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Nevirapine

Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Nevirapine is used for the control and treatment of HIV-1 infection. It works by stopping the reverse transcriptase from working, thus helping control the HIV-1 infection.

Do not use Nevirapine if you are allergic to any of the ingredients present in it, or if you are pregnant and/or breastfeeding. Before using Nevirapine tell your doctor if you are using any prescription drugs, non-prescription drugs, or other herbal and dietary pills and supplements, or if you have recently had any surgeries, or have any upcoming surgeries scheduled. Also let your doctor know your history of medical problems, pre-existing diseases and current health conditions.

Nevirapine should be taken in doses prescribed by the doctor. Dosage depends on conditions such as medical condition, diet, age, and counteraction with other medicines.

Nevirapine has side effects such as nausea, dizziness, lightheadedness, fatigue, increase in blood pressure, decreased levels of blood phosphorus, coughing, and rash. Generally, these side effects should go away on their own after a limited period of time. In case the side effects fail to go away, you need to consult your doctor immediately. If you experience side effects other than the ones listed above, you need to contact your doctor for immediate medical assistance.

Information given here is based on the salt and content of the medicine. Effect and uses of medicine may vary from person to person. It is advicable to consult a HIV Specialist before using this medicine.

hiv infection

In addition to its intended effect, Nevirapine may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.

Rash

Headache

Decrease in granulocyte count

Increased liver enzymes

Is It safe with alcohol?

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. Please consult your doctor.

Are there any pregnancy warnings?

Nevir 200mg tablet is probably safe to use during pregnancy.
Animal studies have shown low or no adverse effect on the foetus, however, there are limited human studies. Please consult your doctor.

Are there any breast-feeding warnings?

Nevir 200mg tablet is probably unsafe to use during breastfeeding. Please consult your doctor.

Is it safe to drive while on this medicine?

Patients experience fatigue they should avoid potentially hazardous tasks such as driving or operating machinery.

Does this affect kidney function?

There is no interaction between renal impairment and consuming this drug. So dose alteration is not needed.

Does this affect liver function?

There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Below is the list of medicines, which contains Nevirapine as ingredient
Emcure Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Emcure Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd
Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd
Emcure Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Veritaz Healthcare Ltd
Emcure Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd
Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd
Emcure Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd
Emcure Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Alkem Laboratories Ltd
Nevirapine is a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) that works by binding with the reverse transcriptase enzymes present in the virus cells that are responsible for conversion of viral RNA into DNA.
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you"re at risk of a drug interaction.

Interaction with Medicine

Rantac 50Mg/2Ml Injection

Peptiran 75Mg/5Ml Syrup

Onabet Powder

What are you using Nevirapine for?
Other
hiv infection
How much was the improvement?
Excellent
Poor
How long did it take before seeing improvement?
More than 2 days
Within 6 hours
How frequently did you take this medicine?
Not taking on daily level
Twice a day
How did you take this medicine?
With or without food
With Food
What were the side effects of this medicine?
Fatigue
Allergic Reaction
Disclaimer: The information produced here is best of our knowledge and experience and we have tried our best to make it as accurate and up-to-date as possible, but we would like to request that it should not be treated as a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Lybrate is a medium to provide our audience with the common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. Even if there is no mention of a warning for any drug or combination, it never means that we are claiming that the drug or combination is safe for consumption without any proper consultation with an expert.

Lybrate does not take responsibility for any aspect of medicines or treatments. If you have any doubts about your medication, we strongly recommend you to see a doctor immediately.

Popular Questions & Answers

Is this possible to save an baby of an hiv positive woman by any treatment before is Birth by effecting virus and after his birth also please give an answer.

MBBS, MD (AIIMS, Gold Medalist), Diploma in CBT (UWS, Glasgow)
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Is this possible to save an baby of an hiv positive woman by any treatment before is Birth by effecting virus and aft...
Hi, Thanks for writing in, welcome to the forum. Yes, it is possible to prevent transmission of HIV from mother to child in a large proportion of people. Well established protocols for this are available and have been used for many years now. Most medium to large hospitals should have this facility. A number of medicines such as nevirapine etc have been used at various doses and combinations with varying rates of success. Consult your gynecologist in person for more information on this. Take care!
1 person found this helpful

What is the life time of HIV person. Please explain stage of HIV infected person based on given report TC: 9900 cells/cumm DC polymorph: 60% lymphocytes: 30% eosinophills: 08% HB: 70%(0.2grams) ESR: 21 mm/ 1hr HIV test (TRIDOT): positive HIV 1: positive HIV 2: negative.

