2) forgetting names
3) absent mindedness
4) tiredness
5) slight breathlessness
6) if there is heart yang deficiency the tongue will be pale with heart cracking
7) if there is heart yin deficiency the tongue will be red with heart crack

Treatment principle :
1) *tone the heart*
2) strengthen the mind and memory

Homeopathic treatment

There are many remedies in homeopathy to treat this condition. It requires a detailed study of the patient to know his/her lifestyle and life circumstances to be able to diagnose at the correct cause/causes so as to administer the right remedy. Since homeopathic medicines do not have sideeffects this is a very great advantage.

10 people found this helpful

Swollen Ankles - Best Homeopathic Medicines For It!!

B.H.M.S.
Homeopath, Solapur
Swollen Ankles - Best Homeopathic Medicines For It!!

If you are suffering from a swollen ankle, you can opt for homeopathic treatment. Swollen ankles are commonly caused because of factors such as trauma, ankle injury, ankle sprains, arthritis, steroids, certain medicines, lymphedema, venous insufficiency and many others. There are various homeopathic medicines, which are commonly used for treating swollen ankles occurring due to different reasons.

Here is a list of the top homeopathic medicines for swollen ankles:

  1. Apis Mellifica and Apocynum: These homeopathic medicines are suggested in case of dropsical swelling over the ankles. The swelling occurs because of water retention in your tissues. Apis is used where the patient’s ankles are pale, waxy, and swollen. The ankles become sensitive to touch and stinging pain is likely. Apocynum is used in case of dropsical swellings which occur after cardiac diseases. These dropsical swellings may develop on other parts of the body as well, apart from the ankles.

  2. Ledum Pal: This is an efficient homeopathic medicine for swollen ankles, which develop due to arthritis. This medicine is used when the ankles are hot, swollen, and very painful. It is also used for treating swollen ankles due to gouty afflictions. In such patients, warmth worsens the pain while cold applications soothe the pain.

  3. Arnica: Arnica is one of the best homeopathic medicines for swollen ankles, which occur because of an injury. It is a wonderful and fast working medicine, which resolves swelling and attends to other symptoms related to the injury. The ankles of a patient who needs Arnica feel painful, sore, and bruised to touch.

  4. Ruta: This effective homeopathic medicine is used for treating swollen ankles occurring from a sprain, which is an overstretching of the ligaments. This medicine is ideal for sprained ankles along with weakness and pain in the ankle joint.

  5. Hamamelis: This homeopathic medicine is considered to be very effective for the management of swollen ankles, caused due to varicose veins. It works best when used for the treatment of swollen ankles associated with venous insufficiency. The common symptoms which indicate that a patient requires this medicine include swollen, inflamed ankles, which occur because of congested and engorged veins. Cutting pain and soreness in the ankles are also likely. Swelling in the leg is another probable symptom.

Homeopathy is an effective natural remedy for swollen ankles, without having any side effect on the body. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3421 people found this helpful

Sarcoidosis - Can You Be Suffering From It?

MBBS, MD -Pulmonary Medicine-Tuberculosis ,Respiratory Disease Medicine , Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD), European Diploma in Respiratory Medicine
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Sarcoidosis - Can You Be Suffering From It?

Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory condition that has been affecting many people of late. In sarcoidosis, tiny granulomas or inflammatory nodules appear in the various organs of the body. The lungs, eyes, skin, and lymph nodes are commonly affected by the condition. Sarcoidosis can also occur in the brain, heart, liver, spleen. The exact trigger for sarcoidosis is not very clearly understood. However, some studies suggest that sarcoidosis may be an outcome of the body reaction (immunological) towards certain allergens, chemicals, viruses or bacteria (foreign bodies).

It should be noted that

  • Incidences of sarcoidosis are common among people in the age group of 20 – 40 years.
  • People with a family history are more likely to be affected by sarcoidosis.
  • Women are more susceptible to sarcoidosis than their male counterparts. The condition is common among the African-Americans.

Signs and symptoms:
The severity and appearance of symptoms depend on the organs affected by the condition. Symptoms of sarcoidosis may appear suddenly or develop gradually (there may also be a relapse). In few exceptions, the affected person may not exhibit any visible symptoms. The symptoms may vary from person to person.

In general, the symptoms include

  • Fever
  • There is weight loss
  • Extreme tiredness and exhaustion
  • There may be swelling of the lymph nodes

Further, the symptoms may include

  • Rashes, sores, and lesions that may appear on the nose, ears or cheeks, certain areas in the skin undergoes discoloration (Sarcoidosis affecting the skin).
  • Breathlessness and chest pain, dry cough that continues for long and wheezing (In the case of the heart being affected).
  • Palpitations and dyspnea, chest pain, edema, syncope or fainting and arrhythmias or irregular beating of the heart (Sarcoidosis affecting the heart).
  • The eyes may appear red. The vision appears blurred. There is a pain in the eyes and light sensitivity (Sarcoidosis affecting the eyes).

Diagnosis and treatment:

  • Physical examination and blood tests
  • Eye tests can aid in the better diagnosis
  • Kidney and liver function tests
  • Imaging tests like CT scan, PET, X-rays, MRI
  • Biopsy

There are instances where sarcoidosis disappears on its own. However, if the condition persists, it is better to seek medical assistance.