MD-PhD, FIPS, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE), DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
The aim of HIV treatment HIV is a virus that attacks the body?s defence against infection and illness ? the immune system. you can take drugs to reduce... Talk to your doctor Taking antiretroviral therapy is a long-term commitment. At present, once you start the drugs, you are likely to be on them for the rest of your life.... How anti-HIV drugs are dispensed You will get a prescription for your HIV treatment, when you attend your regular HIV clinic appointment, which you take to either the specialist HIV pharmacy (in... Generic medicines Pharmaceutical drugs are given several names: A research name based on its chemical make-up or manufacturer, e.g. DMP266. A generic name which is the chemical name of the... Types of antiretroviral drugs There are six main types (?classes?) of antiretroviral drugs: Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs), and nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NtRTIs), which target an HIV protein called reverse transcriptase. These are often... Single-tablet regimens There are now fixed-dose pills that combine three anti-HIV drugs, from more than one class of drug. These allow many people to take their HIV treatment in... Nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs/NtRTIs) Most people now take these drugs in a fixed-dose pill that combines a number of drugs. These combination pills are listed first and there are also separate... Integrase inhibitors Names: Dolutegravir, Tivicay Dose: One yellow 50mg tablet once a day. Dolutegravir should be taken twice a day if taken with efavirenz, nevirapine or tipranavir, or for HIV... Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) Names: Efavirenz, Sustiva Approved dosage: Efavirenz is available as a generic drug, so its appearance will depend on which type your clinic buys. Efavirenz typically comes as 600mg... Protease inhibitors (PIs) Most protease inhibitors are prescribed with another drug (also a protease inhibitor) called ritonavir. Ritonavir is used to boost the effects of the other protease inhibitor in... CCR5 inhibitors Names: Maraviroc, Celsentri Approved dosage: The dose of maraviroc is dependent on the other anti-HIV drugs you take. Your HIV doctor or pharmacist will talk to you... Fusion inhibitors There is currently one drug in the fusion inhibitor class, called enfuvirtide (T-20, Fuzeon). This is now only prescribed in very rare and specific circumstances. Anyone on... Summary Combination HIV treatment prevents HIV from damaging your immune system, and so prevents ill health and prolongs...
19 people found this helpful

Hello sir/mam, I am 29 year old a mother of 2 years old baby. After delivery whenever I had sex with husband, a lot of water like fluid flows out. I need to keep extra bed sheets or towels during sex. I am too much worried and depressed Even contacted with 3 gynaecologist but didn't get any satisfactory answer or treatment Thank you Sir, but as you answered that it can be due to excitement but I never Felt as such even I have sex with gap of 7 to 15 days, & intiwash m already using it from last almost 5-6 years. & This problem starts only after my delivery, earlier it had never happened.

Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery (B.U.M.S), Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (B.U.M.S)
Sexologist, Bhopal
Hello I suppose you're sure it's not urine? In order to find out, you could collect some, and ask a nurse to test it for you. Many women do leak a little 'pee' during sex – but this is much commoner among those who have had children The odds are that this liquid is: either normal vaginal 'love juices' provoked by sexual excitement. Or, the mysterious sex fluid which a small proportion of women squirt out at orgasm. Either way, I don't think you've got anything to worry about. But if you'd like further reassurance, why not go and get yourself checked out by a doctor who is experienced in sexual matters – for instance, at a genitourinary medicine (GUM) or Family Planning Clinic. Christine adds: One last thought. I'm not actually sure if this liquid only appears when you're very sexually excited, as you don't say. If it's not dependent on arousal, then it's just possible that it's bath water! Some women do find that after a bath, they sometimes leak from the vagina. You can check this more easily if you use some kind of fragrance in the water. Best wishes.
2 people found this helpful

My baby girl is just 8 days old and suddenly one night she produce gas and poop 3 times at night. She got hiccup frequently. I too advice from child specialist and he prescribed COLIZA drop and advice to do a bilirubin test. In test report it is found that the total bilirubin is 15. 3 mg and direct bilirubin is 0.3 mg and indirect bilirubin is 15. 0 mg. Is it a matter of concerns.

DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
My baby girl is just 8 days old and suddenly one night she produce gas and poop 3 times at night. She got hiccup freq...
Hello, Indirect biluribin upto 5.0 mg be tolerable but raised level be addressed to an x pert, please. Gastric disorder producing hiccup is a normal go with a newly born baby. You may give her homoeopathic medicine:@.China 30-1 drop with 1tsfl of your milk, thrice. You should take care of yourself to keep your baby fit. Avoid, junkfood, alcohol, spicy food. Take care.
2 people found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

HIV - Understanding Its Relation With Tuberculosis!

MBBS, PGDHS,PGDHIVM
General Physician, Nalgonda
HIV - Understanding Its Relation With Tuberculosis!

HIV and tuberculosis (TB) are two life-threatening and common diseases in the world. The two diseases are very closely connected so much so that their occurrence is normally labeled as a co-epidemic. In most cases tuberculosis is found to be the most transmissible contagion in HIV-Immunocompromised victims, proving to be the cause of their death.

What is HIV?
Human Immunodeficiency Virus, more commonly known by its abbreviation HIV, is a virus that attacks the immune system, which is the body's natural defense against illnesses. The virus terminates a kind of white blood cells (WBCs) in the immune system known as the T-helper cell also known as CD4 cells. This virus then proceeds to duplicate itself within these cells.

As HIV reduces the T-helper cells, by duplicating at an increasing rate, it slowly breaks down the patient’s immune system. This leaves the individual susceptible to other deadly diseases such as tuberculosis. HIV infection is a permanent disease with three phases of progression. HIV medications can reduce or stop the evolution of the disease from one phase to another. The treatment can also decrease the chances of spreading HIV to other people.

What is tuberculosis (TB)
Tuberculosis is a transmittable disease triggered by the presence of bacterium known as Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is still considered a deadly disease in most developing countries where treatment is scarce. Generally, TB affects the lungs but it can also affect other parts of the body. Symptoms include – coughing with blood, fever, night sweats and loss of weight.

The relation between TB and HIV
In second world countries, most patients infected with HIV suffer from TB as the initial indicator of AIDS. Tuberculosis can occur at any phase of the HIV infection. The danger and severity of tuberculosis rises rapidly after infection with HIV. Even though tuberculosis can be a fairly primary indicator of HIV infection, it is imperative to observe that the risk of tuberculosis increases as the CD4 cell count reduces along with the progression of the HIV infection.

Treatment
Positive treatment for TB usually entails 6 months of rigorous therapy. HIV patients with TB usually respond well to this therapy, if the regimen comprises INH and a rifamycin for the period of TB therapy and cure. TB generally reappears when the immune system is unable to respond to stop the development of mycobacteria. The cytokine IFN-γ plays a key role in the response of the immune system all through the contagion.
HIV and TB infections area two-directional communication of the two pathogens. TB is one of the main causes of disease and fatality among patients with HIV in Africa and other severely affected regions. With almost a 50% kill rate around the world, raising awareness about this disease and consulting doctors when signs or symptoms appear is vital in reducing the extent of this epidemic.

Rifampicin- HIV treatment are complicated by the fact that one of the key drugs used in TB treatment, rifampicin, reduces blood levels of nevirapine (Viramune) by 30 to 55% and also reduces levels of most protease inhibitors.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3085 people found this helpful

Hiv Treatment

MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Hiv Treatment

HIV treatment is done by antiviral drugs, there are number of antiviral drugs available in the market, usually HIV is treated with combination of drugs, usually two to three drugs are used in treating HIV in initial stage, we can change the combination of drugs according to requirement of the patient. Drugs can be adjusted or increased if there is resistance of HIV in the patient.

There are number of compounds (about 22 in number) which have been formally approved (by the US Food and Drug Administration) for the treatment of HIV infections (AIDS). According to their point of intervention with the HIV replicative cycle, these compounds can be classified in 5 categories: (1) NRTIs (nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors): azidothymidine, didanosine, zalcitabine, stavudine, lamivudine, abacavir and emtricitabine; (2) NtRTIs (nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors): tenofovir, administered as its oral prodrug form TDF (tenofovir disoproxil fumarate); (3) NNRTIs (non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors): nevirapine, delavirdine and efavirenz; (4) PIs (HIV protease inhibitors): saquinavir, ritonavir, indinavir, nelfinavir, amprenavir, lopinavir, atazanavir, fosamprenavir, tipranavir and darunavir; and (5) FIs (fusion inhibitors): enfuvirtide. Starting from the drugs which are currently available for the treatment of AIDS, numerous combinations could be envisaged. Drug combinations are, in principle, aimed at obtaining synergism between the compounds (reasonably expected if they act by different mechanisms), while reducing the likelihood for drug resistance development. Such anti-HIV drug combination regimens were initiated about 10 years ago and have been generally referred to as HAART (for highly active antiretroviral therapy). While HAART originally consisted of a pill burden of twenty (or more) pills per day, this has been gradually diminished over the past few years, and, since July 2006, a all-in-one pill (teevir from myelin and virotrenz from Ranbaxy sun pharma) has become available, which contains three anti-HIV drugs (tenofovir disoproxil fumarate 300 mg, emtricitabine200mg and efavirenz 600 mg) to be taken as a single pill only once daily. Given the information that has been acquired on the therapeutic use (efficacy, safety) of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate over the past five years, it would now seem mandatory to further consider the prophylactic use of TDF [and its combination with emtricitabine (Truvada) and/or Atripla], as a single daily pill to prevent HIV infection. New combinations of drugs are also available which include tenofovir 300 mg lamivudine 150 mg which are very new drugs.