Treatment for sarcoidosis include

  • Immunosuppressant drugs: As the name suggests, the immunosuppressant drugs work by suppressing the immune response. Azathioprine and Methotrexate provide great relief from inflammation.
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs such as Corticosteroids are very effective against sarcoidosis.
  • Plaquenil (Hydroxychloroquine) is often used to treat skin sarcoidosis.
  • For patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis related inflammation, doctors recommend Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) inhibitors.
  • In the case of organ failure or damage, surgery may be the only option available.

In severe cases, or if left unattended for long, sarcoidosis can result in

  • Cardiac problems, which may prove to be fatal.
  • It can interfere with the normal functioning of the kidney.
  • The lungs may be severely affected and scarred.
  • There may eye inflammation leading to blindness.
  • In some cases, sarcoidosis may affect the nervous system leading to paralysis (though rare).

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2095 people found this helpful

Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) - How It Can Help A Heart Patient?

DM - Cardiology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS
Cardiologist, Indore
Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) - How It Can Help A Heart Patient?

How many of us have heard about Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) before Tamil Nadu, Chief Minister late J Jayalalithaa was put on it for recovery? Hardly a handful. Patients who are placed on the device have 50-50 chance of survival and while it could not help the late Chief Minister, her condition put a spotlight on ECMO.
 
What is ECMO?
ECMO is a life support device that is put in place when a patient’s heart and lungs stop functioning completely post a cardiac arrest. When the patient does not respond to Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), the patient is put on ECMO.  
 
Function of ECMO 
The core function of the device is to separate carbon dioxide from the blood and add oxygen into it. It takes the load off from heart and lungs, providing critical time to the body organs for its treatment and recovery.

Patients are only put on ECMO, if there is a chance that the condition can be reversed. 
 
How does ECMO work? 
The device drains blood from a vein, which is attached to an oxygenator machine. The machine then removes carbon dioxide from the blood and adds oxygen to it. Depending upon the condition of the patient, the warmed blood is either pumped into the body with the help of the machine or made to get back to the body through an artery.
 
How long a patient can be on ECMO?

  1. After seven days of being put on ECMO,there are chances of patient getting an infection.
  2. In case the patient contracts an infection, it is recommended to take the patient off ECMO support.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2548 people found this helpful

Cardiomyopathy - 5 Most Common Types Of It!

Multi-Speciality Clinic
Cardiologist, Hyderabad
Cardiomyopathy - 5 Most Common Types Of It!

Cardiomyopathy includes diseases involving the heart muscle. These diseases have various causes, types, symptoms and modes of treatment.

The heart muscle gets enlarged, thick or rigid. In several cases, the heart muscle tissue is replaced with a scar tissue. As this condition worsens, the heart gets weaker and the ability to pump blood is disrupted, which can cause heart failure or irregular beating of the heart. The weakened state of the heart can lead to valvar diseases.

The different types of cardiomyopathy are:

  • Hypertrophic CardiomyopathyThis is a common form and affects people of all ages. Men and women are affected equally. This condition arises due to the enlargement and thickening of the heart muscle. The ventricles, the septum and the lower heart chamber usually thicken, which causes obstruction in pumping of blood by the heart. This disease also causes stiffness in the ventricles, and cellular changes in the tissue.
  • Dilated CardiomyopathyThis form of cardiomyopathy develops due to the enlargement and weakening of the ventricles. The issue arises from the left ventricle and develops over time. It may even affect the right ventricle. More effort is put in by the heart muscles for pumping blood and slowly the heart is unable to pump blood effectively. This condition may lead to heart failure, valve diseases or blood clots in the heart.
  • Restrictive CardiomyopathyThis disease occurs due to the stiffening of the ventricles, without thickening of the walls of the heart. The ventricles are not allowed to relax and do not receive a sufficient volume of blood supply. This condition causes heart failure and valvar problems over time.
  • Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia: This rare form of cardiomyopathy occurs when fat or fibrous tissues replace the muscle tissue of the right ventricle. This causes arrhythmias and disruption in the electrical signals of the heart. It generally affects teens and may cause cardiac arrest in athletes.
  • Unclassified Cardiomyopathy: Some types of cardiomyopathy of this category include left ventricular non compaction where the ventricles develop trabeculations. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is another disease where immense stress causes failure of the heart muscles.

Treatment: Many cases of cardiomyopathy come and go away on their own. Treatment for other cases depends on the severity and symptoms. The major treatment methods are:
Lifestyle changes meant for a healthier heart.

Modes of surgery for treatment of cardiomyopathy include:

Implant devices such as Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) device, Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), Left ventricular assist device and pacemakers are fitted into the heart for better performance.

Cardiomyopathy can be of many different types, each arising from different situations and conditions. The mode of treatment depends on the severity of the complication or on the basis of symptoms. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3440 people found this helpful

Table of Content

About Ramipril
When is Ramipril prescribed?
What are the contraindications of Ramipril?
What are the side effects of Ramipril?
Key highlights of Ramipril
What are the dosage instructions?
Where is the Ramipril approved?
Medicines containing Ramipril
What are the interactions for Ramipril?