Now a days we can treat patients who had sex with some sex worker or any male transgender or some unknown person and during sexual intercourse condom gets bursted , we can treat them if they come to us within 72 hours of direct contact, these medicines are called POST-EXPOSURE PROPHYLAXIS (PEP) drugs for HIV or prophylactic treatment for HIV, by using these drugs we can treat a patient and we can stop transfusion of HIV virus to the person.

PEP involves taking anti HIV drugs as soon as possible after having been exposed to unprotected sex with some sex worker or transgender or with homosexual PrEP is a new HIV prevention method in which people who do not have HIV infection take pills of medicine daily to reduce the risk of becoming infected with HIV virus ,PEP should be taken within 72 hours of exposure to unprotected sex before the virus has time to rapidly duplicate in your body, PEP consists of 2-3 antiretroviral drugs taken for 28 days.

10 people found this helpful

HIV Infection and AIDS Treatment

MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
HIV Infection and AIDS Treatment

If an HIV infection, treatment is primarily aimed at preventing evolve as long as possible and do not give way to the disease AIDS . In this case, the treatment is against HIV itself. If the emergence of AIDS and its accompanying diseases occur as a lung inflammation or bowel, treatment should include them. It is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle so that the immune system does not see further harmed. Many infected with HIV also have counseling and self-help centers with other affected. Drug Treatments Currently it has good information about certain steps in the single expansion of HIV infection. Thus, it has been possible to develop drugs that inhibit certain evolutions of cell infestation. HIV treatment is also called highly active antiretroviral therapy and its abbreviation is HAART. Specifically, this treatment includes the following medications: The entry inhibitors , which inhibit the entry of 'HIV virus' in human cells. VHI prevent adhesion of immune cells and / or dissolution of the viral envelope with the cell membrane (fusion). The excipient enfuvirtide eg prevents fusion. The reverse transcriptase inhibitor blocks a special top virus that can translate the genetic information of the virus (DNA) reverse transcriptase. This group of drugs includes, for example, substances such as lamivudine , the tenofovir or nevirapine . Another top virus, integrase, incorporating HIV DNA genetic information translated into immune cells. In this case, inhibitors of this enzyme, apply called integrase inhibitors . The drug raltegravir contains these integrase inhibitors. The protease inhibitors destroy other HIV enzyme, the HIV protease. If a cell is infected with HIV, forms a component of protein which could be born new HIV viruses. Protease HIV plays an important role in the composition of this protein. Inhibitors of this enzyme are involved in virus appear less capable of action in affected cells. Examples of protease inhibitors are drugs fosamprenavir , indinavir , nelfinavir, and ritonavir . Although 'AIDS' remains an incurable disease, it may be well with a combination therapy . This combination consists of at least three different drugs; usually several inhibitors of reverse transcriptase which are combined with a protease inhibitor.

 

1 person found this helpful

How is Hiv Treatment ?

MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
How is Hiv  Treatment ?

Hiv treatment is done by antiviral drugs, there are a number of antiviral drugs available in the market, usually HIV is treated with a combination of drugs, usually two to three drugs are used in treating HIV in the initial stage, we can change the combination of drugs according to the requirement of the patient. Drugs can be adjusted or increased if there is the resistance of HIV in the patient.

There are a number of compounds (about 22 in number) which have been formally approved (by us food and drug administration) for the treatment of HIV infections (aids). According to their point of intervention with the HIV replicative cycle, these compounds can be classified into 5 categories: (1) nrtis (nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors): azidothymidine, didanosine, zalcitabine, stavudine, lamivudine, abacavir and emtricitabine; (2) ntrtis (nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors): tenofovir, administered as its oral prodrug form tdf (tenofovir disoproxil fumarate); (3) nnrtis (non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors): nevirapine, delavirdine and efavirenz; (4) pis (hiv protease inhibitors): saquinavir, ritonavir, indinavir, nelfinavir, amprenavir, lopinavir, atazanavir, fosamprenavir, tipranavir and darunavir; and (5) fis (fusion inhibitors): enfuvirtide. Starting from the drugs which are currently available for the treatment of aids, numerous combinations could be envisaged. Drug combinations are, in principle, aimed at obtaining synergism between the compounds (reasonably expected if they act by different mechanisms), while reducing the likelihood of drug resistance development. Such anti-hiv drug combination regimes were initiated about 10 years ago and have been generally referred to as haart (for highly active antiretroviral therapy). While haart originally consisted of a pill burden of twenty (or more) pills per day, this has been gradually diminished over the past few years, and, since July 2006, an all-in-one pill (teevir from myelin and virotrenz from ranbaxy sun pharma) has become available, which contains three anti-hiv drugs (tenofovir disoproxil fumarate 300 mg, emtricitabine200mg and efavirenz 600 mg) to be taken as a single pill only once daily. Given the information that has been acquired for the therapeutic use (efficacy, safety) of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate over the past five years, it would now seem mandatory to further consider the prophylactic use of tdf [and its combination with emtricitabine (truvada) and/or atripla], as a single daily pill to prevent HIV infection. New combinations of drugs are also available which include tenofovir 300 mg lamivudine 150 mg which is very new drugs.


Now a days we can treat patients who had sex with some sex worker or any male transgender or some unknown person and during sexual intercourse condom gets bursted, we can treat them if they come to us within 72 hours of direct contact, these medicines are called post-exposure prophylaxis (pep) drugs for hiv or prophylactic treatment for hiv, by using these drugs we can treat a patient and we can stop transfusion of hiv virus to the person.

Pep involves taking anti hiv drugs as soon as possible after having been exposed to unprotected sex with some sex worker or transgender of with homosexual prep is a new hiv prevention method in which people who do not have hiv infection take pills of medicine daily to reduce the risk of becoming infected with hiv virus, pep should be taken within 72 hours of exposure to unprotected sex before the virus has time to rapidly duplicate in your body, pep consists of 2-3 antiretroviral drugs taken for 28 days.

3 people found this helpful

Ear Infections - Common Reasons Behind It!

MS - ENT, MBBS
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Ear Infections - Common Reasons Behind It!

Our ears are small in size, but ‘big’ in the work they do. Not only do they help us hear, but also help us maintain our body’s balance. They thus help us stand, walk, drive, you just name it.

Ears are also much bigger in size than they actually are. The part of the ear that we see on our head is only the external ear, there is a middle ear and an inner ear too, silently carrying out complex functions related to hearing and balance. The inner ear is the seat of balance. And this part is hit hard at the time of an ear infection.

Ear infections cause the Eustachian tubes – small tubes that connect the middle ear to the back of your throat – to become swollen and blocked due to excess mucus. As a result of this, fluid builds up and inflammation takes root in the middle ear, thereby causing pain.

Ear infections can be acute or chronic. Acute infections clear up in a few days, but chronic ones reoccur frequently. If not managed, chronic ear infections can cause permanent damage to the middle and inner ear.

Causes of Eustachian tube blockage are as follows:

  1. Allergies
  2. Sinus infection
  3. Cold
  4. Extreme production of mucus
  5. Smoking
  6. Infected adenoid, which is a tissue near your tonsils that traps harmful bacteria and viruses

There are a few risk factors associated with ear infections. It can be said that young children are more susceptible to these infections. This is because their Eustachian tubes are short and narrow. It has also been seen that infants who are bottle-fed have a higher incidence of ear infections than breastfed babies.

Other risk factors are:

  1. Changes in altitude
  2. Changes in climate
  3. Exposure to tobacco smoke
  4. Use of pacifiers

Symptoms of ear infections:

  1. Pain or discomfort inside the ear
  2. A prolonged feeling of pressure inside the ear
  3. Pus-like ear drainage
  4. Hearing loss

What is also important to know is that the symptoms of an ear infection come and go.

Symptoms can also occur in one or both ears. Chronic ear infection symptoms can be less noticeable than those of acute ear infections.

Hence, fever and ear ache should spur you to see a doctor. You should be extremely careful with babies younger than six months who have fever or ear infection symptoms.

Your doctor will diagnose an ear infection by checking if there is a draining of fluid from the middle ear, perforation in the eardrum or a collapsed eardrum.

Sometimes, ear infections can lead to the following serious complications:

  1. Hearing loss
  2. Speech or language delay in children
  3. An infection in a skull bone called mastoiditis
  4. Meningitis
  5. Ruptured ear drum

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3715 people found this helpful
Table of Content
About Nevirapine
When is Nevirapine prescribed?
What are the side effects of Nevirapine ?
Key highlights of Nevirapine
Medicines containing Nevirapine
How does medicine works?
What are the interactions for Nevirapine ?